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Newswise Special Wire
Thursday, February 15, 2018

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Climate News and Experts from Newswise 15-Feb-2018

Climate Change News and Experts for Media

Newswise provides experts for the media on hurricanes, wildfires, and other natural disasters, as well as the latest research in Environmental Science and Climate Science.

Maximizing the Environmental Benefits of Autonomous Vehicles

The added weight, electricity demand and aerodynamic drag of the sensors and computers used in autonomous vehicles are significant contributors to their lifetime energy use and greenhouse gas emissions, according to a new study.

– University of Michigan

Environmental Science & Technology

Embargo expired on 15-Feb-2018 at 08:00 ET

Don’t Blame Hurricanes for Most Big Storm Surges in Northeast

Hurricanes spawn most of the largest storm surges in the northeastern U.S., right? Wrong, according to a study by Rutgers University–New Brunswick scientists. Extratropical cyclones , including nor’easters and other non-tropical storms, generat...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology; Rutgers Today

'Excess Emissions' Make Significant Contribution to Air Pollution

A study by Indiana University researchers shows that excess emissions -- which occur with plant shut-downs, start-ups and malfunctions, and not just in connection with natural disasters -- can make serious contributions to overall air pollution.

– Indiana University

Environmental Science & Technology Feb-2017

From 100,000 to 8: Representing Complex Aerosol Patterns with Far Fewer Particles

Study shows how aerosols interacting with clouds can be accurately captured by sparse set of representative particles.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 122, 9867 (2017). [DOI: 10.1002/2016JD026335]

How Bacteria Produce Manganese Oxide Nanoparticles

Multiple techniques to characterize an enzyme complex shed light on how bacteria create particles and contribute to global cycles.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nature Communications 8, 746 (2017). [DOI: 10.1038/s41467-017-00896-8]

Genetic Limits Threaten Chickpeas, a Globally Critical Food

Scientists have discovered an extreme lack of genetic diversity and other threats to the future adaptability of domestic chickpeas, the primary source of protein of 20 percent of the world's people. But they also collected wild relatives of chickpeas...

– University of Vermont

Nature Communcations, Feb. 13, 2108

UCI Oceanographers Solve Mystery of Phytoplankton Survival in Nutrient-Poor Pacific

Upwelling in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean provides essential nutrients for the region’s microscopic plants, but iron – a key ingredient that facilitates nitrogen consumption – is in short supply. To compensate, the phytoplankton band to...

– University of California, Irvine

Nature Communications, Feb-18

Drones Deliver Green Transportation Option

By getting your next package delivered by drone, you could be saving energy, but only if companies deploy drones sensibly. New research by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Carnegie Mellon University, SRI International and the University of ...

– Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Nature Communications

Embargo expired on 13-Feb-2018 at 11:00 ET

When It Comes to Extinction Risk, Body Size Matters

Models for extinction risk are necessarily simple. Most reduce complex ecological systems to a linear relationship between resource density and population growth—something that can be broadly applied to infer how much resource loss a species can su...

– Santa Fe Institute

Nature Communications

Embargo expired on 13-Feb-2018 at 05:00 ET

Researchers Quantify Nutritional Value of Soil Fungi to the Serengeti Food Web

A new study by Northern Arizona University scientists shows how much arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi contribute to the complex ecosystem that makes up the Serengeti.

– Northern Arizona University

Journal of Ecology

Every Rose Has Its Thorn — and Its Tick

When it comes to avoiding Lyme disease, know your forest. That's the cautionary tale from a new study which found that ticks in urban parks in Delaware dominated by an invasive rose bush were nearly twice as likely to be infected with Borrelia burgdo...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Parasites & Vectors

Middle Earth Preserved in Giant Bird Dung

While the giant birds that once dominated New Zealand are all extinct, a study of their preserved dung (coprolites) has revealed many aspects of their ancient ecosystem, with important insights for ongoing conservation efforts.

– University of Adelaide

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Embargo expired on 12-Feb-2018 at 15:00 ET

Innovative Restoration of Coral Reefs Helps Protect Caribbean Islands

Researchers at UC Santa Cruz and the Nature Conservancy have measured the protective role of coral reefs and field-tested a solution that reduces coastal risks by combining innovative engineering with restoration ecology.

– University of California, Santa Cruz

Journal of Environmental Management, Feb. 2018

UCI-Led Study Identifies ‘Hot Spots’ of Water Quality Violations

While serious violations like those in the Flint, Michigan, crisis are rare, ensuring reliable access to safe drinking water poses challenges for communities across the country, according to a recent study led by the University of California, Irvine....

– University of California, Irvine

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Feb-2018

Tips for Community Gardens

With garden season fast approaching, the Soil Science Society of America (SSSA) has updated their Community Gardens website. There, gardeners can find out how to design and build community gardens.

– Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Researchers Compare Pollution Levels Before And After Hurricane Harvey

Although understanding the wide-ranging effects of disasters is vital for an effective public health response, a lack of baseline data has made it difficult to attribute post-disaster changes in environmental conditions to the impacts of disasters.

– Texas A&M University

PLOS One; National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences of the National Institutes of Health ; Texas OneGulf Center of Excellence ; Institute for Sustainable Communities at Texas A&M University...

Snacking Snakes Act as ‘Ecosystem Engineers’ in Seed Dispersal

Despite the bad rap snakes often get, they are more central to ecology than most people realize. New research reveals that snakes might even play a key role in dispersing plant seeds.

– Cornell University

Proceedings of the Royal Society B Biological Sciences, Feb. 2018

Simple Rules Can Help Fishery Managers Cope with Ecological Complexity

A team of ecologists and economists is the first to test whether real-life ecological interactions produce economic benefits for the fishing industry. The results were published online Jan. 29 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

– University of Washington

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Jan-2018


WCS Media Briefing: The Hi-Tech Tool Poachers Hate

1) SMART Connect allows rangers and conservation area managers to exchange critical information and transmit data in real time, 2) Developer of “SMART Connect” will explain how new tool can revolutionize protected area management, 3) SMART is cur...

– Wildlife Conservation Society

MSU Uses $3 Million NASA Grant to Find Better Ways to Regulate Dams

Michigan State University researchers, equipped with $3 million from NASA, will investigate innovative methods to improve dams so that they are less harmful to people and the environment.

– Michigan State University

Underwater Seminar To Be Held Under the Water

Professor Gordon Giesbrecht is well known for his unique approach to cold water research. So well known, in fact, that he is less referred-to by his real name than his nickname, Professor Popsicle.

– University of Manitoba

New MSU Study Evaluates Wetland Restoration Efforts Along Gulf of Mexico

A new Mississippi State research project will study a wetland restoration approach along the Gulf of Mexico, and findings will help improve future environmental restoration efforts.

– Mississippi State University

NAS 2000008944

Expert Pitch

EPA Administrator’s Global Warming Remarks Uninformed, Not Factual, Experts Agree

– Northwestern University





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