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Thursday, March 15, 2018

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Climate News and Experts from Newswise 15-Mar-2018

Climate Change News and Experts for Media

Newswise provides experts for the media on hurricanes, wildfires, and other natural disasters, as well as the latest research in Environmental Science and Climate Science.

Male Squirrels Kill Offspring of Rivals in Years When Food Is Plentiful, Study Shows

UAlberta researchers first to observe red squirrels killing other males’ pups when females produce two litters.

– University of Alberta

Ecology (doi: 10.1002/ecy.2158)

Embargo expired on 15-Mar-2018 at 06:00 ET

Data Dive: How Microbes Handle Poor Nutrition in Tropical Soil

High-performance computing reveals the relationship between DNA and phosphorous uptake.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nature Ecology & Evolution 2 (2018), 499 (2018). [DOI: 10.1038/s41559-017-0463-5]

The Secret Lives of Cells

Supercomputer simulations predict how E. coli adapts to environmental stresses.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

PNAS 114 (43), 11548 (2017)

Chesapeake Bay’s Nitrogen Clean-Up Crew

Bioreactors, which are woodchip-filled ditches and trenches, are often used near crop fields to filter the water running off of them. The woodchips enhance a natural process called denitrification that prevents too much nitrogen from getting into oth...

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Agricultural & Environmental Letters, Nov. 30, 2017

Humans Flourished Through Super Volcano 74,000 Years Ago

Humans not only survived a massive volcanic eruption 74,000 years ago, they flourished during the resulting climate change that occurred, a new study by UNLV geoscientist Eugene Smith and colleagues found.

– University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV)


UCI-Led Study Helps Explain Greenland Glaciers’ Varied Vulnerability to Melting

Using data from NASA missions observing Earth, researchers at the University of California, Irvine have created new maps of the bed topography beneath a score of glaciers in southeast Greenland, thereby gaining a much better understanding of why some...

– University of California, Irvine

Geophysical Research Letters, Feb-2018

Scientists Use Ancient Trees and Climate Models to Understand Past and Future Drought in Mongolia

Ancient trees in Mongolia dating back more than 2,000 years are helping place current and future climate change in context, according to a new West Virginia University-led study.

– West Virginia University


PhenoCam Network Harnesses ‘Big Data’ to Predict Impact of Warmer Climate on Ecosystem Productivity and Carbon Cycling

A new paper by Northern Arizona University professor Andrew Richardson published in the journal Scientific Data describes a vast network of digital cameras designed to capture millions of images documenting seasonal changes of vegetation across North...

– Northern Arizona University

Scientific Data

Embargo expired on 13-Mar-2018 at 12:00 ET

How Much Snow Accumulates in North America Each Year? More Than Scientists Thought

There’s a lot more snow piling up in the mountains of North America than anyone knew, according to a first-of-its-kind study.

– Ohio State University

Geophysical Research Letters

A Starfish Cold Case Reopens, Climate Change Remains Suspect

As ocean temperatures rise and oceanic diseases proliferate, species like sea stars struggle to survive, and scientists are looking for underlying causes. To bring clarity to the sea star disease problem, the scientists propose a new, broad nomenclat...

– Cornell University

Frontiers in Marine Science, March-2018

Studies Support the Idea that Female Birds Prefer to Mate and Raise Chicks with Smart Males

Two former New Mexico State University biology graduate students are currently publishing their dissertation research investigating how the selection of mates may have contributed to the development of sophisticated cognitive abilities in birds.

– New Mexico State University (NMSU)

Scientific Reports

Chasing Storms Through Terabytes of Data

Toolkit lets scientists detect extreme weather in climate simulations far faster than before.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 9257, 426 (2015). [DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-23117-4_3

Painting a Clear Picture of How Nitrogen Oxides Are Formed

For decades, combustion researchers and engine companies have been seeking to understand how these gases are produced during combustion so that they can find ways to reduce them. Now Argonne researchers have synthesized more than a decade’s worth o...

– Argonne National Laboratory

Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, Feb-2018

It’s Mostly Luck, Not Pluck, That Determines Lifetime Reproductive Success

Can one seedling, or one female bird, be so superior to the rest that it will inevitably become the “lucky” one to grow to the sky, or help perpetuate the species? The short answer: No.

– Cornell University

The American Naturalist, Feb-2018

Careers Through Culinary Arts Program Awards High School Students in Underserved Communities with Culinary Scholarships for Original Recipes with Grains

High school students from underserved communities aspiring to become future chefs faced a challenge recently in the nationwide 2018 Careers through Culinary Arts Program (C-CAP) Meatless Monday Recipe Contest. Winners have been announced and will rec...

– Monday Campaigns

BW Public Health Professor Studies Effect of Climate Change on Dengue Fever

A member of the Baldwin Wallace University public health faculty is helping to lead an international research project to investigate how variations in climate are affecting Southeast Asia’s susceptibility to deadly mosquito-borne illnesses, particu...

Expert Available

– Baldwin Wallace University

Citizen Science Birding Data Passes Scientific Muster

Joshua Horns is an eBird user himself and a doctoral candidate in biology at the University of Utah. In a paper published today in Biological Conservation, Horns and colleagues report that eBird observations match trends in bird species populations m...

– University of Utah

Biological Conservation

Increasing tree mortality in a warming world

A mix of factors is contributing to an increasing mortality rate of trees in the moist tropics, where trees in some areas are dying at about twice the rate that they were 35 years ago.

– Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

New Phytologist, Feb. 16, 2018

Locked in a Forest

Argonne researchers have found that in the next 100 years, already existing reforestation in the country could help topsoil absorb an additional 2 billion tons of carbon. Their work is detailed in a recent study in the <em>Proceedings of the National...

– Argonne National Laboratory

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Feb-2018

Unique Diamond Impurities Indicate Water Deep in Earth's Mantle

A UNLV scientist has discovered the first direct evidence that fluid water pockets may exist as far as 500 miles deep into the Earth’s mantle.

– University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV)


Trees Cope with Harsh Conditions, Surprising Researchers

When a team of scientists started studying how native eucalyptus trees in Australia reacted to extreme heat and drought, they thought they knew what they would find. They expected to learn about the mechanisms of the trees' decline. They expected hyd...

– SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry

Marine Charities Net More Than Iconic Fishery: Massachusetts

Massachusetts boasts one of the most iconic fisheries in the U.S., but new research suggests that protecting marine coastlines has surpassed commercial fishing as an economic driver. The study is the first to calculate the economic value of coasta...

– University of Vermont

Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment.

Embargo expired on 08-Mar-2018 at 00:05 ET

Global Fisheries to Be, on Average, 20 Percent Less Productive in 2300, UCI Study Finds

University of California, Irvine scientists expect the world’s fisheries to be, on average, 20 percent less productive in the year 2300, with those in the North Atlantic down nearly 60 percent and those in much of the western Pacific experiencing d...

– University of California, Irvine

Science, March-2018

Study Reports on the Positive Effects of Nutrient and Stormwater Reduction in the Chesapeake Bay

Assistant Professor of Environmental Studies Cassie Gurbisz was among 14 co-authors of a new research article published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

– St. Mary's College of Maryland

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Study Predicts Unique Animals and Plants of Africa’s Albertine Rift Will be Threatened by Climate Change

A new study by scientists from WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society) and other groups predicts that the effects of climate change will severely impact the Albertine Rift, one of Africa’s most biodiverse regions and a place not normally associated wit...

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Biological Conservation

Why Are Weeds So Competitive with My Plants?

Home and large-scale growers share a common struggle: weeds! The March 7th Sustainable, Secure Food blog post explains what makes weeds survive—and how to tackle them.

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Women Driving North Texas Research Seek Sustainable Solutions for Urban Living

Three women driving agricultural and ecological research in North Texas seek new solutions for sustainable urban and suburban living in 2018.

Expert Available

– Texas A&M AgriLife

Living in a Sunnier Climate as a Child and Young Adult May Reduce Risk of MS

People who live in areas where they are exposed to more of the sun’s rays, specifically UV-B rays, may be less likely to develop multiple sclerosis (MS) later in life, according to a study published in the March 7, 2018, online issue of Neurology®...

– American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Embargo expired on 07-Mar-2018 at 16:00 ET

How Do Products to Control Parasites in Livestock Impact Dung Beetles?

The same products that get rid of internal parasites in livestock may adversely impact the dung beetles that help break down dung. That could be bad news for the dung beetles and livestock production.

– South Dakota State University

Glaciers in Mongolia's Gobi Desert actually shrank during the last ice age

High in Mongolia's Gobi Desert, the climate is so dry and cold that glaciers shrank during the last ice age. Dating of rock deposits shows how glaciers in this less-studied region can behave very differently as the climate shifts.

– University of Washington

Quaternary Science Reviews, Feb-2018

Teaching Computers to Guide Science: New Machine Learning Method Sees the Forests and the Trees

While it may be the era of supercomputers and “big data,” without smart methods to mine all that data, it’s only so much digital detritus. Now researchers at the Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and ...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

UF Study: To Help Prevent Harmful Algal Blooms, Limit Nitrogen and Phosphorus

For years, scientists have argued about whether managing both nitrogen and phosphorus – versus managing strictly phosphorus or just nitrogen – would control harmful algal blooms.

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

Environmental Science and Technology

Envisioning a New Climate-Change Playbook: UVA Darden Convenes Business and Policy Leaders for DC Innovation Summit

To spur thoughtful dialogue and action, the University of Virginia Darden School of Business recently convened the Jefferson Innovation Summit 2018: Catalyzing Innovation and Entrepreneurship to Tackle Climate Change at the historic Carnegie Institut...

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business

Going the Distance

Eight West Virginia University students traveled to the Galapagos Islands January 5-14 to compete at Model UN’s annual international conference.

– West Virginia University - Eberly College of Arts and Sciences

$60 Million Partnership Puts Cornell-NASA Eye in the Sky to Measure Desert Dust

Because deserts are located in remote regions with inhospitable conditions, they are notoriously difficult to study, especially when assessing their effect on climate change. A new $60 million collaboration between NASA and Cornell University, with c...

– Cornell University

Advanced Spatial Planning Models Could Promise New Era of Sustainable Ocean Development

Researchers have developed a spatial planning strategy that accounts for and quantifies industry, environmental and societal interests in a given area to produce optimized, sustainable ocean usage plans.

– Florida State University

Nature Communications

Global Temperature Report: February 2018

Global climate trend since Nov. 16, 1978: +0.13 C per decade

– University of Alabama Huntsville

“Supercolony” of Adélie Penguins Discovered in Antarctica

For the past 40 years, the total number of Adélie Penguins, one of the most common on the Antarctic peninsula, has been steadily declining—or so biologists have thought. A new study however, is providing new insights on this species of penguin.

– Stony Brook University

Scientific Reports

Embargo expired on 02-Mar-2018 at 05:00 ET

JHU Scientists Discover How Extremophiles Flourish in Stressful Environments

RNA makes salt-loving microbes known as “extremophiles” highly resistant to the phenomenon oxidative stress – the uncontrollable production of unstable forms of oxygen called “free radicals,” which can negatively affect DNA, proteins, and l...

– Johns Hopkins University

Journal of Bacteriology, Feb-2018; FA9950-14-1-0118

Science and Health News Tips From Johns Hopkins

These science news tips on everything from intercepting asteroids to learning from past extinctions come from the winter issue of Johns Hopkins Magazine

– Johns Hopkins University

No Laughing Matter, Yet Humor Inspires Climate Change Activism

Melting icecaps, mass flooding, megadroughts and erratic weather are no laughing matter. However, a new study shows that humor can be an effective means to inspire young people to pursue climate change activism. At the same time, fear proves to be an...

– Cornell University

Journal of Communication, Feb - 2018

Assessing the Impact of Hurricanes on Puerto Rico’s Forests

Building on methods they used to assess the impact of hurricanes such as Katrina, Gustav, and Rita on forests and tree mortality, scientists at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have produced a rapid mapping of the disturbance inte...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Release online

Expert Pitch

Endangered Right Whales Face Deadly Ships, Fishing Gear in Northward Migration

– Cornell University





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