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Thursday, April 5, 2018

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Climate News and Experts from Newswise 05-Apr-2018
 

Climate Change News and Experts for Media

Newswise provides experts for the media on hurricanes, wildfires, and other natural disasters, as well as the latest research in Environmental Science and Climate Science.



Like Human Societies, Whales Value Culture and Family Ties

Through a detailed genetic study of kinship, an international team is the first to demonstrate that just like human societies, beluga whales appear to value culture as well as their ancestral roots and family ties. They have demonstrated that related...

– Florida Atlantic University

PLOS One


Dry the Weeds, Keep the Crops

Controlling weeds without synthetic herbicides, as organic certification requires, is challenging. Scientists are studying alternative tools for weed management. Research one such tool, propane-fueled flame weeding, provides practical advice to growe...

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

ASA, CSSA, SSSA Annual Meeting Oct 2017


Trap, Contain and Convert

Injecting carbon dioxide deep underground into basalt flows holds promise as an abatement strategy. Now, new research by scientists at Washington University in St. Louis sheds light on exactly what happens underground during the process, illustrating...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Environmental Science & Technology Letters, February 27, 2018


Study: Climate Change Could ImpactCritical Food Supplies for Migratory Birds

Climate change could disrupt a critical fueling-up stage for migratory birds just as they’re preparing to depart on their autumn journeys to Central America, according to research published in the journal Ecology Letters.

– Cornell University

Ecology Letters, April 2018


Global Temperature Report: March 2018

Global climate trend since Nov. 16, 1978: +0.13 C per decade

– University of Alabama Huntsville


Permafrost Carbon Network Study Links Climate Policy to Reduced Effects of Emissions From Thawing Soil

Findings of a new study organized by the Permafrost Carbon Network (PCN) suggest that putting more effective greenhouse gas controls in place for the rest of this century could help mitigate the effects of climate change on the release of carbon from...

– Northern Arizona University

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences


Freedom and Flexibility: Thinking Outside the Cell for Functional Genomics

JGI has developed capabilities to move beyond generating a DNA sequence to understanding gene functions. Through the JGI’s Emerging Technologies Opportunity Program, researchers aim to develop an optimized cell-free platform to help speed up the de...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory


UTHealth Finds Unprecedented Psychological Distress Months After Harvey

Four months after Hurricane Harvey soaked the Houston area and displaced more than a third of the population, an alarming 52 percent of Harris County residents said they were still struggling to recover, according to a new report from The University ...

– University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston


Weather Satellite Wanders Through Time, Space, Causing Stray Warming to Contaminate Data

Drs. John Christy and Roy Spencer of UAH's Earth System Science Center used a difference-minimizing algorithm to compensate for spurious data collected by a drifting weather satellite, NOAA-14.

– University of Alabama Huntsville

International Journal of Remote Sensing, Volume 39, 2018 - Issue 11


Island Emus’ Size Related to Size of Island Homes

Emus that lived isolated on Australia’s offshore islands until the 19th century, including Kangaroo Island, King Island and Tasmania, were smaller versions of their larger mainland relatives – and their overall body size correlated to the size of...

– University of Adelaide

Biology Letters


New Study Shows Vegetation Controls the Future of the Water Cycle

Columbia Engineering researchers have found that vegetation plays a dominant role in Earth’s water cycle, that plants will regulate and dominate the increasing stress placed on continental water resources in the future. “This could be a real game...

– Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

PNAS April 2 2018

Embargo expired on 02-Apr-2018 at 15:00 ET


Ice-Free Arctic Summers Could Hinge on Small Climate Warming Range

A range of less than one degree Fahrenheit (or half a degree Celsius) of climate warming over the next century could make all the difference when it comes to the probability of future ice-free summers in the Arctic.

– University of Colorado Boulder

Nature Climate Change


Earth's Stable Temperature Past Suggests Other Planets Could Also Sustain Life

Earth has had moderate temperatures throughout its early history, and neutral seawater acidity. This means other rocky planets could likely also maintain this equilibrium and allow life to evolve.

– University of Washington

PNAS


Termites Topple Pine Trees – a Concern as Hurricane Season Nears

Not only can these invasive termites kill pine trees, they also hollow out the trunk of many other trees, including oak trees, making them structurally fragile and susceptible to hurricanes.

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences


New Research Explains Bomb Cyclones

People have become familiar with “bomb cyclones” this winter, as several powerful winter storms brought strong winds and heavy precipitation to the U.S. east coast, knocking out power and causing flooding. Scientists have extensively studied ...

– Stony Brook University

AGU Publications


'Fog Harp' Increases Collection Capacity for Clean Water

A research team at Virginia Tech has improved the traditional design of fog nets to increase their collection capacity by threefold

– Virginia Tech

ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, March 2018

Embargo expired on 28-Mar-2018 at 00:05 ET


Fleet of Automated Electric Taxis Could Deliver Environmental and Energy Benefits

Researchers at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and UC Berkeley decided to analyze the cost, energy, and environmental implications of a fleet of self-driving electric vehicles operating in Manhattan. They found that shared automated electric ve...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Environmental Science & Technology

Embargo expired on 28-Mar-2018 at 08:00 ET


Research Finds Dramatic Increase in Flooding on Coastal Roads

High tide floods, or so-called “nuisance flooding,” that happen along shore roadways during seasonal high tides or minor wind events are occurring far more frequently than ever before. Researchers at the University of New Hampshire have found tha...

– University of New Hampshire

Transportation Research Record, March 13, 2018


Biodiversity and Nature’s Contributions Continue Dangerous Decline in the Americas, Scientists Warn

A University of Portsmouth academic has contributed to landmark reports that highlight the options to protect and restore nature and its vital contributions to people. Biodiversity – the essential variety of life forms on Earth – continues to ...

– University of Portsmouth

Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) Plenary Session March 2018


Spring’s Leaks, Soil’s Response

Spring can be a relief after a long winter, but it also brings some water challenges. Soils Matter, Soil Science Society of America’s science-based blog, provides revitalizing soil information through a soggy season.

– Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)


Northeast ‘Sweet Maples’: More Sap, Less Land, Cheaper Syrup

The high price of sweetening your Sunday morning pancakes may be old news. A project led by Cornell University researchers promises to reverse the upward trend and help maple syrup producers get more sap from less land.

– Cornell University


Study Offers Pearls of Wisdom in Contested New York Oyster Restoration

A new study finds these stakeholder groups actually share many of the same concerns, notably risks to public health and the economy, while also acknowledging the potential ecological benefits. This means that both groups may be receptive to similar ...

– Cornell University

Marine Policy


Rain or Snow? Humidity, Location Can Make All the Difference

A new map of the Northern Hemisphere shows how and why different areas receive snow or rain at near-freezing temperatures.

– University of Colorado Boulder

Nature Communications


Bacteria Eats Greenhouse Gas with a Side of Protein

With the ability to leech heavy metals from the environment and digest a potent greenhouse gas, methanotrophic bacteria pull double duty when it comes to cleaning up the environment. But before researchers can explore potential conservation applicati...

– Northwestern University

Science; U54-GM094662; R01AT009143; U54 GM093342; P01 GM118303; R00GM111978; F32GM110934; MCB0842366; MCB1330784; GM118035


Jaguars & Well-Managed Logging Concessions Can Coexist, Say Conservationists

Logging activities in biodiverse forests can have a huge negative impact on wildlife, particularly large species such as big cats, but a new study proves that the Western Hemisphere’s largest cat species—the jaguar (Panthera onca)—can do well i...

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Biological Conservation, Volume 220, April 2018, Pages 245-253


Scaling Plant Traits Stymied by Uncertainty in Measured Global Photosynthesis

Multiple plausible hypotheses in how maximum photosynthetic rates scale across the Earth lead to substantial variability in predicting carbon uptake.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

New Phytologist 25, 1370 (2017). [DOI: 10.1111/nph.14623]


Policy and Public Affairs


The Climate is Changing – New Report Says So Should Wildlife Conservation Strategies

A new report released today by WCS shows real world examples of how conservationists in the U.S. have successfully changed their conservation strategies to adapt to climate change.

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Embracing Change: Adapting Conservation Approaches to Address a Changing Climate


Announcements


Danforth Center Announces New Executive Director of the Institute for International Crop Improvement

MacKenzie will manage the IICI’s programs and partnerships dedicated to translating key discoveries in plant health, disease and pest management, genomics, advanced breeding and nutrition to staple crops that impact food security around the globe. ...

– Donald Danforth Plant Science Center


Ithaca College Dramatically Cuts Carbon Emissions with Move to Renewable Electricity

Ithaca College has made the important decision to transition its electricity supply exclusively to clean and renewable sources, significantly reducing its carbon footprint and helping move the college toward its goal of becoming carbon neutral.Since ...

– Ithaca College


Cornell College's Rhawn Denniston Receives NSF Grant to Explore Prehistoric Fire Activity

The National Science Foundation has awarded Cornell College Professor of Geology Rhawn Denniston a grant in the amount of $51,645 to examine how prehistoric fire activity may be recorded by stalagmites.

– Cornell College


Expert Pitch


Wind-Battery Fusion May Spark Cleaner, More Reliable Electric Grid

– Cornell University


Rutgers Medical Expert Available to Discuss How Winter Storms Affect This Year’s Allergy Season

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick


Phoenix Refines its First HeatReady Program, Thanks to ASU

– Arizona State University (ASU)

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