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Newswise Special Wire
Monday, October 22, 2018

Public edition | newswise.com

Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire for 22-Oct-2018
 

Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire

Tech news for the public and news media. More stories can be found at the Newswise Technology News Source and the Engineering News Source.



Building the Ion Implanters that Make Next-Generation Technology Possible

As the phones get slimmer, the optics crisper and the processors faster, have you ever wondered what is happening behind the scenes that make these remarkable achievements possible? During the AVS 65th International Symposium and Exhibition, Oct. 21-...

– AVS: Science and Technology of Materials, Interfaces, and Processing

AVS 65th International Symposium and Exhibition

Embargo expired on 22-Oct-2018 at 08:00 ET


New Deposition Method Yields Effective Transition-Metal Nitride Thin Films

Imagine a coating as hard as a diamond and a fraction the thickness of a human hair. Researchers are exploring new approaches to create resilient thin films that could be used in a variety of electronic applications from cutting tools to the aerospac...

– AVS: Science and Technology of Materials, Interfaces, and Processing

65th AVS International Symposium and Exhibition

Embargo expired on 22-Oct-2018 at 08:00 ET


Rising Temperatures and Human Activity are Increasing Storm Runoff and Flash Floods

Columbia Engineers show for the first time that runoff extremes have dramatically increased in response to climate and human-induced changes. Their findings demonstrate a large increase in precipitation and runoff extremes driven by human activity an...

– Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Nature Communications Oct 22 2018

Embargo expired on 22-Oct-2018 at 05:00 ET


CFN User Spotlight: Jennifer Carpena-Núñez Studies the Fundamentals of Carbon Nanotube Growth

Her research focuses on cylindrical carbon structures with useful properties for energy storage, aircraft components, and other applications.

– Brookhaven National Laboratory


Sandia delivers first DOE sounding rocket program since 1990s

A new rocket program could help cut research and development time for new weapons systems from as many as 15 years to less than five. Sandia National Laboratories developed the new program, called the High Operational Tempo Sounding Rocket Program, o...

– Sandia National Laboratories


Origami, 3D Printing Merge to Make Complex Structures in One Shot

By merging the ancient art of origami with 21st century technology, researchers have created a one-step approach to fabricating complex origami structures whose light weight, expandability, and strength could have applications in everything from biom...

– Georgia Institute of Technology

Soft Matter; FA9550-16-1-0169; CMMI-1462894


Cleaning up Dirty Water with Microbes and Grease (Podcast)

How long will the world’s supply of clean fresh water last? Just the fact that we have to ask that question is enough to start worrying, as threats from pollution, climate change, and overpopulation continue to get worse. Fortunately, researchers l...

– Oregon State University, College of Engineering


Novel Space-Detecting Algorithm May Prove to Be a Panacea for Parking Problems

Sai Nikhil Reddy Mettupally, a computer science master’s student at UAH, is developing a novel space-detecting algorithm that relies on Big Data analytics and deep-learning techniques to lead drivers directly to an empty parking spot.

– University of Alabama Huntsville


Scientists grow functioning human neural networks in 3D from stem cells

A team of Tufts University-led researchers has developed three-dimensional (3D) human tissue culture models for the central nervous system that mimic structural and functional features of the brain and demonstrate neural activity sustained over a per...

– Tufts University

ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering, Oct 18, 2018; R01NS092847; S10 OD021626; P41EB002520

Embargo expired on 18-Oct-2018 at 15:00 ET


Scientists Find Unusual Behavior in Topological Material

Argonne scientists have identified a new class of topological materials made by inserting transition metal atoms into the atomic lattice of a well-known two-dimensional material.

– Argonne National Laboratory

Nature Communications, Aug.-2018


Nanocages in the Lab and in the Computer: How DNA-Based Dendrimers Transport Nanoparticles

How to create nanocages, i.e., robust and stable objects with regular voids and tunable properties? Short segments of DNA molecules are perfect candidates for the controllable design of novel complex structures. Physicists from the University of Vien...

– University of Vienna

Nanoscale


New Data Science Method Makes Charts Easier to Read at a Glance

Researchers have developed a new method—“Pixel Approximate Entropy”—that measures the complexity of a data visualization and can be used to develop easier to read visualizations. “In fast-paced settings, it is important to know if the visua...

– Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

IEEE VIZ 2018 conference Oct 21-26 2018


New Tool Uses Your Smartphone Camera to Track Your Alertness at Work

Our level of alertness rises and falls over the course of a workday, sometimes causing our energy to drop and our minds to wander just as we need to perform important tasks. To help understand these patterns and improve productivity, Cornell Universi...

– Cornell University

International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction with Mobile Devices and Services, Sept. 2018


3-D Printed Prototype Sets the Stage for Bionic Eye Replacements

Researchers at the University of Minnesota, with support from NIBIB, used a 3-D bioprinting technique to print photordetectors onto a curved surface. Through the combination of design innovation and the use of materials—including synthetic conducti...

– National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

Advanced Materials, Aug. 28, 2018; EB020537


Estimating the Feeding Habits of Corals May Offer New Insights on Resilient Reefs

Researchers at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego and colleagues have found that corals living in more productive waters take advantage of the increased food availability. The findings reevaluate scientific ...

– University of California San Diego

Current Biology


Blue Ribbon Panel: Now is the Time to Consider Child Passenger Safety in Self-Driving Vehicles

With self-driving cars poised to revolutionize America’s roadways and vehicle safety, top safety experts are calling upon developers of autonomous or self-driving vehicles to take immediate action to protect the safety of child passengers.

– Safe Kids Worldwide

Children in Autonomous Vehicles


S&T Provides Real-Time Technology Solutions in Response to Major Hurricanes

As Hurricane Florence approached the United States East Coast this September and Hurricane Michael approached Florida, emergency managers and responders looked to predictive, situational awareness and decision support tools to help them prepare for t...

– Homeland Security's Science & Technology Directorate


Caliburn, New Jersey’s Supercomputer, Catalyzes Cutting-Edge Research

Caliburn, a supercomputer with the computational power of more than 10,000 standard desktop computers, is catalyzing diverse, innovative research at Rutgers University and across New Jersey, according to the Rutgers Discovery Informatics Institute.

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Rutgers Today


Revolutionary Noninvasive Therapy Shows Promise for Immunotherapy and Opening Blood-Brain Barrier to Enable Treatment of Neurological Disease and Cancer

A briefing featuring key data presented at the 6th International Symposium on Focused Ultrasound. Researchers and clinicians will highlight breakthrough advances in the use of focused ultrasound in cancer immunotherapy and for opening the blood-brain...

– Focused Ultrasound Foundation

6th International Symposium on Focused Ultrasound


Penetrating the soil’s surface with radar

Ground penetrating radar measures the amount of moisture in soil quickly and easily. Researchers' calculations from the data informs agricultural water use and climate models.

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Vadose Zone Journal, Sept. 7, 2018


Scientists uncover secret structure to safer explosives

Scientists at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory have shown that the structure of microscopic pores in high explosive materials can significantly impact performance and safety. These findings open the door to the possibility of tuning high explos...

– Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics, August 2018


Reusable Software for High Performance Computing

As supercomputers become faster and faster, we need powerful software to keep up with the hardware. That's where parallel programming comes in.

– University of Delaware

Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)


Public Safety Agencies Pilot Artificial Intelligence to Aid in First Response

AUDREY is a state-of-the-art human-like reasoning system designed to assist first responders in synthesizing high-level data while at the scene of an emergency.

– Homeland Security's Science & Technology Directorate


Physiologist Publishes Findings on the Role of the Protein Titin in Muscle Contraction

Northern Arizona University professor Kiisa Nishikawa and her team studied how titin, actin and calcium interact and how those interactions can affect the treatment of diseases like muscular dystrophy.

– Northern Arizona University

Scientific Reports


American Roads Not Ready for Self-Driving Vehicles, HFES Policy Statement Says

As the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and Congress press for removing safety regulations in order to fast-track the introduction of highly automated vehicles, human factors/ergonomics experts recommend requiring important testing and ...

– Human Factors and Ergonomics Society


Eating with Your Eyes: Virtual Reality Can Alter Taste

Humans not only relish the sweet, savory and saltiness of foods, but they are influenced by the environment in which they eat. Cornell University food scientists used virtual reality to show how people’s perception of real food can be altered by th...

– Cornell University

The Journal of Food Science, July-2018


Some like it cryogenic

Sandia National Laboratories is helping design the next generation of hydrogen fueling stations so that they're as safe as conventional gas stations.

– Sandia National Laboratories


The Graphic Nature of Data

Argonne scientists inspired high schoolers to think big about data and how to visualize it at a three-day camp this summer.

– Argonne National Laboratory


Announcements


New Fund Launched to Support Development of News Sites’ Membership Models

The Membership Puzzle Project, a public research project studying how to optimize news for trust, has launched the Membership in News Fund, which will support existing news sites’ development of sustainable membership models.

– New York University


Developing an Automated Virtual Health Coach

An interdisciplinary group of researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago has received a grant from the National Science Foundation to create an SMS-based virtual health coach that would help overweight people set and achieve healthy eating ...

– University of Illinois at Chicago


AVS and AIP Publishing Expand Partnership to Launch AVS Quantum Science

AIP Publishing and AVS: Science and Technology of Materials, Interfaces, and Processing (AVS) today announced an agreement to publish AVS Quantum Science, a new online interdisciplinary journal. The announcement coincides with the AVS 65th Internatio...

– AIP Publishing

AVS 65th International Symposium & Exhibition in Long Beach, October 21-26, 2018


Argonne and Capstone receive funding to advance thermal energy storage technology

The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory and Capstone Turbine Corp. have received $380,000 in DOE Technology Commercialization Funding to refine Argonne’s high-efficiency, fast charging/discharging latent heat thermal ene...

– Argonne National Laboratory


Engineering professor receives Department of Energy grant

New Mexico State University Department of Civil Engineering Assistant Professor Ehsan Dehghan Niri has received a United States Department of Energy grant. This is a three-year award for $400,000 and is a collaboration with Arizona State University. ...

– New Mexico State University (NMSU)


Prof. Karen Kasza Wins Packard Fellowship

Mechanical Engineering Prof. Karen Kasza has won a Packard Fellowship for her research on developing new ways to engineer tissue and treat disease.

– Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science


Penn State Engineers to Study Use of Beamed Microwave Energy to Launch Space Vehicles

The Air Force Office of Scientific Research has awarded two Penn State College of Engineering faculty members funding totaling more than $823,000 for a three-year program to develop and use a facility to study the use of beamed microwave energy to la...

– Penn State College of Engineering


World’s Largest Outdoor Shake Table Receives $16.3M From NSF for Upgrades

The world’s largest outdoor earthquake simulator, operated by structural engineers at the University of California San Diego, has received a $16.3 million grant from the National Science Foundation to upgrade the facility to expand its testing capa...

– University of California San Diego


Air Force Funds WVU Research on Morality in Human-Robot Interactions

The MARIA Project, or Moral Agency in Robot-human InterActions, is funded by a three-year, $730,000 award from the U.S. Air Force Office of Scientific Research. In that project, Jaime Banks is investigating people’s ideas about machines’ moral ag...

– West Virginia University - Eberly College of Arts and Sciences


Argonne to Advance High Performance Computing in Manufacturing

Argonne awarded funding to partner with Industry to advance the use of high performance computing in manufacturing.

– Argonne National Laboratory


Marketplace


Battery mainstay headed for high-tech makeover

The lead battery is headed for a high-tech makeover that will make this sustainable mainstay product more appealing to the automotive industry and the power grid. Under the terms of a new agreement signed with the U.S. Department of Energy’s Argonn...

– Argonne National Laboratory


Expert Pitch


Cyber Defense Expert Reverse Engineers “the Big Hack” and Says I Would Have Done It That Way, in Fact He Even Suggested It in 2010

– Virginia Tech


A group of experts at Oregon State University is available to discuss earthquake research as part of today’s international Great #ShakeOut earthquake drills

– Oregon State University, College of Engineering

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