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Thursday, November 29, 2018

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Climate News and Experts from Newswise 29-Nov-2018
 

Climate Change News and Experts for Media

Newswise provides experts for the media on hurricanes, wildfires, and other natural disasters, as well as the latest research in Environmental Science and Climate Science.



Swapping Bacteria May Help ‘Nemo’ Fish Cohabitate with Fish-Killing Anemones

The fish killer and the fish live in harmony: But how the clownfish thrive in the poisonous tentacles of the anemone remains a mystery. A new study tackles the iconic conundrum from the microbial side.

– Georgia Institute of Technology

Coral Reefs, Nov-2018; 346253


Argonne Works to Preserve Birds, Aircraft and Cultural Heritage in South Korea

Argonne researchers discovered how to keep birds and pilots at a safe distance to avoid run-ins at air force bases.

– Argonne National Laboratory


Rethinking Australia's climate history

Researchers at the University of Adelaide have found evidence of climate change that coincided with the first wave of European settlement of Australia, which effectively delivered a double-punch of drying and land clearance to the country. The re...

– University of Adelaide

Quaternary Science Reviews, Nov-2018


Newly Discovered Wasp Turns Social Spiders Into Zombies

It sounds like the plot of the world's tiniest horror movie: deep in the Ecuadorian Amazon, a newly discovered species of wasp transforms a "social" spider into a zombie-like drone that abandons its colony to do the wasp's bidding.

– University of British Columbia

Ecological Entomology


Natural Habitats Larger Than Greece Created to Offset Economic Developments

New data has found that natural habitats occupying an area larger than Greece have been created to offset economic developments. This data could eventually provide a basis to help improve our understanding of the benefits of protecting and preserving...

– University of Kent

Nature Sustainability


Threatened Tropical Coral Reefs Form Complex, Ancient Associations with Bacteria, Researchers Say

In a study published Nov. 22 in Nature Communications, scientists at the University of Washington Bothell, Pennsylvania State University and Oregon State University report that coral bacteria are surprisingly diverse and that different sections of th...

– University of Washington

Nature Communications, Nov. 2018


Optimal Foraging: How Soil Microbes Adapt to Nutrient Constraints

How microbial communities adjust to nutrient-poor soils at the genomic and proteomic level gives scientists insights into land use.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nature Ecology and Evolution 2, 499 (2018). [DOI: 10.1038/s41559-017-0463-5]


The Tragedy of the Commons – Minus the Tragedy

Sometimes, there is no “tragedy” in the tragedy of the commons, according to a new analysis that challenges a widely accepted theory. In an analysis of eight case studies from around the world, researchers found that people can successfully shar...

– Ohio State University

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Embargo expired on 26-Nov-2018 at 15:00 ET


‘Old-Fashioned Fieldwork’ Puts New Frog Species on the Map

Months of old-fashioned fieldwork helped define the range and characteristics of the recently discovered Atlantic Coast leopard frog. A study published in the journal PLOS ONE was led by a zoologist with the New York Natural Heritage Program based at...

– SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry

PLOS ONE


Combined local and global actions could lessen impacts of change in marine environment

Increased oil and gas activities could combine with ocean warming and acidification to have a significant negative impact on marine organisms, a new study suggests.

– University of Plymouth

Scientific Reports


Checking water quality at the tap

When consumers turn on a faucet, they expect the drinking water that gushes out to be safe. A new report in ACS’ journal Environmental Science & Technology found that U.S. public-supply tap water generally meets all enforceable standards. However, ...

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

Environmental Science & Technology

Embargo expired on 21-Nov-2018 at 08:00 ET


How to Convert Climate-Changing Carbon Dioxide into Plastics and Other Products

Rutgers scientists have developed catalysts that can convert carbon dioxide – the main cause of global warming – into plastics, fabrics, resins and other products. The electrocatalysts are the first materials, aside from enzymes, that can turn ca...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Energy & Environmental Science; Rutgers Today


New Jersey Weather Observers Sought for Rutgers-Coordinated Network

Do you want to help scientists at Rutgers University keep track of the weather in New Jersey? The Community Collaborative Rain, Hail, and Snow Network (CoCoRaHS), a nationwide volunteer network for observing precipitation, is seeking volunteer weathe...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Rutgers Today


Ocean Warming

New research has uncovered a previously unaccounted for pathway transporting heat from the Pacific Ocean to the Indian Ocean, and even further to the Southern Ocean, which surrounds Antarctica. It has implications for climate change and what we know ...

– University of Delaware

Climate Dynamics


Climate change will likely cause darker tropical forests

Christopher Doughty and a team of researchers studied more than 4,000 leaves in the tropics of Peru. Not only did they find that climate change will likely cause leaves to become thinner, but these leaves will become darker and absorb more of the sun...

– Northern Arizona University

Nature Ecology and Evolution


Law of soot light absorption: Current climate models underestimate warming by black carbon aerosol

Researchers in the School of Engineering & Applied Science have discovered a new, natural law that sheds light on the fundamental relationship between coated black carbon and light absorption.

– Washington University in St. Louis

Physical Review Letters, Nov. 19, 2018; AGS-1455215; CBET-1511964; AGS-PRF-1624814


UCI and Singapore Researchers Find Source of 2015 Southeast Asia Smoke Cloud

Smoke from widespread fires in Indonesia in the summer and fall of 2015 hung heavily over major urban centers in Southeast Asia, causing adverse health effects for millions of people. The afflicted could not have known that the polluted air they were...

– University of California, Irvine

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Nov-2018


Amazonian Peatlands May Soon Switch From a Carbon Sink to a Carbon Source

Until humans can find a way to geoengineer ourselves out of the climate disaster we’ve created, we must rely on natural carbon sinks, such as oceans and forests, to suck carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere. These ecosystems are deteriorating at th...

– Arizona State University (ASU)


Organizations with broad social ties improve outcomes for communities recovering from natural disasters

The most equitable recoveries following a natural disaster where in places that saw an increase in organizations that have a broad, crosscutting presence. In order to encourage a wide economic recovery, communities should think about activating advoc...

– University at Buffalo


New resources support tribes in preparing for climate change

The University of Washington Climate Impacts Group and regional tribal partners have developed a collection of resources that may be useful to tribes at any stage in the process of evaluating their vulnerability to climate change. The project is a pa...

– University of Washington


Policy and Public Affairs


Maran to bring science, communication skills to Knauss marine policy fellowship

Bowling Green State University doctoral biology student Audrey Maran was chosen for the highly competitive John A. Knauss Marine Policy Fellowship. She will serve for a year as a communication specialist in the National Sea Grant office, a division o...

– Bowling Green State University


Announcements


Three Los Alamos scientists named Fellows by AAAS

Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists Manvendra Dubey, David Janecky and Greg Swift were named Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). Election as a Fellow of AAAS is an honor bestowed upon Association members b...

– Los Alamos National Laboratory


Marina Alberti of the University of Washington to lead new research network to study impact of cities on Earth's evolutionary dynamics

The National Science Foundation has awarded a five-year, $500,000 grant to a multi-institution research network team to advance understanding of global eco-evolutionary dynamics.

– University of Washington


Expert Pitch


Wetland Experts Explain Role of Vital Carbon Sinks Carbon Cycle in New Report

– Michigan Technological University


In choosing a tree this year, use your nose and buy local

– Cornell University


Rutgers Expert Can Comment on National Coral Reef Resilience Report

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick


UNLV Climate Change Expert Explains the Impacts of Hotter Temperatures in Light of New Climate Assessment

– University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV)


Expert's research shows we've been underestimating soot's effect on global warming

– Washington University in St. Louis


Rutgers Expert Can Comment on National Climate Assessment Report

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick


Polar Jet trend threatens early, frequent winter storms in Northeast

– Cornell University

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