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Newswise - News for Journalists
Newswise Special Wire
Monday, December 10, 2018

Public edition | newswise.com

Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire for 10-Dec-2018
 


Topological Matters: Toward a New Kind of Transistor

An experiment has demonstrated, for the first time, electronic switching in an exotic, ultrathin material that can carry a charge with nearly zero loss at room temperature. Researchers demonstrated this switching when subjecting the material to a low...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Nature, Dec. 10, 2018

Embargo expired on 10-Dec-2018 at 11:00 ET


New Rehabilitation Device for People with Leg Injuries

Uniqueness of SUSU scientists’ development consists in the fact that this device unlike other analogous devices allows involving all the joints of lower limb. Patented know-how can be applied not only for rehabilitation after serious injuries or te...

– South Ural State University


Interactive Website Reveals the Unseen Universe

A new website with interactive sliders lets visitors explore the multiwavelength cosmos and learn the secrets that are revealed by going beyond visible light.

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)


New Concrete Paving Machine to Improve the Quality of Roads

In the Russian Federation, the paved road network is growing 7 times less per million people than in the developed countries of Europe and in the USA. Because of the large and frequent defects of the road surface, the average speed of auto transport ...

– South Ural State University


Solar Base Station Gets Upgrade

The improvements will facilitate solar energy research conducted by scientists from Brookhaven Lab and outside institutions.

– Brookhaven National Laboratory

Embargo expired on 07-Dec-2018 at 07:30 ET


Women in Science: Research and Reflections

A special issue of the interdisciplinary AVS journal Biointerphases, from AIP Publishing, appears this week online and focuses on the research results and reflections of a group of women at the forefront of biomaterials and biological interface resea...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Biointerphases


New X-ray imaging approach could boost nanoscale resolution for Advanced Photon Source Upgrade

A long-standing problem in optics holds that an improved resolution in imaging is offset by a loss in the depth of focus. Now, scientists are joining computation with X-ray imaging as they develop a new and exciting technique to bypass this limitatio...

– Argonne National Laboratory

Optica, Aug-2018


Using inkjet printers to build a new biosensor for less invasive breast cancer detection

NIBIB-funded researchers have created a novel, low-cost biosensor to detect HER-2, a breast cancer biomarker in the blood, allowing for a far less invasive diagnostic test than the current practice, a needle biopsy. Scientists at the Universities of ...

– National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

Biosensors and Bioelectronics; EB16707


Does having autism make you more vulnerable to cyber phishing attacks?

UAB study suggests individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder may not be more prone to cyber phishing attacks compared to those without the disorder.

– University of Alabama at Birmingham


Subtlety and the Selective Art of Separating Lanthanides

Unexpected molecular interactions involving water clusters have a subtle, yet profound, effect on extractants picking their targets.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

ACS Central Science 4, 739 (2018). [DOI: 10.1021/acscentsci.8b00223]


Friendly electromagnetic pulse improves survival for electronics

A "friendly" electromagnetic pulse (EMP) at Sandia National Laboratories enables military users and others to better insulate their product against an energy pulse that could be set off by a nuclear weapon exploded high above the United States.

– Sandia National Laboratories


It Will Always Be Warm in the Houses: Hybrid Energy Saving System of the Future

The presence of hot water in a residential building and comfortable temperature in it are the primary needs of a man. However, today the breakages often occur in the system of heating or hot water supply.

– South Ural State University


Nearly $1 million NSF grant to bolster cyber-physical systems security

A team of Missouri University of Science and Technology researchers has received a National Science Foundation research grant of nearly $1 million to develop stronger safeguards for a wide array of complex systems that rely on computers – from publ...

– Missouri University of Science and Technology


A 3D Imaging Technique Unlocks Properties of Perovskite Crystals

A team of materials scientists from Penn State, Cornell and Argonne National Laboratory have, for the first time, visualized the 3D atomic and electron density structure of the most complex perovskite crystal structure system decoded to date.

– Penn State Materials Research Institute

Nature Communications Dec-2018

Embargo expired on 06-Dec-2018 at 05:00 ET


New Traffic Rules in Graphene City

Methods to control the ballistic movement of electrons in bi-layer graphene - called a valve and beamsplitter - could be a new way to control electron traffic in electronic devices.

– Penn State Materials Research Institute

Science -Dec-2018

Embargo expired on 06-Dec-2018 at 14:00 ET


Agricultural waste drives us closer to greener transport

Composite materials made from agricultural waste could be used to produce sustainable, lightweight and low-cost applications in the automotive and marine industries.

– University of Portsmouth

Industrial Crops and Products journal, Volume 126, 15 December 2018, Pages 394-402


Electron Shields Can Protect against Electromagnetic Radiation

The space surrounding us is literally pierced with electromagnetic radiation and magnetic fields of natural and artificial origin. Even a short electromagnetic pulse is enough to knock equipment of any level of complexity out of operation. Candidate ...

– South Ural State University

Journal of Alloys and Compounds


Two-dimensional materials skip the energy barrier by growing one row at a time

News Release RICHLAND, Wash. — A new collaborative study led by a research team at the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and University of California, Los Angeles could provide engineers new design rules for creating micr...

– Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Science


Registration Opens for AACN Critical Care Nursing Conference

The American Association of Critical-Care Nurses invites nurses and other healthcare professionals who care for high-acuity and critically ill patients and their families to its 2019 National Teaching Institute & Critical Care Exposition in Orlando,...

– American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN)


Leave Nothing Up in the Air: Bridge Inspections in the Age of Drones

Drones make bridge inspections safer and easier to document. A complementary 3-D bridge app developed by the Michigan Tech Research Institute also streamlines defect records.

– Michigan Technological University

Michigan Department of Transportation


Initiative aims to improve education, business with AI

A collaboration between Cornell University and r4 Technologies, a Connecticut-based artificial intelligence company, will develop and apply artificial intelligence solutions to structural challenges that have hindered growth and modernization, and wi...

– Cornell University


Expert: “Literature’s not dead; VR to Inspire Next Generation of Storytellers”

What does virtual reality (VR) have in common with Shakespeare and Hemingway?

Expert Available

– New York Institute of Technology


Recycle Your Old Mobile Phone to Save Gorilla Populations

Are you among the 400 million people around the world who have relegated an old mobile phone to the top drawer in the past year? Do you realise your reluctance to recycle that discarded phone could be linked to the dramatic decline of gorilla populat...

– University of South Australia

PLOS One

Embargo expired on 05-Dec-2018 at 14:00 ET


Effect of Geopolymer Aggregate on Strength and Microstructure of Concrete

The geopolymer investigated in this research shows potential as a lightweight coarse aggregate for concrete, with the additional benefit of reducing the environmental impact of fly ash from coal-fired power generation.

– American Concrete Institute (ACI)

ACI Materials Journal November 2018


Paving the way for more efficient hydrogen cars

Hydrogen-powered vehicles emit only water vapor from their tailpipes, offering a cleaner alternative to fossil-fuel-based transportation. But for hydrogen cars to become mainstream, scientists need to develop more efficient hydrogen-storage systems. ...

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

Chemistry of Material


Stress from using electronic health records is linked to physician burnout

PROVIDENCE, R.I. [Brown University] -- While electronic health records (EHRs) improve communication and access to patient data, researchers found that stress from using EHRs is associated with burnout, particularly for primary care doctors such as pe...

– Brown University

Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association


Adding new channels to the brain remote control

By enabling super-fast remote control of specific cells, light-activated proteins allow researchers to study the function of individual neurons within a large network - even an entire brain. Now one of the pioneers of 'optogenetics' and colleagues ha...

– Frontiers

Frontiers in Neuroscience


Wearable Tech is New Top Fitness Trend for 2019, according to ACSM Survey

American College of Sports Medicine releases its Top 10 Fitness Trends for 2019, based on a worldwide survey of fitness professionals.

– American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)

ACSM’s Health & Fitness Journal®


SUSU Scientists Study Light to Create Technologies of the Future

Scientists of the Faculty of Physics of the SUSU Institute of Natural Sciences and Mathematics predict new optical effects in light beams which in perspective will help create technologies of the future, and even reveal cancer in early stages.

– South Ural State University


A Banner Year for Pharma

As 2018 draws to a close, the pharmaceutical industry is celebrating a prosperous year of new investments and therapeutic breakthroughs. These successes were driven by cutting-edge science and progress in finally translating long-standing technology ...

– American Chemical Society (ACS)


A step closer to fusion energy

Harnessing nuclear fusion, which powers the sun and stars, to help meet earth's energy needs, is a step closer after researchers showed that using two types of imaging can help them assess the safety and reliability of parts used in a fusion energy d...

– Swansea University

Fusion Engineering and Design


Toxic chemicals calling: Cell phones as a source of flame retardants

TORONTO, ON (Canada) - Cell phones - much has been written about their detrimental effects on attention spans, stress levels and dinner table conversations. People are in constant contact with their cell phones at all hours of the day. New research f...

– University of Toronto

Environment International


Story Tips from the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory, December 2018

ORNL solved methane mystery through tree trunk, soil study; neutrons unlock secrets of corn nanoparticles; lithium-ion battery study could inform safer designs; corrosion tests could advance molten salt reactor designs; thought leaders discuss sea of...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

New Phytologist, Jul-2018; ACS Nano, Sep-2018; Design and Irradiation of a Molten Salt Corrosion Experiment in The Ohio State University Research Reactor


'Chameleon' tattoos change color, may help diagnose illness

Carson Bruns is working to put body art to use, designing high-tech inks that may one day signal your temperature or changes in blood chemistry.

– University of Colorado Boulder


Full of Energy

University of Utah electrical and computer engineering researchers have received a $1.88 million grant to study the properties of gallium oxide, which could prove to be an effective semiconductor for high-voltage systems. Gallium oxide could lead to ...

– University of Utah


Building better aerogels by crushing them

Strong and flexible aerogels are used in a wide variety of products, from insulation for offshore oil pipelines to parts for space exploration missions. Now, aerogels are undergoing a paradigm shift due to a breakthrough in the understanding of their...

– Missouri University of Science and Technology

Soft Matter


Visualizing vitals through video

Conrad Tucker, associate professor of engineering design and industrial engineering, demonstrates how a mobile-based application will use a cellphone camera and computer vision techniques to capture pulse rate. Tucker and his team use a Masimo Rad-97...

– Penn State College of Engineering


NEI awards prize for progress toward developing lab-made retinas

The National Eye Institute (NEI) awarded $25,000 to a team led by Wei Liu, Ph.D., Albert Einstein College of Medicine, for demonstrating progress toward the development of a living model of the human retina, the light-sensitive tissue at the back of ...

– NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)


Babies kicking in the womb are creating a map of their bodies

The kicks a mother feels from her unborn child may allow the baby to 'map' their own body and enable them to eventually explore their surroundings, suggests new research led by UCL in collaboration with UCLH.

– University College London

Scientific Reports


Machine learning helps predict worldwide plant-conservation priorities

A new approach co-developed at The Ohio State University uses data analytics and machine learning to predict the conservation status of more than 150,000 plants worldwide. Results suggest that more than 15,000 species likely qualify as near-threatene...

– Ohio State University

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.


Berkeley Lab Takes a Quantum Leap in Microelectronics

A Q&A with Ramamoorthy Ramesh on the need for next-generation computer chips

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory


WIU Administrator, Students Help with Taylorville Tornado Damage Assessment

MACOMB, IL – A Western Illinois University administrator and two students were headed outside the classroom Monday morning to assist with assessing the damage caused by the tornadoes impacting central Illinois Saturday afternoon.

– Western Illinois University


Announcements


The Emerging Science of Risk Analysis

The Society for Risk Analysis (SRA) released a series of foundational papers covering the core subjects, key principles and a glossary of risk-related terminology to support research and practices for all types of applications.

– Society for Risk Analysis (SRA)


University to lead $2.25 million grant for developing next-generation quantum computer

The University of Minnesota announced today that it will lead a $2.25 million grant over the next three years from the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science for developing materials and device knowledge necessary for creating the next-generatio...

– University of Minnesota College of Science and Engineering


APL, Collaborators Launch World’s Largest Neuroscience Data Repository

Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) in Laurel, Maryland, collaborating with scientists from Johns Hopkins University and many other universities and research organizations

– Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory

Nature Methods


Emily Day Named Mangone Young Scholar

Emily Day recognized as promising young scholar and researcher

– University of Delaware


DHS S&T Awards $1.14M to Two Organizations to Improve Cyber Data Privacy

DHS Science and Technology Directorate (S&T) has awarded a total of $1,149,900 across two organizations to develop new research and development (R&D) capabilities to enhance the management of privacy threats and vulnerabilities.

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


FAU Appointed to Serve on the International Telecommunication Union of the United Nations

FAU is spearheading a sub-group on global quantum-safe communication standards in collaboration with leading academic institutions in Europe, Asia and throughout the world, to shape all future requirements from both a government and industry perspec...

– Florida Atlantic University


UGA ranks No. 1 in United States for new products to market

The University of Georgia ranked first among 193 U.S. institutions for the number of commercial products reaching the market in 2017, according to a survey released by AUTM, a nonprofit organization that tracks technology transfer among universities,...

– University of Georgia


University of Texas McCombs School of Business Introduces New Blockchain/FinTech Track to Master’s in Information Technology and Management Degree Program

The McCombs School of Business at The University of Texas at Austin has added a new Blockchain and FinTech track to its 10-month Master of Science in Information Technology and Management program.

– University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin)


Coast Guard, DHS S&T To Venture into Space with Polar Scout Launch

The Coast Guard Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation (RDT&E) Program, in partnership with the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Science and Technology Directorate (S&T), today launched two 6U CubeSats from Vandenberg Air Force Base, Califo...

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


More Tests for Arctic Oil-spill-mapping Robot

To help the Coast Guard map oil spills under ice, the DHS S&T has been working on an underwater robot for the past four years through a DHS Center of Excellence, ADAC at the University of Alaska Anchorage, in partnership with WHOI and Monterey Bay A...

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


DHS S&T Announces New Collaborative Blockchain Innovation Solution

The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Science and Technology Directorate (S&T) is seeking innovative solutions from startups to enhance anti-forgery and counterfeiting capabilities for digital documentation through a new solicitation, “Preventi...

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


Blast to the future

A grant from DOE’s Technology Commercialization Fund will help researchers at Argonne and industry partners seek improvements to U.S. manufacturing by making discovery and design of new materials more efficient.

– Argonne National Laboratory


DHS S&T to Demonstrate Tech Integration During Hazmat Scenario

The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Science and Technology Directorate (S&T) is presenting a demonstration of integrating emergency response technologies during a simulated HAZMAT scenario at the Port of Houston on December 5, 2018.

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


Physicists awarded $1.34 million to develop machine-learning software

Researchers have received $1.34 million to develop machine-learning software for the U.S. Department of Energy. Physicists James Lewis and Aldo Romero will lead a team to develop new machine-learning tools for advancing chemical and materials science...

– West Virginia University - Eberly College of Arts and Sciences


Johns Hopkins School of Nursing Professor Nancy Glass Receives $2.2 Million to Prevent and Respond to Sexual and Domestic Violence

Two new grants totaling $2.2 million will fund Johns Hopkins School of Nursing Professor Nancy Glass, PhD, MPH, RN, FAAN, in the development of nationally accessible, culturally diverse, and age-appropriate resources to help protect survivors of dome...

– Johns Hopkins School of Nursing


Expert Pitch


Right-left political bias in the spotlight with Google testimony

– Cornell University

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