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Newswise Special Wire
Monday, December 17, 2018

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Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire for 17-Dec-2018

Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire

Tech news for the public and news media. More stories can be found at the Newswise Technology News Source and the Engineering News Source.

Defining Quality Virus Data(sets)

In Nature Biotechnology, as more and more researchers continue to assemble new genome sequences of uncultivated viruses, researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Joint Genome Institute (JGI) led a community effort to develop guidelines and ...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Nature Biotechnology

Embargo expired on 17-Dec-2018 at 11:00 ET

Tracking Antibiotic Resistance in the Canals of Ho Chi Minh City

Researchers in Oregon State University's College of Engineering have performed a first-of-its-kind genotype and phenotype study of the prevalence of multiple-antibiotic-resistant enteric bacteria in septic systems and soils in Vietnam.

– Oregon State University, College of Engineering

A Painless Adhesive

Researchers from the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) and Xi’an Jiaotong University in China have developed a new type of adhesive that can strongly adhere wet materials — such as hydrogel and living tissu...

– Harvard School of Engineering & Applied Sciences

Advanced Materials

Missing ocean monitoring instrument found after five years at sea

After going missing on Christmas Day five years ago, deep ocean measuring equipment belonging to the UK’s National Oceanography Centre (NOC) has just been found on a beach in Tasmania by a local resident after making an incredible 14,000 km journey...

– National Oceanography Centre

British Antarctic Survey

Helping Families Navigate the Digital World

Digital devices like the iPad have only been around for about 10 years, but in that short amount of time, they have become ingrained into everyday life and research examining their impact on young children is limited.Tune into 60 Minutes this Sunday,...

– Seattle Children's Hospital

Accelerated Computing Hackathon Returns for Second Year

Brookhaven Lab's Computational Science Initiative hosted its second hackathon on graphics processing units for accelerating scientific discovery.

– Brookhaven National Laboratory

A nuclear-powered ‘tunnelbot’ to search for life on Jupiter’s icy moon Europa

Between 1995 and 2003, NASA’s Galileo spacecraft made several flybys of Jupiter’s moon, Europa. Several findings from observations of the moon pointed to evidence of a liquid ocean beneath Europa’s icy surface. The ocean, researchers believe, c...

– University of Illinois at Chicago

Making immersive virtual theater a reality

University of Iowa faculty and students immerse audience in a virtual reality theater experience that integrates live performances.

– University of Iowa

New study will track how trade wars affect the Midwest

A team of researchers is studying the effect a global trade war could have on the Midwest, specifically the effects on farming, land use issues and water and energy systems.

– Ohio State University

Team Led by PPPL Wins Time on Three Supercomputers to Study the Complex Edge of Fusion Plasmas

Article describes INCITE award of major time on three supercomputers to PPPL-let team to study the complex edge of fusion plasmas.

– Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

An Energy-Efficient Way to Stay Warm: Sew High-Tech Heating Patches to Your Clothes

What if, instead of turning up the thermostat, you could warm up with high-tech, flexible patches sewn into your clothes – while significantly reducing your electric bill and carbon footprint? Engineers at Rutgers and Oregon State University have f...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Scientific Reports; Rutgers Today

For a longer battery life: Pushing lithium ion batteries to the next performance level

Conventional lithium ion batteries, such as those widely used in smartphones and notebooks, have reached performance limits. Materials chemist Freddy Kleitz from the Faculty of Chemistry of the University of Vienna and international scientists have d...

– University of Vienna

Advanced Energy Materials

Tale of two trees: New web tool estimates gene trees with ease

Gene trees, much like family trees, trace the lineage of a particular gene from its deep ancestral roots to its still-growing stems. By comparing gene trees to species trees, which map the evolutionary history of species, scientists can learn which s...

– Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University - OIST

Molecular Biology and Evolution

Texas State researchers lead test of pioneering Bat Deterrent System

Texas State University researchers, in partnership with Bat Conservation International (BCI), have completed a trial of an ultrasonic acoustic Bat Deterrent System that reduced overall bat fatalities at the Los Vientos Wind Energy Facility in Starr C...

– Texas State University

Scientists Elaborated a Program to Calculate the Time of Materials’ Fracture

Within SUSU’s strategic direction entitled “Fundamental science in the sphere of providing Engineering 3.0”, an interdisciplinary project team of the university’s scientists in a record-breaking period of time (6 weeks) created Kinetic Calcul...

– South Ural State University

A Unique Automated Draw Bench Created in Chelyabinsk

Drawing is one of the oldest methods of pressure metal treatment, which is remaining relevant up to date. The team of scientists of South Ural State University created a laboratory draw bench, which has no analogs in the Russian market.

– South Ural State University

A Device That Illuminates the Invisible

Improved security for military operations and at airports, schools, sports venues, and other public spaces. A team of engineers at the University of Delaware has created a camera that acts as a portable body scanner. The scanner reads millimeter wave...

– University of Delaware

UK General Practitioners Skeptical That Artificial Intelligence Could Replace Them

In a UK-wide survey published in the journal PLOS ONE, researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC), and colleagues investigated primary care physicians’ views on AI’s looming impact on health professions.

– Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center


Embargo expired on 12-Dec-2018 at 13:00 ET

Drawn into a Whirlpool: A New Way to Stop Dangerous Fast Electrons in a Fusion Device

A new phenomena forms vortices that trap particles, impeding electron avalanches that harm fusion reactors.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Physical Review Letter 120, 265001 (2018). [DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.265001]; Nuclear Fusion 58, 096030 (2018). [DOI: 10.1088/1741-4326/aacc9b]

‘Eavesdropping’ on Groupers’ Mating Calls Key to Survival

Many fish produce sounds for courtship and mating, navigation, and defending their territories. Scientists analyze these sounds to study their behavior such as reproduction. Since grouper spawning is brief and it takes them a long time to reach sexua...

– Florida Atlantic University

Journal of the Acoustical Society of America

What can a snowflake teach us about how cancer spreads in the body?

Conventional math cannot adequately model the interaction of multiple genes over multiple time frames – a necessary foundation for any cancer-fighting drugs. The study, published in “Frontiers in Physiology” by Mahboobeh Ghorbani, Edmond Jonckh...

– University of Southern California Viterbi School of Engineering

DARPA Young Faculty Award; National Science Foundation Career ; Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

UNLV Study Unlocks Clues to How Planets Form

UNLV researchers Shangjia Zhang and Zhaohuan Zhu led a team of international astronomers in a study that used the powerful ALMA telescope to discover that in other parts of the Milky Way Galaxy there is potentially a large population of young planets...

– University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV)

Astrophysical Journal Letters

Climate change imperils Midwest ag production

A new Cornell University-led study shows that Midwest agriculture is increasingly vulnerable to climate change because of the region’s reliance on growing rain-fed crops.

– Cornell University

Science Advances, Dec. 2018

Barely scratching the surface: A new way to make robust membranes

Argonne researchers have demonstrated a new technique’s viability for membranes.

– Argonne National Laboratory

JOM, Sept-2018

Researchers Develop Mathematical Solver for Analog Computers

University of Notre Dame's Zoltán Toroczkai and collaborators have been working toward developing a novel mathematical approach that will help advance computation beyond the digital framework.

– University of Notre Dame

Nature Communications

Researchers Design Technology That Sees Nerve Cells Fire

Researchers at Stanford University, Palo Alto, California, have created a noninvasive technology that detects when nerve cells fire based on changes in shape. The method could be used to observe nerve activity in light-accessible parts of the body, s...

– NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

Light: Science & Applications, Dec 12, 2018

700°С Degrees of Resistance: Scientists Developed an Innovative Industrial Technology

Scientists of South Ural State University elaborated a unique technology for manufacture of products made of carbon graphite materials with high performance properties. The new technology will be applicable in ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy, elec...

– South Ural State University

New technology created to protect wind turbines from lightning

An ongoing partnership between Wichita State University and Westar Energy recently resulted in the implementation of a new technology aimed at protecting wind turbine blades from lightning strikes.

– Wichita State University

VitalTag Delivers Faster Response Time for Paramedics

VitalTag, a suite of sensors, allows data to be shared among EMTs and paramedics at a disaster site. The VitalTag suite connects to a victim’s chest, with other sensors attached to the ear and index finger. It collects then broadcasts the victim’...

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate

Parents, kids spend more time discussing how to use mobile technology than talking about content

Most parents would agree that one of the of the biggest modern parenting challenges is monitoring a child's online activity.

– University of Michigan

Journal of Child and Family

University of Pittsburgh Faculty Elected Fellow of the National Academy of Inventors

Dr. Stephen Badylak among 148 academic innovators elected to the National Academy of Inventors.

– Health Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh

Taming turbulence: Seeking to make complex simulations a breeze

Previously intractable problems for designing fusion experiments, improving weather models, and understanding astrophysical phenomena such as star formation will be more easily addressed without the need for expensive supercomputers using a new model...

– University of Wisconsin-Madison

Physics of Plasmas Dec. 10, 2018

New Technology for Profiling Myeloma Cells

Weizmann Institute scientists Profs. Ido Amit and Amos Tanay, working with hemato-oncologists, have created a new way to profile myeloma tumor cells. The machine-learning-based technique will allow earlier and better diagnosis of the cancer, includin...

– Weizmann Institute of Science

Nature Medicine, Dec-2018

Researchers create first sensor package that can ride aboard bees

Farmers can already use drones to soar over huge fields and monitor temperature, humidity or crop health. But these machines need so much power to fly that they can't get very far without needing a charge. Now, engineers at the University of Washingt...

– University of Washington

ACM MobiCom 2019 conference

Rutgers Partners with Pioneering Research Outreach Center to Promote Scientific Research

Rutgers recently became a partner in an innovative center – funded with a $5.2 million National Science Foundation grant – to translate the importance of scientific research to the general public.

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Rutgers Today

Damages from Fires Will Decrease: Scientists Upgraded Fire Standpipe

Last year more than 100 thousand fires happened in Russia and thousands of people suffered as a result. It is possible to decrease a number of victims and a scale of financial damages if improve the process of fire fighting.

– South Ural State University

A Unique Program Can Help to Learn Russian Language

Due to modern technology development, there are more and more people willing to learn foreign languages distantly. Scientists of South Ural State University developed an innovative robotized dialog system for learning Russian language by internationa...

– South Ural State University

City of Knoxville demonstrates new precision de-icing technology developed by ORNL

The City of Knoxville, Tenn., public service crews demonstrated a new de-icing device made possible by the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the University of Tennessee, Knoxville. The technology aims to more efficiently and ...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Leading the advance of global manufacturing

Argonne and MIT look to expand how high-performance computing can advance the manufacturing ecosystem.

– Argonne National Laboratory

IU Kelley School cybersecurity expert offers holiday shopping tips for protecting identity

Amid the many warnings this holiday season about protecting your identity while shopping online comes advice from Scott Shackelford, associate professor of business law and ethics in the Indiana University Kelley School of Business and one of the nat...

Expert Available

– Indiana University

The Biermann Battery Effect: Spontaneous Generation of Magnetic Fields and Their Severing

The mechanism responsible for creating intense magnetic fields in laser-driven plasmas also helps tear the fields apart.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Physical Review Letters 121, 095001 (2018). [DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.095001]; Physics of Plasmas 25,102106 (2018). [DOI: 10.1063/1.5050813]

Editing Consciousness: How Bereaved People Control Their Thoughts without Knowing It

A new study from Columbia Engineering and Columbia University Irving Medical Center shows that avoidant grievers unconsciously monitor and block the contents of their mind-wandering, a discovery that could lead to more effective psychiatric treatment...

– Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

SCAN: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience

3-D Printing Offers Helping Hand to Patients with Arthritis

3-D printing can cut the cost of adaptive aids that help people with hand arthritis. Current products are quite expensive, and more so to create customized versions, but 3-D printing drops the cost by an average of 94 percent for 20 different handhel...

– Michigan Technological University

Geriatrics, Dec-2018

New tool delivers swifter picture of cognitive deficit

A new tool, developed by researchers from the University of Adelaide, will assist clinicians to assess people suffering from major depressive disorder (MDD).

– University of Adelaide

Journal of Clinical Psychiatry

SHRO Partners with Film Festival to Recognize Importance of Virtual Reality in Medicine and Celebrate Italian-Origin Filmmakers

This week, SHRO partners with the Italian Movie Award International Film Festival to support Italian-American work in cinema, particularly in recognition for accomplishments with the use of Virtual Reality (VR) in applications in medicine

– Sbarro Health Research Organization (SHRO)



$750K grant will help support future Biomedical Engineering predoctoral students

The UAB Department of Biomedical Engineering is first in the state of Alabama to receive the Ruth L. Kirchstein NRSA Institutional Research Training Grant.

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

DOE approves technical plan and cost estimate to upgrade Argonne facility; Project will create X-rays that illuminate the atomic scale, in 3D

The U.S. Department of Energy has approved the technical scope, cost estimate and plan of work for an upgrade of the Advanced Photon Source, a major storage-ring X-ray source at Argonne.

– Argonne National Laboratory

Data Scientist Peter Fox Chosen as Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science

The American Association for the Advancement of Science has elected Peter Fox, data scientist and professor at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, as a Fellow of the society, in recognition of his “distinguished, innovative, and sustained fundamental...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

Jian Yang named National Academy of Inventors fellow

Recognizing a career highlighted by multiple biomedical engineering and materials science breakthroughs, the National Academy of Inventors (NAI) has named Jian Yang, professor of biomedical engineering, as an NAI Fellow.

– Penn State College of Engineering

DHS S&T Launches $250K Challenge to Develop Concepts for Escape Respirator

The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Science and Technology Directorate (S&T) launched the Escape Respirator Challenge, a $250,000 prize competition that seeks new concepts for an escape respirator solution.

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate

SDSC’s ‘Trestles’ Supercomputer Still Going Strong Three+ Years Later

Trestles, which was acquired more than three years ago by the Arkansas High Performance Computing Center (AHPCC) at the University of Arkansas after entering service at the San Diego Supercomputer Center in mid-2011, is still serving researchers desp...

– University of California San Diego

Binghamton University faculty member elected fellow of the National Academy of Inventors

Distinguished Professor Jessica Fridrich, PhD ’95, of Binghamton University’s Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, was elected as a Fellow of The National Academy of Inventors (NAI).

– Binghamton University, State University of New York

Industrial Biotech Leader to Use Benson Hill’s Cpf1 and Cms1 Genome Editing Portfolio Across its Business Segment

Benson Hill empowers organizations of any size across the agri-food value chain to benefit from the most advanced tools in genomic innovation, including the largest portfolio of Cpf1 and Cms1 nucleases in industry.

– Benson Hill Biosystems

NUS SINAPSE Director Professor Dean Ho elected as Fellow of the prestigious National Academy of Inventors

Professor Dean Ho, Director of the Singapore Institute for Neurotechnology at the National University of Singapore, has been elected as a Fellow of the United States National Academy of Inventors, the highest professional accolade for academic invent...

– National University of Singapore

Texas Tech Electrical and Computer Engineering Professor Named NAI Fellow

Hongxing Jiang will be inducted into the National Academy of Inventors in April.

– Texas Tech University

Costas Soukoulis elected to National Academy of Inventors

Costas Soukoulis, Ames Laboratory senior scientist and Iowa State University Frances M. Craig Endowed Chair and Distinguished Professor, has been named as a 2018 National Academy of Inventors (NAI) Fellow.

– Ames Laboratory

Biophysicist F. William Studier Elected Fellow of the National Academy of Inventors

F. William Studier, a Senior Biophysicist Emeritus at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory and Adjunct Professor of Biochemistry at Stony Brook University, has been elected as a Fellow of the National Academy of Inventors...

– Brookhaven National Laboratory

Cybersecurity Expert to Keynote DHS S&T Cybersecurity and Innovation Showcase

American Internet pioneer and security expert Vint Cerf will be a keynote speaker for the 2019 S&T Cybersecurity and Innovation Showcase on January 10, 2019 at the Washington Marriott Wardman Park in Washington, D.C.

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate

Expert Pitch

Cybersecurity expert: 10 tips for protecting kids’ privacy when using electronic toys

– Virginia Tech





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