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Newswise - News for Journalists
Newswise Special Wire
Monday, December 31, 2018

Public edition | newswise.com

Newswise 2018 year-end recap wire 31-Dec-2018
 

As we close out 2018, Newswise would like to thank all of our members and readers for participating in this community dedicated to the advancement of quality news. Our member organizations provided the raw materials of research, features, and experts, which our media subscribers then turned into great reporting in a variety of topics. We recap some of the topics that made headlines in 2018 below, and we think you’ll agree that our community has contributed positively to the value and credibility of news reported in the past year.

It should come as no surprise to say that controversy and sensationalism threaten to dominate the daily news cycle and overshadow good journalism. But our community’s commitment to reporting stories that matter to the betterment of humanity, dedicated to facts and knowledge, is a vital part of the foundation of a healthy media ecosystem. We at Newswise are proud to support these traditions, and we pledge to continue this commitment into 2019 and beyond.

So, here’s to another year of good news past, and to the promise of another great year of news to come! We wish you all the best for a happy and prosperous new year, with the power to tell your story, through Newswise.


Success Stories


Best of 2018: How did Easter Island statues get those giant hats?

Covered in IFLScience and Smithsonian Magazine

– Newswise


Best of 2018: Climate models simulate wetter, windier hurricanes

Covered in The Guardian

– Newswise


Best of 2018: With sex over 65, majority say it's important, and they are satisfied

Covered on NBC and CBS

– Newswise


Best of 2018: Auto industry expert analyzes GM layoffs and plant closings

Expert quoted in NBC news

– Newswise


Best of 2018: Expert advises regulation to curb teen vaping

Expert quoted in the New York Times

– Newswise


Best of 2018: Making sense of baby-boomer marijuana usage

Embargoed research covered by CBS News

– Newswise


Best of 2018: DOE Office of Science National Lab News

See news and research from participating DOE National Labs in the DOE Science Channel

– Newswise

DOE Office of Science Grants


Editor's Picks


Rise in meth and opioid-use during pregnancy

Among pregnant women , amphetamine-affected births (mostly attributed to methamphetamine) doubled .

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

American Journal of Public Health

Embargo expired on 29-Nov-2018 at 16:00 ET


Children Who Start School a Year Early More Likely to Be Diagnosed with ADHD, Study Shows

Children who enter elementary school younger than their peers are more likely to be diagnosed with ADHD. Children born in August in states with a Sept. 1 cutoff birth date for school enrollment have a 30 percent higher risk for ADHD diagnosis than...

– Harvard Medical School

NEJM

Embargo expired on 28-Nov-2018 at 17:00 ET


When NBA Players Tweet Late at Night, They Play Worse Basketball

A new study to be published online in the journal Sleep Health reveals that late-night social media use by NBA players is linked to poorer next-day performance on the court. The study examines more than 37,000 tweets and builds on preliminary researc...

– Stony Brook University

Embargo expired on 19-Nov-2018 at 06:00 ET


Ancient DNA Analysis Yields Unexpected Insights About Peoples of Central, South America

The first high-quality ancient DNA data from Central and South America reveals two previously unknown genetic exchanges between North and South America, one representing a continent-wide population turnover Findings link the oldestCentral and South ...

– Harvard Medical School

Cell

Embargo expired on 08-Nov-2018 at 14:00 ET


How Beatboxers Produce Sound: Using Real-Time MRI to Understand

Beatboxing is a musical art form in which performers use their vocal tract to create percussive sounds, and a team of researchers is using real-time MRI to study the production of beatboxing sounds. Timothy Greer will describe their work showing how ...

– Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

Acoustical Society of America's 176th Meeting, Nov. 5-9

Embargo expired on 07-Nov-2018 at 14:00 ET


Astronomers Find First Evidence of Possible Moon Outside Our Solar System

Using the Hubble and Kepler space telescopes two astronomers have found the first compelling evidence for a moon outside our Solar System. The data indicate an exomoon the size of Neptune, in a stellar system 8,000 light-years from Earth.

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

Science Advances, Oct-2018

Embargo expired on 03-Oct-2018 at 14:00 ET


People Can Die From Giving Up the Fight

People can die simply because they’ve given up, life has beaten them and they feel defeat is inescapable, according to new research.

– University of Portsmouth

Embargo expired on 27-Sep-2018 at 04:00 ET


Human Activity In Madagascar Dates Back 6,000 Years Earlier Than Thought, According To Study Led By Stony Brook University Researcher Pat Wright

Humans arrived on the tropical island of Madagascar more than 6,000 years earlier than previously thought based on an analysis of bones from what was once the world’s largest bird, according to a study led by Stony Brook University researcher Dr. P...

– Stony Brook University

Science Advances

Embargo expired on 12-Sep-2018 at 14:00 ET


Marijuana Use Continues to Grow Among Baby Boomers

Marijuana use is becoming more prevalent among middle-aged and older adults, with 9 percent of adults aged 50-64 and nearly 3 percent of adults 65 and older reporting marijuana use in the past year, according to a study by researchers at NYU School o...

– New York University

Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Sept. 6

Embargo expired on 06-Sep-2018 at 10:00 ET


Global Warming: More Insects, Eating More Crops

Rising global temperatures are expected to significantly increase crop losses from insects, especially in temperate regions, a new study finds. Losses for three top staple grains (wheat, rice, maize) are projected to rise by 10-25% per degree of warm...

– University of Vermont

Science-31-August-2018; GBMF#3775; OCE-1419323; OCE-1458967; OCE-1542240

Embargo expired on 30-Aug-2018 at 14:00 ET


Soccer Heading Worse for Women’s Brains than for Men’s

Women’s brains are much more vulnerable than men’s to injury from repeated soccer heading, according to a new study by researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine, part of Montefiore. The study found that regions of damaged brain tissue we...

– Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Radiology; R01 NS082432

Embargo expired on 31-Jul-2018 at 10:00 ET


Think Twice Before Moving to Mars—Planetary Scientist Refutes Terraforming in NASA Study

Proponents of “terraforming” Mars to make it habitable propose releasing greenhouse gases from the planet’s surface such as carbon dioxide (CO2) to trap heat, warm the climate and ultimately increase the atmospheric pressure. The plausibility o...

– Northern Arizona University

Nature Astronomy

Embargo expired on 30-Jul-2018 at 11:00 ET


Saturn and Mars Team Up to Make Their Closest Approaches to Earth in 2018

NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope has photographed Saturn and Mars near their closest approaches to Earth in June and July 2018. It’s now summertime in Saturn’s northern hemisphere and springtime in Mars’ southern hemisphere. The Hubble images sh...

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

Embargo expired on 26-Jul-2018 at 10:00 ET


‘Good Cholesterol’ May Not Always be Good for Postmenopausal Women

Postmenopausal factors may have an impact on the heart-protective qualities of high-density lipoproteins (HDL) – also known as ‘good cholesterol.’ The findings bring into question the current use of total HDL cholesterol to predict heart diseas...

– Health Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh

Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology; R01 HL071739, N01-HC-95159, N01-HC-95160, N01-HC-95161, N01-HC-95162, N01-HC-95163, N01-HC-95164, N01-HC-95165, N01-HC-95166, N0

Embargo expired on 19-Jul-2018 at 05:00 ET


Human Influence Detected in Changing Seasonal Cycles

For the first time, scientists from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and five other organizations have shown that human influences significantly impact the size of the seasonal cycle of temperature in the lowest layer of the atmosphere.

– Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Science, July 20

Embargo expired on 19-Jul-2018 at 14:00 ET


Newly Discovered Armored Dinosaur From Utah Reveals Intriguing Family History

Fossils of a new genus and species of an ankylosaurid dinosaur—Akainacephalus johnsoni-- have been unearthed in Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument in southern Utah, U.S.A., and are revealing new details about the diversity and evolution of...

– University of Utah

PeerJ

Embargo expired on 19-Jul-2018 at 12:30 ET


Farming Fish Alter ‘Cropping’ Strategies Under High CO2

Fish that ‘farm’ their own patches of seaweed alter their ‘cropping’ practices under high CO2 conditions, researchers at the University of Adelaide in Australia have found.

– University of Adelaide

Nature Ecology and Evolution

Embargo expired on 09-Jul-2018 at 11:00 ET


Air Pollution Contributes Significantly to Diabetes Globally

New research links outdoor air pollution — even at levels deemed safe — to an increased risk of diabetes globally, according to a study from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and the Veterans Affairs (VA) St. Louis Health Care...

– Washington University in St. Louis

The Lancet Planetary Health

Embargo expired on 29-Jun-2018 at 18:30 ET


What Makes Dogs Man’s Best Friend?

Using ancient dog DNA and DNA from modern village dogs, University of Michigan researchers find new genetic sites that may be responsible for important domestication traits--sites that are also connected to rare genetic syndromes in people.

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

BMC Biology; T32HG00040; R01GM103961

Embargo expired on 27-Jun-2018 at 20:00 ET


Don’t Let Depression Keep You From Exercising

Exercise may be just as crucial to a depression patient’s good health as finding an effective antidepressant.

– UT Southwestern Medical Center

American Medical Association Psychiatry

Embargo expired on 27-Jun-2018 at 11:00 ET


Scientists Calculate Impact of China’s Ban on Plastic Waste Imports

Scientists from the University of Georgia have calculated the potential global impact of China's ban plastic waste imports and how the policy might affect efforts to reduce the amount of plastic waste entering the world’s landfills and natural envi...

– University of Georgia

Science Advances

Embargo expired on 20-Jun-2018 at 14:00 ET


Thank the Moon for Earth’s Lengthening Day

A new study that reconstructs the deep history of our planet’s relationship to the moon shows that 1.4 billion years ago, a day on Earth lasted just over 18 hours. This is at least in part because the moon was closer and changed the way the Earth s...

– University of Wisconsin-Madison

PNAS June 4, 2018

Embargo expired on 04-Jun-2018 at 15:00 ET


Landmark Study Finds More Breast Cancer Patients Can Safely Forgo Chemotherapy

A 21-gene test could enable most patients with the most common type of early breast cancer to safely forgo chemotherapy, according to a landmark study published in the New England Journal of Medicine. Loyola Medicine oncologist Kathy Albain, MD, is a...

– Loyola University Health System

New England Journal of Medicine; ASCO 2018 Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 03-Jun-2018 at 07:30 ET


Brain Scientists Identify ‘Cross Talk’ Between Neurons That Control Touch in Mice

Scientists report they have uncovered a previously overlooked connection between neurons in two distinct areas of the mammalian brain. The neurons, they say, control the sense of touch, and their experiments in mice offer insights into mapping brain ...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Cell Reports; R01NS089652, R01NS085121, P30NS050274

Embargo expired on 29-May-2018 at 11:00 ET


New Theory Finds “Traffic Jams” in Jet Stream Cause Abnormal Weather Patterns

A study in Science offers an explanation for a mysterious and sometimes deadly weather pattern in which the jet stream, the global air currents that circle the Earth, stalls out over a region. Much like highways, the jet stream has a capacity, resear...

– University of Chicago

Science

Embargo expired on 24-May-2018 at 14:00 ET


Seafood-Rich Diet May Help Couples Get Pregnant Faster

Couples who eat more seafood tend to have sexual intercourse more often and get pregnant faster than other couples trying to conceive, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

– Endocrine Society

Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism

Embargo expired on 23-May-2018 at 14:00 ET


Michael Jackson’s Antigravity Tilt—Talent, Magic, or a Bit of Both?

Three neurosurgeons from the Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research in Chandigarh, India, set out to examine Michael Jackson's antigravity tilt, introduced in the music video “Smooth Criminal,” from a neurosurgeon’s point of ...

– Journal of Neurosurgery

Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine, May 22, 2018

Embargo expired on 22-May-2018 at 00:00 ET


Scientists Analyze First Ancient Human DNA From Southeast Asia

Harvard Medical School researchers lead the first whole-genome analysis of ancient human DNA from Southeast Asia Study identifies at least three major waves of human migration into the region over the last 50,000 years, each shaping the genetics of ...

– Harvard Medical School

Science

Embargo expired on 17-May-2018 at 14:00 ET


The Opioid Epidemic Has Boosted the Number of Organs Available for Transplant

The researchers examined 17 years of transplantation records and found no significant change in the recipients’ chance of survival when the organ donation came from victims of drug intoxication. The study publishes online on May 17 in the New Engla...

– University of Utah Health

New England Journal of Medicine

Embargo expired on 16-May-2018 at 17:00 ET


International Study Suggests Alternative Treatment for Mild Asthma

People with mild asthma are often prescribed a daily treatment regimen, but up to 80 per cent do not follow the routine, using inhalers only when they have an asthma attack. Now the researchers have found an as-needed combined-drug inhaler is a viabl...

– McMaster University

NEJM

Embargo expired on 16-May-2018 at 17:00 ET


Cloaking Devices -- It’s Not Just ‘Star Trek’ Anymore

Scientists are now working to take cloaking devices from the dramatic realm of science fiction and make them real. Amanda D. Hanford, at Pennsylvania State University, is taking the introductory steps to make acoustic ground cloaks. These materials r...

– Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

175th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, May 7-11, 2018

Embargo expired on 10-May-2018 at 08:00 ET


Sex After 65: Poll of Older Adults Finds Links to Health, Gender Differences, Lack of Communication with Doctors

A new poll busts stereotypes about the sex lives of older Americans – and reveals gender and health-related divides on key aspects of sexual health, while highlighting the need for more people to talk with their health providers about sexual issues...

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Embargo expired on 03-May-2018 at 07:00 ET


Bacteria’s Appetite May Be Key to Cleaning Up Antibiotic Contamination

Some bacteria not only escape being killed by bacteria, they turn it into food. Until now, scientists have understood little about how bacteria manage to consume antibiotics safely, but new research from Washington University School of Medicine in St...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Nature Chemical Biology, Apr-2018; DP2DK098089 ; T32 DK077653; R01GM099538; T32 GM007067; R01AI123394; T32 HD049305; T32 HG000045; DGE-1143954 ...

Embargo expired on 30-Apr-2018 at 11:00 ET


Scientists Use Quantum “Spooky Action” to Entangle Objects You Can Actually See

A group of researchers announced April 26 in Nature that they had managed to entangle perhaps the largest items yet, at a whopping 20 microns across—about the diameter of a single human hair.

– University of Chicago

Nature, April 26, 2018

Embargo expired on 26-Apr-2018 at 13:00 ET


U.S. Autism Rates Rise 15 Percent; New Jersey Rates Remain Highest

U.S. Autism Rates Rise 15 Percent; New Jersey Rates Remain Highest

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorder Among Children Aged 8 Years — Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, 1

Embargo expired on 26-Apr-2018 at 13:00 ET


Even a Single Mindfulness Meditation Session Can Reduce Anxiety

Mindfulness meditation programs have shown promise for the treatment of anxiety, one of the most common mental health disorders in the U.S. New research suggests people can begin to derive psychological and physiological benefits from the practice af...

– Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB)

The Experimental Biology 2018 meeting, April 21–25,2018

Embargo expired on 23-Apr-2018 at 13:00 ET


Nanoparticle Breakthrough Could Capture Unseen Light for Solar Energy Conversion

An international team, led by Berkeley Lab scientists, has demonstrated a breakthrough in the design and function of nanoparticles that could make solar panels more efficient by converting light usually missed by solar cells into usable energy.

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Nature Photonics, April 23, 2018

Embargo expired on 23-Apr-2018 at 11:00 ET


Sitting Is Bad for Your Brain – Not Just Your Metabolism or Heart

Sitting, like smoking, increases the risk of heart disease, diabetes and premature death. Researchers at UCLA wanted to see how sedentary behavior influences brain health, especially regions of the brain that are critical to memory formation.

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

PLOS ONE

Embargo expired on 12-Apr-2018 at 14:00 ET


How Highly Contagious Norovirus Infection Gets Its Start

Researchers have shown, in mice, that norovirus infects a rare type of intestinal cell called a tuft cell. Inside tuft cells, norovirus is effectively hidden from the immune system, which could explain why some people continue to shed virus long afte...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Science, April 12, 2018

Embargo expired on 12-Apr-2018 at 14:00 ET


Whether Sustained or Sporadic, Exercise Offers Same Reductions in Death Risk

New data shows that all moderate or vigorous exercise can add up to reduce the risk of disease or death, even if you are exercising only in short bursts throughout the day.

– Duke Health

Journal of the American Heart Association

Embargo expired on 22-Mar-2018 at 05:00 ET


Physically Fit Women Nearly 90 Percent Less Likely to Develop Dementia

Women with high physical fitness at middle age were nearly 90 percent less likely to develop dementia decades later, compared to women who were moderately fit, according to a study published the March 14, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medica...

– American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Neurology®

Embargo expired on 14-Mar-2018 at 16:00 ET


Records Study Suggests Gender Affirming Surgeries On The Rise Along with Insurance Coverage

In a national medical records analysis, researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine say there is evidence that the number of gender affirming surgeries performed in hospitals for transgender individuals is on the rise, along with increased access made poss...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

JAMA Surgery

Embargo expired on 28-Feb-2018 at 11:00 ET


New Therapeutic Gel Shows Promise Against Cancerous Tumors

UNC and NC State scientists created an injectable gel-like scaffold that can hold combination chemo-immunotherapeutic drugs and deliver them locally to tumors in a sequential manner. The results in animal models suggest this approach could one day ra...

– University of North Carolina Health Care System

Science Translational Medicine

Embargo expired on 21-Feb-2018 at 14:00 ET


African Americans with Atrial Fibrillation at Significantly Higher Risk for Stroke Compared to Caucasians with the Disease

African Americans with atrial fibrillation (AF) – a quivering or irregular heartbeat that can lead to a host of dangerous complications – have a significantly higher risk of stroke than Caucasians with the condition, according to new research pub...

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

HeartRhythm; K23DK089118

Embargo expired on 20-Feb-2018 at 00:15 ET


Brain Size of Human Ancestors Evolved Gradually Over 3 Million Years

Modern humans have brains that are more than three times larger than our closest living relatives, chimpanzees and bonobos. Scientists don't agree on when and how this dramatic increase took place, but new analysis of 94 hominin fossils shows that av...

– University of Chicago Medical Center

Proceedings of the Royal Society B

Embargo expired on 20-Feb-2018 at 19:05 ET


Astronomers Reveal Secrets of Most Distant Supernova Ever Detected

An international team of astronomers led by the University of Southampton has confirmed the discovery of the most distant supernova ever detected – a huge cosmic explosion that took place 10.5 billion years ago, or three-quarters the age of the Uni...

– University of Southampton

Science, February 2018; The Astrophysical Journal

Embargo expired on 19-Feb-2018 at 19:00 ET


Researchers Successfully Reverse Alzheimer’s Disease in Mouse Model

A team of researchers from the Cleveland Clinic Lerner Research Institute have found that gradually depleting an enzyme called BACE1 completely reverses the formation of amyloid plaques in the brains of mice with Alzheimer’s disease, thereby improv...

– The Rockefeller University Press

Journal of Experimental Medicine, March 5, 2018; NS074256; AG025493; AG046929; NM103942

Embargo expired on 14-Feb-2018 at 09:00 ET


Diet May Influence the Spread of a Deadly Type of Breast Cancer, Study Finds

A single protein building block commonly found in food may hold a key to preventing the spread of an often-deadly type of breast cancer, according to a new multicenter study published today in the medical journal Nature. Investigators found that by l...

– Cedars-Sinai

Nature, Feb. 7, 2018

Embargo expired on 07-Feb-2018 at 13:00 ET


Like Zika, West Nile Virus Causes Fetal Brain Damage, Death in Mice

Two viruses closely related to Zika – West Nile and Powassan – can spread from an infected pregnant mouse to her fetuses, causing brain damage and fetal death, according to a new study from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. T...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Science Translational Medicine, Jan-2018; R01AI081759; K08 AR070918; R21 EY027870; R01 HD075665; R01 AI073755; R01 AI104972; U19 AI083019; R01 HD091218...

Embargo expired on 31-Jan-2018 at 14:00 ET


‘Anxiety Cells’ Identified in the Brain’s Hippocampus

Researchers have identified cells that indicate anxiety in the brains of mice.

– Columbia University Irving Medical Center

Neuron; National Institutes of Health; KO1AG054765; R01AG043688

Embargo expired on 31-Jan-2018 at 12:00 ET


Body Clock Disruptions Occur Years Before Memory Loss in Alzheimer’s

People with Alzheimer’s disease have disturbances in their internal body clocks that affect the sleep/wake cycle and may increase risk of developing the disorder. Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have found that ...

– Washington University in St. Louis

JAMA Neurology, Jan. 29, 2018

Embargo expired on 29-Jan-2018 at 11:00 ET


Tiny Particles Have Outsize Impact on Storm Clouds, Precipitation

Tiny particles fuel powerful storms and influence weather much more than has been appreciated, according to a study in the Jan. 26 issue of the journal Science. The tiny pollutants – long considered too small to have much impact on droplet formatio...

– Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Science

Embargo expired on 25-Jan-2018 at 14:00 ET


Mammals Moving Less in Human Landscapes May Upset Ecology

Could baboons and other mammals worldwide soon need pedometers? Not likely, but a new study to be published in Science reveals that on average, mammals move distances two to three times shorter in human-modified landscapes than they do in the wild. ...

– Stony Brook University

Science

Embargo expired on 25-Jan-2018 at 14:00 ET


Scientific Breakthrough Could Lead to Better Antipsychotic Drugs

Published in Nature, research from the UNC School of Medicine and UCSF revealed the first-ever crystal structure of the dopamine 2 receptor bound to an antipsychotic drug – a much-needed discovery in the quest to create effective drugs with fewer s...

– University of North Carolina Health Care System

Nature

Embargo expired on 24-Jan-2018 at 13:00 ET


A New 'Atmospheric Disequilibrium' Could Help Detect Life on Other Planets

A University of Washington study has found a simple approach to look for life that might be more promising than just looking for oxygen.

– University of Washington

Science Advances

Embargo expired on 24-Jan-2018 at 14:00 ET


Climate Change and Snowmelt - Turn Up the Heat, but What About Humidity?

changes in humidity may determine how the contribution of snowpack to streams, lakes and groundwater changes as the climate warms. Surprisingly, cloudy, gray and humid winter days can actually cause the snowpack to warm faster, increasing the likelih...

– University of Utah

PNAS; NEV05293; EAR-0724960; OIA-1208732; EAR-1331408; DE-SC0006968

Embargo expired on 22-Jan-2018 at 15:00 ET


Previous Influenza Virus Exposures Enhance Susceptibility in Another Influenza Pandemic

New data analysis suggests that people born at the time of the 1957 H2N2 or Asian Flu pandemic were at a higher risk of dying during the 2009 H1N1 Swine Flu pandemic as well as the resurgent H1N1 outbreak in 2013-2014. And it is not the first time th...

– McMaster University

mBio

Embargo expired on 16-Jan-2018 at 10:00 ET


NASA Space Telescopes Provide a 3D Journey Through the Orion Nebula

By combining the visible and infrared capabilities of the Hubble and Spitzer space telescopes, astronomers and visualization specialists from NASA's Universe of Learning program have created a new three-dimensional fly-through movie of the Orion nebu...

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

American Astronomical Society Meeting, Jan-2018

Embargo expired on 11-Jan-2018 at 10:00 ET


Ingredients for Life Revealed in Meteorites That Fell to Earth

A detailed study of blue salt crystals found in two meteorites that crashed to Earth – which included X-ray experiments at Berkeley Lab – found that they contain both liquid water and a mix of complex organic compounds including hydrocarbons and ...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Science Advances, Jan. 10, 2018

Embargo expired on 10-Jan-2018 at 14:00 ET


New Stem Cell Method Sheds Light on a Telltale Sign of Heart Disease

While refining ways to grow arterial endothelial cells in the lab, a regenerative biology team at the Morgridge Institute for Research at the University of Wisconsin-Madison unexpectedly unearthed a powerful new model for studying a hallmark of vascu...

– University of Wisconsin-Madison

Stem Cell Research Jan. 9, 2018

Embargo expired on 09-Jan-2018 at 12:00 ET


Proper Exercise Can Reverse Damage From Heart Aging

Exercise can reverse damage to sedentary, aging hearts and help prevent risk of future heart failure – if it’s enough exercise, and if it’s begun in time, according to a new study by cardiologists at UT Southwestern and Texas Health Resources. ...

– UT Southwestern Medical Center

Menopause

Embargo expired on 08-Jan-2018 at 05:00 ET


Chemists Discover Plausible Recipe for Early Life on Earth

Following the chemistry, scientists develop fascinating new theory for how life on Earth may have begun.

– Scripps Research Institute

Nature Communications, Jan-2018; CHE-1504217

Embargo expired on 08-Jan-2018 at 05:00 ET


DNA Analysis of Ancient Mummy, Thought to Have Smallpox, Points to Hepatitis B Infection Instead

Scientists have sequenced the complete genome of an ancient strain of Hepatitis B, shedding new light on a pathogen that today kills nearly one million people every year. The findings, based on data extracted from the mummified remains of a small chi...

– McMaster University

PLOS Pathogens

Embargo expired on 04-Jan-2018 at 14:00 ET


Researchers Regrow Hair on Wounded Skin

By stirring crosstalk among skin cells that form the roots of hair, researchers report they have regrown hair strands on damaged skin. The findings better explain why hair does not normally grow on wounded skin, and may help in the search for better ...

– NYU Langone Health

Nature Communications


Researchers Ground-Breaking Discovery Finds New Link Between Autoimmune Diseases and a Gut Bacterium

Could microbes in our guts be sending out the wrong message? Queen’s University researchers have, for the first time, found a specific microbe in the gut that pumps out protein molecules that mimic a human protein, causing the human defence system...

– Queen's University Belfast

Clinical and Experimental Immunology Volume 194, Issue 2, November 2018, Pages 153-165 Antigenic mimicry of ubiquitin by the gut


In 5-10 Years, Gravitational Waves Could Accurately Measure Universe’s Expansion

In a new paper published in Nature, three University of Chicago scientists estimate that given how quickly LIGO researchers saw the first neutron star collision, they could have a very accurate measurement of the rate of the expansion of the universe...

– University of Chicago

Nature


Global Warming Will Have Us Crying in What’s Left of Our Beer

On top of rising sea levels, stronger hurricanes and worsening wildfires, scientists project that human-caused climate change will result in one of the most dire consequences imaginable: a disruption in the global beer supply.

– University of California, Irvine

Nature Plants, Oct-2018


It Pays to Be Nice to Your Employees, New Study Shows

New research from Binghamton University, State University at New York finds that showing compassion to subordinates almost always pays off, especially when combined with the enforcement of clear goals and benchmarks.

– Binghamton University, State University of New York

The Leadership Quarterly, June-2018


‘Mindful People’ Feel Less Pain; MRI Imaging Pinpoints Supporting Brain Activity

Ever wonder why some people seem to feel less pain than others? A study conducted at Wake Forest School of Medicine may have found one of the answers – mindfulness.

– Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center

Pain, Sept-2018


Researchers Release the Most Accurate Map of Antarctica Terrain

A team of researchers led by the University of Minnesota and The Ohio State University have released the most accurate high-resolution terrain map of Antarctica ever created.

– University of Minnesota College of Science and Engineering


Researchers 3D Print Prototype for ‘Bionic Eye’

A team of researchers at the University of Minnesota have, for the first time, fully 3D printed an array of light receptors on a hemispherical surface. This discovery marks a significant step toward creating a “bionic eye” that could someday help...

– University of Minnesota College of Science and Engineering

Advance Materials, Aug. 28, 2018


In Teen Friendships, Misery Does Love Company

A study examined anxiety, depression, social withdrawal, and submissiveness to predict the end of teen friendships. Do friendships end because of one child’s mental health problems or do they end because of differences between friends on the degree...

– Florida Atlantic University

Journal of Research on Adolescence


Archaeologists Identify Ancient North American Mounds Using New Image Analysis Technique

Researchers at Binghamton University, State University at New York have used a new image-based analysis technique to identify once-hidden North American mounds, which could reveal valuable information about pre-contact Native Americans.

– Binghamton University, State University of New York

Southeastern Archaeology, June-2018


Researchers Show Impact of Outdoor Behavioral Healthcare More Lasting

Mental health and substance abuse issues in adolescents have become major societal problems, forcing parents and health providers to look for innovative treatment options that may better suit some teens. However, some proven therapy programs, like Ou...

– University of New Hampshire

Children and Youth Services Review,


Team's E-Whiskers May Be a Touchstone for Future of Electronic Skin

Those cute little whiskers you see on your pet do more than just twitch adorably. Intrigued by the hairs’ versatility, University of Texas at Dallas researchers used shape-memory polymers to create artificial, electronic versions called e-whiskers,...

– University of Texas at Dallas

Advanced Materials, Vol. 30 Issue 11


Ocean Warming, 'Junk-Food' Prey Cause of Massive Seabird Die-Off, Study Finds

A new University of Washington-led paper pinpoints starvation as the cause of death for hundreds of thousands of Cassin's auklet seabirds in late 2014 to early 2015.

– University of Washington

Geophysical Research Letters


Lack of Paid Sick Leave Increases Poverty

A new study has quantified, for the first time, the relationship between lack of paid sick leave and poverty in the U.S. The data indicates that, even when controlling for education, race, sex, marital status and employment, working adults without pa...

– Florida Atlantic University

Social Work in Health Care


Research Suggests Sweet Potatoes Didn't Originate in the Americas

Sweet potatoes may seem as American as Thanksgiving, but scientists have long debated whether their plant family originated in the Old or New World. New research by an Indiana University paleobotanist suggests it originated in Asia, and much earlier ...

– Indiana University

PNAS May-2018


LLNL-Led Team Expands Forensic Method to Identify People Using Proteins From Bones

A team of researchers led by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory has developed a second way to use protein markers from human tissue to identify people – this time from human bones.

– Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Forensic Science International, June 2018


Corporate Social Responsibility Programs Tend to Dehumanize the Very People They Expect to Help: New Research

Corporate programs aimed at offsetting the negative societal impacts caused by their profit-seeking tend to devalue the very people they intend to help.

– Case Western Reserve University

Philosophy of Management


Tip Sheet: Johns Hopkins Researchers Present Study Findings at Society for Academic Emergency Medicine Meeting 2018

The annual meeting of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine (SAEM). The SAEM 2018 meeting will bring together more than 3,000 physicians, researchers, residents and medical students from around the world.

– Johns Hopkins Medicine


New Method Could Improve Longevity and Lessen Wear of Artificial Hips

Mechanical engineering researchers have developed a method that could extend the life of an artificial hip by adding an array of microscopic indentations that increase the thickness of a lubricating film on its surface.

– University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials.


NASA Spacecraft Finds New Type of Magnetic Explosion

Four NASA spacecraft have observed magnetic reconnection in a turbulent region of the Earth's outer atmosphere known as the magnetosheath, the planet's first line of defense against the intensity of solar wind. The new insights could help us understa...

– University of Delaware


Simple Treatment May Minimize Hearing Loss Triggered by Loud Noises

New research from the Keck School of Medicine of USC reveals how traumatic noise damages hearing and identifies a potential way to preserve it

– Keck Medicine of USC

PNAS


Increased Nerve Activity Raises Blood Pressure, Risk of Heart Disease in People with Chronic Anxiety

Sympathetic nerve activity to skeletal muscle blood vessels—a function of the nervous system that helps regulate blood pressure—increases during physiological and mental stress in people with chronic anxiety, a new study finds.

– American Physiological Society (APS)


Kids with Pets, Rural Upbringing Become Stress-Resilient Adults

Men who were raised in the country with pets have more stress-resilient immune systems than those raised pet-free in the city, according to a new study released this week in the journal PNAS

– University of Colorado Boulder

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences


CDC Reports Prevalence of Autism Continues To Rise in U.S.

The prevalence of U.S. children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is now 1 in 59, according to new estimates released Thursday by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), a significant increase from the 1 in 68 estimate in 2016.

– Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorder Among Children Aged 8 Years — Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, 1


Meditation Could Help Anxiety and Cardiovascular Health

In a student-led study, one hour of mindfulness meditation shown to reduce anxiety and some cardiovascular risk markers.

– Michigan Technological University


Evidence Mounts that Daily Opioid Users May Fare Worse After Spine Surgery, Study Finds

In a multicenter database study of adults who had undergone surgery for spinal deformities, researchers say that those who had used narcotics daily on average had worse outcomes, such as longer intensive care unit stays and more severe postop disabil...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Spine


DHS S&T Helps Solve Mystery of 4,000-Year-Old Mummy

DHS S&T recently used advanced DNA sequencing to determine the identity of a 4,000-year-old mummy head found in 1915, when American explorers entered an ancient tomb cut in the parched limestone cliffs of the eastern bank of the Nile River, 155 miles...

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


Study: Hotels Need to Be Home Smart Home

A new study by the University of Delaware has found that hotels need to be more than a "home away from home" in order to satisfy guests. The survey showed that when it comes to technology, hotels should be competing with their customers' homes, not o...

– University of Delaware

International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management


Is There Life Adrift in the Clouds of Venus?

In the search for extraterrestrial life, scientists have turned over all sorts of rocks. Mars, for example, has geological features that suggest it once had — and still has — subsurface liquid water, an almost sure prerequisite for life. Scientis...

– University of Wisconsin-Madison

Astrobiology March 30, 2018


Exclusive Research: Where the Youth Vote Could Matter Most in 2018

The 2018 Youth Electoral Significance Index (YESI) from Tisch College at Tufts University may answer how young voters will shape the future American political landscape by ranking the top districts and states where young people could have significant...

– Tufts University


Decades of Research Identify Source of Galaxy-Sized Stream of Gas

A cloud of gas 300,000 light-years long is arching around the Milky Way, shunted away from two dwarf galaxies orbiting our own. For decades, astronomers have wanted to know which of the two galaxies, the Large and Small Magellanic Clouds, is the sour...

– University of Wisconsin-Madison

The Astrophysical Journal Feb. 21, 2018


Why Aren't Humans ‘Knuckle-Walkers’?

Researchers at Case Western Reserve University have cracked the evolutionary mystery of why chimpanzees and gorillas walk on their knuckles: The short explanation is that these African apes climb trees and they are mobile on the ground.

– Case Western Reserve University

The Anatomical Record


Humans Flourished Through Super Volcano 74,000 Years Ago

Humans not only survived a massive volcanic eruption 74,000 years ago, they flourished during the resulting climate change that occurred, a new study by UNLV geoscientist Eugene Smith and colleagues found.

– University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV)

Nature


Scientists Design Conceptual Asteroid Deflector and Evaluate It Against Massive Potential Threat

Scientists have designed a conceptual spacecraft to deflect Earth-bound asteroids and evaluated whether it would be able to nudge a massive asteroid – which has a remote chance to hitting Earth in 2135 – off course.

– Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Acta Astronautica


When Fee-Pressured Audit Offices Focus on Non-Audit Services, Financial Statements Suffer, Study Shows

According to new research from the University of Notre Dame, as companies pressure auditors to lower their fees as a way to reduce costs, auditors place greater emphasis on more-profitable non-audit services, such as consulting, which can negatively ...

– University of Notre Dame


Bullying Based on Stigma Has Especially Damaging Effects

In a new study, two professors are looking at bullying based on stigma – where one is treated unfairly or unjustly due to one's race, sexual orientation, gender, or other characteristic – and examining the methods used to prevent this type of bul...

– University of Delaware

Developmental Review


Bright Nighttime Light Kills Melatonin Production in Preschoolers

A new CU Boulder study shows that one hour of bright light at night nearly eliminates melatonin production in young children and keeps it suppressed an hour after light's out. Structural differences may make children's immature eyes more vulnerable ...

– University of Colorado Boulder

Physiological Reports


What Zombie Ants Are Teaching Us About Fungal Infections: Q & A with Entomologists David Hughes and Maridel Fredericksen

I can still remember that giddy feeling I had seven years ago, when I first read about the “zombie ant.” The story was gruesome and fascinating

– NIH, National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)

PNAS


Obesity Paradox Debunked

A new study debunks the “obesity paradox,” a counterintuitive finding that showed people who have been diagnosed with cardiovascular disease live longer if they are overweight or obese compared with people who are normal weight at the time of dia...

– Northwestern University

JAMA Cardiology


Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Without Intravenous Contrast May Help Better Assess Need for Mitral Valve Surgery

Atlantic health system cardiologist authors new review on value of non-invasive imaging techniques in valvular heart disease patients

– Atlantic Health System

Journal of the American College of Cardiology


Followers, “Likes,” Attractiveness Increase Social Media Likability. Selfies? Not So Much, Baylor Study Says

A new Baylor University study published in the journal Psychology of Popular Media Culture looks at the value that outside observers place on social media cues (followers, likes, etc.) and measures the perceived likability of the people whose profile...

– Baylor University

Psychology of Popular Media Culture


Psychopathic Employees Thrive Under Abusive Supervisors, Study Finds

A new study shows that individuals who possess high primary psychopathic characteristics appear to have distinct advantages over those who don’t, when working for an abusive supervisor.

– University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Journal of Business Ethics


Newly Discovered Gene May Protect Against Heart Disease

Scientists have identified a gene that may play a protective role in preventing heart disease. Their research revealed that the gene, called MeXis, acts within key cells inside clogged arteries to help remove excess cholesterol from blood vessels.

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

Nature Medicine, Feb-2018


Even Small Changes Within an Ecosystem Can Have Detrimental Effects

A mutualistic relationship between species in an ecosystem allows for the ecosystem to thrive, but the lack of this relationship could lead to the collapse of the entire system. New research from Binghamton University, State University of New York re...

– Binghamton University, State University of New York

Ecology, Jan-2018


ID’ing Features of Flu Virus Genome May Help Target Surveillance for Pandemic Flu

A pandemic flu outbreak could kill millions. Now, researchers have found features of the virus's genome that influence how well it multiplies. The findings could help target pandemic flu surveillance efforts to make it easier to find the next outbrea...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Nature Communications, Jan -2018; P01-AI120943; R01-AI118938; 5T32GM007067; 2T32AI007172


Coastal Water Absorbing More Carbon Dioxide

New research by the University of Delaware and other institutions reveals that water over continental shelves is shouldering more atmospheric carbon dioxide, which may have implications for scientists studying how much carbon dioxide can be released ...

– University of Delaware

Nature Communications


Disclosing Weaknesses Can Undermine Some Workplace Relationships

Sharing personal information with friends and family has long been held by researchers as a way to build rapport and healthy relationships. But between coworkers, that’s not always true.

– Georgia Institute of Technology

Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes


Stellar Embryos in Nearby Dwarf Galaxy Contain Surprisingly Complex Organic Molecules

New observations with ALMA have uncovered the surprisingly clear chemical “fingerprints” of the complex organic molecules methanol, dimethyl ether, and methyl formate.

– National Radio Astronomy Observatory

Astrophysical Journal Letters, Jan. 2018


Research Suggests Colonoscopy Link to Appendicitis

Although the incidence of appendicitis in the United States has been in decline for many years, the condition still affects approximately seven percent of Americans annually.

– University of North Dakota

JAMA Surgery


Research Asks Why Some Private Equity Firms Add Jobs After Buyouts

A University of Arkansas finance professor and his colleague at Purdue University found that some private equity firms, despite their reputation as job destroyers, increased employment following a buyout. Most of these firms had political connections...

– University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Journal of Finance


New Discovery Could Improve Brain-Like Memory and Computing

A new discovery, led by researchers at the University of Minnesota, demonstrates the existence of a new kind of magnetoresistance involving topological insulators that could result in improvements in future computing and computer storage.

– University of Minnesota College of Science and Engineering

Nature Communications


In Scientific First, Researchers Grow Hairy Skin In A Dish

Researchers at Indiana University School of Medicine have successfully developed a method to grow hairy skin from mouse pluripotent stem cells—a discovery that could lead to new approaches to model disease and new therapies for the treatment of ski...

– Indiana University

Cell Reports, Jan-2018


A Nuclear-Powered ‘Tunnelbot’ to Search for Life on Jupiter’s Icy Moon Europa

Between 1995 and 2003, NASA’s Galileo spacecraft made several flybys of Jupiter’s moon, Europa. Several findings from observations of the moon pointed to evidence of a liquid ocean beneath Europa’s icy surface. The ocean, researchers believe, c...

– University of Illinois at Chicago


Clarkson Chem-E-Car Speed Team Takes 1st in Regional Competition

The Clarkson Student Projects for Engineering Experience and Design Team won 1st place in a regional competition.

– Clarkson University


FAU Poll Finds Floridians Support Ban on Assault-Style Rifles, Universal Background Checks and Raising Age to Buy Guns

In the wake of a mass shooting that took the lives of 17 students and teachers at a South Florida high school, a vast majority of Floridians support stricter gun laws, including a ban on assault-style rifles, universal background checks and raising t...

– Florida Atlantic University


NASA Selects Johns Hopkins APL-Led Mission to Titan for Further Development

NASA has selected an APL proposal to send an innovative, instrumented rotorcraft to Saturn's largest moon for further development.

– Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory


#WorldEmojiDay: Icons can go beyond a smile, sparking innovation at work

– University of Delaware


Blockchain Research Lab Director Explains Cryptocurrency and Blockchain Applications

– Arizona State University (ASU)


WHO Gaming Addiction Classification an Important Step for Treatment

– Iowa State University


How to Prevent and Treat Frostbite

When the temperature dips below freezing, it’s critical to protect your skin from cold-weather health risks. Frostbite occurs when the skin – and sometimes the tissue beneath the skin – freezes due to prolonged exposure to cold temperatures. De...

– American Academy of Dermatology

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