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Monday, January 14, 2019

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Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire for 14-Jan-2019
 

Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire

Tech news for the public and news media. More stories can be found at the Newswise Technology News Source and the Engineering News Source.



3D Printed Implant Promotes Nerve Cell Growth to Treat Spinal Cord Injury

For the first time, researchers at University of California San Diego have used rapid 3D printing technologies to create a spinal cord, then successfully implanted that scaffolding, loaded with neural stem cells, into sites of severe spinal cord inju...

– University of California San Diego Health

Nature Medicine

Embargo expired on 14-Jan-2019 at 11:00 ET


Study: “Post-normal” science requires unorthodox communication strategies

“Our aim,” the authors write, “is therefore to use our collective experiences and knowledge to highlight how the current debate about gene drives could benefit from lessons learned from other contexts and sound communication approaches involvi...

– University of Wisconsin-Madison

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

embargoed until 14-Jan-2019, 15:00 ET


Sexual minorities more likely to suffer severe substance use disorders

Researchers know that lesbian, gay and bisexual individuals are more likely than heterosexuals to use alcohol, tobacco or other drugs, but until now they didn't know to what degree.

– University of Michigan


Demi Lovato’s Overdose Causes Surge in Media, but Few Mentions of Lifesaving Hotline

A recent celebrity suicide and another celebrity's drug overdose point to differences in the way that toll-free helplines are publicized when such major news stories occur.

– Johns Hopkins University

JAMA Internal Medicine, Jan-2019


Lightning in a bottle

A pair of researchers at Case Western Reserve University—one an expert in electro-chemical synthesis, the other in applications of plasmas—have come up with a new way to create ammonia from nitrogen and water at low temperature and low pressure. ...

– Case Western Reserve University

Science Advances


Supercomputer Simulations Reveal New Insight on Sea Fog Development

A recently published study by an international team of researchers has shed new light on how and why a particular type of sea fog forms, using detailed supercomputer simulations to provide more accurate predictions of its occurrence and patterns to h...

– University of California San Diego

Atmospheric Research, Jan-2019; 2017YFC1404200, 2017YFC1404100) ; TG-ATM160014


Bringing medical isotope production closer to home

The radioisotope technetium-99m is used in 80 percent of all nuclear medicine imaging procedures worldwide. However, it is often in short supply. Nuclear engineers at Oregon State University are working to produce a comparable radioisotope, molybden...

– Oregon State University, College of Engineering


Meet Raffaele Miceli: Using Math and Physics to Build Visualizations for Discovery Science

Raffaele Miceli has been interning on and off at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory over the course of nearly eight years, most recently tackling problems of quantum systems. Under the supervision of his mentor, Mi...

– Brookhaven National Laboratory


A new twist on an old antenna: Research on metamaterials transforms satellite communications

Groundbreaking innovations on antenna technology, based on a collaboration between Lockheed Martin Space and Penn State, are now under consideration for use in the next generation of GPS satellite payloads.

– Penn State College of Engineering

Nature Communications, (2019) 10:108


Scientists discover new ways to twist and shift light

Researchers from the National Physical Laboratory (NPL) have revealed unusual qualities in light that could lead the way to entirely new electronic devices and applications. Light is used extensively in electronics for telecommunications and computin...

– National Physical Laboratory

Physical Review Letters


Space weather can be trying for Arctic regions – new technique aids space weather forecasting

Researchers at Aalto University have developed a new technique which can be used for analysing fluctuations in the Earth’s magnetic field. The method presented in the Space Weather journal was used to study magnetic field changes in different years...

– Aalto University


‘Realistic’ new model points the way to more efficient and profitable fracking

A new computational model could potentially boost efficiencies and profits in natural gas production by better predicting previously hidden fracture mechanics. It also accurately accounts for the known amounts of gas released during the process.

– Los Alamos National Laboratory

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Jan 2019, 201818529; DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1818529116


PNNL tech serves as fish body double

News Release RICHLAND, Wash. — Hundreds of surrogate "fish" will be put to work at dams around the world through an agreement between ATS - Advanced Telemetry Systems - and the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory to improve...

– Pacific Northwest National Laboratory


Olin College Student Team Finalists in Disney Imagineering Contest

Olin students Eric Miller, Miranda McMillen and Benjamin Ziemann have been named finalists in the 28th Walt Disney Imagineering Imaginations Design Competition.

– Franklin W. Olin College of Engineering


Excessive social media use is comparable to drug addiction

– Bad decision-making is a trait oftentimes associated with drug addicts and pathological gamblers, but what about people who excessively use social media? New research from Michigan State University shows a connection between social media use and...

– Michigan State University

Journal of Behavior Addictions

Embargo expired on 10-Jan-2019 at 03:00 ET


Heat It and Read It

Unlike most medical diagnostic devices which can perform only one type of test — either protein or nucleic acid tests — Sandia’s SpinDx can now perform both. This allows it to identify nearly any cause of illness, including viruses, bacteria, t...

– Sandia National Laboratories

Biosensors and Bioelectronics, November 2018


How Plants Regulate Sugar Deposition in Cell Walls

Identified genes involved in plant cell wall polysaccharide production and restructuring could aid in engineering bioenergy crops.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Plant Physiology 178, 1207 (2018). [DOI: 10.1104/pp.18.00978]


CRISPR, reprogrammed: A new sidekick for the human immune system?

Berkeley scientists have turned CRISPR-Cas9 genome editing technology into a synthetic immune response. Their engineered "ProCas9" is safely turned off until a plant or animal virus infects the cell. ProCas9 can be programmed to initiate an immune re...

– Innovative Genomics Institute

Cell, January 10, 2019


Physics student develops machine-learning model for energy and environmental applications

A West Virginia University physics student has created a new machine-learning model that has the potential to make searching for energy and environmental materials more efficient.

– West Virginia University - Eberly College of Arts and Sciences

Journal of the American Chemical Society


2D materials may enable electric vehicles to get 500 miles on a single charge

Lithium-air batteries are poised to become the next revolutionary replacement for currently used lithium-ion batteries that power electric vehicles, cell phones and computers.Lithium-air batteries, which currently are still in the experimental stages...

– University of Illinois at Chicago

Advanced Materials


A New Way to Measure Solar Panel Degradation

How does one inspect solar panels in real time, in a way that is both cost-effective and time-efficient? Parveen Bhola, and Saurabh Bhardwaj, researchers at India’s Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology, have spent the last few years devel...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy


More stable light comes from intentionally ‘squashed’ quantum dots

Intentionally “squashing” colloidal quantum dots during chemical synthesis creates dots capable of stable, “blink-free” light emission that is fully comparable with the light produced by dots made with more complex processes.

– Los Alamos National Laboratory

Nature Materials


Racial inequality in the deployment of rooftop solar energy in the U.S.

Although the popularity of rooftop solar panels has skyrocketed because of their benefits to consumers and the environment, the deployment has predominantly occurred in white neighborhoods, even after controlling for household income and home ownersh...

– Tufts University

Nature Sustainability


Discovery adapts natural membrane to make hydrogen fuel from water

In a recent study from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory, scientists have combined two membrane-bound protein complexes to perform a complete conversion of water molecules to hydrogen and oxygen.

– Argonne National Laboratory

Chemical Science, Oct-2018


Forging a Career in Neuroscience – Female Leaders Share Advice for Future Scientists

Penn experts share their recommendations and advice for future female neuroscientists.

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania


NSF CAREER Award to shed light on graduate student experiences

Credit: iStock

– Penn State College of Engineering


Nanocrystals Get Better When They Double Up With MOFs

Researchers from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have designed a dual-purpose material out of a self-assembling MOF (metal-organic framework)-nanocrystal hybrid that could one day be used to store carbon dioxide gas molecules for...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Angewandte Chemie, October 1, 2018


National Geographic Features Cedars-Sinai’s Stem-Cell Science

A special edition of National Geographic on "The Future of Medicine" highlights the innovative stem-cell science of Cedars-Sinai, showing how investigators are seeking to use stem cells and Organ-Chips to tailor personalized treatments for individual...

– Cedars-Sinai

Stem Cell Reports


App Curbs Social Media Addiction Through Smartphone Vibrations

Cornell University researchers have developed an app that uses negative reinforcement, in the form of persistent smartphone vibrations, to remind users they’ve exceeded a predetermined time limit on social media — and help to jolt them free from ...

– Cornell University

Good Vibrations: Can a Digital Nudge Reduce Digital Overload


Rare Metals From E-Waste

This year, beautifully wrapped laptops, mobile phones or even new TV sets lay under numerous Christmas trees. They are enthusiastically put into use – and the old electronic devices are disposed of. The e-waste contains resources such as neodymium,...

– Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology

Sustainability 2018, 10(8), 2658; Empa media release


Controlling children's behavior with screen time leads to more screen time, study reveals

Giving your child extra time on the iPad for good behaviour may not be the best idea according to a new University of Guelph study.

– University of Guelph

BMC Obesity


First Smartphone App to Detect Opioid Overdose and Its Precursors

UW researchers have developed a smartphone app that uses sonar to monitor someone's breathing rate and sense when an opioid overdose has occurred.

– University of Washington

Science Translational Medicine


Meet Catherine Trewhella: Mapping Terrestrial Analogs for Martian Samples

Catherine Trewhella, a recent graduate from the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, and current intern at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory, is taking a microscopic look at rocks at the National Synchrotron Ligh...

– Brookhaven National Laboratory


Professor’s work on detection of fast radio bursts detailed in Nature

When researchers first began working on the Canadian Hydrogen Intensity Mapping Experiment, or CHIME, they envisioned a radio telescope that would make precise measurements of the acceleration of the Universe to improve the knowledge of why the expan...

– West Virginia University

Nature


New CRISPR-based Technology Developed to Control Pests with Precision-guided Genetics

Using CRISPR, researchers have developed a way to suppress insects, including those that ravage crops and transmit deadly diseases. The technology alters genes that control insect sex determination and fertility. When such eggs are introduced, only a...

– University of California San Diego

Nature Communications, Jan-2019

Embargo expired on 08-Jan-2019 at 05:00 ET


Reimagining Information Processing

Because technology is a part of our everyday lives, it may be difficult to imagine what the future of technology will look like, let alone what it has the potential of accomplishing. West Virginia University physicists are looking beyond the limits o...

– West Virginia University - Eberly College of Arts and Sciences

Nature Communications


Future of planet-cooling tech: Study creates roadmap for geoengineering research

A new study, “Mission-Driven Research for Stratospheric Aerosol Geoengineering,” published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, sets out to establish a roadmap for responsible exploration of geoengineering.

– Cornell University

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Jan. 2019


Termites could power a 'clean coal' revolution

Researchers have found that when termite-gut microbes eat coal, they are converting it into methane, the chief ingredient in natural gas. This discovery could lead to the transformation of a big polluting chunk of the global energy supply into cleane...

– University of Delaware


Tiny Digital ‘Tags’ Improve Eye Care by Tracking Every Step

Tracking technology used by retailers serves another purpose at Kellogg Eye Center: to track and reduce patient wait times and enhance time spent at the doctor’s office.

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan


Argonne intern streamlines the beamline

With the help of his advisor, an APS intern worked to develop an automated system at the 1-ID beamline that can collect X-ray data and reduce the need for human intervention.

– Argonne National Laboratory


Why people make up their minds sooner than they realize

In the era of Google and Facebook, people may believe that exchanging ever-more information will foster better-informed opinions and perspectives when the reality is people are making snap judgments without even begin aware of it.

– University of Chicago Booth School of Business

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences


Quantum computing steps further ahead with new projects at Sandia

ALBUQUERQUE, N.M. — Quantum computing is a term that periodically flashes across the media sky like heat lightning in the desert: brilliant, attention-getting and then vanishing from the public’s mind with no apparent aftereffects.Yet a multimill...

– Sandia National Laboratories


Announcements


Alumnus, partner create LGBTQ+ scholarship for IU Kelley School of Business students with $2.2M gift

A new transformative scholarship program for LGBTQ+ students at the Indiana University Kelley School of Business is being made possible through a $2.2 million gift from alumnus Doug Hamilton and his partner of 35 years, Don Vossburg, of Noblesville, ...

– Indiana University


Benson Hill Teams Up with The African Orphan Crops Consortium to Combat Malnutrition Through Underutilized Crops

“The goal of AOCC is to improve the productivity and sustainability of highly nutritious crops that are critical to the health and livelihood of African farmers and consumers through the adoption of modern breeding methods,” Howard-Yana Shapiro, ...

– Benson Hill Biosystems

International Plant & Animal Genome XXVII Conference, Jan. 12-16, 2019


Siddhartan Govindasamy Leading Innovative Workshop at JK Lakshmipat University

Associate Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering Siddhartan Govindasamy, together with colleagues from JK Lakshmipat University (JKLU) in Jaipur, India, is running an innovative workshop focused on experiential and project-based learning. ...

– Franklin W. Olin College of Engineering


Renowned Energy Scientist Amory Lovins will be Olin College's Commencement Speaker

Amory B. Lovins, co-founder and chief scientist at Rocky Mountain Institute and a world-renowned energy innovator and consultant, will be the featured speaker at Olin College’s fourteenth Commencement exercises on May 19.

– Franklin W. Olin College of Engineering


FAU Creates Florida’s First NSF-funded AI and Deep Learning Laboratory

FAU has received a $652,820 grant to establish the first NSF-funded Major Research Instrumentation (MRI) Artificial Intelligence and Deep Learning Training and Research Laboratory in Florida.

– Florida Atlantic University


Five UAH programs ranked among the nation’s top 25 by NSF

The National Science Foundation released their latest survey of federally financed research expenditures, and five UAH programs continue to be ranked among the top 25 in the nation.

– University of Alabama Huntsville

Higher Education Research and Development: Fiscal Year 2017 Data Tables, Nov. 2018


Trustee Named to National Inventors Hall of Fame

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Board of Trustees member Jeffrey L. Kodosky, a member of the Rensselaer Class of 1970, has been named to the National Inventors Hall of Fame (NIHF).

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)


Rush Just 3rd Hospital to Achieve “Pinnacle” of Predictive Analytics Functionality

Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society recognizes Rush University Medical Center for reaching Stage 7 on the Adoption Model for Analytics Maturity

– Rush University Medical Center


Expert Pitch


Has 5G arrived? Virginia Tech telecommunications expert available for interviews

– Virginia Tech

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