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Thursday, January 17, 2019

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Climate News and Experts from Newswise 17-Jan-2019
 

Climate Change News and Experts for Media

Newswise provides experts for the media on hurricanes, wildfires, and other natural disasters, as well as the latest research in Environmental Science and Climate Science.



Air Pollution Increases ER Visits for Breathing Problems, but Rate Depends on Age, Pollutant and Lung Disease

As levels of ozone and fine particulate pollution (PM2.5) rise, more patients end up in the ER with breathing problems, according to the largest U.S. study of air pollution and respiratory emergency room visits of patients of all ages. The study was ...

– American Thoracic Society (ATS)

American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine


Emperor penguins' first journey to sea

Emperor penguin chicks hatch into one of Earth's most inhospitable places--the frozen world of Antarctica. Childhood in this environment is harsh and lasts only about five months, when their formerly doting parents leave the fledglings to fend for th...

– Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Marine Ecology Progress Series


Right green for crop, environment, wallet

Researchers found an efficient approach to managing nitrogen in agriculture and reducing its environmental impact. It's all about being green.

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

2018 Annual Meeting of the American Society of Agronomy and Crop Science Society of America


Waiting for the complete rupture

In April 2015, Nepal - and especially the region around the capital city, Kathmandu - was struck by a powerful tremor. An earthquake with a magnitude of 7.8 destroyed entire villages, traffic routes and cultural monuments, with a death toll of some 9...

– ETH Zürich

Nature Communications


Microbial Types May Prove Key to Gas Releases from Thawing Permafrost

Scientists discover key types of microbes that degrade organic matter and release carbon dioxide and methane into the atmosphere.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nature 560, 49 (2018). [DOI: 10.1038/s41586-018-0338-1]


New study shows animals may get used to drones

A new study in Conservation Physiology shows that over time, bears get used to drones. Previous work indicated that animals behave fearfully or show a stress response near drone flights. Using heart monitors to gauge stress, however, researchers here...

– Oxford University Press

Conservation Physiology


Air Pollution May Increase Risk of Sleep Apnea

The ill effects of air pollution may literally be causing some people to lose sleep, according to new research published online in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

– American Thoracic Society (ATS)

Annals of the American Thoracic Society


How does the freeze-thaw cycle impact soil?

Winter soil freezes, heaves, and moves! The Soil Science Society of America (SSSA) Jan. 15 Soils Matter blog looks at the freeze-thaw cycle, how it changes soil on a microscopic level, and the reaction of Alaska’s unique permafrost soils.

– Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)


Sustainability: More Than a Buzzword at RU’s New Sustainable Facilities Center

Rowan University researchers are interested in keeping things green and cost-effective – not only on campus, but also in readiness centers (formerly known as armories) and other sites across New Jersey.

– Rowan University


Antarctic ice sheet could suffer a one-two climate punch

Variations in the axial tilt of the Earth have significant implications for the rise and fall of the Antarctic Ice Sheet, the miles-deep blanket of ice that locks up huge volumes of water that, if melted, would dramatically elevate sea level and alte...

– University of Wisconsin-Madison

Nature Geoscience Jan. 14, 2019

Embargo expired on 14-Jan-2019 at 11:00 ET


Supercomputer Simulations Reveal New Insight on Sea Fog Development

A recently published study by an international team of researchers has shed new light on how and why a particular type of sea fog forms, using detailed supercomputer simulations to provide more accurate predictions of its occurrence and patterns to h...

– University of California San Diego

Atmospheric Research, Jan-2019; 2017YFC1404200, 2017YFC1404100) ; TG-ATM160014


Research reveals strategies for combating science misinformation

Just as the scientific community was reaching a consensus on the dangerous reality of climate change, the partisan divide on climate change began to widen.

– Yale School OF Forestry & Environmental Studies

Nature Climate Change


Fossil deposit is much richer than expected

It has long been known that a quarry near the Dutch town of Winterswijk is an Eldorado for fossil lovers. But even connoisseurs will be surprised just how outstanding the site actually is. A student at the University of Bonn, himself a Dutchman and p...

– University of Bonn

Paläontologische Zeitschrift


Wild insects 'get old' before they die

Short-lived wild insects "get old" - losing some of their physical abilities - before they die, new research shows.

– University of Exeter

Evolution


UCI/JPL: Antarctica losing six times more ice mass annually now than 40 years ago

Irvine, Calif., Monday, Jan. 14, 2019 – Antarctica experienced a sixfold increase in yearly ice mass loss between 1979 and 2017, according to a study published today in  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Glaciologists from the Unive...

– University of California, Irvine

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences


ESF Power Plant Saves Money and Reduces Carbon Footprint

The SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry is saving over half a million dollars a year on heat and electricity with a high-performance combined-heat-and-power system fueled by natural gas and wood pellets, and designed to capture waste e...

– SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry


MSU faculty member calls for data utilization to augment community resilience after lessons learned from Camp Fire

A Mississippi State civil engineering faculty member who researches resilience against extreme events and natural hazards is responding to lessons learned from California’s deadly Camp Fire by outlining how to utilize the power of data to improve d...

– Mississippi State University


New mathematical model can help save endangered species

What does the blue whale have in common with the Bengal tiger and the green turtle? They share the risk of extinction and are classified as endangered species. There are multiple reasons for species to die out, and climate changes is among the main r...

– University of Southern Denmark

Ecology Letters


Skull scans tell tale of how world's first dogs caught their prey

Analysis of the skulls of lions, wolves and hyenas has helped scientists uncover how prehistoric dogs hunted 40 million years ago.

– University of Edinburgh

Scientific Reports


Space weather can be trying for Arctic regions – new technique aids space weather forecasting

Researchers at Aalto University have developed a new technique which can be used for analysing fluctuations in the Earth’s magnetic field. The method presented in the Space Weather journal was used to study magnetic field changes in different years...

– Aalto University


Racial inequality in the deployment of rooftop solar energy in the U.S.

Although the popularity of rooftop solar panels has skyrocketed because of their benefits to consumers and the environment, the deployment has predominantly occurred in white neighborhoods, even after controlling for household income and home ownersh...

– Tufts University

Nature Sustainability


Discovery adapts natural membrane to make hydrogen fuel from water

In a recent study from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory, scientists have combined two membrane-bound protein complexes to perform a complete conversion of water molecules to hydrogen and oxygen.

– Argonne National Laboratory

Chemical Science, Oct-2018


Announcements


ADVANCING ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH

Participants in Delaware’s Established Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR) are celebrating the launch of a new five-year, $23-million grant to further expand environmental research with a focus on protecting water supplies.

– University of Delaware


Expert Pitch


New York ‘Green New Deal’ and marijuana legalization in the spotlight

– Cornell University


PG&E bankruptcy result of being unprepared for catastrophic and overwhelming effects of climate change, UR professor says.

– University of Redlands

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