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Thursday, January 24, 2019

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Climate News and Experts from Newswise 24-Jan-2019

Climate Change News and Experts for Media

Newswise provides experts for the media on hurricanes, wildfires, and other natural disasters, as well as the latest research in Environmental Science and Climate Science.

Study: Lower-Carbon Diets Aren’t Just Good for the Planet, They’re Also Healthier

Researchers examined the daily diets of more than 16,000 people to compare the climate impact and nutritional value of what America eats in a day. They found that diets that were more climate-friendly were also healthier.

– Tulane University

American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Jan. 24, 2019

Embargo expired on 24-Jan-2019 at 06:00 ET

Major Northeastern Snowstorms Expected to Continue with Climate Change

Even though climate change is expected to reduce the total amount of U.S. snowfall this century, it's unlikely to significantly rein in the most powerful nor'easters that pummel the East Coast, new research indicates.

– National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)

Geophysical Research Letters

Large volcanic eruption in Scotland may have contributed to prehistoric global warming

Around 56 million years ago, global temperatures spiked. Researchers at Uppsala University and in the UK now show that a major explosive eruption from the Red Hills on the Isle of Skye may have been a contributing factor to the massive climate distur...

– Uppsala University

Scientific Reports

Climate Change Tipping Point Could Be Coming Sooner than We Think

A Columbia Engineering study confirms the urgency to tackle climate change. While it’s known that extreme weather events can affect the year-to-year variability in carbon uptake, and some researchers have suggested that there may be longer-term eff...

– Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Nature Jan 24 2019

Embargo expired on 23-Jan-2019 at 13:00 ET

A New Way to Predict Sea Breezes May Benefit Offshore Wind Farms

The proposed, multimillion-dollar offshore wind farms industry may benefit from a Rutgers-led study that used sophisticated forecasting to understand sea breezes and make them a more predictable source of energy.

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres; Rutgers Today

Getting To Know the Microbes that Drive Climate Change

The genetics of viruses living along a permafrost thaw gradient may help scientists better predict the pace of climate change.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nature Microbiology 3, 870 (2018).

New study establishes link between climate change, conflict, and migration

Research involving a University of East Anglia (UEA) academic has established a link between climate change, conflict, and migration for the first time. In recent decades climatic conditions have been blamed for creating political unrest, civil war,...

– University of East Anglia

Global Environmental Change

Copy cats: When is a bobcat not a bobcat?

Two UBC Okanagan biologists, who have publicly solicited images of wild cats for their research, have answered that question.

– University of British Columbia

Ecology and Evolution

The value of ecological restoration: In new study, researchers find people willing to pay to protect aquifer recharge and water supply

Northern Arizona University researchers Julie Mueller, Adrienne Soder and Abe Springer found residents of the Phoenix metropolitan area are willing to pay to protect critical habitats, access to recreation, surface and groundwater and culturally sign...

– Northern Arizona University

Landscape and Urban Planning

Rising Temperatures May Safeguard Crop Nutrition as Climate Changes

Hotter temperatures may offset the negative effects of higher carbon dioxide levels on seed quality, according to a two-year soybean field study.

– Donald Danforth Plant Science Center

Plant Journal

Embargo expired on 22-Jan-2019 at 10:00 ET

Multi-hop communication: Frog choruses inspire wireless sensor networks

Osaka, Japan - If you've ever camped by a pond, you know frogs make a racket at night; but what you might not know is how functional and regulated their choruses really are. Frogs communicate with sound, and amid their ruckus is an internally orchest...

– Osaka University

Royal Society Open Science

WSU sociologist sees environmental support slip under democratic presidents

PULLMAN, Wash.--Erik Johnson has what looks like a surefire way to hurt support for spending to protect the environment: Elect a Democratic president.

– Washington State University

Social Forces

IU Study Predicts How Air Pollutants From U.S. Forest Soils Will Increase with Climate Change

Scientists predict that certain regions of the United States will experience higher levels of pollutants that cause smog, acid rain and respiratory problems due changes in forest soils from climate change.

– Indiana University

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences; AGS-1352375; DE-SC0014443

Farm Manure Boosts Greenhouse Gas Emissions –Even in Winter

Researchers have shown, for the first time, that manure used to fertilize croplands in spring and summer can dramatically increase greenhouse gas emissions in winter. While it’s known that farmers’ decisions to add nutrients to their fields aff...

– University of Vermont

Soil Science Society of America Journal

A Challenging Future for Tropical Forests

Mortality rates of moist tropical forests are on the rise due to environmental drivers and related mechanisms.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

New Phytologist 219, 851 (2018). [DOI: 10.1111/nph.15027]

North Sea rocks could act as large-scale renewable energy stores

Rocks in the seabed off the UK coast could provide long-term storage locations for renewable energy production, new research suggests. An advanced technique could be used to trap compressed air in porous rock formations found in the North Sea using ...

– University of Edinburgh

Nature Energy

Less Hurricane Aid, Slower Response to Puerto Rico Than to Texas, Florida

The federal response to hurricanes Harvey and Irma was faster and more generous than the help sent to Puerto Rico in preparation and in the aftermath of Hurricane Maria, according to University of Michigan researchers

– University of Michigan

British Medical Journal Global Health

Observing Clouds in Four Dimensions

Six cameras are revolutionizing observations of shallow cumulus clouds.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society (2018). [DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0029.1]

Otoliths -- the fish's black box -- also keeps an eye on the metabolism

For the first time ever, an international research team has shown that fish otoliths record information on fish metabolism. Analyses of old and new otoliths can therefore provide new knowledge about how different species of fish adapt to new conditio...

– Aarhus University

Communications Biology

Using Bacteria to Create a Water Filter That Kills Bacteria

Engineers have created a bacteria-filtering membrane using graphene oxide and bacterial nanocellulose. It's highly efficient, long-lasting and environmentally friendly — and could provide clean water for those in need.

– Washington University in St. Louis

Engineering Science & Technology, Jan. 2, 2019; FA9550-15-1-0228

Scientists Find Increase in Asteroid Impacts on Ancient Earth by Studying the Moon

TORONTO, ON (Canada) - An international team of scientists is challenging our understanding of a part of Earth's history by looking at the Moon, the most complete and accessible chronicle of the asteroid collisions that carved our solar system.

– University of Toronto


Rapid Lake Draining on Ice Sheets Changes How Water Moves in Unexpected Ways

Widespread fracturing during lake drainage triggers vertical shafts to form that affect the Greenland Ice Sheet.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Geophysical Research Letters 45, 778(2018). [DOI: 10.1002/2017GL075659]

A study shows an increase of permafrost temperature at a global scale

Permafrost, the ground below the freezing point of water 0 º for two or more years, is an element of the cryosphere which has not been as much studied as other soils like glaciers or marine ice, although it plays an important role in the climate evo...

– Universidad De Barcelona

New Historical Emissions Trends Estimated with the Community Emissions Data System

The data system will allow for more detailed, consistent, and up-to-date global emissions trends that will aid in understanding aerosol effects.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Geoscientific Model Development 11, 369 (2018). [DOI: 10.5194/gmd-11-369-2018]

Expert Pitch

Heavy snowfall, high winds to hit NYC through the long weekend

– Cornell University

Rutgers Experts Can Discuss Upcoming Winter Storm in N.J.

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Warming Stratosphere Brings Frigid Polar Vortex to Swaths of U.S.

– Cornell University





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