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Thursday, February 7, 2019

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Climate News and Experts from Newswise 07-Feb-2019
 

Climate Change News and Experts for Media

Newswise provides experts for the media on hurricanes, wildfires, and other natural disasters, as well as the latest research in Environmental Science and Climate Science.



Coupling Computer Models Shows Interactions among River Water, Groundwater, and Land Surfaces

Computer model offers detailed view of water cycling and complex Earth system dynamics.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Geoscientific Model Development 10, 4539 (2017). [DOI: 10.5194/gmd-10-4539-2017]


Why Do We Need to Keep Breeding New Crop Varieties?

Crop breeders continue to improve familiar crops. The February 7th Sustainable, Secure Food blog describes crop breeders’ progress towards the future of barley, wheat, and potato varieties.

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)


Underwater forests threatened by future climate change, new study finds

Researchers at the University of Sydney and the Sydney Institute of Marine Science have found that climate change could lead to declines of underwater kelp forests through impacts on their microbiome.

– University of Sydney

Proceedings of The Royal Society B


To conserve energy, AI clears up cloudy forecasts

A new approach developed by Fengqi You, professor in energy systems engineering at Cornell University, predicts the accuracy of the weather forecast using a machine learning model trained with years’ worth of data on forecasts and actual weather co...

– Cornell University

Journal of Process Control, Jan. 2019


Global Climate Trend Since Dec. 1 1978: +0.13 C Per Decade

Global Temperature Report: January 2019

– University of Alabama Huntsville


Biochemists make ‘Elbow Room’ for Nanostructures with new Toolkit

New findings published in “Nature Communications” could apply to the manufacture of self-assembling nanomaterials and the creation of environmentally responsive sensors. This could lead to new methods for making nanoscale devices and more economi...

– University of California San Diego

Nature Communications; UC San Diego Molecular Biophysics Training Grant; Catalan Fundació Joan Riera i Gubau Fellowship; National Science Foundation


Near-Term Ocean Warming Around Antarctica Affects Long-Term Rate of Sea Level Rise

Scientists investigate a threshold for rapid ice-sheet degradation in the West Antarctic Ice Sheet.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Geophysical Research Letters 45, 809 (2018). [DOI: 10.1002/2017GL076470]


Humboldt Bay Bivalve Business Has a Big Local Impact

As the oyster capital of California, Humboldt Bay’s bivalve business is big for the region, with a local economic impact of about $20 million in 2016, according to a survey conducted by Humboldt State University and California Sea Grant researchers...

– Humboldt State University


Revising the history of big, climate-altering volcanic eruptions

For all their destructive power, most volcanic eruptions are local events. Lava flows tend to reach only a few miles at most, while airborne ash and soot travel a little farther. But occasionally

– University of Maryland, College Park

Nature Communications


Dark Fiber Lays Groundwork for Long-Distance Earthquake Detection and Groundwater Mapping

Researchers at Berkeley Lab have turned dark fiber owned by the DOE Energy Sciences Network into a highly sensitive seismic activity sensor that could potentially augment the performance of earthquake early warning systems currently being developed i...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Nature’s Scientific Reports


Study Reveals That Modifying Display Case Airflow and Domestic Refrigerator Temperature Minimizes Environmental Impact of Food Refrigeration

Refrigeration is an essential component of the food supply chain, extending the shelf life of perishable food and ensuring that consumers receive safe food that does not pose a threat to their health. It is estimated that 40 percent of food products ...

– Society for Risk Analysis (SRA)

Risk Analysis: An International Journal


Early spring rain boosts methane from thawing permafrost by 30 percent

A UW-led team has found that early spring rainfall warms up a thawing permafrost bog in Alaska and promotes the growth of plants and methane-producing microbes.

– University of Washington

Geophysical Research Letters


Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, February 4, 2019

Oak Ridge National Laboratory used machine learning to map vegetation in Alaskan tundra; ORNL taps machine learning to better predict home-to-work commuting; Univ of South Carolina investigates oxygen-reducing perovskites in fuel cells using ORNL neu...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Remote Sensing, Jan-2019


Variations in Seafloor Create Freak Ocean Waves

Florida State University researchers have found that abrupt variations in the seafloor can cause dangerous ocean waves known as rogue or freak waves — waves so catastrophic that they were once thought to be the figments of seafarers’ imaginations...

– Florida State University

Physical Review Fluids, Rapid Communication


Plant-Pollinator Interactions Improve Oilseed Production, Beehive Health

When it comes to producing oilseed, the more honeybees and other pollinators that visit a flowering field of Brassica carinata, the better.

– South Dakota State University


Once-abundant sea stars imperiled by disease along West Coast

The combination of ocean warming and an infectious wasting disease has devastated populations of large sunflower sea stars once abundant along the West Coast of North America in just a few years, according to research co-led by the University of Cali...

– University of California, Davis

Science Advances


Disappearing into the sea

The remote town of Barrow, Alaska, home to more than 4,000 people, touts picturesque views of the Arctic Ocean as well as an unparalleled connection to the Alaskan wild, but underneath its stunning beauty lies a major global crisis – permafrost coa...

– Penn State College of Engineering


Study Reveals Wildlife Is Abundant in Chernobyl

A scavenger study that used fish carcasses as bait provides additional evidence that wildlife is abundant in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone.

– University of Georgia

Science Direct


Rainfall extremes are connected across continents: Nature study

Extreme rainfall events in one city or region are connected to the same kind of events thousands of kilometers away, an international team of experts finds in a study now published in one of the world's leading scientific journals, Nature.

– Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK)

Nature


Announcements


U-M Launches Carbon Neutrality Commission: Names Members, Lays Out Commission Charge, Priorities, Deadlines

The University of Michigan has taken an important step toward its goal of carbon neutrality with the selection of the core team that will recommend how to get there, as well as develop scalable and transferable strategies that can be used by other in...

– University of Michigan


Expert Pitch


Without ‘bold’ funding strategies, Green New Deal likely to fade

– Cornell University


Himalayan Glacier Melt Threatens Livelihoods, Targets High Elevations

– Cornell University


What's a better material than plastic in cars, furniture, and construction? Trees.

– Michigan Technological University


Rutgers Climate Expert Can Discuss U.S. Suspension of 1987 Nuclear Weapons Treaty

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick


The new abnormal in climate disruption includes a new normal in weather extremes, U of R professor says.

– University of Redlands

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