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Thursday, February 28, 2019

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Climate News and Experts from Newswise 28-Feb-2019

Oldest Frog Relative Found in North America 

A team of paleontologists led by Virginia Tech’s Michelle Stocker and Sterling Nesbitt of the Department of Geosciences have identified fossil fragments of what are thought to be the oldest known frogs in North America.

– Virginia Tech

Biology Letters

Embargo expired on 27-Feb-2019 at 05:00 ET

Gust or Bust: Blustery Winds Important for Modeling Tropical Rainfall

Researchers find gusty winds increase surface evaporation that drives summer rainstorms in the Tropical West Pacific.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 10, 961 (2018). [DOI: 10.1002/2017MS001157]

Can We Address Climate Change Without Sacrificing Water Quality?

Washington, DC--Strategies for limiting climate change must take into account their potential impact on water quality through nutrient overload, according to a new study from Carnegie's Eva Sinha and Anna Michalak published by Nature Communications. ...

– Carnegie Institution for Science

Nature Communications

Crop Residue Burning Is a Major Contributor to Air Pollution in South Asia

While fossil fuel emissions in New Delhi account for 80 percent of the air pollution plume during the summer, emissions from biomass burning (such as crop residue burning) in neighboring regions rival those from fossil fuels during the fall and winte...

– Stockholm University

Journal of Nature Sustainability

Don’t Panic: Lessons Learned From Hawaii False Alarm

False alarm text message made residents of Hawaii check what others were doing to verify risk

– University of Georgia

International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction

Understanding the rich social lives of animals benefits international conservation efforts

An international group of researchers working on a wide range of species, from elephants and crows, to whales and chimpanzees, argues that animals' cultural knowledge needs to be taken into consideration when planning international conservation effor...

– University of Exeter

Journal of Science

Maasai farmers only kill lions when they attack livestock

Maasai farmers do not kill lions for retribution whenever they lose sheep or cattle, new research shows.

– University of Exeter

Journal of Science

They’re Back! Scientists Now Have Personal ‘Diaries’ of Blacktip Sharks

Annual blacktip shark migration season is in full force along South Florida’s Atlantic coast as thousands of them head south for warmer weather. FAU shark researcher has been tracking the migration patterns of these top predators by air and by sea....

– Florida Atlantic University

Starving the Oceans

Nutrients increasingly moving to the deep ocean with strong climate warming could lead to drastic drops in surface ocean life and fishery yields.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Science 359, 1139 (2018). [DOI: 10.1126/science.aao6379]

Ancient Poop Helps Show Climate Change Contributed to Fall of Cahokia

A new study shows climate change may have contributed to the decline of Cahokia, a famed prehistoric city near present-day St. Louis. And it involves ancient human poop.

– University of Wisconsin-Madison

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Feb. 25, 2019

Embargo expired on 25-Feb-2019 at 15:00 ET

Ancient Rocks Provide Clues About Earth's Early History

Researchers discovered that Earth's oceans started becoming oxygenated millions of years earlier than previously recognized.

– Florida State University

Nature Geoscience

Spring migration is now earlier in European and North American birds

The greatest advances were found among short-distance migrants that winter in Europe or North America: about 1.5-2 days per decade. Long-distance migrants that winter in the tropics have also advanced the start of their migration

– University of Helsinki

Ecological Indicators

Balancing Power Plant Emissions, Operational Costs

Combining emissions modeling with operational cost analyses can help companies select locations for coal-powered electricity plants. That will help reduce the public’s exposure to airborne pollutants while providing customers with the electricity t...

– South Dakota State University

American Journal of Operations Management, Jan. 2019

Field campaign flies through icy weather

Winter in the United States can produce some of the most dangerous weather for the aviation industry, including freezing rain, freezing drizzle, and sleet. Those are the ideal conditions for a field campaign focused on collecting in-flight data in so...

– National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)

Too Hot for Comfort: the Physiological Dangers of Extreme Heat

A new review of more than 140 studies explores the physiological dangers that climate change will likely have on animal life, including humans. The review is published in the journal Physiology.

– American Physiological Society (APS)

Journal of Physiology

Building a growable habitat for sustainable life in space

Texas A&M researchers have proposed a growable habitat with 1 G of gravitational force to meet the need for a program providing sustainable life for long periods in space.

– Texas A&M University


WCS Announces Request for Proposals for Nature-Based Climate Change Adaptation Projects

Through its Climate Adaptation Fund, the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) is soliciting proposals from nonprofit conservation organizations implementing new methods that help wildlife adapt to the rapidly-shifting environmental conditions brought ...

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Geoscience Post-Doc Chao Chen Awarded Fellowship

Chao Chen, a postdoctoral researcher in Boise State University’s geoscience department, has been awarded the Hydroinformatics Innovation Fellowship from the Consortium of Universities for the Advancement of Hydrological Science, Inc (CUAHSI) for an...

– Boise State University

FSU Receives $8 Million to Revive Apalachicola Bay

Florida State researchers have been awarded $8 million to restore Apalachicola Bay and revive the region's imperiled oyster industry thanks to money the state recovered from the BP oil spill.

– Florida State University

Expert Pitch

What is hempcrete? Experts available for interview

– Virginia Tech

UNH Expert to Comment on EPA Change to Clean Water Act

– University of New Hampshire





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