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Thursday, March 7, 2019

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Climate News and Experts from Newswise 07-Mar-2019
 

Climate Change News and Experts for Media

Newswise provides experts for the media on hurricanes, wildfires, and other natural disasters, as well as the latest research in Environmental Science and Climate Science.



Using Tiny Organisms to Unlock Big Environmental Mysteries

When you hear about the biological processes that influence climate and the environment, such as carbon fixation or nitrogen recycling, it’s easy to think of them as abstract and incomprehensibly large-scale phenomena. Yet parts of these planet-wid...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

mBio


Predicting Hope

The devastation of the Peruvian floods of March 2017 caused native and University of Oklahoma Electrical and Computer Engineering Assistant Professor, Salazar-Cerreno, to look for ways to apply his expertise to help improve weather decision making an...

– University of Oklahoma, Gallogly College of Engineering


New satellite keeps close watch on Antarctic ice loss

A recently-launched satellite mission has captured precision data on the elevation of the Antarctic ice sheet proving a valuable addition to monitoring efforts in the region, according to work published this week in The Cryosphere.

– Lancaster University

The Cryosphere


Dinosaurs were thriving before asteroid strike that wiped them out

Dinosaurs were unaffected by long-term climate changes and flourished before their sudden demise by asteroid strike.

– Imperial College London

Nature Communications


Houston, we’re here to help the farmers

International Space Station’s ECOSTRESS gathers plant data

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)


U Biologists Experimentally Trigger Adaptive Radiation

Over four years, descendants of the lice evolved heritable color differences that spanned the full color range of the lice genus. This is the first study to show that the evolutionary changes occurring within a single species (microevolution) echoed ...

– University of Utah

Evolution Letters, March-2019

Embargo expired on 05-Mar-2019 at 03:30 ET


Global Analysis of Billions of Wikipedia Searches Reveals Treasure Trove of Biodiversity Secret

An international team of researchers from the University of Oxford, the University of Birmingham and Ben-Gurion University of the Negev have found that the way in which people use the internet is closely tied to patterns and rhythms in the natural wo...

– PLOS

PLOS Biology

Embargo expired on 05-Mar-2019 at 14:00 ET


Study: Climate Change is Leading to Unpredictable Ecosystem Disruption for Migratory Birds

Using data on 77 North American migratory bird species from the eBird citizen-science program, scientists at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology say that, in as little as four decades, it may be very difficult to predict how climate change will affect mig...

– Cornell University

Ecography


Weather-responsive intersections could ease traffic congestion

Cities could ease congestion and improve safety during snowstorms by tweaking the timing of traffic lights to take road conditions into account.

– University of Waterloo

Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering


A faster, more accurate way to monitor drought

More than 2 billion people worldwide are affected by water shortages, wildfires, crop losses, forest diebacks or other environmental or economic woes brought on by drought.

– Duke University

Agricultural and Forest Meteorology


Global climate trend since Dec. 1 1978: +0.13 C per decade

Global Temperature Report: February 2019

– University of Alabama Huntsville


The secret behind maximum plant height: water!

Physiological coordination between plant height and xylem hydraulic traits is aligned with habitat water availability across Earth's terrestrial biomes, according to a new study.

– Chinese Academy of Sciences

Science Advances


Maximizing Ozone Signals

New technique enables more efficient and precise estimates of trends in ozone and other atmospheric constituents within selected geographical regions and timeframes.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 18, 8373 (2018). [DOI: 10.5194/acp-18-8373-2018]


US remains stagnant in climate change vulnerability and readiness, new data show

For the fourth year in a row, the United States has ranked 15th in the University of Notre Dame’s Global Adaptation Initiative (ND-GAIN) Country Index.

– University of Notre Dame


Alien Species Are Primary Cause of Recent Global Extinctions

Alien species are the main driver of recent extinctions in both animals and plants, according to a new study by UCL researchers.

– University College London

Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment


Red Tide Rolling: Harmful Algae Found to Flourish in Both High-, Low-CO2 Environments

Researchers found the Florida specific red tide-causing algae thrives in both high and low CO2 concentrations.

– Florida State University

Progress in Oceanography


Environmental justice begins with awareness, advocacy

Dr. Azita Amiri, an assistant professor in UAH’s College of Nursing, and Dr. Shuang Zhao, an assistant professor in both the Department of Political Science and the Department of Atmospheric Science, have been working to bring attention to the plig...

– University of Alabama Huntsville

Public Health Nurs. 2019 Feb 14. doi: 10.1111/phn.12593; Nurs Forum. 2019 Jan 28. doi: 10.1111/nuf.12327; The Black Belt Citizens Unite Against Environmental Contamination in Uniontown...


How Much Water Does the World Use?

Global data set shows monthly water use by irrigation, manufacturing, and other uses, helping researchers to analyze water use by region and season.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 22, 2117 (2018). [DOI: 10.5194/hess-22-2117-2018]


Behind the Scenes of Coastal Flood Modeling

From its lifesaving properties that bind humanity to its geographical connections through tributaries, rivers and waterways eventually flowing into the ocean, water is a connecting force. It can also be a destructive power that connects people throug...

– University of Oklahoma, Gallogly College of Engineering


Climate Change Shrinks Many Fisheries Globally, Rutgers-Led Study Finds

Climate change has taken a toll on many of the world’s fisheries, and overfishing has magnified the problem, according to a Rutgers-led study in the journal Science today.

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Science; Rutgers Today


Assessing riverside corridors — the "escape routes" for animals under climate change — in the Northwest

Lands surrounding rivers and streams offer natural migration routes that will take on a new importance as temperatures rise. A new, open-access study pinpoints which riverside routes will be the most important for animals trying to navigate a changin...

– University of Washington

PLOS ONE


Get to the Root: Tiny Poplar Roots Extract More Water than Their Larger Counterparts after Drought

Researchers link root water uptake to root traits and assess (poor) performance of common models.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Plant and Soil 424, 73 (2018). [DOI: 10.1007/s11104-017-3408-5]


Clover improves soil quality, feeds biofuels crop

Planting Kura clover, a pasture legume, with prairie cordgrass can improve microbial activity in the soil, thus reducing the amount of fertilizer needed to produce the potential biofuels crop.

– South Dakota State University


Study first to show processes determining fate of new RNA pesticides in soils

Researchers at the McKelvey School of Engineering at Washington University in St. Louis develop a method to learn more about how a new type of pesticide degrades in the environment.

– Washington University in St. Louis

Environmental Science & Technology; 707432 - dsRNAEnvFate; 2017-33522-26998; ETH-14 17-1


First Observation of Methane’s Increasing Greenhouse Effect at the Earth’s Surface

Predictions of the direct impacts of greenhouse gases must account for local temperature and humidity conditions.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nature Geoscience 11, 238 (2018). [DOI: 10.1038/s41561-018-0085-9]


Announcements


University of North Florida Engineering Professor Recognized for Lifetime Achievement

Dr. Don Resio, University of North Florida professor of ocean engineering and director of the Taylor Engineering Research Institute in UNF’s College of Computing, Engineering and Construction, has been recognized for his lifetime achievements in ma...

– University of North Florida


Expert Pitch


Wolf Researcher Available to Comment on Announcement of Plan to Lift Protections for Gray Wolves

– Michigan Technological University


Rutgers Experts Can Comment on NJ Back Bays Flooding Study

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick


Tornado Experts at Texas Tech Available to Give Insight on Severe Weather

– Texas Tech University


Risk communication and tornado threat expert Julie Demuth, a scientist at National Center for Atmospheric Research, available for media requests.

– National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)

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