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Thursday, March 14, 2019

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Climate News and Experts from Newswise 14-Mar-2019
 

Climate Change News and Experts for Media

Newswise provides experts for the media on hurricanes, wildfires, and other natural disasters, as well as the latest research in Environmental Science and Climate Science.



Fighting leaf and mandible

What is the primary driver in tropical forest diversity–competition for resources, or herbivore pests? For the first time, biologists compared the two mechanisms in a single study, analyzing how neighboring trees influence the growth and survival o...

– University of Utah

Science, March-2019

embargoed until 14-Mar-2019, 14:00 ET


Study Suggests Climate Change Limits Forest Recovery After Wildfires

New University of Montana research suggests climate change makes it increasingly difficult for tree seedlings to regenerate following wildfires in low-elevation forests, which could contribute to abrupt forest loss.

– University of Montana

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences


How Marine Snow Cools the Planet

University of Sydney scientists have modelled how carbonate accumulation from 'marine snow' in oceans has absorbed carbon dioxide over millennia and been a key driver in keeping the planet cool for millions of years.

– University of Sydney

Geology


What Do Gardens Bring to Urban Ecosystems?

Twin Cities research moves urban ag forward

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)


Climate Change Could Devastate Painted Turtles, According to New Study

Climate change could contribute to the demographic collapse of the painted turtle, a species that undergoes temperature-dependent sex determination. An Iowa State University scientist is sounding the alarm about the painted turtle’s future in a new...

– Iowa State University

Scientific Reports

Embargo expired on 12-Mar-2019 at 06:10 ET


LLNL Research Helps Uncover How Beetle Gut Microbes Make Food and Fuel

As part of a Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory bioenergy study, project scientist Jennifer Pett-Ridge and collaborators have learned how the digestive system of a wood-eating beetle serves as a natural mini-reactor for biofuel production.

– Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Nature Microbiology, March 11, 2019


Researchers discover new nitrogen source in Arctic

Scientists have revealed that the partnership between an alga and bacteria is making the essential element nitrogen newly available in the Arctic Ocean. The microbial process of "nitrogen fixation" converts the element into a form that organisms can ...

– Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences

Journal of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.


Atmospheric scientists reveal the effect of sea-ice loss on Arctic warming

Enhanced warming in the Arctic (north of 67°N) is found in both recent observational investigations and model simulations with greenhouse gases (GHGs) emissions increasing. Global warming is occurring twice as fast in the Arctic than anywhere else o...

– Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Nature Communications


'Specialized' microbes within plant species promote diversity

It's widely accepted within agriculture that maintaining genetic diversity is important. In areas where crop plants are more diverse, pathogens might kill some plants but are less likely to wipe out an entire crop.

– Yale School OF Forestry & Environmental Studies

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences


Study Confirms Horseshoe Crabs Are Really Relatives of Spiders, Scorpions

By analyzing troves of genetic data and considering a vast number of possible ways to examine it, University of Wisconsin–Madison scientists now have a high degree of confidence that horseshoe crabs do indeed belong within the arachnids.

– University of Wisconsin-Madison

Systematic Biology Feb.14, 2019


It's raining on the Greenland ice -- in the winter

Rainy weather is becoming increasingly common over parts of the Greenland ice sheet, triggering sudden melting events that are eating at the ice and priming the surface for more widespread future melting, says a new study. Some parts of the ice sheet...

– Earth Institute at Columbia University

The Cryosphere


Texas A&M-Led Research Team Develops Model for Improved Oil Spill Forecasts

Researchers have developed a new model to track the flow of an oil well spill, providing response agencies with the tools to better mitigate environmental damage to human and ecological systems.

– Texas A&M University


Chimps Are Losing Their Culture, Study Says

A sweeping new study published in the journal Science says that chimpanzee’s complex cultures – including the use of tools and other behaviors – are being lost as human disturbance expands into previously wild areas.

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Science


Announcements


Dallas Ecopark a teaching tool for public, industry, governments

Texas A&M AgriLife's ecopark in Dallas will welcome visitors for tours and lessons in "green" development beginning late 2019.

– Texas A&M AgriLife


Expert Pitch


'On the Front Lines’: Youth Show Influence, Once Again, Through School Strikes for Climate

– Cornell University

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