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Newswise Special Wire
Monday, April 22, 2019

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Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire for 22-Apr-2019
 

Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire

Tech news for the public and news media. More stories can be found at the Newswise Technology News Source and the Engineering News Source.



Semiconductor scientists discover effect that was thought impossible

Superinjection, the effect used in lasers and LEDs creation can work in "pure" semiconductors, which was previously considered impossible. This opens up new prospects for designing highly efficient blue, violet, ultraviolet, and white LEDs, as well a...

– Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT)

Semiconductor Science and Technology


Building a Printing Press for New Quantum Materials

Scientists at Brookhaven's Center for Functional Nanomaterials are building a robotic system to accelerate quantum materials discovery.

– Brookhaven National Laboratory


Bacterial Therapy in a Dish

Biomedical engineers have developed a system that can study 10s to 100s of programmed bacteria within mini-tissues in a dish, condensing study time from months to days. The speed and high throughput of their technology allows for stable growth of bac...

– Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

PNAS April 17 2019


A Social Equation: Engineering Researcher Uses Network Science to Understand How Materials Work

Using network science — part of a larger mathematical field called graph theory — FAMU-FSU Professor of Mechanical Engineering William Oates, former graduate student Peter Woerner and Associate Professor Kunihiko “Sam” Taira mapped long range...

– Florida State University

PLOS One


Electric Skyrmions Charge Ahead for Next-Generation Data Storage

A team of researchers led by Berkeley Lab has observed chirality for the first time in polar skyrmions in a material with reversible electrical properties – a combination that could lead to more powerful data storage devices that continue to hold i...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Nature


When the physics say 'don't follow your nose'

Engineers at Duke University are developing a smart robotic system for sniffing out pollution hotspots and sources of toxic leaks.

– Duke University


Project Sidewalk helps users map accessibility around Seattle, other cities

UW researchers have led the development of Project Sidewalk, an online crowdsourcing game that lets anyone with an internet connection use Google Street View to virtually explore neighborhoods and label curb ramps, missing or rough sidewalks, obstacl...

– University of Washington

2019 ACM CHI conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems


Snapshot: S&T-funded Innovation Enables Emergency Managers to Excel During 2018 Hurricane Season

DHS S&T's Web-based HURREVAC platform integrates forecast and planning data to provide emergency managers with decision support tools for use in advance of and during tropical weather.

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


Creating a cloak for grid data in the cloud

Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory are working on ways to facilitate secure cloud computing for grid operations and planning. A framework currently under development at Argonne masks sensitive data, allo...

– Argonne National Laboratory


Increased Screen Time in Preschool Is Linked to Inattention

Screen time above a two-hour threshold at five years of age is associated with an increased risk of clinically relevant externalizing problems such as inattention, according to a study published April 17 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Piush M...

– PLOS

PLOS ONE

Embargo expired on 17-Apr-2019 at 14:00 ET


Technology Automatically Senses How Parkinson’s Patients Respond to Medication

Adjusting the frequency and dosage of Parkinson’s patients’ medication is complex. In their “ON” state they respond positively to medication and in their “OFF” state symptoms return. Addressing these fluctuations requires a clinical exam,...

– Florida Atlantic University

Medical Engineering and Physics


Smart motor in handlebars prevents bicycles from falling over

TU Delft and the bicycle manufacturer Koninklijke Gazelle have developed a prototype of a bike with smart steering assistance that may help to reduce the number of falls with bicycles.

– Delft University of Technology

Science


Morphing Origami Takes a New Shape, Expanding Use Possibilities

Researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology have created a new type of origami that can morph from one pattern into a different one, or even a hybrid of two patterns, instantly altering many of its structural characteristics.

– Georgia Institute of Technology

Physical Review Letters; National Science Foundation, CMMI-1538830


New Discovery Makes Fast-Charging, Better Performing Lithium-Ion Batteries Possible

Creating a lithium-ion battery that can charge in a matter of minutes but still operate at a high capacity is possible, according to research from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute just published in Nature Communications.

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

Nature Communications


New strategy for credit card fraud detection

A team of researchers has developed a new strategy for detecting credit card fraud using incentives that encourage individuals and merchants to think safety first.

– University of Delaware

Omega


Optimizing Network Software to Advance Scientific Discovery

A team optimized software for Intel’s high-speed communication network to accelerate particle physics and machine learning codes.

– Brookhaven National Laboratory


The sticky science of underwater adhesives

Researchers at the McKelvey School of Engineering have received funding to to engineer microbes that create an underwater adhesive based on, but stickier than, the natural adhesive made by mussels.

– Washington University in St. Louis

12751786


SLAC’s High-Speed ‘Electron Camera’ Films Molecular Movie in HD

With an extremely fast “electron camera” at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, researchers have made the first high-definition “movie” of ring-shaped molecules breaking open in response to light. The results co...

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Nature Chemistry

Embargo expired on 15-Apr-2019 at 11:00 ET


Cheap detectors keep the peace

Oregon State University’s Radiation Detection Group, headed by Abi Farsoni, associate professor of nuclear science and engineering, is designing and building more efficient and affordable radiation detection devices used to monitor nuclear weapon t...

– Oregon State University, College of Engineering


SLAC develops novel compact antenna for communicating where radios fail

A new type of pocket-sized antenna, developed at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, could enable mobile communication in situations where conventional radios don’t work, such as under water, through the ground and o...

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Nature Communications

Embargo expired on 12-Apr-2019 at 05:00 ET


Heads in the cloud: Scientists predict internet of thoughts 'within decades'

Imagine a future technology that would provide instant access to the world's knowledge and artificial intelligence, simply by thinking about a specific topic or question. Communications, education, work, and the world as we know it would be transform...

– Frontiers

Frontiers in Neuroscience


Assistive robot learns to feed

A million Americans with injury or age-related disabilities need someone to help them eat. Now engineers have taught a robot to pick up food with a fork and gingerly deliver it to a person’s mouth.

– National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters, April-2019; R01EB019335


The Golden Path towards New Two-Dimensional Semiconductors

Gold atoms ski along boron nitride nanotubes and stabilize in metallic monolayers. The resulting gold quantum dots could be a promising material for future electronics and quantum computing.

– Michigan Technological University

ACS Nano, April-2019; DOE DE-SC0012762


The Right Polymers for the Job

One of the most promising clean energy technologies just got even better. Researchers from the University of Delaware have developed the most powerful, durable hydroxide exchange membrane fuel cell components on record.

– University of Delaware

Nature Energy


Engineers tap DNA to create ‘lifelike’ machines

Tapping into the unique nature of DNA, Cornell engineers have created simple machines constructed of biomaterials with properties of living things.

– Cornell University

Science Robotics, April 2019


Shrimp claw inspires new method of underwater plasma generation

Texas A&M researchers are looking to nature for inspiration in developing a new method of underwater plasma generation using shrimp as a model – a discovery which could provide significant improvements for actions ranging from water sterilization t...

– Texas A&M University

Science Advances 15 Mar 2019


New two-photon imaging facility to expand neuroscience research and teaching

A new two-photon imaging facility at West Virginia University is expanding opportunities for neuroscience research in the Department of Biology and beyond.

– West Virginia University - Eberly College of Arts and Sciences


Enhanced Robot “Vision” Enables More Natural Interaction With Humans

A wide-eyed, soft-spoken robot named Pepper motors around the Intelligent Systems Lab at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. One of the researchers tests Pepper, making various gestures as the robot accurately describes what he’s doing. When he cross...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)


Professor using VR to aid learning among students with autism

Using virtual reality (VR) technology and a custom-built computer program, Kennesaw State University professor Chao Mei is developing an innovative method of therapy for children with autism and attention deficit disorder.

– Kennesaw State University


New Algorithm Helps to Detect and Analyze Suspicious Activity in Surveillance Footage

New research from Binghamton University, State University of New York, could make it easier to track and process suspicious activity in surveillance footage.

– Binghamton University, State University of New York

2019 IEEE CCNC conference, Jan-2019


Study Shows Potential for Earth-Friendly Plastic Replacement

New research from The Ohio State University has shown that combining natural rubber with bioplastic in a novel way results in a much stronger replacement for plastic, one that is already capturing the interest of companies looking to shrink their env...

– Ohio State University

Polymers


New open-source software predicts impacts of extreme events on grids

A new, free, open-source software reliably predicts how damage from hurricanes, ice storms, earthquakes, and other extreme events will restrict power delivery from utility grids. The Severe Contingency Solver for Electric Power Transmission is the on...

– Los Alamos National Laboratory


High-Tech Tissue Study Reveals Which Cells Drive a Painful Food Allergy

New study uses single-cell RNA sequencing technology to find a target for treating EoE. Findings also raise questions about the dietary supplement butyrate.

– Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

J Clin Invest. 2019


Study explores how technology can help prompt positive memories for people with depression

Researchers have provided a crucial first step towards understanding how computing technology could be used to help people with depression remember happy memories.

– Massachusetts General Hospital


Industrial 3D Printing Goes Skateboarding

Plastic pulled from the waste stream can find new use with the Gigabot X, an open source industrial 3D printer. A team from Michigan Tech shows how three Gigabot-printed sporting goods — skateboard decks, kayak paddles and snowshoes — can help bu...

– Michigan Technological University

Additive Manufacturing, April-2019


Newly Devised Static Negative Capacitor Could Improve Computing

In a new study, researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory, together with collaborators in France and Russia, have created a permanent static “negative capacitor,” a device believed to have been in violatio...

– Argonne National Laboratory

Communications Physics, February 26, 2019


Announcements


Physical Optics Corporation's Technology Launched to the International Space Station

In Physical Optics Corporation's (POC) first endeavor into the space domain, an engineering prototype designed and built by our Applied Technologies Division rockets into orbit to meet the International Space Station (ISS). This NASA-sponsored advan...

– Physical Optics Corporation


Department of Energy Announces $95 Million for Small Business Research and Development Grants

U.S. Energy Secretary Rick Perry today announced that the Department of Energy will award 86 grants totaling $95 million to 74 small businesses in 21 states.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science


DHS S&T Awards $2.9M to ENSCO, Inc. for Additional Development of Integrated Sensor System

DHS S&T today announced a new 18-month, $2.9 million contract award to ENSCO, Inc. for continued work on SenseNet, an effort to develop a low-cost integrated sensor system that can detect biological health hazards in buildings and other high-occupanc...

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


S&T Taps Open Innovation to Identify New Tools to Combat the Opioid Crisis

DHS S&T is prioritizing swift interventions to help address the opioid crisis, and using open innovation to expediently source new tools to counter the supply side of the crisis.

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


Innovative S&T Developed Training Transitioned to Border Patrol Results in Enhanced Tracking Skills

DHS S&T worked with United States Border Patrol (USBP) and FLETC to research and develop training content and methods to enable USBP agents to leverage knowledge, skills, and abilities of the expert trackers in their workforces.

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


DHS S&T Awards $1.5M to Zeteo Tech to Develop and Test Real-Time Biological Threat Detection Technology

DHS S&T has awarded $1.5 million to Zeteo Tech to develop and test a new sensor technology prototype that combines trigger and detector functions and will enable real-time detection of aerosolized biological threat agents including bacteria, viruses,...

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


New Center Founded to Develop More Efficient Flexible Solar Cells

New organic materials for creating advanced flexible, light-weight solar cells and electronics for military and civilian use in remote areas away from power grids will be the focus of a new research center directed by Enrique Gomez, professor of chem...

– Penn State College of Engineering


SDSC’s Phylogenetics Science Gateway Awarded NSF/Internet2 Grant

The widely used CyberInfrastructure for Phylogenetic REsearch (CIPRES) science gateway, based at the San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC), has been awarded a one-year Internet2 grant funded by the NSF to give users AWS cloud access.

– University of California San Diego

1904444


Melissa Cragin Joins SDSC’s Research Data Services Group

The San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC) at the University of California San Diego announced today the appointment of Melissa Cragin as Chief Strategist for SDSC’s Research Data Services (RDS) group, effective immediately.

– University of California San Diego


Higher Education Events


Florida Tech to Host Space Technology Day May 23

The Florida Tech Office of Research in collaboration with NASA will host Space Technology Day on the university’s Melbourne campus Thursday, May 23. This free, daylong event will bring together professors, students, engineers, technologists and ...

– Council on Undergraduate Research (CUR)


Expert Pitch


Heritage and 3D printing experts available to discuss Notre Dame restoration

– Delft University of Technology


Moving ahead with vital restoration work of the Notre Dame Cathedral

– University of Delaware


Digitization Experts Available to Comment on Notre Dame Cathedral Restoration

– Indiana University


Johns Hopkins structural fire engineer can comment on Notre Dame Cathedral fire

– Johns Hopkins University


After Notre Dame fire, what can be salvaged and restored?

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)


The Future of DNA is Unfolding Now

– Arizona State University (ASU)


Venkatesh Kodur, @michiganstateu professor of civil and environmental engineering and a globally recognized expert on structure fires, can speak to the fire at Notre Dame.

– Michigan State University


No Unions, No Living Wage: Walmart Robots Follow Retail Trend

– Cornell University

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