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Newswise Special Wire
Monday, May 27, 2019

Public edition | newswise.com

Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire for 27-May-2019
 

Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire

Tech news for the public and news media. More stories can be found at the Newswise Technology News Source and the Engineering News Source.



Scientists discover signalling circuit boards inside body's cells

Cells in the body are wired like computer chips to direct signals that instruct how they function, research suggests.

– University of Edinburgh

Nature Communications


Nature inspires a novel new form of computing, using light

McMaster researchers have developed a simple and highly novel form of computing by shining patterned bands of light and shadow through different facets of a polymer cube and reading the combined results that emerge.

– McMaster University

Nature Communications

Embargo expired on 24-May-2019 at 05:00 ET


Tapping the power of AI and high-performance computing to extend evolution to superconductors

In a new study from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory, researchers used the power of artificial intelligence and high-performance supercomputers to introduce and assess the impact of different configurations of defec...

– Argonne National Laboratory

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences


Building a better salt trap: Scientists synthesize a molecular 'cage' to capture chloride

Indiana University researchers have synthesized a powerful new molecule to trap chloride salts. The technology has the potential to reduce the seepage of this pollutant into freshwater systems, which is a threat to drinkable water across the globe.

– Indiana University

Science; DE-FG02-09ER16068


Origami-Inspired Materials Could Soften the Blow for Reusable Spacecraft

University of Washington researchers used the paper folding art of origami to develop a novel solution to help reduce the forces associated with impact — like in car crashes, football helmets, landing spacecraft and more.

– University of Washington

Science Advances


Tiny Vortices Could One Day Haul Microscopic Cargo

The behavior of active magnetic liquids suggests new pathways to transport particles across surfaces and build materials that self-heal.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nature Communications 9, 2344 (2018). [DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-04765-w]


Using Information Technology to Promote Health Equity – Update in Medical Care

An innovative health information technology (IT) program helps primary care providers to detect and manage depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in traumatized refugees, reports a study in a special June supplement to Medical Care. The ...

– Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Medical Care


Engineered bacteria could be missing link in energy storage

One of the big issues with sustainable energy systems is how to store electricity that’s generated from wind, solar and waves. At present, no existing technology provides large-scale storage and energy retrieval for sustainable energy at a low fina...

– Cornell University

Journal of Biological Engineering, May 2019


Sandia launches a bus into space

Sandia National Laboratories recently launched a bus into space. Not the kind with wheels that go round and round, but the kind of device that links electronic devices. The bus was among 16 total experiments that were part of the National Nuclear Sec...

– Sandia National Laboratories


Notre Dame Stories: Preparing for the Future

In this episode, a look at preparing for the future in two very different economic circumstances: In the US, how AI and advanced technology could disrupt the workforce; in the Amazon basin, how indigenous people are bolstering production of a common ...

– University of Notre Dame


Sensor-Embedded ‘Smart’ Helmets Could Detect TBIs

Dr. Jie Huang, assistant professor of electrical and computer engineering at Missouri S&T, is working to meet the need for TBI early detection by developing technology that enables autonomous collection and processing of data in a reliable and “sma...

Expert Available

– Missouri University of Science and Technology


Unexpected observation of ice at low temperature, high pressure questions ice, water theory

Scientists at Oak Ridge National Laboratory studying super-cold states of water discovered a pathway to the unexpected formation of dense, crystalline phases of ice thought to exist beyond Earth’s limits. Their findings, reported in Nature, challen...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Nature, May-2019

Embargo expired on 22-May-2019 at 13:00 ET


New study shows crowdsourced traffic data could save lives

A new UCI-led pilot study finds, on average, Waze "crash alerts" occur two minutes and 41 seconds prior to their corresponding California Highway Patrol (CHP)-reported crash. These minutes could mean the difference between life and death.

– University of California, Irvine

JAMA Surgery

Embargo expired on 22-May-2019 at 11:00 ET


NUS pilot study opens new possibilities for AI to enhance cognitive performance

Results of a pilot study conducted by researchers from the National University of Singapore provided evidence that an artificial intelligence known as CURATE.AI has the potential to enhance learning, and could pave the way for promising applications ...

– National University of Singapore

Advanced Therapeutics


Counter-intuitive climate change solution

A relatively simple process could help turn the tide of climate change while also turning a healthy profit. That's one of the hopeful visions outlined in a new Stanford-led paper that highlights a seemingly counterintuitive solution: converting one g...

– Stanford University

Nature Sustainability


Soft, social robot brings coziness to homes — and classrooms

A new social robot that can be customized with handcrafted material, such as wood and wool, brings simplicity and fun to home robotics — and will soon be used to help teach math to fourth graders.

– Cornell University

Association for Computing Machinery Transactions on Human-Robot Interaction, March 2019


Data science helps engineers discover new materials for solar cells and LEDs

UC San Diego engineers have developed a high-throughput computational method to design new materials for next generation solar cells and LEDs. Their approach generated 13 new material candidates for solar cells and 23 new candidates for LEDs. Calcula...

– University of California San Diego

Energy & Environmental Science, May-2019; 20164974; ACI-1550404


Fearful customers sensitive to size and scope of a data breach while angry customers are not, research finds

Customers who feel afraid in the wake of a data breach care more about the size and scope of the breach than do angry customers, according to research from Binghamton University, State University of New York.

– Binghamton University, State University of New York

Journal of Business Research,


Laser Focus Shines Light on How Nanoparticles Form

Titan supercomputer tells origin story of nanoparticle size distributions with large-scale simulations.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nanoscale 10(15), 6900 (2018). [DOI: 10.1039/C7NR08614H]


Algorithm Steers Catheters to the Right Spot to Treat Atrial Fibrillation

Some patients with atrial fibrillation or A-Fib need an ablation, which requires a catheter and an advanced 3D map of the heart. Researchers have developed the first algorithm that guides catheter movements and accurately detects A-Fib targets withou...

– Florida Atlantic University

Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology


Scientists use molecular tethers and chemical 'light sabers' to construct platforms for tissue engineering

University of Washington researchers developed a strategy to keep proteins intact and functional in synthetic biomaterials for tissue engineering. Their approach modifies proteins at a specific point so that they can be chemically tethered to scaffol...

– University of Washington

Nature Materials


NUS engineers design solutions to tackle low frequency noise

A team of engineers from the National University of Singapore has designed a set of novel noise attenuating blocks that targets low frequency noise.

– National University of Singapore


How to program materials

Can the properties of composite materials be predicted? Empa scientists have mastered this feat and thus can help achieve research objectives faster. This leads, for instance, to better recycling techniques and electrically conductive synthetic mater...

– Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology

Polymer Degradation and Stability Volume 160, February 2019, Pages 218-228; Empa media release


Net carbon-negative electricity source may offer economical alternative

Researchers say burning a mixture of coal and crop residue biomass might provide a cost-effective, net carbon-negative electricity source that can be scaled to commercial levels in China in order to meet global temperature objectives by mid-century. ...

– Penn State College of Engineering

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences


Sleep problems in teenagers reversed in just one week by limiting screen use

Sleep in teenagers can be improved by just one week of limiting their evening exposure to light-emitting screens on phones

– European Society of Endocrinology

European Society of Endocrinology Annual Meeting


New Argonne Battery Design Offers ​“Solid” Advantage

In a new study from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory, researchers have identified a new boundary layer that emerges between a lithium metal anode and a lithium transition metal oxide (LLZO) electrolyte, potentially ...

– Argonne National Laboratory

Advanced Energy Materials, March 27, 2019


Cutting the time on early disease diagnoses with extracellular vesicles

A research team led by the University of Notre Dame is working to cut the test time for disease biomarkers.

– University of Notre Dame

Nature Communications Biology


Driverless cars working together can speed up traffic by 35%

A fleet of driverless cars working together to keep traffic moving smoothly can improve overall traffic flow by at least 35 percent, researchers have shown.

– University of Cambridge

2019 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation


Why are gels elastic?

It's all about the locally glassy clusters. They are what give gels their spring, their elasticity--in everything from yogurt and toothpaste to fabric softeners and shoe insoles.

– University of Delaware

Nature Communications


Artificial intelligence — an exciting new way to speed development of fusion energy

Feature introduces video of interview with physicist William Tang describing the role of artificial of intelligence in fusion research. Feature includes a link to the video

– Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory


Dark Matter Sheds Light to Medical Technology

Dr. Drew Alton, associate professor of physics at Augustana University, is conducting research on how dark matter can be applied to improve future PET [positron emission tomography] detectors, which offer imaging scans that allow doctors to check for...

Expert Available

– Augustana University, South Dakota


Announcements


Coming soon: A home blood test to better monitor chronic illnesses

In his lab, UdeM professor Alexis Vallée-Bélisle is busy perfecting a biosensor that patients with kidney disease, heart disease or other chronic illnesses can use without leaving home.

– Universite de Montreal


Professor Appointed to California Cybersecurity Task Force

The U.S. Department of Commerce estimates there are about 350,000 cybersecurity jobs currently unfilled nationwide.

– California State University, Channel Islands


Engineering Mentoring for Internship Excellence program wins national award

The Women in Engineering ProActive Network (WEPAN) recognized Penn State’s Engineering Mentoring for Internship Excellence (EMIX) program with the WEPAN Women in Engineering Initiative Award.

– Penn State College of Engineering


Removing Carbon Dioxide From an Air Stream

A University of Delaware research team has been awarded $1,979,998 in funding to build a fuel cell system fabricated with inexpensive catalysts and structural materials, which is consequently cheaper and more practical than existing fuel cell systems...

– University of Delaware


FAU Receives $750,000 to Name the Lata and Shiva Gangal Global Innovation Hall

Florida Atlantic University’s College of Engineering and Computer Science received a $750,000 gift from the GANGALS nonprofit Foundation, Inc. (GnF) to name the Lata and Shiva Gangal Global Innovation Hall in the Engineering East building.

– Florida Atlantic University


Brazilian Biodiversity Leader and Benson Hill Expand Partnership to Advance Crop Breeding

“We are eager to expand our relationship with Benson Hill and use CropOS to advance breeding for farmers across Latin America.” said Cleber Soares, executive director for Innovation and Technology of Embrapa. “Our work together has demonstrated...

– Benson Hill Biosystems

Embargo expired on 22-May-2019 at 07:00 ET


Penn State partners with IISE on award to recognize innovation in service systems engineering

At its May 18-21 conference and expo in Orlando, Florida, the Institute of Industrial and Systems Engineers (IISE) partnered with Penn State to recognize the innovative techniques organizations are using to improve the performance of service industri...

– Penn State College of Engineering


Brent Seales Awarded Prestigious Mellon Grant, Poised to Solve 2,000-Year-Old Mystery

Thanks, in large part, to a $2 million grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, UK's Brent Seales finally has the materials access, funding support and technical approach needed to solve the 2,000-year-old mystery wrapped inside the Herculaneum sc...

– University of Kentucky


David Jaffray, Ph.D., Named Chief Technology and Digital Officer

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center today named David Jaffray, Ph.D., as its first-ever chief technology and digital officer. Jaffray will begin his new duties overseeing MD Anderson’s Information Services division and Information Sec...

– University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center


Sounding the Alarm - Small Device Alerts Responders to Big Changes to Thermal Conditions

Initially funded under the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Small Business Innovation Research program, Burn Saver was developed by TDA Research Inc. in collaboration with the DHS Science and Technology Directorate (S&T).

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


Medical Device Innovation and Regulation

ISPOR, the professional society for health economics and outcomes research, started the day with the second plenary session of its ISPOR 2019 annual conference with, “Medical Device Innovation and Regulation: Turbocharged for Success?"

– ISPOR—The Professional Society for Health Economics and Outcomes Research

ISPOR 2019, May-2019


The Dawn of Disruption in Healthcare

ISPOR, the professional society for health economics and outcomes research (HEOR), opened its ISPOR 2019 annual conference this morning with a keynote and first plenary, “The Dawn of Disruption in the Health Sector: Will Innovative Technologies Req...

– ISPOR—The Professional Society for Health Economics and Outcomes Research

ISPOR 2019, May-2019

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