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Newswise Special Wire
Monday, June 10, 2019

Public edition | newswise.com

Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire for 10-Jun-2019
 


AI software reveals the inner workings of short-term memory

Research by neuroscientists at the University of Chicago shows how short-term, working memory uses networks of neurons differently depending on the complexity of the task at hand.

– University of Chicago Medical Center

Nature Neuroscience

Embargo expired on 10-Jun-2019 at 11:00 ET


UCI Scientists Create New Class of Two-Dimensional Materials

Irvine, Calif., June 6, 2019 – In a paper published this week in Nature, materials science researchers at the University of California, Irvine and other institutions unveil a new process for producing oxide perovskite crystals in exquisitely flexib...

– University of California, Irvine

Nature, June 2019


Dashing the Dream of Ideal ‘Invisibility’ Cloaks for Stress Waves

Some have dreamt of creating the perfect cloak to make buildings impervious to stress waves caused by bombs, earthquakes or other calamities. Sorry, researchers are now dashing the dream. But there's still hope. It is possible to make imperfect, r...

– Georgia Institute of Technology

Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis; ARO W911NF-16-1-0064; ARO W911NF-18-1-0003


Berkeley Lab Technology Provides Clarity Amid Hawaiian Water Contamination Concerns

For years, routine testing has shown that watersheds of the Mahaulepu Valley and Waikomo Stream in southeast Kauai frequently contain high counts of potentially pathogenic fecal indicator bacteria (FIB). To better understand the cause of the high FIB...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory


Penn State takes first, second place in international image-dehazing challenge

The dehazing algorithm has strong implications for the future of autonomous driving.

– Penn State College of Engineering


Manipulating Light-Matter Interaction Unlocks Properties for Quantum Information Storage and Computing

Researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute have come up with a way to manipulate tungsten diselenide (WSe2) —a promising two-dimensional material—to further unlock its potential to enable faster, more efficient computing, and even quantum in...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

Nature Communications


New Molecular Sieves

Molecular sieves are useful in many industrial processes, especially in the chemical and energy sectors. They could be used to remove contaminants from water and have received attention for potential applications in aerospace, rail transportation, au...

– University of Delaware

Nature Chemistry


Thwarting oil-pipeline corrosion by identifying a nanoscale villain

Certain molecules of iron, when juxtaposed, have been found by Sandia National Labs and Aramco Research Center researchers to cause microscopic holes in steel pipe used for oil transport.

– Sandia National Laboratories

Nature’s Materials Degradation


Researchers Discover What Makes Deep-Sea Dragonfish Teeth Transparent

A team of researchers led by the University of California San Diego have discovered what’s responsible for making the teeth of the deep-sea dragonfish transparent. This unique adaptation, which helps camouflage the dragonfish from their prey, resul...

– University of California San Diego

Matter, June-2019; FA9550-15-0009 ; FA9550-10-1-0555

Embargo expired on 05-Jun-2019 at 11:00 ET


Metal Foam Stops .50 Caliber Rounds As Well As Steel – At Less Than Half the Weight

Researchers have demonstrated that vehicle armor using composite metal foam can stop ball and armor-piercing .50 caliber rounds as well as conventional steel armor, even though it weighs less than half as much.

– North Carolina State University

Composite Structures, May-2019


A Virtual Substrate Opens Path to Oxide Films on Silicon for Application in 5G, MEMS, Sensors and Quantum Computation

Proof that a new ability to grow thin films of an important class of materials called complex oxides will, for the first time, make these materials commercially feasible, according to Penn State materials scientists.

– Penn State Materials Research Institute

Nature Communications June-2019


Study Suggests New Computer Analytics May Solve the Hospital Readmission Puzzle

A University of Maryland School of Medicine study suggests that a novel machine learning model developed at the University of Maryland Medical System (UMMS), called the Baltimore score (B score), may help hospitals better predict which discharged pat...

– University of Maryland Medical Center/School of Medicine

JAMA Network Open


Food freshness sensors could replace 'use-by' dates to cut food waste

The researchers say the new sensors could help detect spoilage and reduce food waste for supermarkets and consumers.

– Imperial College London

ACS Sensors


Solving a Beta Decay Puzzle

Researchers use advanced nuclear models to explain 50-year mystery surrounding the process stars use to transform elements.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nature Physics (2019). [DOI: 10.1038/s41567-019-0450-7]


Electron Bunches Keep Ions Cool at RHIC

Accelerator physicists have demonstrated a groundbreaking technique using bunches of electrons to keep beams of particles cool at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC)—a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science user facility for nuclear phy...

– Brookhaven National Laboratory


The Foreseeable Future

Data science is used to predict everything from crimes to Yelp reviews. Darden Professor Michael Porter is leading the practice of predictive modeling, finding patterns in human behavior in hopes of benefiting society.

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business


Everything Will Connect to the Internet Someday, and This Biobattery Could Help Make That a Reality

In the future, small paper and plastic devices will be able to connect to the internet for a short duration, providing information on everything from healthcare to consumer products, before they are thrown away. Researchers at Binghamton University, ...

– Binghamton University, State University of New York

Journal of Power Sources, May-2019


Researchers Rely on SDSC's 'Comet' Supercomputer to Showcase Color-Changing Materials

According to a release issued in April by Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), a serendipitous discovery by graduate student Dylan T. Christiansen has led to materials that quickly change color from completely clear to a range of vibrant h...

– University of California San Diego

TG-DMR160146; Journal of the American Chemical Society


Networking with ghosts in the machine... and speaking kettles

Imagine for just a moment that your kettle could speak? What would it say? How would it feel? More importantly, what on earth would you ask it?

– Lancaster University

The Design Journal


Deep Learning Techniques Teach Neural Model to “Play” Retrosynthesis

Researchers at Columbia Engineering have developed a new technique based on reinforcement learning that trains a neural network model to correctly select the “best” reaction at each step of the retrosynthetic process. This form of AI provides a f...

– Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

ACS Central Science


CSUs Awarded $7M to Improve Equity in STEM Education

Six CSU campuses will receive a combined $7.5 million to reimagine online courses in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) fields: Fullerton, Humboldt, Los Angeles, San Luis Obispo, San Marcos and Sonoma. ​The awards are issued...

– California State University (CSU) Chancellor's Office


Researchers get most comprehensive view yet of lithium-ion battery electrode damage

A multi-institute team of researchers has developed the most comprehensive view yet of how repeated charging damages lithium-ion battery electrodes. Manufacturers could potentially use this information to design more reliable and longer-lasting batte...

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Yang Yang et al., Advanced Energy Materials, 29 May 2019 (10.1002/aenm.201900674); Rong Xu et al., Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 11 May 2019 (10.1016/j.jmps.2019.05.003)...


On the road to efficiency

Argonne researchers are transforming America's transportation and energy systems with machine learning, an iterative version of artificial intelligence.

– Argonne National Laboratory


Human Excellence in the Smart Machine Age: An Introduction

A tsunami of technology is about to change the way people live and work. In this introduction of the article collection Human Excellence in the Smart Machine Age, Professor Ed Hess explains what skills humans need to hone in order to meet the challen...

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business


Mechanism Design: The Essence of Modern Problem Solving

Sixty years ago, famous American economist Leonid Hurwicz did groundbreaking research about the economic mechanisms theory. Today, Darden expert is interested in designing mechanisms to solve big challenges like energy usage and traffic flows.

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business


Announcements


DHS Releases Two Compliance Assessment Bulletins for Public Comment

DHS S&T announced the release of two Project 25 (P25) Compliance Assessment Program (CAP) draft Compliance Assessment Bulletins (CAB) for review and comment. The draft CABs are available for public comment through July 19, 2019, and they address P25 ...

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


Michael Zentner Joins SDSC to Lead Sustainable Scientific Software Group

The San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC) at the University of California San Diego today announced the appointment of Michael Zentner as director of Sustainable Scientific Software, effective immediately.

– University of California San Diego


It’s Alive! UNH Researchers Create Innovative “Living” Bridge

Engineers at the University of New Hampshire have designed a unique living laboratory on a heavily traveled iconic bridge which could change the way infrastructure is viewed. The Memorial Bridge, which links Portsmouth, New Hampshire to Kittery, Main...

– University of New Hampshire


New App Provides Emergency Response Vehicles with the Fastest, Safest Path to Incident Scenes

QuickRoute uses GPS and routing data to provide turn-by-turn directions, and it features an alerting mechanism to warn responders of hazards along the route, such as a flooded road, an accident, or downed power lines.

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate

The Pew Research Center


Expert Pitch


The @WHO officially recognized '#gaming disorder' as a medical condition a few weeks ago. A @JohnsHopkins @JohnsHopkinsSPH researcher doesn't think it's fair for gamers, who build strong relationships through games (CC @E3 #E3). She's available for interv

– Johns Hopkins University

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