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Newswise Special Wire
Monday, June 24, 2019

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Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire for 24-Jun-2019

Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire

Tech news for the public and news media. More stories can be found at the Newswise Technology News Source and the Engineering News Source.

Former Gov. O’Malley Shines Light on Need for Evidence-based Policy Making at Data Science for the Public Good Forum

Former Maryland Gov. Martin O’Malley was the inaugural speaker of the Data Science for the Public Good Distinguished Speaker Series, co-hosted by Darden at the School’s Washington, D.C., area facility.

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business

EHR medication lists lack accuracy, may threaten patient safety

Almost 1 in 4 medications were mismatched between the clinician’s notes and the formal medication list in a patient's electronic medical record, according to study of ophthalmic medications by Kellogg Eye Center.

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

JAMA Ophthalmology

Record efficiency for a gas engine

At the end of May, the final meeting of the "Horizon 2020" project "GasOn" with the EU Commission took place in Brussels. The aim of this EU project was the further development of gas engines for cars and vans. Around 20 partners participated, includ...

– Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology

Multi-mobile (M2) Computing System Makes Android and iOS Apps Sharable on Multiple Devices

Computer scientists at Columbia Engineering have developed a new computing system that enables current, unmodified mobile apps to combine and share multiple devices, including cameras, displays, speakers, microphones, sensors, and GPS, across multipl...

– Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Paper presented at MobiSys 2019 June 20 2019

First step towards a better prosthetic leg? Trip people over and over

The first step a Vanderbilt team took in addressing a challenge in lower-body prosthetics was coming to understand the way people with two legs catch themselves, accomplished by covering test subjects with motion-capturing sensors.

– Vanderbilt University

Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation; R01HD088959

A sound idea: a step towards quantum computing

A team at the University of Tsukuba studied a novel process for creating coherent lattice waves inside silicon crystals using ultrashort laser pulses.

– University of Tsukuba

Physical Review B

New Platform Flips Traditional On-Demand Supply Chain Approach on its Head

Research recently published in Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, by systems engineers at Rensselaer, demonstrated how a hierarchical model that provides suppliers with a certain amount of choice could improve supply and demand matching ...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

Transportation Research Part B: Methodological

Neutrons get a wider angle on DNA and RNA to advance 3D models

Scientists from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland used neutrons at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to capture new information about DNA and RNA molecules and enable more accurate computer si...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Scaffold Helps Cells Repair Torn Meniscus in Lab Tests

About a million times a year, Americans with a torn meniscus get surgery, but certain tears don't heal well. Duke scientists have developed a scaffold from a pig’s meniscus that performed better in lab tests than healing without a scaffold.

– Duke Health

Scientific Reports; AG028716, AR048852, AG015768, AR073752, AG046927, AR073221, AR074800, AR065527

Mineral Discovery Made Easier: X-Ray Technique Shines a New Light on Tiny, Rare Crystals

Like a tiny needle in a sprawling hayfield, a single crystal grain measuring just tens of millionths of a meter – found in a borehole sample drilled in Central Siberia – had an unexpected chemical makeup. And a specialized X-ray technique in use ...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Mineralogical Magazine, May 8, 2019

Synthetic joint lubricant holds promise for osteoarthritis

A new type of treatment for osteoarthritis, currently in canine clinical trials, shows promise for eventual use in humans. The treatment, developed by Cornell University biomedical engineers, is a synthetic version of a naturally occurring joint lubr...

– Cornell University

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, June-2019

A miniature camera for the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope will help test the observatory and take first images

Scientists at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory are building the world’s largest digital camera for astronomy and astrophysics – a minivan-sized 3,200-megapixel ‘eye’ of the future Large Synoptic Survey Telesco...

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Clearing the Decks: MTRI Zooms in on Bridge Damage

A hitch-mounted, cinema-quality camera on a pick-up truck can make bridge inspections safer and faster, developed by the Michigan Tech Research Institute (MTRI) and Michigan Department of Transportation (MDOT).

– Michigan Technological University

Michigan Department of Transportation

A New Manufacturing Process for Aluminum Alloys

Using a novel Solid Phase Processing approach, a research team at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory eliminated several steps that are required during conventional extrusion processing of aluminum alloy powders, while also achieving a significant ...

– Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Materialia, June 2019/1463679

Lighting the way for organic LEDs

Chris Giebink, associate professor of electrical engineering, has been awarded a two-year, $1.1 million grant from the Department of Energy for his research in organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs).

– Penn State College of Engineering

UAH center part of effort to evaluate technologies for first responders

The University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) is the only academic institution selected to be a contractor in a DHS experiment designed to improve first responder communications and on-site information during a major disaster.

– University of Alabama Huntsville

Cross-class collaboration combines cloud computing with ag

In a new collaboration, Cornell students teamed up to learn how to work together to develop the kinds of digital tools that could reshape farming.

– Cornell University

Build Droids, Not Death Stars

A consistent theme throughout the Resilient Space: Emergent Technologies, Faster Implementation Conference 2019 conference was that the U.S. must dramatically increase its speed acquiring space technologies and reduce delivery times. The best way to ...


Supercomputers Aid in Novel Simulations of Gamma Ray Generation Research

UC San Diego mechanical and aerospace engineering graduate student Tao Wang recently demonstrated how an extremely strong magnetic field, similar to that on the surface of a neutron star, can be not only generated but also detected using an x-ray las...

– University of California San Diego

FA9550-17-1-0382; 1632777; Physics of Plasmas Jan-2019

Embargo expired on 17-Jun-2019 at 17:00 ET

What are you worth? New time-banking system utilizes blockchain tech to measure one’s value to society

Citizens from the island of Aneityum in the Republic of Vanuatu are working with faculty from Binghamton University, State University of New York to test their true value as humans.

– Binghamton University, State University of New York

The Second International Workshop on Distributed Ledger of Things (DLoT), June-2019

Report Surveying Digital Credentials in Healthcare Released by FSMB

The Federation of State Medical Boards (FSMB) has released a report entitled “Healthcare and Digital Credentials: Technical, Legal, and Regulatory Considerations”. This report surveys and expands upon the FSMB’s experience applying digital tech...

– Federation of State Medical Boards (FSMB)


Science Snapshots: new nitrides, artificial photosynthesis, and TMDC semiconductors

From Berkeley Lab: groundbreaking study maps out paths to new nitride materials; new framework for artificial photosynthesis; TMDCs don’t have to be perfect to shine bright.

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Nature Materials; PNAS; Science

Story Tips from the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory, June 17 2019

ORNL story tips: New builders’ tool by ORNL assesses design performance before construction begins; new pressure technique to manipulate magnetism in thin films could enhance electronic devices; ORNL outlines quantum sensing advances for better air...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Physical Review Letters, May-2019; ACS Photonics, May-2019

Artificial intelligence can make the U.S. electric grid smarter

With the assistance of artificial intelligence, researchers at Argonne are developing new ways to extract insights about the electric grid from mountains of data, with the goal of ensuring reliability and efficiency. The work combines Argonne's long-...

– Argonne National Laboratory

kibaekkim PES-GCN-preprint

Researchers capture microscopic manufacturing flaws via high-speed X-ray movies

Microscopic defects that occur in laser-based manufacturing of metal parts can lead to big problems if undetected, and the process of fixing these flaws can increase the time and cost of high-tech manufacturing. But new research into the cause of the...

– Missouri University of Science and Technology

Physical Review X

Parceling Particle Beams

Beam chopper cuts accelerator-generated ion beams under highly demanding conditions.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

61st ICFA Advanced Beam Dynamics Workshop on High-Intensity and High-Brightness Hadron Beams, Daejon, Korea (2018).; 9th International Particle Accelerator Conference, Vancouver, BC (2018)....

Mobile Technology and Home Broadband 2019

The share of Americans who primarily go online through a smartphone has nearly doubled in recent years, a new Pew Research Center survey finds. Today, 37% of U.S. adults say that when using the internet, they mostly do so on a smartphone. This share ...

– Pew Research Center

Inside the mind of the online shopper

A new study found online shoppers are more concerned with finding a good deal, whereas offline shoppers care more about the overall quality and purchase of the experience. Type of purchase, age and gender are also key factors that factor into online ...

– University of Delaware

Journal of Retailing

National Maglab Creates World-Record Magnetic Field with Small, Compact Coil

A novel magnet half the size of a cardboard toilet tissue roll usurped the title of “world’s strongest magnetic field” from the metal titan that had held it for two decades at the Florida State University-headquartered National High Magnetic Fi...

– Florida State University


At DOE’s Manufacturing Demonstration Facility, science drives next-gen creations

American ingenuity is providing radical productivity improvements from advanced materials and robotic systems developed at the Department of Energy’s Manufacturing Demonstration Facility at Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

He Quieted Jet Engines That Used to Burst Eardrums

The roar of passenger jets once commonly caused permanent hearing loss, but one aerospace engineer in particular dedicated decades to making them quieter. Here are some of his methods, which landed him in the National Academy of Engineering in 2019. ...

– Georgia Institute of Technology

Pulsed Electron Beams Shed Light on Plastics Production

Researchers at Berkeley Lab have developed a pulsed electron beam technique that enables high-resolution imaging of magnesium chloride without damage. This approach could apply to a vast range of beam-sensitive materials, and help to create a path to...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Advanced Functional Materials

Electric vehicles would be a breath of fresh air for Houston

Cornell University researchers are expressing hope for the future of Houston’s breathable air, despite the city’s poor rankings in the American Lung Association’s 2019 “State of the Air” report. The report, released in April, ranked Houston...

– Cornell University

Atmospheric Environment, June-2019

iPhone plus nanoscale porous silicon equals cheap, simple home diagnostics

The team combined their research on low-cost, nanostructured thin films with a device most American adults already own.

– Vanderbilt University

Analyst; W911NF-15-1-0176; DMR-1263182

Behind the magic: Making moving photos a reality

UW researchers have figured out how to take a person from a 2D photo or a work of art and make them run, walk or jump out of the frame. The system also allows users to view the animation in three dimensions using augmented reality tools.

– University of Washington

Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition

Increase in resolution, scale take CT scanning and diagnosis to the next level

To diagnose and treat diseases like cancer, scientists and doctors must understand how cells respond to different medical conditions and treatments. Researchers have developed a new way to study disease at the cellular level.

– Penn State College of Medicine

Preparing Scientific Applications for Exascale Computing

A Brookhaven-hosted hackathon helped teams make use of new features in the OpenMP programming standard to support next-gen supercomputing.

– Brookhaven National Laboratory

UCI computer scientists breathe life into Venice Biennale installations

Computer scientists from the University of California, Irvine are making a splash in the art world this year through their participation in Italy’s Venice Biennale, one of the oldest and most prestigious cultural festivals. The team – led by Alex...

– University of California, Irvine

Machine Learning Approach for Low-Dose CT Imaging Yields Superior Results

Machine learning has the potential to vastly advance medical imaging, particularly computerized tomography (CT) scanning, by reducing radiation exposure and improving image quality.

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

Nature Machine Intelligence

All-woman team commands rock-zapping laser on Mars

The laser that zaps rocks on Mars is commanded by a talented group of engineers and scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory—who also happen to all be women, a rarity in the engineering field.

– Los Alamos National Laboratory

New look at old data leads to cleaner engines

New insights about how to understand and ultimately control the chemistry of ignition behavior and pollutant formation have been discovered in research led by Sandia National Laboratories. The discovery eventually will lead to cleaner, more efficient...

– Sandia National Laboratories


DHS Small Business Innovation Research Program Awards 1,000th Contract

DHS SBIR program has awarded the 1,000th SBIR contract since the program’s initiation in 2004.

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate

SDSC Receives New Funding for West Big Data Innovation Hub

The National Science Foundation (NSF) has awarded a second round of funding for the country’s four Big Data Innovation Hubs – organizations where academics, community leaders, regional business, and local and state government representatives coll...

– University of California San Diego

1916481; 1916573; 1915774

Energy Department to Invest $32 Million in Computer Design of Materials

The U.S. Department of Energy announced that it will invest $32 million over the next four years to accelerate the design of new materials through use of supercomputers.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

UB team awarded $1.8 million to develop carbon capture technology

University at Buffalo researchers are leading a multi-institution project to develop materials called membranes that can separate carbon dioxide (CO2) from other gases — a technology that factories and power plants could easily install to cut down ...

– University at Buffalo

Penn State electrical engineering student receives Erickson Discovery Grant

The Erikson Discovery Grant Program was established to support undergraduate students during the summer as they pursue original projects under the mentorship of a faculty member. The program was named in honor of the University’s 17th president. Th...

– Penn State College of Engineering

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai to Establish World-Class Center for Artificial Intelligence: Hamilton and Amabel James Center for Artificial Intelligence and Human Health

Center for Genomic Health: first in New York City to integrate genomic screening into routine primary care

– Mount Sinai Health System

ORNL welcomes seven new research fellows to Innovation Crossroads

Oak Ridge National Laboratory welcomed seven technology innovators to join the third cohort of Innovation Crossroads, the Southeast’s only entrepreneurial research and development program based at a U.S. Department of Energy national laboratory.

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Expert Pitch

Regulation Expert Available to Discuss Proposed Internet Censorship Bill

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Anne Toomey McKenna comments on the newly re-introduced "hacking back" legislation.

– Penn State Institute for CyberScience

Many uses for high-frequency radar in the Great Lakes: warning ships, tracking spills, monitoring algal blooms

– Michigan Technological University

Research Director can discuss cyber-fraud, robocalls, spam and malware and phishing attacks

– University of Alabama at Birmingham





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