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Thursday, August 1, 2019

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Climate and the Environment News from Newswise 01-Aug-2019
 

Climate Change and Environmental News and Experts for the Media

Newswise provides experts for the media on hurricanes, wildfires, and other natural disasters, as well as the latest research in Environmental Science and Climate Science.



How Roads Can Help Cool Sizzling Cities

Special permeable concrete pavement can help reduce the “urban heat island effect” that causes cities to sizzle in the summer, according to a Rutgers-led team of engineers. Their study appears in the Journal of Cleaner Production.

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Journal of Cleaner Production; Rutgers Today


Species aren’t adapting fast enough to cope with climate change, according to new study

Many species are adapting to climate change, but those adaptations aren’t occurring fast enough to guarantee their long-term survival, according to a recent study that analyzed 10,000 published scientific papers. An Iowa State University biologist ...

– Iowa State University

Nature Communicationsvolume 10, Article number: 3109 (2019)


Can soil microbes adapt to different climates and regions?

Rhizobia can differ between continents, countries, and even the same farm field!

– Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)


Overturning the truth on conservation tillage

Conservation tillage does not lower yield in modern cropping systems

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Agricultural & Environmental Letters; 69-3A75-17-282


Volunteers and Deep Computer Learning Help Expand Red Tide Warning Systems

A new study published in the peer-review journal PLoS ONE shows that citizen science volunteers using a relatively low-cost tool can help increase the size and accuracy of a red tide monitoring network to better protect public health from the impacts...

– Gulf of Mexico Coastal Ocean Observing System-Regional Association (GCOOS-RA)

PLoS ONE, June 20, 2019


Researchers develop novel process to study how trees affect building temperatures, air flow in extreme heat

Researchers at Iowa State University have developed a model to test how shading and air flow can improve indoor temperatures during the sweltering heat of Midwest summers.

– Iowa State University

Comfort at the Extremes 2019 Conference, Apr-2019


Study shows warming Arctic temperatures contributing to North American heat waves

New research, conducted in part at Texas State University, suggests that warming temperatures in the Arctic may be contributing to a rise in North American heat waves.The study highlights a statistical relationship between Arctic sea ice and extreme ...

– Texas State University

JGR Atmospheres


Model Babies for Better Reef Management

A group of Australian scientists has created the world’s first computer model that can accurately predict the movements of baby coral trout across the Great Barrier Reef.

– James Cook University

PLOS Biology


Krypton reveals ancient water beneath the Israeli desert

Getting reliable precipitation data from the past has proven difficult, as is predicting regional changes for climate models in the present. A combination of isotope techniques developed by researchers at Argonne and UChicago may help resolve both.

– Argonne National Laboratory

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS)


Biodiversity highest on Indigenous-managed lands

More than one million plant and animal species worldwide are facing extinction, according to a recent United Nations report.

– University of British Columbia

Environmental Science & Policy


Climate change alters tree demography in northern forests

The rise in temperature and precipitation levels in summer in northern Japan has negatively affected the growth of conifers and resulted in their gradual decline

– Hokkaido University

Forest Economy and Management


Investing in energy storage for solar, wind power could greatly reduce greenhouse gas emissions

Drive through nearly any corner of America long enough and giant solar farms or rows of wind turbines come into view, all with the goal of increasing the country's renewable energy use and reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

– University of Michigan

Nature Communications

Embargo expired on 30-Jul-2019 at 05:00 ET


Cameras Reveal Secret Lives of Mangrove Stingrays

James Cook University scientists have filmed stingray activity in mangroves for the first time, revealing how different species use the underwater forests and how important the environment is for the animal’s survival.

– James Cook University

MEPS 621:155-168 (2019)


To conserve water, Indian farmers fire up air pollution

A measure to conserve groundwater in northwestern India has led to unexpected consequences: added air pollution in an area already beset by haze and smog.

– Cornell University

Nature Sustainability, June 2019


Conservation or construction? Deciding waterbird hotspots

MSU scientists show that conservation and construction decisions should rely on multiple approaches to determine waterbird “hotspots,” not just on one analysis method as is often done.

– Michigan State University

Methods in Ecology and Evolution


The ADCIRC Prediction System

APS uses modeling technology with a 30-year track record of providing accurate representations of coastal water movement, flooding, and storm impacts.

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


UCI, JPL glaciologists unveil most precise map ever of Antarctic ice velocity

Constructed from a quarter century’s worth of satellite data, a new map of Antarctic ice velocity by glaciologists from the University of California, Irvine and NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory is the most precise ever created. Published today i...

– University of California, Irvine

Geophysical Research Letters, July-2019


National database will enhance public safety during wildfires

A national address database with geographical coordinates, known as address point data, can help emergency managers warn and evacuate residents during a wildfire.

– South Dakota State University

International Journal of Disaster Risk and Reducaiton, Oct.-2019


Study considers sensory impacts of global climate change

Studies of how global change is impacting marine organisms have long focused on physiological effects--for example an oyster's decreased ability to build or maintain a strong shell in an ocean that is becoming more acidic due to excess levels of carb...

– Virginia Institute of Marine Science

Frontiers in Marine Science


UMD studies green infrastructure to manage more intense stormwater with climate change

UMD researchers are connecting climate change to urban and suburban stormwater management, with the ultimate goal of increasing resiliency to major storm events. With models not only predicting more rain, but an increased frequency of particularly in...

– University of Maryland, College Park

Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management


Research Uncovers Possible Trigger for Beginnings of Life on Earth as We Know It

Approximately 2.4 billion years ago, the Great Oxidation Event, which dramatically increased the oxygen content in Earth’s atmosphere, paved the way for the rise of all lifeforms that use oxygen to break down nutrients for energy. While scientists ...

– Missouri University of Science and Technology

American Minerologist paper


Preventing people from abandoning exotic pets that threatened biodiversity

Abandoning exotic pets is an ethical problem that can lead to biological invasions that threaten conservation of biodiversity in the environment.

– Universidad De Barcelona

Biological Invasions


Bacteria enhance coral resilience to climate change effects

Coral reefs are delicate ecosystems that are particularly sensitive to human influences such as climate change and environmental pollution. Even if the warming of the earth does not exceed 1.5 to 2 degrees Celsius - a limit set by the International P...

– University of Konstanz

Nature Communications


Worm Pheromones Protect Major Crops, Scientists Find

Protecting crops from pests and pathogens without using toxic pesticides has been a longtime goal of farmers. Researchers at the Boyce Thompson Institute have found that compounds from an unlikely source – microscopic soil roundworms – could achi...

– Cornell University

Journal of Phytopathology, May-2019


Underwater Glacial Melting Occurring Much Faster Than Predicted

Underwater melting of tidewater glaciers is occurring much faster than previously thought, according to a new study by researchers at Rutgers and the University of Oregon. The findings, which could lead to improved forecasting of climate-driven sea l...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Science; Rutgers Today


Policy and Public Affairs


2019 Regional Ocean Partnership Act Introduced

Mississippi Senator Wicker introduced the Regional Ocean Partnership Act, July 18, 2019. The Act, if passed, will authorize Regional Ocean Partnerships (ROPs) to address cross-jurisdictional ocean and coastal issues. The Gulf of Mexico Alliance (Alli...

– Gulf of Mexico Alliance


Expert Pitch


The Critical Societal Role of Materials Science in Energy and Sustainability, Expert Available for Comment

– Materials Research Society (MRS)

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