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Thursday, August 8, 2019

Public edition | newswise.com

Climate and the Environment News from Newswise 08-Aug-2019
 

Climate Change and Environmental News and Experts for the Media

Newswise provides experts for the media on hurricanes, wildfires, and other natural disasters, as well as the latest research in Environmental Science and Climate Science.



A Rocky Relationship: 2.5 Billion Years of Earth’s Continents Breaking Up and Getting Back Together

A new study of rocks that formed billions of years ago lends fresh insight into how Earth’s plate tectonics, or the movement of large pieces of Earth’s outer shell, evolved over the planet’s 4.56-billion-year history.

– Johns Hopkins University

Nature, August-2019

Embargo expired on 07-Aug-2019 at 13:00 ET


Researchers Find Depleted Seamounts Near Hawaii Recovering After Decades Of Federal Protection

After years of federally mandated protection, scientists see signs that a once ecologically fertile area known as the Hawaiian-Emperor Seamount Chain is making a comeback.

– Florida State University

Science Advances

Embargo expired on 07-Aug-2019 at 14:00 ET


Cover Crops, Compost and Carbon

Comparing techniques in organic farming that influence soil health

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Soil Science Society of America Journal


Global climate trend since Dec. 1 1978: +0.13 C per decade

Global Temperature Report: July 2019

– University of Alabama Huntsville


New Study Could Reset How Scientists View Sex Determination in Painted Turtle Populations

A study that looks at how temperature influences the development of painted turtles may lead biologists to rethink the theoretical frameworks they use when analyzing the topic. The study, led by an Iowa State scientist, found wide variation within lo...

– Iowa State University

Functional Ecology

Embargo expired on 06-Aug-2019 at 00:05 ET


SharkCam Reveals Secret Lives of Basking Sharks in UK

An autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) known as the REMUS SharkCam has been used in the UK for the first time to observe the behavior of basking sharks in the Inner Hebrides, off the west coast of Scotland.

– Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution


Surprising Level of Biodiversity Found among WNY Lichen Populations

Lichens are the proverbial “canaries in the coal mine” when it comes to looking at the damaging effects of pollution in a given area. However, urban areas can be viable habitats, as the lichens in Western New York show.

– SUNY Buffalo State

Journal of Urban Ecology


Male black widows piggyback on work of rivals in a desperate attempt to find a mate

Study finds males will follow silk road left by their rivals in search of a mate.

– University of Toronto

Proceedings of the Royal Society B


How the Pacific Ocean influences long-term drought in the Southwestern U.S.

Analyzing the full life cycle of long-term droughts and how they relate to El Niño and La Niña conditions in the Pacific Ocean could eventually lead to better prediction of damaging, multiyear droughts in the Southwestern U.S.

– University of Washington

Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres


In the future, this electricity-free tech could help cool buildings in metro areas

Engineers designed a new system to help cool buildings in crowded metropolitan areas without consuming electricity, an important innovation as cities work to adapt to climate change. The system consists of an inexpensive polymer/aluminum film that’...

– University at Buffalo

(Nature Sustainability) 10.1038/s41893-019-0348-5

Embargo expired on 05-Aug-2019 at 11:00 ET


Geoengineering Versus a Volcano

While it's important to evaluate geoengineering proposals from an informed position, the best way to reduce climate risk is to reduce emissions

– Carnegie Institution for Science

Geophysical Research Letters


New Zealand's Biodiversity Will Take Millions of Years to Recover

The arrival of humans in New Zealand, some 700 years ago, triggered a wave of extinction among native bird species. Many more species are currently under threat. Recent calculations by scientists from the University of Groningen in the Netherlands an...

– University of Groningen

Current Biology


Restoring Forests Means Less Fuel for Wildfire and More Storage for Carbon

"With predictions of widespread mortality of western U.S. forests under climate change," McCauley states, "our study addresses how large-scale restoration of overly-dense, fire-adapted forests is one of the few tools available to managers that could ...

– Ecological Society of America

Ecological Applications


Cornell to House Nation’s First Industrial Hemp Seed Bank

Cornell University will house the nation’s only industrial hemp germplasm repository – a seed bank – co-located at Cornell AgriTech in Geneva, New York.

– Cornell University


Researchers calculate soil freezing depth from satellite data

A team of researchers from the Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), the Institute for Water and Environmental Problems of the Siberian Branch of RAS, and the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT) has proposed...

– Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT)

Studying the Earth From Space; MIPT


Ancient plankton help researchers predict near-future climate

The Mauna Loa Observatory in Hawai'i recently recorded the highest concentration of carbon dioxide, or CO2, levels in human history.

– University of Arizona

Geophysical Research Letters


Expert Pitch


Climatologist Available to Discuss IPCC Special Report on Climate Change and Land

– University at Albany, State University of New York


IU experts available to comment on United Nations climate report

– Indiana University


Upcoming IPCC Report to Call for Urgent Food System Reforms

– Cornell University


Rutgers Climatologist Can Discuss New Jersey’s Unusually Warm, Wet July

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick


Miscellaneous


Study Finds Female and Immature Hammerhead Sharks Need More Protection

– Wildlife Conservation Society

IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science


Limited Data on Indonesia’s Sharks and Rays Leaves Species Vulnerable to Overfishing

– Wildlife Conservation Society

IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science


Researchers Use DNA-barcoding to ID Sharks in World’s Largest Shark Fishery

– Wildlife Conservation Society

IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science

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