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Newswise Special Wire
Monday, August 12, 2019

Public edition | newswise.com

Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire for 12-Aug-2019
 

Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire

Tech news for the public and news media. More stories can be found at the Newswise Technology News Source and the Engineering News Source.



Thinnest optical waveguide channels light within just three layers of atoms

...

– University of California San Diego

Nature Nanotechnology, Aug-2019; EFMA-1542879

Embargo expired on 12-Aug-2019 at 11:00 ET


Researchers convert used car batteries into units that could power farms in the developing world

As part of a Circular Economy for electric vehicle battery systems, as the number of such vehicles increases rapidly, the need to find the best way to reuse and recycle vehicle batteries becomes just as intense. Now researchers at WMG

– University of Warwick


Diabetes Data Analysis Will Lead to Improved Glucose Monitoring and Insulin Delivery

A new project funded by JDRF, the leading global organization funding Type 1 diabetes research, and led by Wayne Bequette, professor of chemical and biological engineering at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, aims to use artificial intelligence and b...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)


Smartphone Apps May Connect to Vulnerable Backend Cloud Servers

Cybersecurity researchers have discovered vulnerabilities in the backend systems that feed content and advertising to smartphone applications through a network of cloud-based servers that most users probably don’t even know exists.

– Georgia Institute of Technology

2019 USENIX Security Symposium; FA9550-14-1-0119 ; 1834215


Artificial Intelligence Could Yield More Accurate Breast Cancer Diagnoses

UCLA researchers have developed an artificial intelligence system that could help pathologists read biopsies more accurately and to better detect and diagnose breast cancer.

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

JAMA Network Open

Embargo expired on 09-Aug-2019 at 11:00 ET


Bending the rules: A revolutionary new way for metals to be malleable

For nearly 100 years, scientists thought they understood everything there was to know about how metals bend. They were wrong. Researchers at the University of Wisconsin–Madison have demonstrated that the rules of metal-bending aren’t so hard and ...

– University of Wisconsin-Madison

Nature Communications Aug. 9, 2019

Embargo expired on 09-Aug-2019 at 05:00 ET


Enhancing the Quality of AI Requires Moving Beyond the Quantitative, New Analysis Concludes

Artificial Intelligence engineers should enlist ideas and expertise from a broad range of social science disciplines, including those embracing qualitative methods, in order to reduce the potential harm of their creations and to better serve society ...

– New York University

Nature Machine Intelligence

Embargo expired on 09-Aug-2019 at 11:00 ET


Scientists Can Now Control Thermal Profiles at the Nanoscale

Scientists have tested an experimental system that uses a near-infrared laser to actively heat two gold nanorod antennae to different temperatures. The nanorods are electromagnetically and thermally coupled, yet the team measured reversible temperatu...

– University of Washington

ACS Nano


Machine Learning Helps Create Detailed, Efficient Models of Water

A team devised a way to better model water’s properties. They developed a machine-learning workflow that offers accurate and computationally efficient models.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science


Researchers Hack One of the World's Most Secure Industrial Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC)

Israeli researchers have managed to take control of a Siemens programmable logic controller (PLC), considered to be one of the safest controllers in the world. PLCs are used in a wide spectrum of operations including power stations, water pumps, vehi...

– American Technion Society

Black Hat USA, August-2019


Self Healing Robots That "Feel Pain"

Over the next three years, researchers from the Vrije Universiteit Brussel, University of Cambridge, École Supérieure de Physique et de Chimie Industrielles de la ville de Paris (ESPCI-Paris) and Empa will be working together with the Dutch Polymer...

– Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology


New Robotic Laser Measurement System Improves and Accelerates Automotive Quality Inspection

Engineers at WMG at the University of Warwick have developed and installed a new, robotic measuring system, capable of accurately and repeatedly measuring large objects on the production line, such as car body-shells, in a fraction of the time tradit...

– University of Warwick


How a chicken farmer landed a job in cybersecurity

Logan Carpenter worked on a chicken farm through high school. Now, he conducts cybersecurity research. The link was a pipeline program that connects students at historically black colleges and universities with cybersecurity internships at Sandia and...

– Sandia National Laboratories


Predicting the risk of cancer with computational electrodynamics

A team of researchers from Northwestern University is using Argonne supercomputers to develop a low-cost, high-throughput optical microscopy technique capable of detecting macromolecular alterations for predicting and quantifying cancer risks at extr...

– Argonne National Laboratory


How technology shapes mass murder

In the wake of the mass shootings in El Paso and Dayton this week, Roth said his research suggests that the government needs to regulate the most deadly guns and make it harder for the public to buy them

– Ohio State University

A Right to Bear Arms? The Contested Role of History in Contemporary Debates on the Second Amendment; American Homicide


SharkCam Reveals Secret Lives of Basking Sharks in UK

An autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) known as the REMUS SharkCam has been used in the UK for the first time to observe the behavior of basking sharks in the Inner Hebrides, off the west coast of Scotland.

– Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution


Robotic Cane Shown to Improve Stability in Walking

By adding electronics and computation technology to a simple cane that has been around since ancient times, Columbia Engineering researchers have transformed it into a 21st century robotic device that can provide light-touch assistance in walking to ...

– Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters.


Antineutrino Detection Could Help Remotely Monitor Nuclear Reactors

Technology to measure the flow of subatomic particles known as antineutrinos from nuclear reactors could allow continuous remote monitoring designed to detect fueling changes that might indicate the diversion of nuclear materials. The monitoring coul...

– Georgia Institute of Technology

Nature Communications


Snapshot: S&T, Israel Tackle Cargo Shipping Security

Securing the global supply chain, while ensuring its smooth functioning, is essential to U.S. national security. S&T and Israel’s Ministry of Public Security teamed up to tackle that issue through the Low Cost Disposable Electronic Seals Pilot.

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


Reverse Engineering the Fireworks of Life

Princeton biologists reverse engineer the microtubules that make up cell walls and spindles

– Princeton University

eLife


In the Heat of the Light

Scientists at Argonne and Oak Ridge national laboratories are drawing on decades of nuclear research on salts to advance a promising solar technology.

– Argonne National Laboratory


Announcements


Oregon State University College of Engineering receives diversity recognition award

The Oregon State University College of Engineering has been selected to be an “exemplar” recipient of a Bronze Award in the first year of the American Society for Engineering Education Diversity Recognition Program.

– Oregon State University, College of Engineering


University of Maryland, Baltimore Researchers' Startup, Pumas-AI, Launches Cutting-Edge Healthcare Software

Pumas-AI, a new company founded by University of Maryland School of Pharmacy faculty members, has released a pharmaceutical modeling platform that utilizes Julia programming language and enables scientific machine learning, or scientific AI.

– University of Maryland, Baltimore


IDEMIA Identity & Security USA licenses ORNL advanced optical array

IDEMIA Identity & Security USA has licensed an advanced optical array developed at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The portable technology can be used to help identify individuals in challenging outdoor conditions.

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory


Warwick spinout, Stoli Catalysts, wins €1.2m to halve the cost of making medicines, vitamins and food supplements

Stoli Catalysts, a spinout company from the University of Warwick’s School of Engineering has been awarded a €1.2m (£1.1m) grant from the European Innovation Council (EIC) SME Instrument scheme

– University of Warwick

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