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Thursday, August 15, 2019

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Climate and the Environment News from Newswise 15-Aug-2019
 

Climate Change and Environmental News and Experts for the Media

Newswise provides experts for the media on hurricanes, wildfires, and other natural disasters, as well as the latest research in Environmental Science and Climate Science.



How are soil scientists studying soils under water?

Gathering soil samples is a challenge, but findings are important to seafood industry and more

– Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)


Hard-Working Termites Crucial to Forest, Wetland Ecosystems

Soil bedding increases microbial and termite decomposition activity

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Soil Science Society of America Journal


Cool Roofs Can Help Shield California’s Cities Against Heat Waves

A new study by researchers at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory shows that if every building in California sported “cool” roofs by 2050, these roofs would help contribute to protecting urbanites from the consequences of dangerous heatwaves. ...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Environmental Research Letters


Europe has the untapped onshore capacity to meet global energy demand

Europe has the capacity to produce more than 100 times the amount of energy it currently produces through onshore windfarms, new analysis from the University of Sussex and Aarhus University has revealed.

– University of Sussex

Energy Policy


Fracking prompts global spike in atmospheric methane

As methane concentrations increase in the Earth’s atmosphere, chemical fingerprints point to a probable source: shale oil and gas, according to new Cornell University research published in Biogeosciences, a journal of the European Geosciences Union...

– Cornell University

Biogeosciences, Aug. 2019


Study Examines How Media Around the World Frame Climate Change News

Rich countries politicize issue, while poor countries present climate change as international concern

– University of Kansas

Global Environmental Change


Compost key to sequestering carbon in the soil

By moving beyond the surface level and literally digging deep, scientists at the University of California, Davis, found that compost is a key to storing carbon in semi-arid cropland soils, a strategy for offsetting CO2 emissions.

– University of California, Davis

Global Change Biology


Sticky Proteins Help Plants Know When — and Where — to Grow

When it comes to plant growth and development, one hormone is responsible for it all: auxin. New Washington University in St. Louis research has uncovered a mechanism by which it can affect a plant in a myriad of ways.

– Washington University in St. Louis

Molecular Cell, Aug. 14, 2019; IOS-1453750; MCB-1453130; MCB-1614539; MCB-1614766; R01 GM112898-01; R01 5NS056114; 2017R1A2A1A17069734; CMMI-1548571...


Growth of Wind Energy Points to Future Challenges, Promise

Advances in adapting the technology and better methods for predicting wind conditions have fanned significant growth of the use of wind turbines for electricity in the last 40 years. A new report, in Applied Physics Reviews, takes stock of where the ...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Applied Physics Reviews

Embargo expired on 13-Aug-2019 at 11:00 ET


Pollutant Linked to Climate Change Can Accelerate Lung Disease as Much as a Pack a Day of Cigarettes

Long-term exposure to outdoor air pollutants, especially the pollutant ozone, accelerates the development of emphysema and age-related decline in lung function, even among people who have never smoked, according to a study published in the Journal of...

– Columbia University Irving Medical Center

JAMA

Embargo expired on 13-Aug-2019 at 11:00 ET


Scientists Discover Key Factors in How Some Algae Harness Solar Energy

Scientists have discovered how diatoms – a type of alga that produce 20 percent of the Earth’s oxygen – harness solar energy for photosynthesis. The Rutgers University-led discovery, published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy ...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences; Rutgers Today


Coca and conflict: the factors fuelling Colombian deforestation

Deforestation in Colombia has been linked to armed conflict and forests' proximity to coca crops, the plant from which cocaine is derived.

– University of Queensland

Biological Conservation


Doubling down

Over the recent decade, total human impacts to the world's oceans have, on average, nearly doubled and could double again in the next decade without adequate action. That's according to a new study by researchers from the National Center for Ecologic...

– University of California, Santa Barbara

Scientific Reports


University of Kentucky Chemist to Study Atmospheric Reactions of Pollution

The NSF-funded project will focus on how gases, such as ozone, react with pollutants in the atmosphere. The research may help reduce air pollution levels and consequently, human cardiovascular diseases.

– University of Kentucky


Fighting back against the emerald ash borer

Bowling Green State University postdoctoral researcher Dr. Rachel Kappler is continuing her dissertation research of ash trees and emerald ash borers to determine the trees’ possible recovery from this invasive beetle that has killed hundreds of mi...

– Bowling Green State University


Diet change needed to save vast areas of tropics, study warns

One quarter of the world's tropical land could disappear by the end of the century unless meat and dairy consumption falls, researchers have warned.

– University of Edinburgh

Global Environmental Change


New study shows impact of largescale tree death on carbon storage

Largescale 'disturbances', including fires, harvesting, windstorms and insect outbreaks, which kill large patches of forest, are responsible for more than a tenth of tree death worldwide, according to new research at the University of Birmingham.

– University of Birmingham

Nature Geoscience


Largest-Ever Study of Coral Communities Unlocks Global Solution to Save Reefs

The largest study ever conducted of its kind has identified where and how to save coral reef communities in the Indo-Pacific, according to an international group of scientists from WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society) and other conservation NGOs, gove...

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Nature Ecology & Evolution, Aug-2019


Poo’s Clues: Moose Droppings Indicate Isle Royale Ecosystem Health

Moose are picky eaters, and that’s a good thing for their ecosystems.

– Michigan Technological University

Journal of Animal Ecology


Jurassic world of volcanoes found in central Australia

An international team of subsurface explorers from the University of Adelaide in Australia and the University of Aberdeen in Scotland have uncovered a previously undescribed ‘Jurassic World’ of around 100 ancient volcanoes buried deep within the ...

– University of Adelaide

Gondwana Research


Low-Income, Black Neighborhoods Still Hit Hard by Air Pollution

Disease-causing air pollution remains high in pockets of America – particularly those where many low-income and African-American people live, a disparity highlighted in research presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Associati...

– Ohio State University

ASA Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 10-Aug-2019 at 00:05 ET


Despite Temperature Shifts, Treehoppers Manage to Mate

A rare bright spot among dismal climate change predictions, new research findings show that some singing insects are likely to manage to reproduce even in the midst of potentially disruptive temperature changes.

– Saint Louis University Medical Center

The Journal of Evolutionary Biology


Marine heatwaves a bigger threat to coral reefs than previously thought, scientists find

Marine heatwaves are a much bigger threat to coral reefs than previously thought, research revealing a previously unrecognized impact of climate change on coral reefs has shown.

– University of New South Wales

Current Biology


Green Turtles Eat Plastic That Looks Like Their Food

Green turtles are more likely to swallow plastic that resembles their natural diet of sea grass, new research suggests.

– University of Exeter

Scientific Reports


Dramatic Increase in Whales in NJ/NYC Raises Safety Concerns

The number of humpback whale sightings in New York City and northern New Jersey has increased dramatically in recent years, by more than 500 percent, as a result of warmer and cleaner waters, raising the risk of dangerous interactions between the hug...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick


Mega-Cloud from Canadian Wildfires Will Help Model Impacts of Nuclear War

Extreme wildfires in British Columbia, Canada, pumped so much smoke into the upper atmosphere in August 2017 that an enormous cloud circled most of the Northern Hemisphere – a finding in the journal Science that will help scientists model the clima...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Science; Rutgers Today


U-M-led team selected for second $20M federal agreement to manage national estuary research

A collaborative, multisector team, led by the University of Michigan's Water Center at the Graham Sustainability Institute and the School for Environment and Sustainability, has been awarded a five-year, $20 million cooperative agreement to support t...

– University of Michigan


More than 100 years of Arctic sea ice volume reconstructed with help from historic ships' logbooks

A new study provides a 110-year record of the total volume of Arctic sea ice, using early U.S. ships’ voyages to verify the earlier part of the record. The longer record puts the recent loss into perspective.

– University of Washington

Journal of Climate


Back-to-back low snow years will become more common, study projects

Consecutive low snow years may become six times more common across the Western United States over the latter half of this century, leading to ecological and economic challenges such as expanded fire seasons and poor snow conditions at ski resorts, ac...

– American Geophysical Union (AGU)

Geophysical Research Letters


Researchers to quantify and reduce harmful black carbon emissions from jet fuels in global aviation

The number of passengers on airlines almost doubled worldwide from 2007 to 2017 – from 2.2 billion to 4 billion people – according to the World Bank. And the public is increasingly aware of how atmospheric emissions from air travel can negatively...

– Missouri University of Science and Technology


Expert Pitch


A former EPA administrator is available to comment on the lawsuit filed over the Trump Administration's attempts to ease restrictions on coal burning power plants under the Clean Power Plan

– Indiana University


WashU Expert: Proposed changes will stamp out ‘countless species’

– Washington University in St. Louis


Reducing agricultural emissions, called out in IPCC report, with anaerobic digestion

– Michigan Technological University


UCI professor of ecology & evolutionary biology and earth system science, can comment on latest UN report on world's food supply

– University of California, Irvine


UCI urban planning & public policy professor and director, Water UCI, can comment on IPCC "Climate Change and Land" report

– University of California, Irvine


Rutgers Scholar Available to Discuss Media Coverage of Climate Change

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick


Rutgers Expert Available to Discuss IPCC Report on Climate Change and Land

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

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