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Newswise Special Wire
Monday, August 19, 2019

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Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire for 19-Aug-2019
 

Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire

Tech news for the public and news media. More stories can be found at the Newswise Technology News Source and the Engineering News Source.



Don’t Miss a Beat: Computer Simulations May Treat Most Common Heart Rhythm Disorder

Scientists at Johns Hopkins have successfully created personalized digital replicas of the upper chambers of the heart and used them to guide the precise treatment of patients suffering from persistent irregular heartbeats. These simulations accurate...

– Johns Hopkins University

Nature Biomedical Engineering, August-2019; DP1-HL123271; 01-HL141074; 16-SDG-30440006; 16 CVD 02

Embargo expired on 19-Aug-2019 at 11:00 ET


Scientists Report Two Advances in Understanding the Role of ‘Charge Stripes’ in Superconducting Materials

In independent studies, two research teams report important advances in understanding how charge stripes might interact with superconductivity. Both studies were carried out with X-rays at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Labora...

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

J.-J. Wen et al., Nature Communications, 22 July 2019 (10.1038/s41467-019-11167-z); M. Mitrano et al., Science Advances, 16 August 2019 (10.1126/sciadv.aax3346)


Innovative Valve Train Saves 20% Fuel

Up to now, the gas exchange valves of four-stroke engines are controlled through camshaft drives. Despite some complex additional mechanics, the flexibility of such camshaft driven system remains limited. Empa has now developed an innovative, electro...

– Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology

Functionality and Potential of a New Electrohydraulic Valve Train; Zsiga, N., Omanovic, A., Soltic, P. et al. MTZ Worldw (2019) ; Empa press release


A Painless Skin Patch Simplifies Diagnostic Tests

Painless skin patch collects fluid to monitor biomarkers to speed up and simplify routine diagnostic testing.

– National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

ACS Sensors; EB025499


Stanford develops wireless sensors that stick to the skin to track our health

We tend to take our skin's protective function for granted, ignoring its other roles in signaling subtleties like a fluttering heart or a flush of embarrassment.

– Stanford University

Nature Electronics


The future of robots: A psychological approach to human-automation interaction

Assistant professor of psychology Dr. Nathan Tenhundfeld recently established the Advanced Teaming, Technology, Automation, and Computing Lab at UAH to study human-machine teaming.

– University of Alabama Huntsville

Journal of Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making, Aug. 2019 ; The ABOT (Anthropomorphic roBOT) Database


New Tools Help Detect Digital Domestic Abuse

A new clinical model developed by Cornell Tech researchers aims to respond systematically and effectively to the growing array of digital threats against victims of intimate partner violence. Working with the New York City Mayor’s Office to End Dom...

– Cornell University

USENIX Security Symposium, Aug. 2019


Nanoscale “Glass” Bottles Could Enable Targeted Drug Delivery

Tiny silica bottles filled with medicine and a special temperature-sensitive material could be used for drug delivery to kill malignant cells only in certain parts of the body, according to a study published recently by researchers at the Georgia Ins...

– Georgia Institute of Technology

Angewandte Chemie International Edition, July 2019; NSF No. ECCS-1542174


For Superconductors, Discovery Comes From Disorder

In a new study, scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory have explained the ways in which two electronic arrangements compete with each other and ultimately affect the temperature at which a material becomes s...

– Argonne National Laboratory

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences


Snapshot: S&T and Canadian counterparts evaluate AUDREY’s capabilities in a paramedic use case

S&T and DRDC CSS conducted an experiment with S&T’s AUDREY, a human-like reasoning system, to determine if AUDREY can perform data fusion, and provide tailored situational awareness information to the paramedic.

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


Prize-Winning, Student-Designed App Identifies Social Conditions Contributing to Mortality

The Phase 1 prototype of “MortalityMinder” identifies social determinants – including measures of health behavior, clinical care, the physical environment, and social and economic factors – that contribute to “deaths of despair” due to su...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)


The SunCAVE, the World's Highest Resolution Walk-in Virtual Reality Environment, Turns Two

UC San Diego's SunCAVE is the world’s highest resolution walk-in virtual reality environment. It’s one that doctors, archeologists, musicians, computer scientists and students are using to create new means for discovery, healing and understanding...

– University of California San Diego


Stony Brook University to Test Supercomputers for Cutting-Edge, Data-Driven Research

A $5 million grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to the Institute of Advanced Computational Science (IACS) will enable researchers nationwide to test future supercomputing technologies and advance computational and data-driven research o...

– Stony Brook University


New Technology Could Aid Stem Cell Transplantation Research

Nanotechnology developed at Rutgers University–New Brunswick could boost research on stem cell transplantation, which may help people with Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, other neurodegenerative diseases, and central nervous system in...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

ACS Nano


Europe has the untapped onshore capacity to meet global energy demand

Europe has the capacity to produce more than 100 times the amount of energy it currently produces through onshore windfarms, new analysis from the University of Sussex and Aarhus University has revealed.

– University of Sussex

Energy Policy


ASSURE Announces Results of UAH-Led Drone Ground Collision Study

The ASSURE research team released the findings of its 18-month air to ground collision study of small unmanned aircraft systems (sUAS) at a press conference on Wednesday, Aug. 14, at UAH.

– University of Alabama Huntsville


Who’s a ‘Good Boy?’ Astro, FAU’s Smart Robodog That’s Who

What would you get if you combined Apple’s Siri and Amazon’s Alexa with Boston Dynamic’s quadraped robots? You’d get “Astro,” the four-legged seeing and hearing intelligent robodog. Using deep learning and artificial intelligence (AI), sc...

– Florida Atlantic University


Researchers build cannon to test seals in coal mines

Mining and explosives engineering researchers at Missouri University of Science and Technology began testing concrete seals used to close coal mine tunnels this month by loading a cannon with projectiles, shooting them at the seals and testing their ...

– Missouri University of Science and Technology


UNH Technology Helps Map the Way to Solve Mystery of Pilot Amelia Earhart

Researchers from the University of New Hampshire’s Marine School are part of the crew, led by National Geographic Explorer-at-Large Robert Ballard, that is trying to answer questions about the disappearance of pilot Amelia Earhart. UNH has develope...

– University of New Hampshire


AI tool characterizes a song's genre & provides insights regarding perception music

The debate can finally be put to rest--Lil Nas X's record-setting, chart-topping hit "Old Town Road" is indeed country. But it's also a little rock 'n roll. And when you analyze the lyrics and chords together, it's straight-up pop.

– University of Southern California (USC)

Speech, Music, and Mind 2019


Fluorescent glow may reveal hidden life in the cosmos

Astronomers have uncovered a new way of searching for life in the cosmos. Harsh ultraviolet radiation flares from red suns, once thought to destroy surface life on planets, might help uncover hidden biospheres. Their radiation could trigger a protect...

– Cornell University

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Aug. 2019


Sandia abuses batteries for better energy storage

An indoor drop tower allows Sandia researchers to learn more about how lithium-ion batteries —commonly found in electric cars, computers, medical equipment and aircraft — respond to stress. The push for more storage and power drives the need for ...

– Sandia National Laboratories


SMH! Brains trained on e-devices may struggle to understand scientific info

Overuse of electronic devices is no “LOL” matter, according to researchers, who suggest that excessive interaction with e-devices may be related to weaker activity in areas of the brain that are key to understanding scientific texts.

– Penn State Institute for CyberScience

Scientific Reports


Atomic ‘Trojan Horse’ Could Inspire New Generation of X-Ray Lasers and Particle Colliders

An international team of researchers, including scientists from the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, has demonstrated a potentially much brighter electron source based on plasma that could be used in more compact, more p...

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

A. Deng, O. Karger, et al., Nature Physics, 12 August 2019 (10.1038/s41567-019-0610-9)


Advancing telemonitoring technology in Texas

Texas A&M researchers from the College of Engineering and the Health Science Center teamed up on a report that underscores the importance of the use of telemonitoring technology for rural and underserved Texans.

– Texas A&M University


Announcements


Bioenergy startup licenses ORNL food-waste-to-fuel system

Electro-Active Technologies, Inc., of Knoxville, Tenn., has exclusively licensed two biorefinery technologies invented and patented by the startup’s co-founders while working at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The technologies work as a system that ...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory


Stony Brook University's Advanced Computing Institute Receives $6.3M Philanthropic Boost

The Institute for Advanced Computational Science (IACS) at Stony Brook University has received a $6.3 million anonymous donation to advance data-driven research that will improve understanding of some of the world’s most pressing challenges, includ...

– Stony Brook University


DOE/NNSA, Lab announce partnership with Cray to develop NNSA's first exascale supercomputer

The Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) today announced the signing of contracts with Cray Inc. to build the NNSA’s first exascale supercomputer, “El Capita...

– Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Embargo expired on 13-Aug-2019 at 09:00 ET


National Ignition Facility Celebrates 10 Years of Operation

In the decade since Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory’s National Ignition Facility began operations, NIF has routinely heated and compressed matter to some of the most extreme temperatures and pressures ever obtained on Earth – temperatures ...

– Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory


Defense work propels Wichita State University to annual R&D award record

Wichita State University has set a new record for research and development awards, with a total of $136 million in fiscal year 2019, which ended June 30, topping last year’s record-breaking total of $104 million. The significant increase comes f...

– Wichita State University


Expert Pitch


Cybersecurity Expert Available to Comment on New NSA Task Force to Battle Russian Election Interference

– Indiana University


Reducing agricultural emissions, called out in IPCC report, with anaerobic digestion

– Michigan Technological University

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