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Thursday, August 22, 2019

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Climate and the Environment News from Newswise 22-Aug-2019
 

Climate Change and Environmental News and Experts for the Media

Newswise provides experts for the media on hurricanes, wildfires, and other natural disasters, as well as the latest research in Environmental Science and Climate Science.



Switching on the Atlantic heat pump

34 million years ago the warm 'greenhouse climate' of the dinosaur age ended and the colder 'icehouse climate' of today commenced.

– Stockholm University

Nature


Water availability determines carbon uptake under climate warming: study

Increasing atmospheric CO2 concentration is the leading cause of greenhouse effects and global warming.

– Chinese Academy of Sciences

Science Advances


Larger, more frequent fires in boreal forest threaten previously protected carbon stores, international research team reports in Nature

Northern Arizona University postdoc Xanthe Walker led a team that found that legacy carbon, while it remained protected from combustion in older tree stands where the historical fire return interval persisted, it burned in tree stands younger than 60...

– Northern Arizona University

Nature

Embargo expired on 21-Aug-2019 at 13:00 ET


Optimizing Fertilizer Source and Rate to Avoid Root Death

Study assembles canola root’s dose-response curves for nitrogen sources

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Agronomy Journal


Amazon Rainforest Absorbing Less Carbon Than Expected

An international team of scientists, including climate scientists from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, found that accounting for phosphorus-deficient soils reduced projected carbon dioxide uptake by an average of 50% in the Amazon, compared to...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Nature Geoscience


Climate is Changing Faster Than Animal Adaptation

An international team of scientists reviewed more than 10,000 published climate change studies and has reached a sobering conclusion. Birds and other animals cannot adapt fast enough to keep pace with climate change, throwing species survival in doub...

– Cornell University

Nature Communications


Origin of Massive Methane Reservoir Identified

New research from Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) published Aug. 19, 2019, in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science provides evidence of the formation and abundance of abiotic methane—methane formed by chemical reactions t...

– Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Proceedings of the National Academy of Science


Extreme evolution: Researchers find hurricanes drive the evolution of more aggressive spiders

Researchers at McMaster University who rush in after storms to study the behaviour of spiders have found that extreme weather events such as tropical cyclones may have an evolutionary impact on populations living in storm-prone regions, where aggress...

– McMaster University

Nature Ecology & Evolution

Embargo expired on 19-Aug-2019 at 11:00 ET


Glacier-Fed Rivers May Consume Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide

Study shows chemical weathering is the cause of CO2 consumption in glacier-fed freshwater systems

– University of Alberta

PNAS

Embargo expired on 19-Aug-2019 at 16:00 ET


Could Duckweed Feed the World?

Climate change is threatening the world’s food supply and the risk of supply disruptions is expected to grow as temperatures rise, according to a new United Nations report co-authored by Rutgers human ecology professor Pamela McElwee. So, how would...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Rutgers Today


Tiny GPS backpacks uncover the secret life of desert bats

A new study from the University of Helsinki using miniaturized satellite-based tags revealed that during drier periods desert bats must fly further and longer to fulfil their nightly needs. According to researchers this signals their struggle in faci...

– University of Helsinki

Movement Ecology


Early Species Developed Much Faster Than Previously Thought

When Earth's species were rapidly diversifying nearly 500 million years ago, that evolution was driven by complex factors including global cooling, more oxygen in the atmosphere, and more nutrients in the oceans.

– Ohio University

Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology


Which city is most polluted? No one knows

Of all the reasons why researchers would prefer more robust monitoring of pollutants in the atmosphere, one stands out: Having this basic information is an indication of progress in the realm of environmental science. A McKelvey School of Engineering...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Atmospheric Environment: X


Global Urban Water Scarcity Endures as a ‘Daily Reality’

More than 40% of residents in 15 cities in the “global south” – developing nations in Sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia and Latin America – still lack quality, affordable water that can be piped into dwellings, according to a report released by ...

– Cornell University

World Resources Report, Aug. 2019


Policy and Public Affairs


The Case for Retreat in the Battle Against Climate Change

With sea level rise and extreme weather threatening coastal communities, it's no longer a question of whether they are going to retreat; it's where, when and how. In a new paper, researchers advocate for a managed and planned retreat, not a short-ter...

– University of Delaware

Science, Aug 22, 10.1126/scienceaax8346

embargoed until 22-Aug-2019, 14:00 ET


CITES CoP18 Crucial for Mako Sharks, Guitarfish and Wedgefish

Mako sharks, also known as the ‘cheetahs of the sharks,’ are the fastest of all shark species, but they cannot outswim the threat of overfishing in the world’s oceans, say conservation experts from WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society) and other ...

– Wildlife Conservation Society


Announcements


DOE Issues Small Business Research and Development Funding Opportunity Announcement

The Department of Energy (DOE) Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) programs issued its first Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) for Fiscal Year 2020.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science


Bioenergy startup licenses ORNL food-waste-to-fuel system

Electro-Active Technologies, Inc., of Knoxville, Tenn., has exclusively licensed two biorefinery technologies invented and patented by the startup’s co-founders while working at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The technologies work as a system that ...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory


Expert Pitch


Amazon Rainforest Researcher with 20+ Years Experience Can Discuss Ecological, Policy Changes Relating to Wildfires

– Salisbury University


Are Wind Farms Being Delayed to Protect Fossil Fuel Industry?

– University of Delaware


Experts offer safety tips for avoiding harmful algal blooms

– Virginia Tech

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