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Newswise Special Wire
Saturday, August 24, 2019

Public edition | newswise.com

Newswise Weekend Edition Wire for 24-Aug-2019
 

***Newswise Weekend Edition***

The Weekend Edition is a collection of interesting, exceptional articles you may have missed from the week. Articles are chosen by the editorial team at Newswise.

As a valued news subscriber, Newswise would like your feedback on this new wire. Is this something you find valuable? Would you prefer not to receive these wires? Let us know by writing to info@newswise.com.

To view more staff-selected articles, go here.


Medical News


Your Heart's Best Friend: Dog Ownership Associated with Better Cardiovascular Health

Owning a pet may help maintain a healthy heart, especially if that pet is a dog, according to the first analysis of data from the Kardiozive Brno 2030 study. The study examines the association of pet ownership — specifically dog ownership — with ...

– Mayo Clinic

Mayo Clinic Proceedings

Embargo expired on 23-Aug-2019 at 00:00 ET


Texas Cities Increasingly Susceptible to Large Measles Outbreaks

The growing number of children arriving at Texas schools unvaccinated makes the state increasingly vulnerable to measles outbreaks. A 5% further decrease in vaccination rates that have been on a downward trend since 2003 would increase the size of a ...

– Health Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh

JAMA Network Open; U54 GM088491

Embargo expired on 21-Aug-2019 at 11:00 ET


Alzheimer’s Drug Reverses Brain Damage From Adolescent Alcohol Exposure in Rats

-- A drug used to slow cognitive decline in adults with Alzheimer's disease appears to reverse brain inflammation and neuron damage in rats exposed to alcohol during adolescence.

– Duke Health

Scientific Reports

Embargo expired on 20-Aug-2019 at 05:00 ET


City Parks Lift Mood as Much as Christmas, Twitter Study Shows

New research shows that visitors to urban parks use happier words and express less negativity on Twitter than before their visit—and that their elevated mood lasts for up to four hours. The effect is so strong that it’s equivalent to the mood spi...

– University of Vermont

People & Nature

Embargo expired on 20-Aug-2019 at 00:05 ET


Don’t Miss a Beat: Computer Simulations May Treat Most Common Heart Rhythm Disorder

Scientists at Johns Hopkins have successfully created personalized digital replicas of the upper chambers of the heart and used them to guide the precise treatment of patients suffering from persistent irregular heartbeats. These simulations accurate...

– Johns Hopkins University

Nature Biomedical Engineering, August-2019; DP1-HL123271; 01-HL141074; 16-SDG-30440006; 16 CVD 02

Embargo expired on 19-Aug-2019 at 11:00 ET


Caregivers of People with Dementia Are Losing Sleep

Caregivers of people with dementia lose between 2.5 to 3.5 hours of sleep weekly due to difficulty falling asleep and staying asleep — a negative for them and potentially for those who receive their care, according to a Baylor University study publ...

– Baylor University

JAMA Network Open


Researchers Develop Early Detection Test for Ovarian Cancer

Researchers from Queen’s University Belfast have developed a test that may be able to detect ovarian cancer up to two years earlier than current approaches.

– Queen's University Belfast

British Journal of Cancer (https://doi.org/10.1038/s41416-019-0544-0)


In Harm’s Way: UCLA Study Finds Child Labor Protections Lacking in Many Countries

Dozens of countries lack important legal protections against children doing work that could be harmful or interfere with their education, according to a study by the WORLD Policy Analysis Center at UCLA.

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy


Researchers Find Genetic Links to Child Obesity across Diverse Ethnic Groups

An international team of researchers who analyzed data across multiple ethnicities has produced the largest genetic study to date associated with common childhood obesity. The Early Growth Genetics Consortium added to evidence that genetic influences...

– Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Human Molecular Genetics, online July 5, 2019; HD056465


Study Confirms Cannabis Flower Is an Effective Mid-Level Analgesic Medication for Pain

Using the largest database of real-time recordings of the effects of common and commercially available cannabis products in the United States (U.S.)

– University of New Mexico

Complementary Therapies in Medicine


Researchers Discover How the Sun Damages Our Skin

Researchers at Binghamton University, State University of New York have discovered the mechanism through which ultraviolet radiation, given off by the sun, damages our skin.

– Binghamton University, State University of New York

Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, Aug-2019


Study Finds Lack of Racial Diversity in Cancer Drug Clinical Trials

New research published this week in JAMA Oncology has found a lack of racial and ethnic diversity in clinical trials for cancer drugs. It raises concerns about the effectiveness of cancer drugs in some patients, especially since genetic differences m...

– Baylor University

JAMA Oncology


Here's How E. Coli Knows How to Make You Really Sick

Scientists have revealed how E. coli seeks out the most oxygen-free crevices of your colon to cause the worst infection possible. The discovery could one day help doctors prevent the infection from taking hold by allowing E. coli bacteria to pass har...

– University of Virginia Health System

PNAS; AI118732; AI130439; 5T32AI007046


Woman’s Christmas present: Surviving an internal decapitation

An Alabama woman suffered an internal decapitation when the ATV she was driving hit a barb wire fence. The story of her recovery is remarkable.

– University of Alabama at Birmingham


Science News


Extreme evolution: Researchers find hurricanes drive the evolution of more aggressive spiders

Researchers at McMaster University who rush in after storms to study the behaviour of spiders have found that extreme weather events such as tropical cyclones may have an evolutionary impact on populations living in storm-prone regions, where aggress...

– McMaster University

Nature Ecology & Evolution

Embargo expired on 19-Aug-2019 at 11:00 ET


The Case for Retreat in the Battle Against Climate Change

With sea level rise and extreme weather threatening coastal communities, it's no longer a question of whether they are going to retreat; it's where, when and how. In a new paper, researchers advocate for a managed and planned retreat, not a short-ter...

– University of Delaware

Science, Aug 22, 10.1126/scienceaax8346

Embargo expired on 22-Aug-2019 at 14:00 ET


Big Brains or Big Guts: Choose One

A global study comparing 2,062 birds finds that, in highly variable environments, birds tend to have either larger or smaller brains relative to their body size. Birds with smaller brains tend to use ecological strategies that are not available to bi...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Nature Communications


Study Shows Some Exoplanets May Have Greater Variety of Life Than Exists on Earth

A new study indicates that some exoplanets may have better conditions for life to thrive than Earth itself has.

– Goldschmidt Conference

Goldschmidt2019


ALMA Shows What’s Inside Jupiter’s Storms

New radio wave images made with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) provide a unique view of Jupiter’s atmosphere down to fifty kilometers below the planet’s visible (ammonia) cloud deck.

– National Radio Astronomy Observatory

Astronomical Journal


Switching on the Atlantic Heat Pump

34 million years ago the warm 'greenhouse climate' of the dinosaur age ended and the colder 'icehouse climate' of today commenced.

– Stockholm University

Nature


Scurrying Roaches Help Researchers Steady Staggering Robots

To walk or run with finesse, roaches or robots coordinate leg movements via signals sent through centralized systems. Though their moving parts are utterly divergent, researchers have devised handy principles and equations to assess how both beasts a...

– Georgia Institute of Technology

Nature Communications; NSF CAREER MPS/PoLS 1554790


GW Researchers Develop First of Its Kind Mapping Model to Track How Hate Spreads and Adapts Online

Researchers at the George Washington University developed a mapping model, the first of its kind, to track how online hate clusters thrive globally. They believe it could help social media platforms and law enforcement in the battle against hate onli...

– George Washington University

Nature; FA9550-16-1-0247


Amazon Rainforest Absorbing Less Carbon Than Expected

An international team of scientists, including climate scientists from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, found that accounting for phosphorus-deficient soils reduced projected carbon dioxide uptake by an average of 50% in the Amazon, compared to...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Nature Geoscience


Early Species Developed Much Faster Than Previously Thought

When Earth's species were rapidly diversifying nearly 500 million years ago, that evolution was driven by complex factors including global cooling, more oxygen in the atmosphere, and more nutrients in the oceans.

– Ohio University

Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology


Could Duckweed Feed the World?

Climate change is threatening the world’s food supply and the risk of supply disruptions is expected to grow as temperatures rise, according to a new United Nations report co-authored by Rutgers human ecology professor Pamela McElwee. So, how would...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Rutgers Today


Lifestyle & Social Sciences


Tech Time Not to Blame for Teens’ Mental Health Problems

A new study, published in the journal Clinical Psychological Science, suggests that the time adolescents are spending on their phones and online is not that bad.

– University of California, Irvine

Clinical Psychological Science


Fake News Can Lead to False Memories

Voters may form false memories after seeing fabricated news stories, especially if those stories align with their political beliefs, according to research in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

– Association for Psychological Science

Psychological Science


Need a Mental Break? Avoid Your Cellphone, Researchers Say

Using a cellphone to take a break during mentally challenging tasks does not allow the brain to recharge effectively and may result in poorer performance, Rutgers researchers found.

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Journal of Behavioral Addictions


National Narcissism Rears Its Head in Study of WWII

World War II was, by any measure, a massive undertaking that involved huge loss and suffering.  The countries involved — Allied and Axis — committed substantial resources and sacrificed an astounding number of human lives. No matter how much a ...

– Washington University in St. Louis

PNAS, Aug. 12, 2019


Winning Coaches' Locker Room Secret

Researchers found a significant relationship between how negative a coach was at half-time and how well the team played in the second half: The more negativity, the more the team outscored the opposition.

– University of California, Berkeley Haas School of Business

Journal of Applied Psychology, June 2019 [Epub ahead of print]


Are Wind Farms Being Delayed to Protect Fossil Fuel Industry?

– University of Delaware


Business News


American Auto Companies Take Top Slots on 2019 Kogod Made in America Auto Index

American auto companies are still manufacturing the majority of their vehicles in the U.S., according to the 2019 Kogod Made in America Auto Index, released by an American University professor.

– American University

Embargo expired on 22-Aug-2019 at 13:30 ET

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