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Newswise Special Wire
Monday, August 26, 2019

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Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire for 26-Aug-2019

Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire

Tech news for the public and news media. More stories can be found at the Newswise Technology News Source and the Engineering News Source.

Physicists' Study Demonstrates Silicon's Energy-Harvesting Power

A University of Texas at Dallas physicist has teamed with Texas Instruments to design a better way for electronics to convert waste heat into reusable energy. Silicon in the form of nanoblades can harvest thermoelectric energy at a greatly increased ...

– University of Texas at Dallas

Nature Electronics, 15 July 2019

Focusing computational power for more accurate, efficient weather forecasts

Penn State researchers are using artificial intelligence to pinpoint those swift-changing weather areas to help meteorologists produce more accurate weather forecasts without wasting valuable computational power.

– Penn State Institute for CyberScience

Journal of Computers and Geosciences

Tech Time Not to Blame for Teens’ Mental Health Problems

A new study, published in the journal Clinical Psychological Science, suggests that the time adolescents are spending on their phones and online is not that bad.

– University of California, Irvine

Clinical Psychological Science

Chaos Ensues When Lasers and Plasma Meet

Warp+PXR dramatically improves the accuracy of the simulations compared to those typically used in plasma research. Now, researchers can simulate lasers’ interactions with plasma with much higher precision.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Mumbai Students Look for Geohazards on the Horizon

A U.S. team is in Mumbai this month working on disaster management curriculum with the Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS). TISS is the only institution in all of Mumbai — one of the world's largest cities with 19 million people — to offer a...

– Michigan Technological University

Lasers enable engineers to weld ceramics, no furnace required

Using lasers, engineers have developed a new ceramic welding technology that works in ambient conditions, making it more practical than traditional methods that require melting the parts in a furnace at extremely high temperatures. This could make it...

– University of California San Diego

Science, Aug-2019; HR0011-16-2-0018; 1545852

Embargo expired on 22-Aug-2019 at 14:00 ET

Scurrying Roaches Help Researchers Steady Staggering Robots

To walk or run with finesse, roaches or robots coordinate leg movements via signals sent through centralized systems. Though their moving parts are utterly divergent, researchers have devised handy principles and equations to assess how both beasts a...

– Georgia Institute of Technology

Nature Communications; NSF CAREER MPS/PoLS 1554790

Cracking a Decades-Old Test, Researchers Bolster Case for Quantum Mechanics

At upcoming FiO + LS conference, researchers will discuss creative tactics to get rid of loopholes that have long confounded tests of quantum mechanics. With their innovative method, the researchers were able to demonstrate quantum interactions betwe...

– The Optical Society (OSA)

2019 FiO + LS Conference

This Superconductor Does Not Take Light Lightly

Superconductors are materials that show no resistance to electrical current when cooled. Recently, scientists discovered a new superconducting material. Now, scientists have found that when exposed to low-energy ultraviolet light, the material acts a...

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Study Identifies Main Culprit Behind Lithium Metal Battery Failure

UC San Diego researchers have discovered the root cause of why lithium metal batteries fail, challenging a long-held belief in the field. The study presents new ways to boost battery performance and brings research a step closer to incorporating lith...

– University of California San Diego

Nature, Aug-2019; DE-EE0007764; ECCS-1542148; CHE-1338173

Embargo expired on 21-Aug-2019 at 13:00 ET

‘Quantum Annealer’ Shows Promise in New Study

An international team of researchers has developed a new algorithm for solving equations using a type of quantum computer called a “quantum annealer.” The team systematically examined how this method scales when facing increasingly difficult math...

– Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Nature Scientific Reports, July 16

Engineers make transistors and electronic devices entirely from thread

A team of Tufts University engineers has developed a transistor made from linen thread, enabling them to create electronic devices made entirely of thin threads that could be woven into fabric, worn on the skin, or even (theoretically) implanted surg...

– Tufts University

ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces; DGE-1144591

New way to make micro-sensors may revolutionize future of electronics

Researchers at Binghamton University, State University of New York researchers have found a way to improve the performance of tiny sensors that could have wide-reaching implications for electronic devices we use every day.

– Binghamton University, State University of New York

Journal of Applied Physics, July 2019

A new way to generate solar steam for cleaning water and reducing waste

At the U.S. Department of Energy’s Argonne National Laboratory, researchers are exploring affordable materials that could absorb the sunlight necessary to evaporate water and recapture it, leaving contaminants behind.

– Argonne National Laboratory

Advanced Materials Interfaces

GW Researchers Develop First of Its Kind Mapping Model to Track How Hate Spreads and Adapts Online

Researchers at the George Washington University developed a mapping model, the first of its kind, to track how online hate clusters thrive globally. They believe it could help social media platforms and law enforcement in the battle against hate onli...

– George Washington University

Nature; FA9550-16-1-0247

Measuring the Charge of Electrons in a High-Temp Superconductor

The measurements could inform the search for new materials that perfectly conduct electricity at relatively higher temperatures.

– Brookhaven National Laboratory

Nature, Aug. 21

Health records pin broad set of health risks on genetic premutation

Researchers from the University of Wisconsin–Madison and Marshfield Clinic have found that there may be a much broader health risk to carriers of the FMR1 premutation, with potentially dozens of clinical conditions that can be ascribed directly to ...

– University of Wisconsin-Madison

Science Advances Aug. 21, 2019

ECP’s Exastar Project Seeks Answers Hidden in the Cosmos

ExaStar aims to create simulations for comparison with experiments and observations to help answer a variety of questions: Why is there more iron than gold in the universe? Why is anything rarer than anything else? Why is finding transuranic elements...

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Diagnosis in 2.127 seconds: Solving a years-long vomiting mystery using AI, research and brain power

An artificial intelligence tool developed at UAB's Precision Medicine Institute helped find relief for a young woman with cyclical vomiting syndrome. One unlikely remedy? isopropyl alcohol

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

medical literature

Ammonia for Fuel Cells

Researchers at the University of Delaware have identified ammonia as a source for engineering fuel cells that can provide a cheap and powerful source for fueling cars, trucks and buses with a reduced carbon footprint.

– University of Delaware


New Tools to Minimize Risks in Shared, Augmented-Reality Environments

UW security researchers have created ShareAR, a toolkit that lets developers build collaborative and interactive features into AR apps without sacrificing their users’ privacy and security.

– University of Washington

USENIX Security Symposium

Snapshot: First Responder Resource Group Tackles Key Responder Issues

FRRG is an all-volunteer working group that includes 150 members of state, local, federal and tribal law enforcement agencies, fire departments, emergency medical services, emergency management and other disciplines. Its mission is to help S&T maximi...

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate

Physicists Use Light Flashes to Discover, Control New Quantum States of Matter

Jigang Wang's research group is developing new tools and techniques to access new states of matter hidden within superconducting and other complex materials. Harnessing these exotic states and their unique properties could lead to better computing, c...

– Iowa State University

Army Research Office W911NF-15-1-0135

Using Virtual Assistants to Tackle Emergencies in Space

A team of researchers at Texas A&M University is studying the use of virtual assistants to provide support during emergencies in space.

– Texas A&M University

Need a Mental Break? Avoid Your Cellphone, Researchers Say

Using a cellphone to take a break during mentally challenging tasks does not allow the brain to recharge effectively and may result in poorer performance, Rutgers researchers found.

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Journal of Behavioral Addictions

How Ergonomic Is Your Warehouse Job? Soon, an App Might Be Able to Tell You

Researchers at the UW have used machine learning to develop a new system that can monitor factory and warehouse workers and tell them how ergonomic their jobs are in real time.

– University of Washington

IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters; IEEE International Conference on Automation Science and Engineering

Drawing inspiration from natural marvels to make new materials

The shape-shifting bristle worm has the unique ability to extend its jaw outside of its mouth and ensnare surprised prey. The metal coordination chemistry that makes this natural wonder possible can also be the key to creating new materials for use i...

– University of Delaware

Fermilab’s newest accelerator delivers first results

IOTA is designed to develop technologies to increase the number of particles in a beam without increasing the beam’s size and thus the size and cost of the accelerator. IOTA researchers are investigating a novel technique called nonlinear integrabl...

– Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)

Researchers realize world’s thinnest optical hologram with 2-D material monolayer

Missouri S&T researchers are demonstrating a new concept to reconstruct holographic images by using a single two-dimensional material monolayer with the thickness of less than one nanometer. Their work could lead to the creation of smart watches with...

– Missouri University of Science and Technology

Nano Lett. 2019

UniSA Nano Scientists Stop Superbugs in Their Tracks

A team of researchers led by the University of South Australia has discovered a way to find and beat superbugs, providing a critical breakthrough against many deadly infectious diseases.

– University of South Australia


A Glimpse Into the Future: Accelerated Computing for Accelerated Particles

A team of scientists led by Fermilab has prototyped a method to use machine learning to analyze data from the Large Hadron Collider.

– Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)


Talented 12: Chemical & Engineering News Announces Its 2019 Rising Stars in Chemistry

Chemical & Engineering News (C&EN), the weekly newsmagazine of the American Chemical Society (ACS), unveiled its annual “Talented 12” list today. Sponsored by Thermo Fisher Scientific, this feature, now in its fifth year, recognizes young stars i...

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

American Chemical Society Fall 2019 National Meeting & Exposition

Embargo expired on 25-Aug-2019 at 21:00 ET

UT Dallas Engineer Earns Young Investigator Award for Water-Harvesting Work

Dr. Simon Dai, assistant professor of mechanical engineering in the Erik Jonsson School of Engineering and Computer Science at The University of Texas at Dallas, has been awarded a three-year grant to advance technology he has developed to harvest cl...

– University of Texas at Dallas

DOE Issues Small Business Research and Development Funding Opportunity Announcement

The Department of Energy (DOE) Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) programs issued its first Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) for Fiscal Year 2020.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Congress of Neurological Surgeons Hosts 2019 Annual Meeting in San Francisco, October 19–23

Schaumburg, Illinois, August 21, 2019 — The Congress of Neurological Surgeons (CNS) is proud to host its 67th Annual Meeting in San Francisco, California, October 19–23. Each year, thousands of neurosurgeons, advanced practice providers, health c...

– Congress of Neurological Surgeons

CNS 69th Annual Meeting San Francisco, California October 19–23, 2019

Expert Pitch

Notre Dame Expert Clive Neal Available to Discuss Returning to the Moon

– University of Notre Dame

Cybersecurity Expert Available to Comment on Coordinated Ransomware Attack in Texas

– Indiana University





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