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Newswise Special Wire
Thursday, August 29, 2019

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Climate and the Environment News from Newswise 29-Aug-2019

Climate Change and Environmental News and Experts for the Media

Newswise provides experts for the media on hurricanes, wildfires, and other natural disasters, as well as the latest research in Environmental Science and Climate Science.

Scientists call for infiltration to be better incorporated into land surface models

Better simulating soil’s processes helps better predict climate and land use effects

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Vadose Zone Journal; International Soil Modeling Consortium

Nuclear Winter Would Threaten Nearly Everyone on Earth

If the United States and Russia waged an all-out nuclear war, much of the land in the Northern Hemisphere would be below freezing in the summertime, with the growing season slashed by nearly 90 percent in some areas, according to a Rutgers-led study....

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Journal of Geophysical Research–Atmospheres ; Rutgers Today

Freshening up contaminated water

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and Stanford University researchers have developed a technology that can remove nitrate from water selectively

– Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Environmental Science & Technology

UCI-led team creates first high-resolution global map of surface ocean phosphate

Irvine, Calif., Aug. 28, 2019 – An international team of Earth system scientists and oceanographers has created the first high-resolution global map of surface ocean phosphate, a key mineral supporting the aquatic food chain. In doing so, the Unive...

– University of California, Irvine

Science Advances, Aug-2019

Tiny Toxins: How Algal Blooms Affect Coastal Systems Through a Complex Web of Interactions

A Q&A with scientist Michelle Newcomer on looking for unexpected causes of harmful algal blooms. Harmful and nuisance algal blooms are thought to have a number of contributing causal factors, including a build-up of nutrients, unusually high water te...

Expert Available

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

New study: Migrating mule deer don't need directions

How do big-game animals know where to migrate across hundreds of miles of vast Wyoming landscapes year after year?

– University of Wyoming

Ecology Letters

ASU working to save Hawaiian coral reefs during onset of new ocean heatwave

July ended with the hottest recorded average temperature since people have been making daily readings. With the warming, climate change is assured. A huge chunk of Greenland has melted, Arctic seas have opened, and the diversity of life on Earth ma...

– Arizona State University (ASU)

University of Utah launches first-ever Journal of Dark Sky Studies

University of Utah launched the first issue of The Journal of Dark Sky Studies, the only academic publication in the world dedicated to understanding and protecting the night skies.

– University of Utah

Putting the ‘Nuclear Coffin’ in Perspective

There has been a flurry of headlines this summer about a "nuclear coffin" leaking radioactive waste into the Pacific Ocean. The coffin—a bomb crater filled with radioactive soil on a tiny island in the Marshall Islands—sits under a 350-foot-wide ...

– Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

WildFires Could Permanently Alter Alaska’s Forest Composition

A team of researchers led by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory projected that the combination of climate change and increased wildfires will cause the iconic evergreen conifer trees of Alaska to get pushed out in favor of broadleaf deciduous tree...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Nature Plants

Embargo expired on 26-Aug-2019 at 11:00 ET

Study Finds Big Increase in Ocean Carbon Dioxide Absorption Along West Antarctic Peninsula

Climate change is altering the ability of the Southern Ocean off the West Antarctic Peninsula to absorb carbon dioxide, according to a Rutgers-led study, and that could magnify climate change in the long run.

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Nature Climate Change; Rutgers Today

PNNL Publishes Distributed Wind Energy Report

Wind energy costs at all-time lows, as wind turbines grow larger

– Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Focusing computational power for more accurate, efficient weather forecasts

Penn State researchers are using artificial intelligence to pinpoint those swift-changing weather areas to help meteorologists produce more accurate weather forecasts without wasting valuable computational power.

– Penn State Institute for CyberScience

Journal of Computers and Geosciences

Study Shows Some Exoplanets May Have Greater Variety of Life Than Exists on Earth

A new study indicates that some exoplanets may have better conditions for life to thrive than Earth itself has.

– Goldschmidt Conference


'100-Year' Floods Will Happen Every 1 to 30 Years, According to New Flood Maps

A 100-year flood is supposed to be just that: a flood that occurs once every 100 years, or a flood that has a one-percent chance of happening every year.

– Princeton University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Nature Communications

The fat of the land: Estimating the ecological costs of overeating

With every unfinished meal since Band Aid, you've heard it: "people are starving in Africa, y'know". True, the UN estimates that rich countries throw away nearly as much food as the entire net production of sub-Saharan Africa - about 230 million tonn...

– Frontiers

Frontiers in Nutrition

Uncovering how nature builds with chitin, protein

Identifying and characterizing the proteins in the flexible skeletal structure in the trunk of a squid’s body can help scientists construct tissue scaffolds for repairing or replacing damaged cartilage, bones and ligaments.

– South Dakota State University

Biological Bulletin, Aug-2019

Climate data scientist maps CO2 emissions for entire Los Angeles Megacity to help improve environmental policymaking

Northern Arizona University professor Kevin Gurney developed a high-resolution, bottom-up emissions map that records an emissions total of 176 million tons of carbon dioxide a year for Los Angeles, the nation's third-largest metropolitan area.

– Northern Arizona University

Earth Systems Science Data

Eight species of fungus cause corn root rot

As many as eight species of a common soil fungus can cause root rot in South Dakota cornfields. Identifying the pathogens will help researchers test seed treatments and breeders develop resistant varieties.

– South Dakota State University

Plant Health Progress, May-2019


UAlbany Archeologist Leads $1.6 Million Project to Reconstruct Prehistoric Climate Change in Northern Belize

A team of interdisciplinary researchers are turning to a global event 4,200 years ago for insight on human adaptation to climate change.

– University at Albany, State University of New York

Expert Pitch

Former EPA administrator available to comment on expected rollbacks of methane regulations

– Indiana University

Rutgers Coastal Expert Can Discuss ‘King Tide’ in N.J.

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Water purification expert available to discuss solutions to Newark water crisis

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

UAlbany Atmospheric Scientists Available to Discuss Hurricane Dorian

– University at Albany, State University of New York

Disaster researchers can comment on evacuation, sea level rise, health issues, pet safety as Hurricane Dorian approaches

– University of Delaware

Hurricane Experts Available to Provide Analysis Throughout the Season

– Florida State University

Rutgers Expert Can Discuss Fires in Amazon Rainforests

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Expert Can Discuss the Environmental Threats Posed by the Fires in the Amazon, as Well as the Political Context of These Events

– University of Michigan

Former EPA administrator available to comment on ruling to uphold Obama-era ozone standards

– Indiana University





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