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Friday, August 30, 2019

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NEWSWISE Food Science Wire with the Institute of Food Technologists (IFT) 30-Aug-2019

Food Science Wire with the Institute of Food Technologists (IFT)

Food Science and Nutrition News Channel

...brought to you by Newswise in collaboration with the Institute of Food Technologists (IFT), a nonprofit scientific society bringing together food scientists, technologists and related professions from academia, government, and industry.

Food Science & Production

Chocolate Muddles Cannabis Potency Testing

In 2012, Washington and Colorado became the first states to legalize recreational marijuana. Since then, several other states have joined them, and cannabis-infused edibles, including gummy bears

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

American Chemical Society Fall 2019 National Meeting & Exposition

Embargo expired on 25-Aug-2019 at 05:00 ET

Much Fridge Food ‘Goes There to Die’

Americans throw out a lot more food than they expect they will, food waste that is likely driven in part by ambiguous date labels on packages, a new study has found.

– Ohio State University

Resources, Conservation & Recycling

Uncovering how nature builds with chitin, protein

Identifying and characterizing the proteins in the flexible skeletal structure in the trunk of a squid’s body can help scientists construct tissue scaffolds for repairing or replacing damaged cartilage, bones and ligaments.

– South Dakota State University

Biological Bulletin, Aug-2019

Optimizing Fertilizer Source and Rate to Avoid Root Death

Study assembles canola root’s dose-response curves for nitrogen sources

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Agronomy Journal

Discovery Could Pave the Way for Disease-Resistant Rice Crops

Researchers have uncovered an unusual protein activity in rice that can be exploited to give crops an edge in the evolutionary arms race against rice blast disease, a major threat to rice production around the world.

– American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (ASBMB)

Journal of Biological Chemistry; BB/P012574; BB/M02198X; 743165; 15H05779; 18K05657

Diet change needed to save vast areas of tropics, study warns

One quarter of the world's tropical land could disappear by the end of the century unless meat and dairy consumption falls, researchers have warned.

– University of Edinburgh

Global Environmental Change

Trees Transplanted on Florida’s Highways Survive, Provide Motorists’ Benefits

“Beauty and stress relief are probably the two most meaningful benefits trees bring to highways,” said Andrew Koeser, an assistant professor of environmental horticulture with the UF Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences.

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

Urban Forestry & Urban Greening Volume 43

Cover Crops, Compost and Carbon

Comparing techniques in organic farming that influence soil health

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Soil Science Society of America Journal

Herrera-Estrella Leads Sequencing of Avocado Genome

A new study illuminates the avocado’s family history and lays the foundation for the species’ improvement.

– Texas Tech University

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Knowing Berry Pests’ Varied Diets May Help Control Them

A Cornell University study, published in Ecological Entomology, investigates for the first time what spotted-wing drosophila adults and larvae eat, and where they lay their eggs, when these short-lived fruits are not in season.

– Cornell University

Ecological Entomology, May-2019

Sometimes You Feel Like a Nut

A long-term study of western gorillas in Gabon has revealed an unexpected behavior: they use their teeth to crack open and eat nuts. New research by Adam van Casteren, lecturer in biological anthropology in Arts & Sciences, may have important implica...

– Washington University in St. Louis

American Journal of Physical Anthropology

Low-Grade to High-End: Waking Up the Myanmar Coffee Market

In less than five years, Myanmar coffee went from a low-grade commodity to a high-value specialty sold for premium prices globally. Through training in farming, expertise and training itself — as well as attention to both the supply and demand side...

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business

Partnership with Cornell University Will Advance Food Safety Research in China

Cornell University and China’s Hebei Qimei Agriculture Science and Technology Co. Ltd., an organic food group, signed an agreement in June to collaborate on microbial food safety research. The agreement was funded by a three-year, $2.5 million gran...

– Cornell University

Maturity Becomes a Concern as Corn Harvest Approaches

Iowans may notice combines harvesting corn deep into November due to the late start to planting last spring, according to Iowa State University agronomists. Much of the Iowa corn crop remains weeks behind schedule, and farmers will be paying close at...

Expert Available

– Iowa State University

The Smithfield Acquisition: ShuangHui Buys the Whole Hog

Famous for producing pork products, Smithfield Foods had a history of aggressive growth. But when that growth stalled for a matter of years, it was time to consider acquisition by ShuangHui International. This case in point discusses the pros and con...

Expert Available

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business

FAU Partners with USDA to Boost Domestic Production of Farm-raised Fish

The U.S. is the largest importer of seafood products in the world – importing 5.9 billion pounds of seafood in 2017 alone, resulting in about $14 billion of the U.S. trade deficit. More than 50 percent of seafood consumed comes from aquaculture. Ye...

– Florida Atlantic University

Premium Wine & Spirits Distributor Partners to Prevent Counterfeit Alcohol

Incidents related to methanol and counterfeit alcohol are increasing around the world. A leading international Wine & Spirits distributor is taking proactive steps to promote awareness and insure their popular liquor and wine brands are authentic and...


Reducing agricultural emissions, called out in IPCC report, with anaerobic digestion

– Michigan Technological University

IU experts available to comment on United Nations climate report

– Indiana University

Rutgers Experts Available to Discuss Reduction of Food Waste in N.J. Schools

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Upcoming IPCC Report to Call for Urgent Food System Reforms

– Cornell University

Obesity, Nutrition, & Public Policy

Probiotic Use Can Lead to Major Economic and Health Savings Related to Flu-like Illnesses

General probiotic use in the U.S. could save the health care payer and the economy around $1.4 billion in medical bills and lost productivity due to acute respiratory tract infections (RTIs), a new study found. The researchers developed an economic m...

– UC Davis Health

Frontiers in Pharmacology

Embargo expired on 28-Aug-2019 at 00:00 ET

Remodeling Unhealthful Gut Microbiomes to Fight Disease

You are what you eat — right down to the microbiome living in your gut. Diet can affect which microbes are in the intestinal tract, and research has shown that harmful gut microbiome changes can lead to illnesses such as heart disease, obesity and ...

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

American Chemical Society Fall 2019 National Meeting & Exposition

Embargo expired on 26-Aug-2019 at 05:00 ET

Dietary zinc protects against Streptococcus pneumoniae infection

Researchers have uncovered a crucial link between dietary zinc intake and protection against Streptococcus pneumoniae, the primary bacterial cause of pneumonia.

– University of Adelaide

PLOS Pathogens

Embargo expired on 22-Aug-2019 at 14:00 ET

Preclinical Research Suggests Anti-Cancer Effect of Keto Diet

It’s well known that keeping blood glucose levels in check can help individuals avoid or manage diabetes, but new research led by biologists at The University of Texas at Dallas suggests that restricting blood glucose levels might also keep certain...

– University of Texas at Dallas

Cell Reports, Aug. 13, 2019

Embargo expired on 13-Aug-2019 at 11:00 ET

Food Insecurity Common Across U.S. Higher Education Campuses

Many university and college students across the U.S. report lacking access to a reliable supply of nutritious food, a concept known as food insecurity, which can affect their ability to learn, according to research presented at the annual convention ...

– American Psychological Association (APA)

Embargo expired on 08-Aug-2019 at 14:00 ET

Small units help people eat more veggies

Research shows food presentation can affect eating behaviors

– University of Georgia

Food Quality and Preference

High-Protein Bedtime Snacks No Problem for Active Women

In a study of women weight lifters, nutrition scientists at FSU showed that protein consumption before bed compared to protein consumption during the day does not disturb overnight belly fat metabolism or whole-body fat burn.

– Florida State University

Journal of Nutrition

Choices of the Heart: Healthy Foods More Important than Type of Diet to Reduce Heart Disease Risk

In a study published online in the International Journal of Cardiology, researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) examined the effects of three healthy diets emphasizing different macronutrients – carbohydrates, proteins, or unsat...

– Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

International Journal of Cardiology

High Fat Diet During Pregnancy Slows Learning in Offspring, Rat Study Suggests

In a bid to further explore how a mother-to-be’s diet might affect her offspring’s brain health, Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers have found that pregnant and nursing rats fed high fat diets have offspring that grow up to be slower than expecte...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Experimental Neurology; HD093338, MH108944

First-of-its-kind study shows link between unhealthy diet and symptoms of depression in youth

Diet matters when it comes to depression. Teens who have a high-sodium, low-potassium diet are at a higher risk of depression.

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

Physiological Reports

Obesity tied to weakened response to taste

Obesity is connected with a reduced response to taste, according to a new study featuring faculty at Binghamton University, State of University of New York.

– Binghamton University, State University of New York

Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience

Time-pressured mums sidestep nutrition guidelines

Australia’s National Nutritional Guidelines are not helpful to working mums, who are committed to providing nutritious meals for their families but find this difficult under time pressures that are ubiquitous to modern life.

– Flinders University

Health Promotion International

The fat of the land: Estimating the ecological costs of overeating

With every unfinished meal since Band Aid, you've heard it: "people are starving in Africa, y'know". True, the UN estimates that rich countries throw away nearly as much food as the entire net production of sub-Saharan Africa - about 230 million tonn...

– Frontiers

Frontiers in Nutrition

Low Levels of Vitamin D in Elementary School Could Spell Trouble in Adolescence

Vitamin D deficiency in middle childhood could result in aggressive behavior as well as anxious and depressive moods during adolescence, according to a new University of Michigan study of school children in Bogotá, Colombia.

– University of Michigan

Journal of Nutrition

Vegetable-Rich Wahls Diet Lowers Fatigue in Multiple Sclerosis Patients by Raising Good Cholesterol

Higher levels of blood high-density lipoprotein (HDL) — or good cholesterol — may improve fatigue in multiple sclerosis patients, according to a new University at Buffalo-led study.

– University at Buffalo


Apples, tea and moderation -- the 3 ingredients for a long life

Consuming flavonoid-rich items such as apples and tea protects against cancer and heart disease, particularly for smokers and heavy drinkers, according to new research from Edith Cowan University (ECU).

– Edith Cowan University

Nature Communications

Untreatable Olive Tree Disease Can Be Contained, But Must Be Better Monitored, says SHRO Researcher

Xylella fastidiosa, subsp. pauca is a bacterial pathogen currently devastating the olive orchards in Southern Italy (Apulia). Due to the epidemic, local production of olive oil has dropped by 90%, olive mills are shut down, the regional economy is su...

– Sbarro Health Research Organization (SHRO)

Bucci, E.M. Rend. Fis. Acc. Lincei (2019)

Abundant screen time linked with overweight among children

A recently completed study indicates that Finnish children who spend a lot of time in front of screens have a heightened risk for overweight and abdominal obesity, regardless of the extent of their physical activity.

– University of Helsinki

Scientific Reports

Sleep, snacks and shiftwork

If you’re one of Australia’s 1.4 million shiftworkers, eating at irregular times is just par for the course – but have you ever stopped to think about the impact this might have on your body?

– University of South Australia


During September, Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Spotlights Awareness and Treatment of Malnutrition

Preventing a patient from becoming malnourished can shorten his or her hospital stay, decrease hospital fees and, most importantly, improve the patient’s quality of life.

– Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics

What Are the Types of Crops Based on Nutrition?

Various crops provide macronutrients, micronutrients

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Back to School: Campus Gardens Help Students Learn to Grow Food, Knowledge

As a new school year starts, some students will spend time outside, in the fresh air. They’ll get their hands dirty growing food in school gardens. In the process, they may even improve their academic mastery.

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

Free, Plow To Plate Meals Nourish Cancer Patient and Caregiver

Diane and Phil Hannah of New Milford, Connecticut faced a series of health problems — including Phil’s skin cancer diagnosis — that made it difficult for them to keep up with everyday tasks, like shopping for groceries and preparing meals. ...

– Western Connecticut Health Network

Eat this, not that: Tips for packing healthier school lunches

School lunches and after-school snacks are important parts of a child’s daily routine. With a little creativity, you can help make certain that your child’s routine is based on healthy choices.

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

Health System Giving Patients Free Vegetables to Improve Their Health

In an innovative program to improve the health of low-income patients, Loyola Medicine and its partners are giving patients a weekly cornucopia of fresh vegetables grown on urban farms. It's called VeggieRx.

– Loyola University Health System

During Kids Eat Right Month™, Making Time to Eat Together Promotes Healthful Eating Habits

August is Kids Eat Right Month™, when the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics and its Foundation focus on the importance of healthful eating and active lifestyles for children and their families.

– Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics

Surviving gameday: Tips to help you make it through the season

The boys of fall are back, but how your team fares this season could be the least of your worries.

Expert Available

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

What Breastfeeding Parents Need to Know

New and expectant parents have so many questions. Johns Hopkins School of Nursing experts discussed how to become a lactation consultant and a host of tips for expectant parents-to-be.

Expert Available

– Johns Hopkins School of Nursing

Avoid the freshman 15

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

Pediatrician can discuss healthy eating habits for children during summer

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

Study Examines Maternal Exposure to Fluoride in Pregnancy, Kids’ IQ Scores

– JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association

JAMA Pediatrics

Embargo expired on 19-Aug-2019 at 11:00 ET





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