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Thursday, September 12, 2019

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Climate and the Environment News from Newswise 12-Sep-2019
 

Climate Change and Environmental News and Experts for the Media

Newswise provides experts for the media on hurricanes, wildfires, and other natural disasters, as well as the latest research in Environmental Science and Climate Science.



Giant Kangaroos of Ice Age Australia Had Skulls Built for Powerful Bites

Adaptations could have allowed these kangaroos to eat tougher foods than any living Australian herbivores

– PLOS

PLoS ONE 14(9): e0221287.

Embargo expired on 11-Sep-2019 at 14:00 ET


How Can We Feed the World Without Overwhelming the Planet?

A new study published in nature Sustainability proposes alternative hunger eradication strategies that will not compromise environmental protection.

– International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

Nature Sustainability

Embargo expired on 11-Sep-2019 at 11:00 ET


A Big Leap Forward: Scientists Solve Lingering Mystery of Poorly Understood Frog

An international team of scientists, led by researchers at McMaster University, has solved a centuries-old mystery of ‘Fraser’s Clawed Frog’, an unusual and elusive species found in West Africa.

– McMaster University

PLOS ONE

Embargo expired on 11-Sep-2019 at 14:00 ET


Soils Could Be Affected by Climate Change, Impacting Water and Food

Coasts, oceans, ecosystems, weather and human health all face impacts from climate change, and now valuable soils may also be affected. Climate change may reduce the ability of soils to absorb water in many parts of the world, according to a Rutgers-...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Science Advances ; Rutgers Today


Violence and racism shape views of environmental issues

People living in marginalized communities in St. Louis, particularly African Americans, have been enduring, as one study participant said, “real problems” such as violence and racism that are perceived as more immediate than issues of climate cha...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Journal of Community Practice


Chasing storm data: machine learning looks for useful data in U.S. thunderstorm reports

Iowa State researchers are using machine-learning tools to clean up thunderstorm reports compiled by the National Weather Service. The goal is to determine which reports accurately describe storms that had severe winds. Accurate data could lead to ne...

– Iowa State University


Scientist Identifies New Species of Giant Flying Reptile

A USC scientist and colleagues have identified a new species of giant flying reptile that once soared over what is now North America.

– University of Southern California (USC)

Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology


Do animals control earth's oxygen level?

No more than 540 million years ago there was a huge boom in the diversity of animals on Earth. The first larger animals evolved in what is today known as the Cambrian explosion. In the time that followed

– University of Copenhagen, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences


Tides don't always flush water out to sea, study shows

In Willapa Bay in Washington state, scientists have discovered that water washing over tidal flats during high tides is largely the same water that washed over them during the previous high tide.

– University of Washington

Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science


Soil scientist researches nature versus nurture in microorganisms

Ember Morrissey, assistant professor of environmental microbiology in the Davis College of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Design, uncovered that nature significantly affects how the tiny organisms under our feet respond to their current surroundi...

– West Virginia University


Deepwater Horizon Oil Buried in Gulf Coast Beaches Could Take More Than 30 Years to Biodegrade

Golf ball-size clods of weathered crude oil originating from the 2010 Deepwater Horizon catastrophe could remain buried in sandy Gulf Coast beaches for decades, according to a new study by ecologists at Florida State University.

– Florida State University

Scientific Reports


Lightning 'Superbolts' Form Over Oceans From November to February

A study of superbolts, which release a thousand times more electrical energy in the low-frequency range than regular lightning bolts, finds they occur at very different times and places than regular lightning. Superbolts tend to strike over particula...

– University of Washington

Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres


UAH hyperspectral drone flights test new tool for UGA marsh grass researchers

Working with UGA, a UAH team is helping determine whether a hyperspectral imaging camera mounted to a drone can provide UGA scientists with a more detailed look at marsh grasses and their recovery.

– University of Alabama Huntsville


New Investigation Cuts Through the Haze Surrounding “Smoke-Free” Tobacco Products

Marketed as a healthier alternative to cigarettes, a new class of tobacco products called heat-not-burn devices is quickly gaining in popularity across the globe. A study by Berkeley Lab's Indoor Environment Group shows that

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Environmental Science & Technology


Plastics, Fuels and Chemical Feedstocks From CO2? They’re Working on It

Four SUNCAT scientists describe recent research results related to the quest to capture CO2 from the smokestacks of factories and power plants and use renewable energy to turn it into industrial feedstocks and fuels.

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

L. Wang et al., Nature Catalysis, 17 June 2019 (10.1038/s41929-019-0301-z); S. Nitopi et al., Chemical Reviews, 22 May 2019 (10.1021/acs.chemrev.8b00705); P. De Luna et al., Science, 26 April 2019 (10.1126/science.aav3506)...


Trapping atoms to protect Australia’s groundwater

A unique new facility launched today at the University of Adelaide will help protect Australia’s precious groundwater from overuse and contamination, and contribute to our understanding of the impact of climate change through measurements on Antarc...

– University of Adelaide


When Scientists Face an Angry Community

A team of paleoclimatologists on a recent expedition to recover glacier ice in Peru encountered the anger of a local community, fueled by local politics that had nothing to do with science. Here's what happened next.

– Ohio State University


Announcements


Orlando Health Launches International Fundraising Campaign To Aid in Bahamian Hurricane Relief Efforts

Describes how the international community can join with Orlando Health in supporting Hurricane Dorian relief in the Bahamas

– Orlando Health


WEBB Banks and Third Wave Volunteers Seek Urgent Support for the Bahamas Hurricane Relief Effort

The current urgent needs of the Bahamian People require a massive infusion of aid. WEBB Banks has taken a leading role in obtaining the necessary donations that will enable Third Wave Volunteers to quickly and efficiently respond to the dire situ...

– SafeProof.org


Expert Pitch


Tulane expert available to speak about the U.S. response to Hurricane Dorian’s destruction on The Bahamas

– Tulane University


Ask questions before deciding how to select a charity in response to Hurricane Dorian, expert says

– Binghamton University, State University of New York


Michigan Tech Researcher at World BioEconomy Forum in Finland to Promote Role of Forest Biomaterials in Sustainable Future

– Michigan Technological University

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