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Monday, September 23, 2019

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Newswise Children's Health Wire 23-Sep-2019

Newswise Children's Health Wire

This Newswise theme wire includes stories on the topic of Children's Health.

Read more stories on Children's Health and Pediatrics in our Children's Health News Source.

Recent US Pediatric Heart Transplant Waitlist Policy Change Falls Short of Intended Benefits

In March 2016, the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network revised its criteria for prioritizing children awaiting heart transplantation in the U.S. with the intention of reducing the number of deaths on the waitlist, but a new study suggests u...

– Health Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh

American Journal of Transplantation; no number

Embargo expired on 23-Sep-2019 at 00:05 ET

Children and Train Collisions: A Problem Parents Don’t See or Hear

New Research Reveals a Disconnect Between Awareness of the Risk and Magnitude of the Problem

– Safe Kids Worldwide

Railroads: An Often Overlooked Danger to Children (report)

Embargo expired on 23-Sep-2019 at 09:00 ET

“Metabolic Inhibitor” Compound Extends Survival in Mice with MYC-Expressing Pediatric Brain Tumors

Versions of an antibiotic drug called DON first isolated from soil bacteria more than 60 years ago have shown promising signs of extending survival in mice models of especially lethal pediatric brain tumors marked by the high expression of a cancer-c...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Translational Oncology; CA171021, SKCCC P30CA006973, 1R01NS103927-01A1, 1R01NS103927, R01CA229451, P30CA006973

FAQs: Vaping Illness

Answers to frequently asked questions about an urgent public health concern: vaping illness.

– University of Utah Health

Children spend less time reading and engaging in physical activity as they grow older

A new research study from Queen’s University Belfast has found that children from disadvantaged backgrounds spend less time reading and engaging in physical activity and exercise than their peers as they get older.

– Queen's University Belfast

Review of Income and Wealth

Embargo expired on 19-Sep-2019 at 19:00 ET

Children Spend Less Time Reading and Engaging in Physical Activity as They Grow Older

A new study from Queen’s University Belfast and Rutgers School of Public Health researchers has found that children from disadvantaged backgrounds spend less time reading and engaging in physical activity and exercise than their peers as they get o...

– Rutgers School of Public Health

Review of Income and Wealth

Embargo expired on 19-Sep-2019 at 19:00 ET

‘Junk Food’ Diet May Predict Future Depression Symptoms in Teens

An innovative study finds that sodium and potassium levels—reflections of a person’s typical diet—may be predictors of future depression in teens. The first-of-its-kind study is published in Physiological Reports.

– American Physiological Society (APS)

Physiological Reports

Chicago Adults Identify the Top Health Problems for Youth in the City

Chicago adults identified stress, drug abuse, and depression as the top three big health problems for children and adolescents in the city, according to results from a new survey developed by Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children’s Hospital of Chicago and...

– Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago

Voices of Child Health in Chicago Report, Sept-2019

New UW Study Questions Value of Fluoride Varnish

A new study by two University of Washington researchers and their colleagues questions the cost-effectiveness of fluoride varnish for preschoolers and calls its anti-cavity effects “modest and uncertain” in this age group.

– University of Washington

Caries Research, Aug-2019

September Is Pediatric Cancer Awareness Month

The Children’s Cancer Institute at Hackensack University Medical Center celebrates the milestones of patients and the doctors who refuse to give up hope

Expert Available

– Hackensack Meridian Health

Study questions routine sleep studies to evaluate snoring in children

Pediatricians routinely advise parents of children who snore regularly and have sleepiness, fatigue or other symptoms consistent with sleep disordered breathing, to get a sleep study, but a new finding suggests that the pediatric sleep study -- used ...

– University of Maryland Medical Center


Embargo expired on 18-Sep-2019 at 00:05 ET

Brain Imaging Shows How Minimally Verbal and Nonverbal Children with Autism Have Slower Response to Sounds

Researchers at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP)used state-of-the-art brain imaging techniques to determine how nonverbal or minimally verbal children who have autism spectrum disorder (ASD) processes auditory stimuli, which could have imp...

– Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Molecular Autism, Aug-2019

Three Faces of Teen Popularity: Being Feared, Being Loved, and Being Feared and Loved

In novel longitudinal study, researchers identified three distinct types of teen popularity: prosocial popular; aggressive popular; and bistrategic popular or Machiavellian. These naughty and nice Machiavellian-like teens were the most popular and we...

– Florida Atlantic University

Child Development

Fathers May Protect Their LGB Kids from Health Effects of Discrimination

Lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals who report being discriminated against but who feel close to their fathers have lower levels of C-reactive protein —a measure of inflammation and cardiovascular risk—than those without support from their fat...

– New York University


Aim of new U.S. program: Get kids moving, off the couch

The Sports Institute at UW Medicine partners with The Daily Mile Foundation to launch school-based activity program. Videos are available for download.

– UW Medicine

Racism a Factor in Asthma Control for Young African American Children

A new article in Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology shows an association between African American parents/guardians who have experienced the chronic stress associated with exposure to racism and poor asthma control in their young children.

– American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (ACAAI)

Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology

Embargo expired on 17-Sep-2019 at 00:00 ET

Racial Disparities in Survival Outcomes Shown in Pediatric Hodgkin Lymphoma Patients

In what is believed to be the largest dataset study to date examining the role of race on survival outcome for pediatric patients with Hodgkin lymphoma, investigators at Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey have found that black patients have sign...

– Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey

ASTRO 2019

3 in 5 parents say their teen has been in a car with a distracted teen driver

More than 1/2 of parents say their child has probably been in an unsafe situation as a passenger with a teen driver.

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Embargo expired on 16-Sep-2019 at 00:00 ET

Off-Label Medication Orders on the Rise for Children

U.S. physicians are increasingly ordering medications for children for conditions that are not approved by the Food and Drug Administration, according to a Rutgers study.

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Pediatrics; K23-AR070286, L40-AR070497

Embargo expired on 16-Sep-2019 at 00:05 ET

Female Athletes Seek Specialty Care for Concussion Later than Males, Potentially Contributing to Longer Recovery

Female athletes seek specialty medical treatment later than male athletes for sports-related concussions (SRC), and this delay may cause them to experience more symptoms and longer recoveries. The study raises the question of whether, in youth and hi...

– Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Clinical Journal of Sports Medicine, Sep-2019

Cause of rare, fatal disorder in young children pinpointed

Scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis appear to have solved a decades-long mystery regarding the precise biochemical pathway leading to a fatal genetic disorder in children that results in seizures, developmental regress...

– Washington University in St. Louis


Two Studies Show Promise, Safety of Proton Therapy in the Brain in Children with Cancer

From improving outcomes in children with brain cancer to lowering the risk of damage to the brainstem in children with central nervous system tumors, a pair of new studies published today add to the growing body of research showing the potential bene...

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Pediatric Blood and Cancer; Acta Oncologica

Embargo expired on 12-Sep-2019 at 08:00 ET

No Long-Term Negative Effects of "Time-Out" in Children, Study Finds

Contrary to misleading reports in the media and online, the disciplinary strategy of "time-out" is not associated with increased behavior problems or other long-term negative effects in children, reports a study in the Journal of Developmental & Beha...

– Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics

Cancer Predisposition Clinic Aims To Change Trajectory Of Genetically Based Cancer

Children’s of Alabama’s Cancer Predisposition Clinic physicians develop personalized screening for children who have inherited cancer predisposition syndromes with hopes that early detection will lead to improved outcomes.

– Children's of Alabama

Pediatric Hematology / Oncology Nurse Taking on Life after Cancer

September 2019 marks two years since Courtney Alvis was hired as a pediatric hematology/oncology nurse at Children’s of Alabama, where in 2010 she was diagnosed with acute T-cell leukemia at age 16.

– Children's of Alabama

Scientists Identify Gene as a Master Regulator in Schizophrenia

Using computational tools to investigate gene transcription networks in large collections of brain tissues, a scientific team has identified a gene that acts as a master regulator of schizophrenia during early human brain development.

– Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Science Advances, Sept. 11, 2019; MH108728, HG006465, MH086874, MH102685, MH106575, MH116281

Embargo expired on 11-Sep-2019 at 14:00 ET

Meet the molecule that helps stressed cells decide between life and death

St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital scientists have identified a molecule that plays a pivotal role in determining the fate of cells under stress, much like a Roman emperor deciding the fate of gladiators in the coliseum.

– St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Nature, Sept-2011; AI101935; AI124346; AR056296; CA163507; CA02176535; CA96832

Poor Motor Skills Predict Long-Term Language Impairments For Children with Autism, Study Finds

Fine motor skills – used for eating, writing and buttoning clothing – may be a strong predictor for identifying whether children with autism are at risk for long-term language disabilities, according to a Rutgers-led study.

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry

Food Insecurity in Toddler Years Linked to Poor Health, But Not Obesity

When young children grow up in homes with limited access to nutritious foods, known as food insecurity, they are more likely to experience poor overall health, hospitalizations, and developmental problems, but they do not have a specific higher risk ...

– University of Maryland Medical Center

Pediatrics, September 9, 2019

Embargo expired on 09-Sep-2019 at 00:10 ET

Use of antibiotics in preemies has lasting, potentially harmful effects

Nearly all babies born prematurely receive antibiotics. A new study from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis suggests that such early antibiotic treatment could have long-lasting and potentially harmful effects on the gut microbiome...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Nature Microbiology, Sep-2019; R01 GM099538; T32 GM007067; 200-2016- 91955; 5P30 DK052574; R01 HD092414; T32 DK077653

Embargo expired on 09-Sep-2019 at 11:00 ET

Paid Family Leave Improves Vaccination Rates in Infants

Parents who take paid family leave after the birth of a newborn are more likely to have their child vaccinated on time compared to those who do not, according to new research from Binghamton University, State University of New York.

– Binghamton University, State University of New York

IZA Institute of Labor Economics, July-2019

Children of anxious mothers twice as likely to have hyperactivity in adolescence

A large study has shown that children of mothers who are anxious during pregnancy and in the first few years of the child's life have twice the risk of having hyperactivity symptoms at age 16. This work is being presented for the first time at the EC...

– European College of Neuropsychopharmacology

Researchers Identify Negative Impacts of Food Insecurity on Children’s Health

A new paper by researchers at the Boston University School of Social Work and American University’s School of Public Affairs confirms the negative impact of food insecurity on child health, suggesting the urgent need for policies to combat this pro...

– American University


Sound Deprivation in One Ear Leads to Speech Recognition Difficulties

Chronic conductive hearing loss, which can result from middle-ear infections, has been linked to speech recognition deficits, according to a new study led by scientists at Massachusetts Eye and Ear.

– Massachusetts Eye and Ear

Ear and Hearing; P50 DC015857

Embargo expired on 06-Sep-2019 at 12:00 ET

The Institute for Cancer Outcomes and Survivorship Focuses On Key Quality-Of-Life Issues

As more patients—adult and pediatric—become long-term cancer survivors, it becomes ever more imperative to identify ways to prevent, or at least manage, long-term complications from the cancer and its treatment.

– Children's of Alabama

Tips to Prioritize Healthy Sleep this School Year

The beginning of a new school year is a great time to refresh daily routines, including sleep schedules. The American Academy of Sleep Medicine offers recommendations for sleep duration by age and a bedtime calculator to help reset habits.

– American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM)

Critical Care for Infants and Children – Pediatric Critical Care Medicine Presents Updated Guidance and Practice Statement

A set of updated recommendations on critical care for infants and children – including criteria for admission and discharge and levels of care in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) – are presented in Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. The jo...

– Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Pediatric Critical Care Medicine

Fix and prevent health disparities in children by supporting mom, and dad

According to the recent National Academies report on health disparities in children, one of the most important factors in preventing and addressing disparities is the well-being of the child’s primary caregiver. This finding is based on decades of ...

– Arizona State University (ASU)

National Academies, Jul-2019

New Peanut Allergy Treatment Shows Effectiveness and Safety

Sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) trial participants tolerated substantially more peanut protein than is common through accidental exposure. UNC School of Medicine researchers say SLIT (a tiny bit of liquid under the tongue) provides a good cushion of ...

– University of North Carolina School of Medicine

Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Embargo expired on 04-Sep-2019 at 09:00 ET

Young Adults Exposed to Incarceration as Children Have Higher Odds of Future Depression, PTSD

Young adults with childhood history of both parental incarceration and juvenile justice involvement were nearly three times more likely to have depression or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) compared to peers without any experience with the crim...

– Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago

JAMA Network Open, Sept-2019

Embargo expired on 04-Sep-2019 at 11:00 ET

Novel Approach to Infant Dialysis Changing How Critically Ill Babies Survive at Children's of Alabama and University of Alabama at Birmingham

Using a novel approach and a machine designed to remove fluid from adults with heart failure, an article published in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (CJASN) reports higher survival rates and lower complications than previo...

– Children's of Alabama

Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, August 2019

Autism Study Stresses Importance of Communicating with All Infants

A new study from a UT Dallas assistant professor affiliated with the Infant Brain Imaging Study network that included infants later diagnosed with autism suggests that all children benefit from exposure to rich speech environments from their caregive...

– University of Texas at Dallas

Autism Research, July-2019

Inside Pediatrics Podcast: Talking to Teens, Tweens About Suicide and Depression

Contrary to popular belief, talking about suicide doesn’t make teenagers more apt to attempt suicide. An open dialogue can help tweens and teens work through some of their toughest moments and see the light at the end of the tunnel.

– Children's of Alabama

Overweight Kids Actually Eat Less Right After Stressful Events

People often react to stress by binging on sweets or fattening comfort foods, cravings fueled by the appetite-stimulating stress hormone cortisol.

– University of Michigan

Psychosomatic Medicine

Cracking the Code of a Brain Cancer That Keeps Coming Back

Researchers used a powerful new computer-assisted technology called single-cell transcriptomics that measures thousands of individual cells simultaneously to map cell types and molecular cascades that drive the growth of SHH-medulloblastoma. In a stu...

– Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

Cancer Cell, Aug. 29, 2019

Embargo expired on 29-Aug-2019 at 11:00 ET

Small Units Help People Eat More Veggies

Research shows food presentation can affect eating behaviors

– University of Georgia

Food Quality and Preference

Study highlights gaps and opportunities in emergency room care for intoxicated minors

Alcohol and other drug intoxication in minors is a public health challenge. European surveys reveal that schoolchildren start drinking alcohol at an average age of 12, and a third of Spanish 14 to 18 year-olds admit to binge drinking ─ consuming fi...

– Research Society on Alcoholism

Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research

Autism rates increasing fastest among black and Hispanic children, new study shows

Autism rates among black and Hispanic youth are not only catching up to those of whites, which have historically been higher, but surpassing them, according to a new study by researchers from University of Colorado Boulder and Rutgers New Jersey Medi...

– University of Colorado Boulder

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

Birmingham Woman Meets Philadelphia Man Who Saved Her Life Through Bone Marrow Donation

Jada Lucas, a 22-year-old bone marrow recipient from Birmingham, met the bone marrow donor who helped save her life — Jerome Lewis of Philadelphia, Penn. — at donor registry event at Children's of Alabama.

– Children's of Alabama

Children’s Book is Valuable Resource for Youngsters with Lupus

A children’s book published by Hospital for Special Surgery for youngsters with lupus not only explains the illness, but offers a message of encouragement and hope. The book, written by a hospital volunteer with lupus, has received excellent review...

– Hospital for Special Surgery

Kids from disadvantaged neighborhoods more likely to be obese as adults

Children who grow up in disadvantaged neighborhoods are nearly one-third more likely to experience obesity as adults, according to new research from Cornell University.

– Cornell University

Health & Place

First-of-its-kind study shows link between unhealthy diet and symptoms of depression in youth

Diet matters when it comes to depression. Teens who have a high-sodium, low-potassium diet are at a higher risk of depression.

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

Physiological Reports

Gene Linked to Autism Undergoes Changes in Men’s Sperm After Pot Use

A specific gene associated with autism appears to undergo changes in the sperm of men who use marijuana, according to new research from Duke Health. The gene change occurs through a process called DNA methylation, and it could potentially be pass...

– Duke Health


Study: Helping Some Infants with Fevers Avoid Painful Tests in the ER

Long hospital stays and invasive medical tests help identify serious bacterial infections in infants, but a University of Michigan expert says there may be a more efficient, less painful way to make a diagnosis.

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

JAMA Pediatrics

Studie der Mayo Clinic fordert Screening von Familienmitgliedern von Zöliakie-Patienten

Eltern, Geschwister und Kinder von Menschen mit Zöliakie sind mit einem hohen Risiko auch mit der Krankheit, nach einer Mayo Clinic Studie. Diese Studie fordert ein Screening aller Angehörigen ersten Grades von Patienten

– Mayo Clinic

Mayo Clinic Proceedings

Multiples Have Higher Risk of Medical Mix-ups in NICU

Multiple-birth infants had a significantly higher risk of wrong-patient order errors compared with singletons in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs), according to a new study in JAMA Pediatrics by researchers at NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital and Co...

– New York-Presbyterian Hospital

Pediatrics; R01HS024538; R01HD094793

Embargo expired on 26-Aug-2019 at 11:00 ET

Head Start Programs Alleviate Supply Gap of Center-Based Childcare in NJ

The availability of Head Start and Early Head Start in New Jersey, federal programs designed to serve low-income families’ childcare needs, reduces the likelihood that a community will experience a severe childcare supply gap, a Rutgers-led study f...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Children and Youth Services Review Volume 104, September 2019

Study identifies possible genetic link between children's language and mental health

A new study suggests there may be genetic explanations for why some children with poor language also have poor mental health.

– University of York

Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research


UM School of Medicine’s Center for Vaccine Development and Global Health Receives NIH Contract for Influenza Research

The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases research contract is one of the largest ever awarded to UMSOM and includes an initial award of approximately $2.5 million to conduct clinical testing of influenza vaccines. Total funding over ...

– University of Maryland School of Medicine


Meet the newest employees of St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Puggle and

This week, staff at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital welcomed their two newest colleagues, Huckleberry, a Golden Doodle, and Puggle, a Golden Retriever. They are the first hires in the newly launched St. Jude Paws at Play facility dog program.

– St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

St. Jude

Hackensack Meridian Health Partners with New York Red Bulls Goalie for Episodic Video Series Profiling Pediatric Patients

‘Play it Forward’ profiles patients at the Joseph M. Sanzari Children’s Hospital and the K. Hovnanian Children’s Hospital on their health care journeys

– Hackensack Meridian Health

Seven Private Practice Physicians Win Support for Big Data Projects to Benefit Their Patients

The American Academy of Ophthalmology today announced recipients of analytic programs from two funds developed to advance big data investigations of eye disease.

– American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO)

Multimillion-Dollar Grant Funds New Vaccine Effort to Prevent Strep Throat Infections

CARB-X, an international funder of efforts to fight antimicrobial resistance, is awarding up to $15 million to develop a strep throat vaccine based on original research at UC San Diego.

– University of California San Diego Health

Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Welcomes New Chief of Infectious Diseases

Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) announces the selection of physician-scientist Audrey R. Odom John, MD, PhD, renowned as both a malaria researcher and an outstanding clinician, as its new chief of the Division of Infectious Diseases.

– Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

NIH awards UC San Diego researchers $3.1 million grant to improve treatment of common pediatric heart condition

An international team of researchers received a five-year, $3.1 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to discover new and better ways to treat a pediatric congenital heart condition known as tetralogy of Fallot

– University of California San Diego

Expert Pitch

Expert Available to Discuss Back-to-School and Mental Health: Helping students handle stress of a new school year

– Children's of Alabama

Vaping Expert, Pediatrician, Available to Discuss Concerning Deaths and Related Illnesses Affecting Teens

– University of Alabama at Birmingham


'Return to Learn' helps students post-concussion

Across the nation, concussion protocols are in place to guide student athletes' safe return to sports participation. But no clear guidelines exist for students' appropriate return to the classroom. Dr. Monica Vavilala and researchers at Harborview Me...

– UW Medicine

Back to School!

From maintaining regular check-ups and keeping up to date with recommended vaccinations to a good diet and exercise, some simple tips can help keep youngsters healthy as they head back to class - and are cancer preventive too.

– Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey

Stay alert at the pool, beach, or lake

Failing to keep an eye out at the pool, lake or ocean can be deadly as drownings can happen in seconds. If you plan to head out to the water this Labor Day weekend, there are some safety steps you can take to prevent tragedy.

– UW Medicine





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