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Thursday, October 3, 2019

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Climate and the Environment News from Newswise 03-Oct-2019
 

Climate Change and Environmental News and Experts for the Media

Newswise provides experts for the media on hurricanes, wildfires, and other natural disasters, as well as the latest research in Environmental Science and Climate Science.



Plant diversity a casualty of high-severity wildfires

Sierra Nevada forests are losing plant diversity due to high-severity fires, according to a study from the University of California, Davis. These fires are turning patches of forest into shrub fields -- indefinitely, in some cases.

– University of California, Davis

Ecosphere


Study: Carbon emissions soar as tourism reaches new heights

A researcher at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA) is examining how the flight routes people take to get to tourist destinations impact the amount of pollution in the air in a newly published study he coauthored in the Annals of Tourism Re...

– University of Texas at San Antonio

Annals of Tourism Research


How the Texas puma saved the Florida panther

Scientists have pieced together the first complete picture of the Florida panther genome – work that could serve to protect that endangered population and other endangered species going forward.

– Ohio State University

G3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics


Fungi as predictors of climate change effects

Researcher to explain findings from an Alaskan boreal forest and a Costa Rican cloud forest

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA)

Embracing the Digital Environment ASA, CSSA, SSSA International Annual Meeting


Warming Impedes a Coral Defense, but Hungry Fish Enhance It

Corals exude chemical defenses against bacteria, but when heated in the lab, those defenses lost much potency against a pathogen common in coral bleaching. A key coral's defense was heartier when that coral was taken from an area where fishing was ba...

– Georgia Institute of Technology

Science Advances; the Teasley Endowment; 2 U19 TW007401-10; OCE 717 0929119; 346253

Embargo expired on 02-Oct-2019 at 14:00 ET


Managing stormwater and stream restoration projects together

A unified approach may benefit water quality, environment more than piecemeal

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA)

Journal of Environmental Quality; RD835570


CRISPR technology reveals secret in monarchs’ survival

New research from Cornell University sheds light on the secret to the survival of monarch butterflies by revealing how the species developed immunity to fatal milkweed toxins.

– Cornell University

Nature


Online tool helps guide wildlife repopulation efforts

A multidisciplinary team with the Cornell Wildlife Health Lab has created StaPOPd, an interactive online tool that tells users exactly how many plants or animals they need to introduce into a habitat in order to establish a stable population.

– Cornell University


Open-source radiotelemetry technology has potential to revolutionize wildlife research

Michael Shafer, Carol Chamber and Paul Flikkema of Northern Arizona University led the groundbreaking project, which utilizes drones to capture transmissions from the tracking devices scientists place on small animals to follow their migration and be...

– Northern Arizona University

Methods of Ecology and Evolution


New Public-Private Research Upends Traditional Carbon Pricing and Presents a More Effective Method for Pricing Emissions

Newly released public-private research proposes a new method for calculating carbon tax rates based on environmental, economic, and social factors, including the costs the public pays for carbon usage such as damage to agriculture, vulnerable coastal...

– New York University

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences


Glowing Bacteria in Anglerfish ‘Lamp’ Come From the Water

New research shows that female deep-sea anglerfish’s bioluminescent bacteria – which illuminate their “headlamp” – most likely come from the water.

– Cornell University

eLife


Climate change could pit species against one another as they shift ranges

Species have few good options when it comes to surviving climate change--they can genetically adapt to new conditions, shift their ranges, or both.

– University of British Columbia

PNAS


Artificial intelligence helps open new window on complex urban issues

The complexity of cities and the interrelationships of urban systems makes them ideal candidates for research using machine learning, which Argonne scientists are deploying to improve cities.

– Argonne National Laboratory


NIH Awards $15.2M Grant to UTEP for Biomedical Training

Some of the areas of focus include cancer, addiction, environmental health, health disparities, infectious disease, translational biomedicine, and degenerative and chronic diseases. Its visionary approach addresses individual, psychosocial and instit...

– University of Texas at El Paso


Brave new world: Simple changes in intensity of weather events "could be lethal"

Hurricane Dorian is the latest example of a frightening trend. Extreme weather events are becoming more frequent, more severe and more widespread as a consequence of climate change. New research from Washington University in St. Louis provides import...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Ecology and Evolution


FSU Researchers: Multifactor models reveal worse picture of climate change impact on marine life

Rising ocean temperatures have long been linked to negative impacts for marine life, but a Florida State University team has found that the long-term outlook for many marine species is much more complex — and possibly bleaker — than scientists pr...

– Florida State University

Global Change Biology


Paleobiologist Clarifies Scientific Record of the Size of Extinct Megatooth Shark

The iconic extinct megatooth shark, Otodus megalodon, is an impressive gigantic shark, but new research by DePaul University’s Kenshu Shimada shows scientifically justifiable maximum size for the fossil species to be no more than about 15 meters (n...

– DePaul University

Historical Biology


Predicting a Hurricane’s Intensity Can Prove Difficult

Many scientists have said that hurricanes are more intense than ever before – Cat. 4 or 5 storms used to be outliers, but today, it seems they are becoming the norm. Why? That’s the question a research team that includes a scientist from Nov...

– Nova Southeastern University

Geophysical Research Letters; Nature Scientific Reports


Assessing the Effects of Climate Change on Future Wheat Production

Wheat is the world’s largest rain-fed crop in terms of harvested area and supplies about 20% of all calories consumed by humans. A new study has found that unless steps are taken to mitigate climate change, up to 60% of current wheat-growing areas ...

– International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

Science Advances


Cracking How ‘Water Bears’ Survive the Extremes

Scientists have gained a new understanding of how tiny, ultra-resilient tardigrades, or “water bears,” are protected in extreme conditions. The researchers discovered that a protein named Dsup binds to chromatin—DNA inside cells—and forms a ...

– University of California San Diego

eLife, Oct-2019


Living coral cover will slow future reef dissolution

A team led by David Kline, a staff scientist at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, asked what would happen if they lowered the pH on a living coral reef.

– Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute

Nature Ecology and Evolution


Earliest Signs of Life: Scientists Find Microbial Remains in Ancient Rocks

Scientists have found exceptionally preserved microbial remains in some of Earth's oldest rocks in Western Australia

– University of New South Wales

Geology


Thousands of meltwater lakes mapped on the east Antarctic ice sheet

The number of meltwater lakes on the surface of the East Antarctic Ice Sheet is more significant than previously thought, according to new research.

– Durham University

Scientific Reports


Basking sharks exhibit different diving behavior depending on the season

Tracking the world's second-largest shark species has revealed that it moves to different depths depending on the time of year.

– University of Exeter

Marine Biology


Announcements


The American Institute of Physics Announces 2019 Science Communication Award Winners

The winners of the 2019 AIP Science Communication Awards are announced for their topical works on robotics inspired by animals, the nature of the universe, climate change, the awe and excitement of space, and the mystery of black holes. The winners a...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)


Researcher Investigates New Modeling Technology to Assess Climate Change Impact on Winter Storms

Scientists are investigating how extreme winter weather events are influenced by climate change. Edmund KM Chang, PhD, of Stony Brook University, has received a two-year $200,000 grant from NOAA/MAPP to study these storms using, for the first time, m...

– Stony Brook Medicine


Gulf of Mexico Alliance Wins Gulf Guardian Award

The Gulf of Mexico Alliance received two 2019 Gulf Guardian Awards at a ceremony hosted by the EPA Gulf of Mexico Division in Gulfport, MS. The programs that were recognized are the regional Gulf Star public-private partnership, and Gulf Tree, an int...

– Gulf of Mexico Alliance


Expert Pitch


Dry Conditions Will Hurt This Year’s Fall Colors, Says Virginia Tech Expert

– Virginia Tech

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