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Thursday, October 10, 2019

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Climate and the Environment News from Newswise 10-Oct-2019
 

Climate Change and Environmental News and Experts for the Media

Newswise provides experts for the media on hurricanes, wildfires, and other natural disasters, as well as the latest research in Environmental Science and Climate Science.



Sunlight degrades polystyrene much faster than expected

Polystyrene persists in the environment for millennia, according to some international governmental agencies. But now researchers have challenged this common assumption with the finding that sunlight can break down polystyrene over a much shorter tim...

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

Environmental Science & Technology Letters

Embargo expired on 10-Oct-2019 at 08:00 ET


Sunlight Degrades Polystyrene Faster Than Expected

A study published by researchers at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) shows that polystyrene, one of the world’s most ubiquitous plastics, may degrade in decades or centuries when exposed to sunlight, rather than thousands of years as pre...

– Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Environmental Science and Technology Letters

Embargo expired on 10-Oct-2019 at 08:00 ET


Naturally Occurring Fungi Could Curb Moose Tick Plague, Entomologists Find

Naturally occurring fungi like Metarhizium anisopliae have the potential to curb the moose tick epidemic, which threatens the survival of the iconic animal. University of Vermont entomologists found that the fungi killed 37 to 100 percent of moose ti...

– University of Vermont

Canadian Journal of Zoology


Secrets to climate change adaptation uncovered in the European corn borer moth

Biologists looked at the European corn borer moth and pinpointed variation in two circadian clock genes – per and Pdfr – that enable different populations of the moth to adapt their seasonal transitions to climate change

– Tufts University

Current Biology; DEB-1257251; DEB-1256688; 2011-116050; 58-5030-7-066 ; CRIS-5030-22000-018-00D; CRIS-3625-22000-017-00


Sharing data for improved forest protection and monitoring

Although the mapping of aboveground biomass is now possible with satellite remote sensing, these maps still have to be calibrated and validated using on-site data gathered by researchers across the world. A newly established global database will supp...

– International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

Scientific Data


UCI-Led Team to Study Socioeconomic Effects of Coastal Flooding in California

...

– University of California, Irvine


With Coastal Waters Rising, Researchers Provide First-Ever National Assessment of FEMA Buyouts

A first-of-its-kind study of FEMA buyouts in flood-prone areas nationwide found that most occur in wealthy, denser counties, but that within those areas the most likely targets were vulnerable communities. The study paves the way for future research ...

– University of Delaware

Science Advances


Narcotics Traffic Devastating Central American Rainforests, Fueling Climate Change

Drug trafficking and, paradoxically, efforts to slow it are rapidly driving the deforestation in Central America's most vulnerable tropical rainforests, new research conducted in part by Texas State University reveals.

– Texas State University

Conference of the Parties to the Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP25)


Infectious Disease in Marine Life Linked to Decades of Ocean Warming

New research shows that long-term changes in diseases in ocean species coincides with decades of widespread environmental change.

– Cornell University

''Increases and decreases in marine disease reports in an era of global change'', Oct. 9


Are Queen Conch Shrinking in Belize Waters?

A recent study by WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society), the University of Miami, and Universidad de Puerto Rico has detected a decrease in the average size of adult queen conch (Lobatus gigas) in the waters of Belize, possibly the result of fishers us...

– Science for Nature and People Partnership (SNAPP)

Aquatic Conservation: Marine Freshwater Ecosystems


BTI Researchers Unlocking Hornworts’ Secrets

Figuring out the genetic underpinnings of hornworts’ weird biology could help researchers boost agricultural output, use less fertilizer, and gain new insights into plant evolution.

– Boyce Thompson Institute


Scientists Discover New Antibiotic in Tropical Forest

Scientists from Rutgers University and around the world have discovered an antibiotic produced by a soil bacterium from a Mexican tropical forest that may help lead to a “plant probiotic,” more robust plants and other antibiotics. Probiotics, whi...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Nature Communications; Rutgers Today


Believing in climate change doesn’t mean you are preparing for climate change, study finds

Notre Dame researchers found that although coastal homeowners may perceive a worsening of climate change-related hazards, these attitudes are largely unrelated to a homeowner’s expectations of actual home damage.

– University of Notre Dame


Study of past California wildfire activity suggest climate change will worsen future fires

In the wake of recent wildfires that have ravaged northern and central California, a new study finds that the severity of fire activity in the Sierra Nevada region has been sensitive to changes in climate over the past 1,400 years. The findings

– Brown University

Environmental Research Letters


Dual Approach Needed to Save Sinking Cities and Bleaching Corals

Local conservation can boost the climate resilience of coastal ecosystems, species and cities and buy them precious time in their fight against sea-level rise

– Duke University

Current Biology


Datasets can lead to risk-reducing solutions in agriculture

Predictive agriculture models can inform farming decisions

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA)

EMBRACING THE DIGITAL ENVIRONMENT 2019 ASA-CSSA-SSSA International Annual Meeting


Endangered Black Rhino Expecting First Calf

For the first time, there’s a pregnant black rhino at the Potter Park Zoo in Lansing, Michigan. Doppsee, the expecting mother, isn't your typical rhino: she's friendly, calm and allowing researchers to closely track her pregnancy - giving critical...

– Michigan State University


Agronomists detail the benefits of updating agricultural drainage infrastructure in new study

The massive underground infrastructure that allows farmers to cultivate crops on much of the world’s most productive land has outlived its design life and should be updated, according to a new study. Installing higher-capacity pipes and conservatio...

– Iowa State University

Nature Sustainability on 07 October 2019

Embargo expired on 07-Oct-2019 at 11:05 ET


Hazards Mapping, History and the Future of Rust Belt Cities

Using geographic information systems (GIS) and archaeology to model industrial hazards in postindustrial cities to guide planning and development.

– Michigan Technological University


Another Casualty of Climate Change? Recreational Fishing

A new study finds that shoreline recreational fishing will likely suffer significantly due to climate change. The study finds some regions of the U.S. may benefit from increasing temperatures, but those benefits will be more than offset by declines i...

– North Carolina State University

Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, Sept-2019


How bike sharing in Seattle rose from the ashes of Pronto’s failure

University of Washington transportation researchers looked into why Seattle's docked bike-share program Pronto failed while dockless bike sharing has been so successful.

– University of Washington

Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice


International Team Studies Effects of Oxygen Loss on Fish

An international team of scientists is launching a study into the effects of marine hypoxia – oxygen loss that is linked to climate change – on fish species and their food webs in three locations around the world. The team will study fish from La...

– SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry


Were Hot, Humid Summers the Key to Life’s Origins?

Chemists at Saint Louis University, in collaboration with scientists at the College of Charleston and the NSF/NASA Center for Chemical Evolution, found that deliquescent minerals, which dissolve in water they absorb from humid air, can assist the con...

– Saint Louis University

Nature Communications

Embargo expired on 04-Oct-2019 at 05:00 ET


Global Temperature Report: September 2019

Global climate trend since Dec. 1 1978: +0.13 C per decade

– University of Alabama Huntsville


How Much Are You Polluting Your Office Air Just by Existing?

Just by breathing or wearing deodorant, you have more influence over your office space than you might think, a growing body of evidence shows.

– Purdue University

2019 American Association for Aerosol Research Conference


How to make carbon pricing palatable to air travellers

Travellers are willing to pay a little more for flights if they know the extra money will be used to address carbon emissions, a new study from the UBC Sauder School of Business has found.

– University of British Columbia

Journal of Environmental Psychology


Aspirin May Prevent Air Pollution Harms

A new study is the first to report evidence that nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like aspirin may lessen the adverse effects of air pollution exposure on lung function.

– Columbia University, Mailman School of Public Health

American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine


UNH Researchers Find Northern Forests Have Lost Crucial Cold, Snowy Conditions

Winter conditions are changing more rapidly than any other season and the decline in frost and snow days could have serious and lasting impacts on ecosystems, water supplies, the economy, tourism and human health.

– University of New Hampshire

Ecological Applications


Plants alert neighbors to threats using common ‘language’

New research from Cornell University shows that plants can communicate with each other when they come under attack from pests.

– Cornell University

Current Biology


Where Does Salt in the Amazon Air Come From?

Tiny particles of sodium salt float in the air over the pristine Amazon basin. Why? The only explanation before now has been that winds blow marine particles hundreds of miles inland from the Atlantic Ocean. An international team of scientists used c...

– Department of Energy, Office of Science


Expert Pitch


University of Redlands Environmental Economist Dr. Nicholas Reksten can speak on the economic and environmental impacts of the current wildfire threat and planned power outages.

– University of Redlands


Extinction Rebellion elevates sense of global climate crisis

– Cornell University


Rutgers Expert Can Discuss Exceedingly Dry, Warm September in N.J.

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick


Miscellaneous


The Inside Story of Shorebird Guts

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Frontiers in Microbiology


For Migratory Marine Species: It’s all about Connectivity

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences


Artificial Intelligence and Camera Traps: Perfect Together

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Environmental Conservation


Unsustainable Hunting Quickly Leads to a Protein Cliff

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution


Sharks Rebound After Fishery Closure

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Regional Studies in Marine Science


For Diversity in U.S. Parks, Head South

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Landscape Ecology


Warmer, Wetter Benefits Some Birds

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Diversity and Distributions


Fish Recover When Destructive Fishing Ceases

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Ecological Applications

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