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Newswise - News for Journalists
Newswise Special Wire
Saturday, October 12, 2019

Public edition |

Newswise Weekend Edition Wire for 12-Oct-2019

***Newswise Weekend Edition***

The Weekend Edition is a collection of interesting, exceptional articles you may have missed from the week. Articles are chosen by the editorial team at Newswise.

To view more staff-selected articles, go here.

Medical News

Study: U.S. Firearm Death Rate Rose Sharply in Recent Years Across Most States & Demographic Groups

The rate at which Americans died from firearm injuries increased sharply starting in 2015, a new study shows. The change occurred to varying degrees across different states, types of firearm death such as homicide and suicide, and demographics. In a...

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Health Affairs, October 2019, DOI:10.1377/hlthaff.2019.00258

Embargo expired on 07-Oct-2019 at 16:00 ET

New Test Diagnoses Lyme Disease within 15 Minutes

Current testing for Lyme disease, called the standard 2-tiered approach or the STT, involves running two complex assays (ELISA and western blot) to detect antibodies against the bacterium, and requires experienced personnel in a lab, and a few hours ...

– Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Journal of Clinical Microbiology

Linguists Track Impact of Cognitive Decline Across Three Decades of One Writer's Diaries

Researchers at the University of Toronto (U of T) specializing in language variation and change have identified a specific relationship between an individual's use of language

– University of Toronto

New Ways of Analyzing Variation 48 (NWAV48)

The Eye of the Beholder

From today’s perspective, the idea of computer systems that track our tiniesteye movements may seem like a far-off futurist’s dream.

– Texas State University

National focus on overdose prevention should include alcohol too, study suggests

The need to prevent and rapidly treat opioid overdoses is in the spotlight. But a new study suggests more focus is needed on the risk of alcohol overdoses among people who use opioids of all kinds, and other drugs. Ninety percent of residential recov...

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research

Placenta Transit of an Environmental Estrogen

The human foetus is considered to be particularly sensitive to environmental contaminants. A team led by Benedikt Warth from the Faculty of Chemistry at the University of Vienna and Tina Bürki from the Swiss Materials Science and Technology Institut...

– University of Vienna

Environmental Health Perspectives, 2019

Food Comas & Long-Term Memories—New Research Points to an Appetizing Connection

There may be a connection between food comas—resting after eating—and the formation of long-term memories, a team of neuroscientists concludes based on its study on brain activity in sea slugs.

– New York University

Scientific Reports

Brain Scans May Provide Clues to Suicide Risk

Researchers have identified brain circuitry differences that might be associated with suicidal behavior in individuals with mood disorders. The study, published in Psychological Medicine, provides a promising lead toward tools that can predict which ...

– University of Illinois at Chicago

Psychological Mediciine

First 3D View of Life’s Processes in Liquid

A new liquid-cell technology allows scientists to see biological materials and systems in three dimensions under an electron microscope (EM), according to researchers at Penn State, Virginia Tech and Protochips Inc

– Penn State Materials Research Institute

Nano Letters Oct-2019

Illegal Urban Off-Road Vehicles as Risky as Motorcycles in Cities

Not wearing helmets contributes to traumatic injuries in off-road vehicle crashes in urban areas, but motorcycle use is still deadlier

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Journal of Surgical Research

Humans Have Salamander-Like Ability to Regrow Cartilage in Joints

Contrary to popular belief, cartilage in human joints can repair itself through a process similar to that used by creatures such as salamanders and zebrafish to regenerate limbs, researchers at Duke Health found.

– Duke Clinical Research Institute

Science Advances; P30-AG-028716

Race Effect: Researchers Find Black Offenders More Likely to Be Arrested Than White Offenders When Committing Violent Crime Together

Racial disparities at every level of the criminal justice system in America are well documented. Now, a new study by Florida State University researchers reveals it also exists at the initial level of arrest, even when the crime is committed by a div...

– Florida State University

Journal of Experimental Criminology

Focus on Mental Health as Cause of Mass Violence May Be Increasing Stigma

Over the last two decades, more Americans see people with mental health problems as dangerous and are willing to use legal means to force treatment, according to a new paper by IU Distinguished Professor of Sociology Bernice Pescosolido.

– Indiana University

Health Affairs

The E-cigarette Backlash

CFR In Brief by Claire Felter. An outbreak of a lung illness linked to vaping is raising the pressure on countries to rein in the booming e-cigarette industry.

– Council on Foreign Relations (CFR)

Claire Felter, In Breif,, October 2, 2019.

Psychedelic Drug to Be Tested for Treatment-Resistant Depression in Houston

Psilocybin, a psychedelic drug believed to help rewire the brain, is now being studied to relieve treatment-resistant depression at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) as part of a global Phase II clinical trial.

– University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

Science News

Sunlight Degrades Polystyrene Faster Than Expected

A study published by researchers at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) shows that polystyrene, one of the world’s most ubiquitous plastics, may degrade in decades or centuries when exposed to sunlight, rather than thousands of years as pre...

– Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Environmental Science and Technology Letters

Embargo expired on 10-Oct-2019 at 08:00 ET

Population Aging to Create Pockets of Climate Vulnerability in the US

Population aging projections across the US show a divide between cities and rural areas, which could lead to pockets of vulnerability to climate change.

– International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

Environmental Research Letters

Study Suggests Ice on Lunar South Pole May Have More Than 1 Source

The discovery of ice deposits in craters scattered across the Moon's south pole has helped to renew interest in exploring the lunar surface, but no one is sure exactly when or how that ice got there.

– Brown University


Private Property, Not Productivity, Precipitated Neolithic Agricultural Revolution

The Neolithic Agricultural Revolution is one of the most thoroughly-studied episodes in prehistory. But a new paper by Sam Bowles and Jung-Kyoo Choi shows that most explanations for it don’t agree with the evidence, and offers a new interpretation....

– Santa Fe Institute

Journal of Political Economy

Secrets to Climate Change Adaptation Uncovered in the European Corn Borer Moth

Biologists looked at the European corn borer moth and pinpointed variation in two circadian clock genes – per and Pdfr – that enable different populations of the moth to adapt their seasonal transitions to climate change

– Tufts University

Current Biology; DEB-1257251; DEB-1256688; 2011-116050; 58-5030-7-066 ; CRIS-5030-22000-018-00D; CRIS-3625-22000-017-00

Prevent Angry Moods by Working Out First

If you're looking for health and fitness story ideas, view this research highlight from Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise®, ACSM’s flagship research journal.

– American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)

Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise

Researcher Brent Seales Using Light Brighter Than the Sun to Read Herculaneum Scrolls

For nearly two decades, Brent Seales has doggedly labored to do the impossible — reveal the elusive texts within the carbonized Herculaneum scrolls. Now, he believes new scans are the best chance yet at revealing the mysterious contents.

– University of Kentucky


Using Machine Learning to Hunt Down Cybercriminals

MIT’s Computer Science & Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) and the Center for Applied Internet Data Analysis (CAIDA) at the San Diego Supercomputer Center have used machine learning to identify "serial hijacking" of IP addresses.

– University of California San Diego

ACM Internet Measurement Conference Oct-2019

Dual Approach Needed to Save Sinking Cities and Bleaching Corals

Local conservation can boost the climate resilience of coastal ecosystems, species and cities and buy them precious time in their fight against sea-level rise

– Duke University

Current Biology

Another Casualty of Climate Change? Recreational Fishing

A new study finds that shoreline recreational fishing will likely suffer significantly due to climate change. The study finds some regions of the U.S. may benefit from increasing temperatures, but those benefits will be more than offset by declines i...

– North Carolina State University

Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, Sept-2019

Tetris Gameplay Reveals Complex Cognitive Skills

The decades-old puzzle game Tetris and the people who play it competitively have become a testbed for cognitive scientists at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute who want to know how humans learn and gain expertise.

– National Academy of Sciences (NAS)

Artificial Intelligence and Camera Traps: Perfect Together

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Environmental Conservation

Lifestyle & Social Sciences

Bad Behavior Between Moms Driven by Stereotypes, Judgment

Mothers are often their own toughest critics, but new research shows they judge other mothers just as harshly. According to the results, ideal and lazy mothers drew the most contempt from both working and stay-at-home mothers. The overworked stay-at-...

– Iowa State University

Journal of Family Communication

Flagging False Facebook Posts as Satire Helps Reduce Belief

If you want to convince people not to trust an inaccurate political post on Facebook, labeling it as satire can help, a new study finds.

– Ohio State University

Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication

Researchers Publish Article Posing Powerful Moral Conflict Between Physician Aid-in-Dying and Suicide Prevention

Researchers at the University of Utah have published an article in the October edition of the American Journal of Bioethics posing the powerful moral conflict between physician aid-in-dying and suicide prevention. In the article, Brent Kious, assista...

– University of Utah

American Journal of Bioethics, Oct-2019

The Anatomy of a Conspiracy Theory

Eliot Borenstein, author of "Plots Against Russia: Conspiracy and Fantasy After Socialism" (Cornell University Press, 2019), has traced how conspiracy theories, and their attendant sentiment and paranoia, are ingrained in Russian political and cultur...

Expert Available

– New York University

Expert Available to Discuss the Day of the Dead and its Globalization

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Business News

Using World of Warcraft to cut gamer screen time, increase maker revenue: study

World of Warcraft became the centerpiece of research by scientists from Washington University in St. Louis and INSEAD, who found that when a firm changes its game’s rewards schedule and also limits how long gamers can play in a sitting, the firm ca...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Journal of Marketing Research

Mental Accounting: Debt, Financial Nihilism and the Comfortably Numb Effect

High student loan debt has a lingering psychological effect and changes price sensitivity — and spending habits — those with much debt become numb to the prodigious numbers they face on the balance sheet and tend to spend even more.

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business

Tech Firms’ Path to Positive Inroads in China ‘Foggy at Best’

– Cornell University





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