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Thursday, October 24, 2019

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Climate and the Environment News from Newswise 24-Oct-2019
 

Climate Change and Environmental News and Experts for the Media

Newswise provides experts for the media on hurricanes, wildfires, and other natural disasters, as well as the latest research in Environmental Science and Climate Science.



Study Provides Framework for 1 Billion Years of Green Plant Evolution

International consortium of researchers generates gene sequences from more than 1100 plant species

– University of Alberta

Nature, doi: 10.1038/s41586-019-1693-2

Embargo expired on 23-Oct-2019 at 13:00 ET


Sandia research focuses on ‘switching on’ iron in clay minerals

Sandia National Laboratories researchers have discovered the mechanism to “switch on” iron residing in clay mineral structures, leading to the understanding of how to make iron reactive under oxygen-free conditions.This research will help scienti...

– Sandia National Laboratories

Environmental Science: Nano


Driverless cars could lead to more traffic congestion

New research has predicted that driverless cars could worsen traffic congestion in the coming decades, partly because of drivers’ attitudes to the emerging technology and a lack of willingness to share their rides.

– University of Adelaide

Urban Policy and Research


A roadmap to make the land sector carbon neutral by 2040

A new roadmap outlines actions on deforestation, restoration, and carbon cuts that could lead to the land sector becoming carbon neutral by 2040 and a net carbon sink by 2050.

– International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

Nature Climate Change


Study Provides Framework For One Billion Years Of Green Plant Evolution

Gene sequences for more than 1100 plant species have been released by an international consortium of nearly 200 plant scientists who were involved in a nine-year research project, One Thousand Plant Transcriptomes Initiative (1KP).

– Donald Danforth Plant Science Center

10.1038/s41586-019-1693-2


Scientists tout ocean protection progress, give road map for more

World governments and other leadership bodies are taking vital steps to protect the ocean but more progress is urgently needed, Oregon State University scientists reported today at the Our Ocean Conference.

– Oregon State University

Our Ocean Conference


Ancient Molecules from the Sea Burst Into the Air From Ocean Waves

When waves crash in the ocean, they inject tiny particles into the air that carry organic molecules more than 5,000 years old. This discovery, published in Science Advances by a national team of scientists, helps to solve a long-standing mystery as t...

– Stony Brook University

Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres


"Science By The People" Book Explores Promise and Pitfalls of Citizen Science

Involving the public in scientific research can help to solve complex environmental problems, but according to Science by the People, a new book co-authored by sociologists Abby Kinchy of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and Aya Kimura of the Univers...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

Science by the People


Exposure to Environmental PCBs Impairs Brain Function In Mice

Human-made toxic chemicals that linger indefinitely in the environment disrupt the performance of critical helper cells in the mouse brain, leading to impaired function over long-term exposures.

– Georgetown University Medical Center

Embargo expired on 22-Oct-2019 at 08:00 ET


Forests on the radar

The quantity and diversity of plants and animals, especially insects, is decreasing, also in Germany.

– University of Würzburg

Nature Communications


'Artificial leaf' successfully produces clean gas

A widely-used gas that is currently produced from fossil fuels can instead be made by an 'artificial leaf' that uses only sunlight, carbon dioxide and water, and which could eventually be used to develop a sustainable liquid fuel alternative to petro...

– University of Cambridge

Nature Materials


No place like home: Species are on the move, but many have nowhere to go

Many insects moving north in response to climate change find they have nowhere to go in Britain's intensively managed landscapes, according to new research.

– University of York

Scientific Reports


Scientists enhance color and texture of cultured meat

A team of Tufts University-led researchers exploring the development of cultured meat found that the addition of the iron-carrying protein myoglobin improves the growth, texture and color of bovine muscle grown from cells in culture. This development...

– Tufts University

Foods Journal; P41EB002520; 722779


What Is Urban Ecology and Why Is It Important?

Providing food closer to home in cities is possible

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)


U.S. Population of Eastern Mallards has Dropped by 50 Percent

The U.S. population of eastern mallards – dabbling ducks with distinctive green heads – has plunged inexplicably by 50 percent in the last 20 years, causing scientists to launch research into the birds’ productivity, changes in their habitat an...

– SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry


Antiquated dams hold key to water quality

Small, centuries-old dams are of no use to humans. But researchers will use NSF grants to examine whether removing them will harm water quality. Blocking the water makes soil upstream richer in carbon, which acts as an important filter of nitrogen, a...

– University of Delaware


Study helps pinpoint what makes species vulnerable to environmental change

The fabled use of canaries in coal mines as an early warning of carbon monoxide stemmed from the birds' extreme sensitivity to toxic conditions compared to humans.

– Princeton University

Ecography


Plant physiology will be major contributor to future river flooding, UCI study finds

Irvine, Calif., Oct. 21, 2019 – The next time a river overflows its banks, don’t just blame the rain clouds. Earth system scientists from the University of California, Irvine have identified another culprit: leafy plants. In a study published tod...

– University of California, Irvine

Nature Climate Change, Oct-2019


Real texture for lab-grown meat

Lab-grown or cultured meat could revolutionize food production, providing a greener, more sustainable, more ethical alternative to large-scale meat production. But getting lab-grown meat from the petri dish to the dinner plate requires solving severa...

– Harvard School of Engineering & Applied Sciences

Nature Science of Food


Volcanic Ash Sparks a New Discovery

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) scientists are now using plasma physics to predict the characteristics of volcanic hazardous ash plumes.

– Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

61st Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Plasma Physics


Humpback Whale Population on the Rise After Near Miss with Extinction

A new study finds the western South Atlantic humpback population has grown to 25,000 whales. Researchers believe this new estimate is now close to pre-whaling numbers.

– University of Washington

Royal Society Open Science, Oct-2019


Persistence pays off with first images of butterfly eggs

Kim Moss, assistant professor of art and visual culture and coordinator of the biological and premedical illustration program at Iowa State University, is the first person to shoot video and photos of where the Parnassius clodius butterfly lays its e...

– Iowa State University


Allison McComiskey: An Observer of the Natural World

McComiskey is chair of Brookhaven’s Environmental and Climate Sciences Department.

Expert Available

– Brookhaven National Laboratory


Assessing the benefits and risks of land-based greenhouse gas removal

A new study shows that afforestation and other forms of climate-friendly land use not only helps to remove CO2 from the atmosphere to reduce global warming, but they can also contribute to achieving the SDGs.

– International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

Annual Review of Environment and Resources


Growers Should Manage Tomato Bacterial Spot While Seedlings are in Transplant Facilities

New findings from University of Florida scientists could help tomato growers nationwide in their battle against a damaging disease.

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

Applied and Environmental Microbiology


Croissant making inspires renewable energy solution

The art of croissant making has inspired researchers from Queen Mary University of London to find a solution to a sustainable energy problem.

– Queen Mary University of London

Nature Communications


Using 'green' approach to manage stormwater runoff

Soil and plants, strategically placed, can help reduce stormwater runoff—and, in the long run, help relieve pressure on the city drainage system. However, engaging city officials and community members is integral to implementing these techniques.

– South Dakota State University


"We proved that women could certainly stand the rigors of Antarctica"

As the world watches the first all-female spacewalk, looking back at another glass-ceiling-busting milestone: The first all-female research expedition to Antarctica.

Expert Available

– Ohio State University


Museums Put Ancient DNA to Work for Wildlife

Old museum specimens are giving researchers fresh insights into endangered species

– University of Cincinnati

Conservation Genetics


How Aerosols Affect Our Climate

Using a massive NASA dataset, Yale researchers have created a framework that helps explain just how sensitive local temperatures are to aerosols

– Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies

Geophysical Research Letters


Paleontologists discover complete Saurornitholestes langstoni specimen

Discovery provides valuable insight into evolution of theropod dinosaurs around the world

– University of Alberta

The Anatomical Record


Planting a Trillion Trees Will Not Halt Climate Change

A group of 46 scientists from around the world, led by Joseph Veldman, Ph.D., assistant professor in the Department of Ecosystem Science and Management in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences at Texas A&M University, are urging caution regard...

– Texas A&M AgriLife

Science journal


Expert Pitch


Rutgers Expert Available to Discuss Walt Disney’s Connection to Natural Sciences as Seen in “Fantasia”

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick


Rutgers Experts Can Discuss NJFloodMapper and NJForestAdapt

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick


Miscellaneous


Using Journal Records to Track Invasive Amphibians and Reptiles

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Herpetological Review


“Functionality” is the Gold Standard of Species Recovery

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Conservation Biology


Hot Mess: How Amazon Primates Will Respond to Climate Change

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Ecography


Seeing Indonesia’s Forests for the Trees

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Tropical Ecosystems: Structure, Functions and Challenges in the Face of Global Change

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