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Newswise Special Wire
Monday, October 28, 2019

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Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire for 28-Oct-2019
 

Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire

Tech news for the public and news media. More stories can be found at the Newswise Technology News Source and the Engineering News Source.



DESI Opens Its 5,000 Eyes to Capture the Colors of the Cosmos

A new instrument mounted atop a telescope in Arizona has aimed its robotic array of 5,000 fiber-optic “eyes” at the night sky to capture the first images showing its unique view of galaxy light.

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument

Embargo expired on 28-Oct-2019 at 11:00 ET


Experts Optimistic About the Next 50 Years of Digital Life

Experts say digital life will mostly bring positive changes over the next 50 years, but they warn these benefits will only happen if people embrace reforms allowing better cooperation, security, basic rights and economic fairness, according to a new ...

– Pew Research Center


Driving Innovation

Erdem Coleri, assistant professor of infrastructure materials at Oregon State University, is using recyclables to create better asphalt mixes that prolong the life cycle of pavement. His lab also builds devices to test the bond strength of freshly re...

– Oregon State University, College of Engineering


Brookhaven Lab Hosts Third GPU Hackathon

At Brookhaven's Lab third graphics processing unit (GPU) hackathon, participants accelerated applications spanning particle physics, astrophysics, chemistry, biology, machine learning, and geoscience.

– Brookhaven National Laboratory


Algorithm Identifies Cancer Patients in Need of Advance Care Planning Conversations

The newly developed system prioritizes patients so that cancer doctors have conversations about their values and goals before it is too late.

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

JAMA Network Open; T32-GM075766-14; 5-T32-CA009615

Embargo expired on 25-Oct-2019 at 11:00 ET


Micromotors push around single cells and particles

A new type of micromotor—powered by ultrasound and steered by magnets—can move around individual cells and microscopic particles in crowded environments without damaging them. In one demonstration, a micromotor pushed around silica particles to s...

– University of California San Diego

Science Advances, Oct-2019

Embargo expired on 25-Oct-2019 at 14:00 ET


Researchers Receive $2.8 Million Grant to Study Hidden Biases in Healthcare

Researchers at UC San Diego and the University of Washington are developing technology to study hidden biases in healthcare.

– University of California San Diego


New grant will explore popular app functions for telecoaching people with disabilities and diabetes

Approximately one in four people with disabilities are diagnosed with diabetes.

– University of Alabama at Birmingham


Laser research could hold key to unlocking exponential speed increase in computers

In the never-ending race to create faster, more powerful microchips, the tech industry is increasingly running up against a challenging bottleneck.

– Texas State University


Cold, hard data: ORNL data scientists support historic Arctic expedition

MOSAiC, the largest polar expedition of all time, will produce demanding quantities of data. ORNL staff in the field and the lab collect, store and process it to share with collaborators around the world.

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

MOSAiC


Microsoft HoloLens meets ‘unicorn of the sea’

“Narwhal: Revealing an Arctic Legend” has been on exhibit at The Smithsonian’s Museum of Natural History since 2017 and is due to go on tour of North America in 2020. Museum visitors can view panoramic Arctic landscape images, touch a cast of a...

– Case Western Reserve University

Microsoft HoloLens


Using Artificial Intelligence to Predict Risk of Thyroid Cancer on Ultrasound

New study uses machine learning on ultrasound images of thyroid nodules to predict risk of malignancy

– Thomas Jefferson University

JAMA Oto.

Embargo expired on 24-Oct-2019 at 11:00 ET


World first study with drone cameras now separates living from the dead

Autonomous drone cameras have been trialled for several years to detect signs of life in disaster zones. Now, in a world first study, researchers from Adelaide and Iraq have taken this a step further.

– University of South Australia

Remote Sensing


Living on the Edge: How a 2D Material Got Its Shape

A team of scientists led by the Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) has gained valuable insight into 3D transition metal oxide nanoparticles’ natural “edge” for 2D growth.

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Nature Materials


U.S., Republic of Korea to Partner in Science, Technology, and Information Communication Technology

Today, the United States and the Republic of Korea entered into a bilateral partnership for deeper cooperation on science and technology research and development of solutions to disasters such as fire, storm, flood and earthquake and issues closely r...

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


Houston Methodist researchers test-drive Lamborghini’s carbon fiber materials in space

Houston Methodist researchers are studying Italian sports car maker Automobili Lamborghini’s carbon fiber materials in space.

– Houston Methodist


Cooking Up a New Theory for Better Accelerators

While particle accelerators may be on the cutting edge of science, the building and preparation of some particle accelerator components has long been more of an art form, dependent on recipes born of trial and error. Now, Ari Deibert Palczewski hopes...

– Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility


Putting Next Generation Technology in the Hands of Birmingham First Responders

The DHS S&T’s Next Generation First Responder Program recently partnered with public safety agencies from the City of Birmingham and Jefferson County, Alabama, for the NGFR – Birmingham Shaken Fury Operational Experimentation (OpEx).

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


Micro-satellites offer a fresh view of NYS agriculture

Cornell University researchers are deploying thumbnail-size satellites to monitor environmental conditions as a dry run for using the technology for future space research. At the same time, he is harvesting valuable data that will help growers make m...

– Cornell University


Protecting data, recruiting students to cybersecurity

Doug Jacobson -- already busy with cyberdefense research and helping build Iowa State's new major in cyber security engineering -- has found fun ways to recruit students into cybersecurity studies and careers.

– Iowa State University

Cybersecurity


Using Physics to Keep Our Electrical Grid Safe

A Q&A with a Berkeley Lab computer security expert on cyberattacks

Expert Available

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory


Most complete exploration of fly landing maneuvers to advance future robots

To inspire advanced robotic technology, researchers in the Penn State Department of Mechanical Engineering have published the most complete description of how flying insects land upside-down.

– Penn State College of Engineering

Science Advances

Embargo expired on 23-Oct-2019 at 14:00 ET


Tackling weak WiFi with noise

WiFi protocols have a limit to how little data will be transmitted, after which, communication is cut off. Now researchers, including the McKelvey School of Engineering's Neil Patwari, have found a way around this limitation.

– Washington University in St. Louis

MobiCom 2019


Driverless Cars Could Lead to More Traffic Congestion

New research has predicted that driverless cars could worsen traffic congestion in the coming decades, partly because of drivers’ attitudes to the emerging technology and a lack of willingness to share their rides.

– University of Adelaide

Urban Policy and Research


Polymerized Estrogen Shown to Protect Nervous System Cells

In research published today in Nature Communications, an interdisciplinary team from Rensselaer demonstrated how estrogen — a natural hormone produced in the body — can be polymerized into a slow-releasing biomaterial and applied to nervous syste...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

Nature Communications


Rethinking the science of plastic recycling

A multi-institutional collaboration reports a catalytic method for selectively converting discarded plastics into higher quality products. The team included Argonne National Laboratory, Ames Laboratory, Northwestern University and three other univer...

– Argonne National Laboratory

ACS Central Science


Declining job quality, not job loss, set to mark next decade of warehouse work

A new report from researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago’s Center for Urban Economic Development examines how technological changes in warehouses across the U.S. might impact workers and reshape working conditions.

– University of Illinois at Chicago

Laborcenter Berkeley


Quantum supremacy milestone harnesses ORNL Summit supercomputer

A joint research team from Google Inc., NASA Ames Research Center, and the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory has demonstrated that a quantum computer can outperform a classical computer at certain tasks, a feat known as quantum s...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Nature


Study Provides Framework For One Billion Years Of Green Plant Evolution

Gene sequences for more than 1100 plant species have been released by an international consortium of nearly 200 plant scientists who were involved in a nine-year research project, One Thousand Plant Transcriptomes Initiative (1KP).

– Donald Danforth Plant Science Center

10.1038/s41586-019-1693-2


Consensus Report Shows Burnout Prevalent in Health Care Community

Clinician burnout is affecting between one-third and one-half of all of U.S. nurses and physicians, and 45 to 60% of medical students and residents, according to a National Academy of Medicine (NAM) report released today.

– Vanderbilt University Medical Center

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine


Mayo Clinic studies patient privacy in MRI research

Though identifying data typically are removed from medical image files before they are shared for research, a Mayo Clinic study finds that this may not be enough to protect patient privacy.

– Mayo Clinic

The New England Journal of Medicine


NSLS-II Celebrates its 5th Anniversary

On this day five years ago, the National Synchrotron Light Source II (NSLS-II) achieved “first light”—its first successful delivery of x-ray beams. Signaling the start of operations at NSLS-II—one of the world’s most advanced synchrotron li...

– Brookhaven National Laboratory


The way is clear: CORNING taps neutrons for developing new glass compositions

Corning researchers are using neutrons at ORNL’s Spallation Neutron Source to better understand the correlations between the structure and properties of glass to develop new compositions tailored for a range of applications.

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory


Browser Tool Aims To Help Researchers ID Malicious Websites, Code

Researchers have developed an open-source tool that allows users to track and record the behavior of JavaScript programs without alerting the websites that run those programs. The tool is designed to detect malicious programs that are capable of evad...

– North Carolina State University

ACM Internet Measurement Conference, Oct. 2019


Rethinking the role of technology in the classroom

Introducing tablets and laptops to the classroom has certain educational virtues, according to Annahita Ball, an assistant professor in the University at Buffalo School of Social Work, but her research suggests tech has its limitations as well. “Y...

– University at Buffalo

Children & Schools


Pushy robots learn the fundamentals of object manipulation

MIT researchers have compiled a dataset that captures the detailed behavior of a robotic system physically pushing hundreds of different objects.

– Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems


Survey completeness of a global citizen-science database of bird occurrence

There are many shortfalls in knowledge of the world's biodiversity, and one of the most basic is the lack of knowledge about where species occur geographically. This deficiency has broad ramifications for research and conservation. This study, publis...

– Cornell University

Ecography


Magnetics with a twist: Scientists find new way to image spins

Cornell researchers have put a new spin on measuring and controlling spins in nickel oxide, with an eye toward improving electronic devices’ speed and memory capacity.

– Cornell University

Spin Seebeck Imaging of Spin-Torque Switching in Antiferromagnetic Pt/NiO Heterostructures


Scientists enhance color and texture of cultured meat

A team of Tufts University-led researchers exploring the development of cultured meat found that the addition of the iron-carrying protein myoglobin improves the growth, texture and color of bovine muscle grown from cells in culture. This development...

– Tufts University

Foods Journal; P41EB002520; 722779


Real texture for lab-grown meat

Lab-grown or cultured meat could revolutionize food production, providing a greener, more sustainable, more ethical alternative to large-scale meat production. But getting lab-grown meat from the petri dish to the dinner plate requires solving severa...

– Harvard School of Engineering & Applied Sciences

Nature Science of Food


Announcements


Interdisciplinary team awarded grants to pursue quantum computing and entanglement research

Two grants awarded to Boise State researchers to create, corral and control the elusive molecular exciton. The research team is pioneering the use of DNA as a programmable, self-assembling architecture to organize dye molecules for creating and cont...

– Boise State University


National Institutes of Health Establishes Center at Lawrence Livermore to Develop Chlamydia Vaccine

A cooperative research center that aims to develop vaccines for chlamydia has been established by the National Institutes of Health at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). The center includes two University of California campuses – Irvine...

– Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory


Warwick Computer Scientist secures Turing AI Fellowship

Dr Maria Liakata, Associate Professor in Natural Language Processing at the University of Warwick’s Department of Computer Science, has received a Turing Artificial Intelligence (AI) Fellowship.

– University of Warwick


U.S. Department of Defense awards UA Little Rock $5.6 million grant to develop bone regeneration technology

The U.S. Department of Defense has awarded the University of Arkansas at Little Rock a $5.6 million grant to advance the NuCress™ scaffold, a groundbreaking bone regeneration technology. The NuCress™ scaffold is in the final stages of moving from...

– University of Arkansas at Little Rock

W81XWH1920014


AI system being developed under $1.9 million grant to help parolees integrate into society

Custom-tailored help will be available to prison parolees reintegrating into society once an artificial intelligence (AI) system being developed by The University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) and two partner universities is complete.

– University of Alabama Huntsville


Founding NIBIB director receives prestigious NAE award

The annual awards ceremony at the National Academy of Engineering was highly unusual in that, of the 12 broad engineering categories represented at NAE – from chemical to mechanical and civil to electrical – three 2019 NAE awards were in biomedic...

– National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

NAE Awards, Oct-2019


Iowa State names chief technology officer for biobased products

Sundeep Vani has joined Iowa State University to serve in the newly created role of chief technology officer (CTO) for biobased products, part of the State of Iowa’s Biosciences-based economic growth initiative.

– Iowa State University


Nation’s First Campus-Wide Alexa Program Takes Another Pioneering Step Forward

Saint Louis University Continues Innovative Efforts to Enhance Campus Life for Students Through Voice and AI Technology

– Saint Louis University

Alexa, SLU Program


Dynamic haptic robotic training to decrease catheter procedure complications

A Penn State-led, multi-disciplinary and multi-institutional research team aims to develop an innovative robotic training system to reduce the number of complications associated with CVC placement.  

– Penn State College of Engineering


Olin College Professor Awarded NASA Grant

Assistant Professor of Computational Physics and Planetary Science Carrie Nugent has been awarded a three-year grant from NASA to detect asteroids in archival data. This work will be in collaboration with Dr. James “Gerbs” Bauer at the University...

– Franklin W. Olin College of Engineering


Olin College Announces the Senior Capstone in Engineering Program (SCOPE) Projects For 2019-2020

The 2019-2020 Senior Capstone in Engineering (SCOPE) program officially got underway in September. Fourteen corporate partners have signed on to sponsor SCOPE teams made up of Olin seniors. It is SCOPE’s fifteenth year. The sponsors include: Am...

– Franklin W. Olin College of Engineering


Los Alamos AI model wins flu forecasting challenge

A probabilistic artificial intelligence computer model developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory provided the most accurate state, national, and regional forecasts of the flu in 2018, beating 23 other teams in the Centers for Disease Control and Pr...

– Los Alamos National Laboratory

FluSight Challenge


National Hispanic science and engineering organization honors two Sandia researchers

Materials scientist Nic Argibay and health and safety senior manager Rafael Gonzalez were honored for leadership and achievement in science, technology, engineering and math.

– Sandia National Laboratories


CPR training kiosk comes to UChicago Medicine's Center for Care and Discovery

The University of Chicago Medicine, in partnership with the American Heart Association, has installed a hands-only CPR kiosk in the Center for Care and Discovery. It's one of three in Chicago.

– University of Chicago Medical Center


Marketplace


Seqster Signs 3-year License Agreement of SRP™ to La Jolla Institute of Immunology for Asthma Study

Seqster, the award-winning SaaS-based technology platform enabling consumer-centered health data management, today announced a 3-year licensing deal and partnership with La Jolla Institute of Immunology (LJI) to support the execution of a $6.9 millio...

– La Jolla Institute for Immunology

Embargo expired on 28-Oct-2019 at 05:00 ET


Garwood Medical Devices granted FDA ‘Breakthrough Devices’ designation for BioPrax™

BioPrax is a tool that is being developed to help eliminate biofilm infections on prosthetic knee implants during early intervention procedures, while also maintaining the current standard of care. The device was developed with strong, continuing sup...

– University at Buffalo


Expert Pitch


UAlbany Physicist Available to Speak on Google’s “Quantum Supremacy” Claim

– University at Albany, State University of New York


Happy 50th Internet, insights from a Virginia Tech expert

– Virginia Tech


J-T Shen's research exploits the unique properties of quantum nano-photonics for applications in quantum communication, computation, and biomedical imaging.

– Washington University in St. Louis


GW Expert Available to Discuss Google’s ‘Quantum Supremacy’

– George Washington University


Quantum Supremacy: What it means to the consumer.

– Harrisburg University of Science and Technology


Experts on quantum computing available for comment

– Los Alamos National Laboratory


Google quantum computing breakthrough a ‘remarkable milestone’

– Cornell University


On quantum, "we've only scratched the surface." Director of Berkeley Lab's Advanced Quantum Testbed available to talk what's next

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory


International quantum computing experts available to discuss Google’s quantum computing announcement

– Northern Arizona University


Miscellaneous


What can artificial brains teach us about the real ones?

– The Neuro - Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital

Nature Neuroscience, Oct. 28, 2019

Embargo expired on 28-Oct-2019 at 12:00 ET

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