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Newswise Special Wire
Monday, November 4, 2019

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Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire for 04-Nov-2019

Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire

Tech news for the public and news media. More stories can be found at the Newswise Technology News Source and the Engineering News Source.

Core Concern

Oregon State University engineers Julie Tucker and Samuel Briggs are helping the Department of Energy develop a method to quickly measure the life-span degradation of materials used to build the next generation of nuclear reactors that will be more e...

– Oregon State University, College of Engineering

Living Skin Can Now be 3D-Printed With Blood Vessels Included

Researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute have developed a way to 3D print living skin, complete with blood vessels. The advancement, published online today in Tissue Engineering Part A, is a significant step toward creating grafts that are mor...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

Tissue Engineering Part A

Researchers engineer insulin-producing cells activated by light for diabetes

Researchers have transplanted engineered pancreatic beta cells into diabetic mice, then caused the cells to produce more than two to three times the typical level of insulin by exposing them to light. The light-switchable cells are designed to compen...

– Tufts University

ACS Synthetic Biology; CBET1743367

Demystify A.I. with German and American Experts

The German Center for Research and Innovation’s Future Forum: Demystify A.I. will develop consensus on the differing transatlantic perspectives on AI, regulation and data privacy.

– German Center for Research and Innovation (DWIH)

Vampire bats give a little help to their “friends”

Vampire bats could be said to be sort of like people – not because of their blood-sucking ways, but because they help their neighbors in need even if it’s of no obvious benefit to them.

– Ohio State University

Current Biology

Embargo expired on 31-Oct-2019 at 11:00 ET

Potential Genetic Markers of Multiple Sclerosis Severity

In a bid to determine factors linked to the most debilitating forms of multiple sclerosis (MS), Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers say they have identified three so-called “complement system” genes that appear to play a role in MS-caused vision l...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Brain; R01NS082347, R01NS088155, UO1NS045719, R21NS41986

LLNL leads multi-institutional team in modeling protein interactions tied to cancer

Computational scientists, biophysicists and statisticians from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) are leading a massive multi-institutional collaboration that has developed a machine learning-based...

– Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

2019 Supercomputing Conference

Shedding new light on the charging of lithium-ion batteries

Researchers at Argonne National Laboratory have discovered a photo-excitation process that speeds up the charging of lithium-ion batteries. If commercialized, such technology could be a game changer for electric vehicles.

– Argonne National Laboratory

Nature Communications

Complex Cellular Machine Visualized to Yield New Insights in Cancer

Cellular machines that control chromosome structure, such as the RSC complex, are mutated in about one-fifth of all human cancers. Now, for the first time, scientists have developed a high-resolution visual map of this multi-protein machine, elucidat...

– Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah


Bundlemers (new polymer units) could transform industries

From tires to clothes to shampoo, many ubiquitous products are made with polymers, large chain-like molecules made of smaller sub-units, called monomers, bonded together. Now, a team of researchers from UD and UPenn has created a new fundamental unit...

– University of Delaware

Embargo expired on 30-Oct-2019 at 14:00 ET

Cleveland Clinic Performs Its First Purely Laparoscopic Living Donor Surgery for Liver Transplant

Cleveland Clinic has successfully performed the Midwest’s first purely laparoscopic living donor surgery for liver transplantation in an adult recipient. The advanced procedure is available at only a few hospitals worldwide, and Cleveland Clinic is...

– Cleveland Clinic

Digestive Disease & Surgery Institute

Embargo expired on 30-Oct-2019 at 05:00 ET

Wearable Activity Trackers a Reliable Tool for Predicting Death Risk in Older Adults

A federally funded study by Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers shows that wearable accelerometers — mechanical sensors worn like a watch, belt or bracelet to track movement — are a more reliable measure of physical activity and better than patien...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

The Journal of Gerontology: Medical Sciences; RO1 HL123407, T32 AG000247

Machine Learning Leads to Novel Way to Track Tremor Severity in Parkinson’s Patients

Physical exams only provide a snapshot of a Parkinson’s patient’s daily tremor experience. Scientists have developed algorithms that, combined with wearable sensors, can continuously monitor patients and estimate total Parkinsonian tremor as they...

– Florida Atlantic University


Mount Sinai Researchers Develop Software to Measure the Findability, Accessibility, Interoperability, and Reusability of Biomedical Digital Research Objects

The FAIRshake Toolbox Developed to Promote Information Exchange in Biomedicine

– Mount Sinai Health System

Cell Systems, October-2019

Advanced microscopy reveals unusual DNA structure

An advanced imaging technique reveals new structural details of S-DNA, ladder-like DNA that forms when the molecule experiences extreme tension. This work conducted at Sandia National Laboratories and Vrije University in the Netherlands provides the ...

– Sandia National Laboratories

Science Advances

Wearable Tech Named Top Fitness Trend for 2020

ACSM's annual survey and new regional comparison report predict what you’ll see in fitness next year

– American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)

ACSM’s Health & Fitness Journal®

Drones help map Iceland's disappearing glaciers

A new 3D process which involves old aerial photos and modern-day drone photography has shed light on accelerated ice loss from some of Iceland's largest glaciers.

– University of Dundee

Improving ecology restoration outcomes

Taking into account the target species, their interactions with existing species and the site’s environmental conditions may increase the success of restoration projects.

– South Dakota State University

Restoration Ecology, Nov. 2018

Bionic breakthrough

University of Utah mechanical engineers are developing the world’s first truly bionic legs, a self-powered prosthetic limb with a computer processor and motorized joints in the ankle and knee that enable an amputee to walk with more power, vigor an...

– University of Utah

Lean Hospitals? How Lessons from Manufacturing Can Improve Health Care

Despite its origins in manufacturing, lean thinking has shown the potential to transform other process-oriented industries, including healthcare. According to Darden Professor Elliott N. Weiss, when it comes to process improvement and eliminating was...

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business

Teens with Autism Can Master Daily Living Skills When Parents Teach, Reach for iPads

Daily tasks can be difficult for some people with autism because they often involve sequential steps. Since people with autism are strong visual learners, a study examined if parents could help their teens learn using portable, mainstream devices lik...

– Florida Atlantic University

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

Research On Large Storm Waves Could Help Lessen Their Impact On Coasts

An international team of researchers has analyzed months of data of large nearshore waves to provide new insights that could help improve the designs of a variety of coastal structures from seaports to seawalls to better withstand destructive waves. ...

– Georgia Institute of Technology

Scientific Reports; Science Foundation Ireland

Study Finds Companies Would Be Wise to Share Cybersecurity Efforts

Research finds that when one company experiences a cybersecurity breach, other companies in the same field become less attractive to investors. However, companies that are open about their cybersecurity risk management fare better than peers that are...

– North Carolina State University

Journal of Information Systems, Oct-2019

Popular third-party genetic genealogy site is vulnerable to compromised data, impersonations

University of Washington researchers have found that the third-party genealogy site GEDmatch is vulnerable to multiple kinds of security risks.

– University of Washington

Network and Distributed System Security Symposium (NDSS)

Gene discovery solves 51-year-old mystery cause of inherited pancreatitis

What began as a 51-year-old mystery comes down to a single gene, as researchers from the University of Chicago and University of California, San Francisco discovered the cause of a new inherited form of pancreatitis.

– University of Chicago Medical Center

Journal of Clinical Investigation

Chameleon's tongue strike inspires fast-acting robots

Chameleons, salamanders and many toads use stored elastic energy to launch their sticky tongues at unsuspecting insects located up to one-and-a-half body lengths away, catching them within a tenth of a second.

– Purdue University

Advanced Functional Materials

Evidence of humans, not 'bots,' key to uncovering disinformation campaigns

Political disinformation campaigns on social media threaten to sway political outcomes, from U.S. elections to Hong Kong protests, yet are often hard to detect.

– University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Political Communication

Engineering Living Scaffolds for Building Materials

Bone and mollusk shells are composite systems that combine living cells and inorganic components. This allows them to regenerate and change structure while also being very strong and durable. Borrowing from this amazing complexity, researchers have b...

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Search for Lightweight Alloying Solutions Earns Team a Gordon Bell Finalist Nomination

A team used the Summit supercomputer to simulate a 10,000-atom magnesium dislocation system at 46 petaflops, a feat that earned the team an ACM Gordon Bell Prize finalist nomination and could allow scientists to understand which alloying materials to...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Proceedings of the International Conference for High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage, and Analysis

Snapshot: Preparing for the Consequences of a Chemical Attack

DHS S&T has developed a suite of models at S&T’s Chemical Security Analysis Center (CSAC).

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate

Researchers create Amazon Alexa skill to help older adults stay active

A new research effort is helping some senior citizens on Chicago's South Side stay active with a little assistance from Amazon’s voice-controlled speaker Alexa.

– University of Chicago Medical Center

A King of Hearts

When Mick Jagger received an artificial heart valve via catheter, he made the transcatheter replacement valve famous. Iconic "Dr. Y" made it possible. Ajit Yoganathan's lab has tested every valve on the market for quality, and his analyses shaped the...

– Georgia Institute of Technology

Transforming nuclear research through industry collaboration led by Argonne

Argonne nuclear scientists and engineers are collaborating with private partners in cutting-edge initiatives that will have meaningful impact.

– Argonne National Laboratory

New Clues as to Why Mutations in the MYH9 Gene Cause a Broad Spectrum of Disorders in Humans

Researchers have used the Drosophila embryo to model human disease mutations that affect myosin motor activity. Through in vivo imaging and biophysical analysis, they demonstrated that engineering human MYH9-related disease mutations into Drosophila ...

– Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Innovative tool analyzes all 22,000 tweets from 2016 Republican presidential candidates

Donald Trump’s Twitter activity during the 2016 presidential primaries was largely comprised of tweets about performance, style, personal attacks and his standing in the polls. Researchers call this type of political messaging a strategy frame. I...

– University at Buffalo

International Journal of Communication

To rid electric grid of carbon, shore up green energy support

Cornell and Northwestern University engineers, along with a federal economist, have created an energy model that helps to remove carbon-generated power from the U.S. electric grid – replacing it with a greener, financially feasible wind, solar and ...

– Cornell University

Nature Energy, Oct-2019

Excavating Quantum Information Buried in Noise

Researchers developed two new methods to assess and remove error in how scientists measure quantum systems. By reducing quantum “noise” – uncertainty inherent to quantum processes – these new methods improve accuracy and precision.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

DESI points 5,000 robotic ‘eyes’ at the sky to explore dark energy

A new instrument mounted on a telescope in Arizona aimed its robotic array of 5,000 fiber-optic “eyes” at the night sky on Oct. 22 to capture the first images showing its unique view of galaxy light.

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument

Argonne’s Demo Day provides opportunity for entrepreneurs to showcase new innovations

Argonne National Laboratory’s Chain Reaction Innovations showcased their second cohort at Demo Day 2019 along with participants from the other two U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Manufacturing Office laboratory-embedded entrepreneurship prog...

– Argonne National Laboratory


Cutler Family gifts $15 million to University Hospitals to transform men’s health care

Announcement of a new $15 million gift for University Hospitals to develop a new model for the delivery of health care to men.

– University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center

By banning political ads, Twitter admits unique threat of social media

Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey announced Wednesday the company will stop accepting political ads starting Nov. 22, a decision that comes amid intense scrutiny of social media companies’ handling of such ads.

– Cornell University

Grant will help improve protective gloves for firefighters and first responders

The heat-protective gloves firefighters and first responders wear are thick, bulky and limit dexterity. That's why a team of Iowa State University researchers is working to improve the safety and function of the gloves as part of the personal protect...

– Iowa State University

Textile Research Journal

MITRE’s Expertise Across AI, Cybersecurity, and Genetic Research Highlighted in Leading Publications

Demonstrating expertise across many domains including cybersecurity, health research, and defense, experts from MITRE are regularly published in leading journals. Invited to enter the company’s annual Best Paper Competition, this year’s winning s...


High-tech foam offers new tool for developing stem cells

Two Florida State University researchers are developing a high-tech material currently used in athletic equipment and prosthetics into a special tool to better develop stem cells. The work could improve drug screening, disease modeling, precision med...

– Florida State University

Researchers explore using computer simulations to improve experiments

Penn State chemical engineering researchers recently received a four-year, $1.75 million grant from the National Science Foundation to explore the integration of computer simulations with experiments to quicken the development of new flexible electro...

– Penn State College of Engineering

Viticulture gets a boost with yield predicting, threat detecting robots

For grape growers, accurately predicting each season’s yield is key to a successful harvest. Underpredict, and you won’t have enough labor on hand or you’ll run out of storage space; overpredict, and you could fall through on promises to your d...

– Cornell University

Olin College Awarded Grant to Expand Public Interest Work

Olin College received a grant from the Public Interest Technology University Network (PIT-UN) to expand its work in public interest technology. With the funds from the grant, Olin will launch a student-led Public Interest Technology Clinic named PInT...

– Franklin W. Olin College of Engineering

PNNL Garners R&D 100 Awards

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is the recipient of two R&D 100 awards and one gold medal.

– Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Argonne and partners take home nine R&D 100 Awards in 2019

Research teams at Argonne National Laboratory have won nine R&D 100 awards, three more are named finalists.

– Argonne National Laboratory

Berkeley Lab Innovations Recognized With 3 R&D 100 Awards

Cutting-edge technologies from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) to detect radiation, make buildings more energy efficient, and accelerate neuroscience research were honored with R&D 100 Awards by R&D World magazine.

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Everyone who works in health care needs to know about opioids; this free new online course can help

A new online course about opioids aims to help all types of health professionals understand the roots of the opioid epidemic, how it's affecting patients and society, and what's being done to address it.

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Massive Open Online Course (MOOC)

Rutgers University Receives $4M as New Hub Under NIH REACH Program to Accelerate Development of Biomedical Technologies

Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey was selected as one of five new hubs under the National Institutes of Health’s Research Evaluation and Commercialization Hubs (REACH) program to speed up the translation of biomedical discoveries into com...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick


Black Fire Innovation Confirms Collaboration with Intel to Advance Hospitality Customer Experience

Tech industry leader Intel announced today that it will partner with UNLV and Caesars Entertainment on Black Fire Innovation, a research and technology hub opening soon at UNLV's Harry Reid Research & Tech Park where hospitality concepts will be crea...

– University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV)

Expert Pitch

Mute, Block, Delete: Navigating National Unfriend Day

– University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV)

How accurate are sleep tracking apps? Should you use them anyway? @UMneurosciences expert avail. to talk sleep, DST

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Buffalo State expert available to speak on STEM disciplines

– SUNY Buffalo State





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