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Thursday, November 7, 2019

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Climate and the Environment News from Newswise 07-Nov-2019
 

Climate Change and Environmental News and Experts for the Media

Newswise provides experts for the media on hurricanes, wildfires, and other natural disasters, as well as the latest research in Environmental Science and Climate Science.



Plants and fungi together could slow climate change

A new global assessment shows that human impacts have greatly reduced plant-fungus symbioses, which play a key role in sequestering carbon in soils. Restoring these ecosystems could be one strategy to slow climate change.

– International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

Nature Communications

Embargo expired on 07-Nov-2019 at 05:00 ET


A Mixed Bag for a Rwandan Park

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Animal Conservation


Simulated Sunlight Reveals How 98 Percent of Plastics at Sea Go Missing Each Year

A new study helps to solve the mystery of missing plastic fragments at sea. Scientists selected microplastics prevalently found on the ocean surface and irradiated them with a solar simulator system. They found that simulated sunlight increased the a...

– Florida Atlantic University

Journal of Hazardous Materials


Study Finds Sex Bias in Bird Conservation Plans

After pairing up and raising chicks, males and females of some bird species spend their winter break apart. At the end of their journey to Central or South America, you might find mostly males in one habitat, and females in another. Yet conservation ...

– Cornell University

Biological Conservation


PFASs from ski wax bioaccumulate at Nordic resort

Researchers reporting in ACS’ Environmental Science & Technology have found that certain perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) found in ski wax bioaccumulate and biomagnify in the food chain at a Nordic skiing area.

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

Environmental Science & Technology

Embargo expired on 06-Nov-2019 at 08:00 ET


Combatting air pollution with nature

Technologies to mitigate pollution have become widespread in recent years, but scientists are now exploring a new, pared-down approach: using nature to restore ecological balance. They report their findings in ACS’ Environmental Science & Technolog...

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

Environmental Science & Technology

Embargo expired on 06-Nov-2019 at 08:00 ET


Switching to solar and wind will reduce groundwater use

Researchers explored optimal pathways for managing groundwater and hydropower trade-offs for different water availability conditions as solar and wind energy start to play a more prominent role in California.

– International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

Nature Communications

Embargo expired on 06-Nov-2019 at 06:00 ET


Helping quinoa brave the heat

Scientists identify more efficient methods for evaluating heat tolerance

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Crop Science; 2016-51300-25808; 2016-68004-24770


NUS engineers invent smartphone device that detects harmful algae in 15 minutes

A team of engineers from the National University of Singapore has developed a highly sensitive system that uses a smartphone to rapidly detect the presence of toxin-producing algae in water within 15 minutes. This technological breakthrough could pla...

– National University of Singapore

Harmful Algae


Red deer are evolving to give birth earlier in a warming climate

Red deer living on the Isle of Rum, on the west coast of Scotland, have been giving birth earlier and earlier since the 1980s, at a rate of about three days per decade.

– PLOS

PLOS Biology


Global climate trend since Dec. 1 1978: +0.13 C per decade

Global Temperature Report: October 2019

– University of Alabama Huntsville


Nature Might Be Better Than Tech at Reducing Air Pollution

Adding plants and trees to the landscapes near factories and other pollution sources could reduce air pollution by an average of 27 percent, new research suggests. The study shows that plants – not technologies – may also be cheaper options fo...

– Ohio State University

Environmental Science & Technology


Rogers examines the effects of ancient microbes in new book

The idea of freezing a life in ice and thawing it out years, even centuries, later has been used extensively in novels, movies and comics. According to BGSU biology professor Scott Rogers in his new book this concept may be more fact than fiction, an...

– Bowling Green State University

Defrosting Ancient Microbes: Emerging Genomes in a Warmer World


Poisoned by Plastic

Too many of the plastic cups, chip bags, cigarette butts and take-out containers you see littering California’s beaches don’t stay on the sand. An estimated 17.6 billion pounds of plastic make their way into the world’s oceans annually, the equ...

– California State University (CSU) Chancellor's Office


Christiane Jablonowski

Christiane Jablonowski is an associate professor in the Department of Climate and Space Sciences and Engineering at the University of Michigan.

Expert Available

– Department of Energy, Office of Science


Meet the Director: Douglas Mans, EMSL

This is a continuing profile series on the directors of the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science User Facilities. These scientists lead a variety of research institutions that provide researchers with the most advanced tools of modern science...

Expert Available

– Department of Energy, Office of Science


From Afghanistan to Alaska with atmosphere in between

For Justin LaPierre, helping maintain an atmospheric research station at the northern tip of Alaska is “eerily reminiscent” of being deployed in the deserts of Afghanistan — just much colder. A U.S. Marine Corps veteran, LaPierre has worked as ...

– Sandia National Laboratories


Scientists declare climate emergency, establish global indicators for effective action

A global coalition of scientists led by William J. Ripple and Christopher Wolf of Oregon State University says "untold human suffering" is unavoidable without deep and lasting shifts in human activities that contribute to greenhouse gas emissions and...

– Oregon State University

BioScience


How hurricanes impact creatures from sea turtles to wild turkeys

Hurricanes can destroy nesting sites, reduce ocean oxygen, increase beetle populations inland

– University of Georgia


Swordfish as oceanographers? Satellite tags allow research of ocean’s ‘twilight zone’ off Florida

A University of Washington team is leaving to study how fall storms, dwindling sea ice and vulnerable coastlines might combine in a changing Arctic.

– University of Washington


Fall storms, coastal erosion focus of northern Alaska research cruise

A University of Washington team is leaving to study how fall storms, dwindling sea ice and vulnerable coastlines might combine in a changing Arctic.

– University of Washington


Can Fisheries and Seabirds Co-Exist?

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Journal for Nature Conservation


Satellites are key to monitoring ocean carbon

Satellites now play a key role in monitoring carbon levels in the oceans, but we are only just beginning to understand their full potential.

– University of Exeter

Frontiers in Ecology and Environment


Lost trees hugely overrated as environmental threat, study finds

Cutting down trees inevitably leads to more carbon in the environment, but deforestation’s contributions to climate change are vastly overestimated, according to a new study.

– Ohio State University


Food waste in tourism is a bigger issue than previously thought

There are major gaps in how food waste in tourism is understood and calculated, according to researchers at the University of Eastern Finland and the University of Southern California.

– University of Eastern Finland

Tourism Review


Zoo animal research skewed towards 'popular' species

Research on zoo animals focuses more on "familiar" species like gorillas and chimpanzees than less well known ones like the waxy monkey frog, scientists say.

– University of Exeter

Palgrave Communications


Two million-year-old ice provides snapshot of Earth's greenhouse gas history

Two million-year old ice from Antarctica recently uncovered by a team of researchers provides a clearer picture into the connections between greenhouse gases and climate in ancient times and will help scientists understand future climate change.

– University of Exeter

Nature


Policy and Public Affairs


APHA statement on Paris Agreement withdrawal

APHA denounces U.S. action to withdraw from Paris agreement

– American Public Health Association (APHA)


Announcements


ORNL to take on nine power grid modernization projects as part of DOE award

Oak Ridge National Laboratory researchers will lead two new projects and support seven more to enhance the reliability and resilience of the nation’s power grid as part of the U.S. Department of Energy’s 2019 Grid Modernization Lab Call.

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory


University of Redlands and Esri celebrate a decade of Redlands Forum learning and discourse

What do anthropologist Dr. Jane Goodall, Atlantic reporter and author James Fallows, and activist Ralph Nadar all have in common? Each has made a mark on the world, and each has presented at the Redlands Forum, the education and cultural series spons...

– University of Redlands


Expert Pitch


You spot a land-crawling “Frankenfish,” now what?

– Virginia Tech


Urban Air Pollution Expert Available: Daniel Goldberg, Ph.D. Argonne National Laboratory

– Argonne National Laboratory


Former EPA Administrator Available to Comment on US Withdrawal from Paris Climate Agreement

– Indiana University


Rutgers Experts Can Discuss Large Number of Tornadoes in N.J.

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick


Google worker climate demands signal growing activism in tech

– Cornell University


How our chocolate consumption threatens rare primates

– Ohio State University


Miscellaneous


Leopards Can be Fussy Eaters

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Journal of Animal Ecology


Yes, Even Crocodiles Go Through Puberty

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Ecological and Integrative Physiology


Conservation Gets a Business Model

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Ecology and Evolution


For Certain Himalayan Birds, It’s Getting (too) Hot, Hot, Hot

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Ecography

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