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Newswise Special Wire
Monday, November 11, 2019

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Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire for 11-Nov-2019

Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire

Tech news for the public and news media. More stories can be found at the Newswise Technology News Source and the Engineering News Source.

Better Biosensor Technology Created for Stem Cells

A Rutgers-led team has created better biosensor technology that may help lead to safe stem cell therapies for treating Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases and other neurological disorders. The technology, which features a unique graphene and gol...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Nano Letters; Rutgers Today

Using mountains for long-term energy storage

The storage of energy for long periods of time is subject to special challenges. An IIASA researcher proposes using a combination of Mountain Gravity Energy Storage (MGES) and hydropower as a solution for this issue.

– International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis


Free Internet access should be a basic human right -- study

Free internet access must be considered as a human right, as people unable to get online - particularly in developing countries

– University of Birmingham

Journal of Applied Philosophy

Scientists develop sensor to save children, pets left in vehicles

A small, inexpensive sensor could save lives by triggering an alarm when children or pets are left alone in vehicles.

– University of Waterloo

IEEE Sensors 2019

Engineering dean gets creative with his LEGO city

Dennis Livesay, dean of the College of Engineering at Wichita State University, has constructed a 75-square-foot LEGO city in his basement over the last six years.

– Wichita State University

New Tool Predicts Five-Year Risk of Chronic Kidney Disease With High Accuracy

A new risk calculator tool that uses a mix of variables including age, hypertension, and diabetes status can be used to predict accurately whether someone is likely to develop chronic kidney disease within five years.

– Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health


Embargo expired on 08-Nov-2019 at 14:00 ET

Fabrication of New Photonic Liquid Crystals Could Lead to Next Generation Displays and Advanced Photonic Applications

A new technique to change the structure of liquid crystals could lead to the development of fast-responding liquid crystals suitable for next generation displays , for example 3-D, augmented and virtual reality and advanced photonic applications.

– Penn State Materials Research Institute

Nature Materials Nov-2019

Synthetic DNA Technology Applied as a Novel Strategy for Delivery of Anti-HIV Antibodies

Wistar scientists applied synthetic DNA-based technology to drive in vivo production of broadly neutralizing anti-HIV antibodies in small and large-animal models, providing proof of concept for a simple and effective next generation approach to HIV p...

– Wistar Institute

Journal of Clinical Investigation

Immersion in virtual reality scenes of the Arctic helps to ease people's pain

Watching immersive 360 videos of icy Arctic scenes helps to relieve intense burning pain and could hold hope for treating chronic pain, a small study has found.

– Imperial College London

Pain Reports

USC Annenberg 2020 Survey Explores What People Will Tweet, Tattoo, Stream and Share Next Year

A survey in the USC Annenberg Center for Public Relations’ 2020 Relevance Report reflects what brands, apps, politicians and influencers will be most relevant to U.S. consumers.

– USC Annenberg School for Communication and Journalism

2020 Relevance Report

U.S. Border Patrol Agents Leverage Emerging S&T Tech to Ensure the Security of Our Nation’s Borders

DHS S&T recently collaborated with the USBP and FLETC to deliver a multi-part solution by implementing innovative tools and capabilities that enable USBP agents to leverage the knowledge, skills, and abilities of expert trackers (professionals traine...

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate

Augmented REality Sandtable (ARES)

Gaining an Edge with Performance Training

At the new William Clay Ford Center for Athletic Medicine, athletes at all levels of sport, weekend warriors and those who exercise to simply stay active will have access to the latest advancements in sports performance technology and physical therap...

– Henry Ford Health System

NASA's Hubble Captures a Dozen Galaxy Doppelgangers

This recent picture from Hubble shows a galaxy nicknamed the "Sunburst Arc" that has been split into a kaleidoscope illusion of no fewer than 12 images formed by a massive foreground cluster of galaxies 4.6 billion light-years away.

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

Go With the Flow: Scientists Design New Grid Batteries for Renewable Energy

Scientists at Berkeley Lab have designed an affordable ‘flow battery’ membrane that could accelerate renewable energy for the electrical grid.

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Joule, 10-Oct-2019

From Plants, UVA Extracts a Better Way to Determine What Our Genes Do

The improved technique will help explore genetic diseases and benefit drug development. It could also lead to better, safer weed killers.

– University of Virginia Health System

Genes & Development

Can our thoughts alter our brains?

The interdisciplinary study examined the influence of two different types of BCI on the brains of test subjects with no prior experience of this technology.

– Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences

The Journal of Physiology

Older Adults Find Greater Well-Being in Smaller Social Networks, Study Finds

Are younger adults who cultivate numerous connections with friends, families and acquaintances through online social networks any happier than older adults who have smaller circles of face-to-face relationships? The answer may be no, according to res...

– American Psychological Association (APA)

Psychology and Aging

The beautiful music of robotics and AI

How do you integrate ethics, policy, and practicality into the design of revolutionary robotics and artificial intelligence systems? Researchers Kagan Tumer and Tom Dietterich are collaborating to find out as they help lead the Oregon State Collabora...

– Oregon State University, College of Engineering

Replica of first Riley car will be back on the road with help from WMG

In a bid to get the first Riley car recreated and back on the roads of Coventry for City of Culture 2021, WMG, at the University of Warwick, are helping with sponsorship to construct a replica engine which will complete a working replica of Percy's R...

– University of Warwick

Rutgers Researchers Set Out to Prove Evolution of All Life, Possibility of Extraterrestrial Life

From simple proteins to living cells, three Rutgers–New Brunswick researchers set out to prove evolution of all life and the possibility of extraterrestrial life through Nasa-funded research with Rutgers ENIGMA. Read more on how biophysics doctoral...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

DHS to Engage with Innovative Small Businesses

Florida and Puerto Rico small businesses in the research and development domain will have an opportunity to meet with the Department of Homeland Security’s (DHS) Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program next week as part of the National SB...

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate

Obtaining order in the “frustrated” landscape of disordered magnetism

Researchers from Aarhus University, Denmark, are pioneering a novel technique to solve highly elaborate magnetic structures using neutrons at the Spallation Neutron Source. Their aim is to develop the technique to establish a baseline approach that c...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Center for Materials Crystallography

NUS engineers invent smartphone device that detects harmful algae in 15 minutes

A team of engineers from the National University of Singapore has developed a highly sensitive system that uses a smartphone to rapidly detect the presence of toxin-producing algae in water within 15 minutes. This technological breakthrough could pla...

– National University of Singapore

Harmful Algae

EduSense: Like a FitBit for your teaching skills

While training and feedback opportunities abound for K-12 educators, the same can't be said for instructors in higher education.

– Carnegie Mellon University


New technique lays foundation for regenerative cardiac therapies

GRAND RAPIDS, Mich. (Nov. 6, 2019) — Scientists have devised a technique to sort out which heart cells can replicate and which cannot, a critical step toward treatments that may one day help the heart heal itself after injury.

– Van Andel Institute

Circulation Research

Tests start at CERN for large-scale prototype of new technology to detect neutrinos

Scientists working at CERN have started tests of a new neutrino detector prototype, using a very promising technology called “dual phase.” If successful, this new technology will be used at a much larger scale for the international Deep Undergrou...

– Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)

Nature Might Be Better Than Tech at Reducing Air Pollution

Adding plants and trees to the landscapes near factories and other pollution sources could reduce air pollution by an average of 27 percent, new research suggests. The study shows that plants – not technologies – may also be cheaper options fo...

– Ohio State University

Environmental Science & Technology

Novel Solar Cells Arrive at International Space Station for Testing

Five different types of solar cells fabricated by research teams at the Georgia Institute of Technology have arrived at the International Space Station (ISS) to be tested for their power conversion rate and ability to operate in the harsh space envir...

– Georgia Institute of Technology

More Than Half Of Consumers Want To Use Voice Assistants For Healthcare

More Than Half Of Consumers Want To Use Voice Assistants For Healthcare

– Orbita Inc

World-Leading Microscopes Take Candid Snapshots of Atoms in Their ‘Neighborhoods’

Scientists at Berkeley Lab have demonstrated how a powerful electron microscopy technique can provide direct insight into the performance of any material – from strong metallic glass to flexible semiconducting films – by pinpointing specific atom...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Nature Communications, 04 June 2019; Nature Materials, 03 June 2019

X-rays of human skull to improve military helmets

The Army Research Laboratory and Argonne National Laboratory looked at the structure of the human skull using high-energy X-rays at the Advanced Photon Source. This detailed characterization of the skull will inform computer models to help develop mo...

– Argonne National Laboratory

Under pressure: a new experimental apparatus gathers more insight on magnetic and superconducting states

Ames Laboratory is using a new experimental apparatus that gathers more insight on magnetic and superconducting states in materials.

– Ames Laboratory

Review of Scientific Instruments; Physical Review Letters; Physical Review B

Target practice: Perfecting the Mu2e production target

Mu2e aims to solve a mystery that has puzzled experimentalists and theorists alike since the discovery of the muon in 1936: Scientists have never observed a muon transform into its lighter cousin, the electron, without also emitting other particles. ...

– Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)

How Russia's online censorship could jeopardize internet freedom worldwide

Russia's ever-tightening grip on its citizens' internet access has troubling implications for online freedom in the United States and other countries that share its decentralized network structure, according to a University of Michigan study.

Expert Available

– University of Michigan

Feng Wang

Feng Wang is a Professor in the Department of Physics at the University of California – Berkeley and a faculty scientist at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.

Expert Available

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Christiane Jablonowski

Christiane Jablonowski is an associate professor in the Department of Climate and Space Sciences and Engineering at the University of Michigan.

Expert Available

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

3D-Printed Plastics With High Performance Electrical Circuits

Rutgers engineers have embedded high performance electrical circuits inside 3D-printed plastics, which could lead to smaller and versatile drones and better-performing small satellites, biomedical implants and smart structures. They used pulses of hi...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Additive Manufacturing; Rutgers Today

To Monitor Cancer Therapy in the Body, Penn Researchers Tag CAR T Cells with Imaging Markers

Researchers genetically engineered CAR T cells with molecular tags, which they were able to monitor in an animal model using position emission tomography (PET) imaging.

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Molecular Therapy, Oct-2019

Reshaping Healthcare Through Technology to Deliver Better Patient Care

ISPOR, the professional society for health economics and outcomes research—second plenary session at ISPOR Europe 2019, “Shaping the Digital Healthcare System," was held this morning in Copenhagen, Denmark.

– ISPOR—The Professional Society for Health Economics and Outcomes Research

ISPOR Europe 2019, Nov-2019

The Screw That Dissolves

Where bones fracture, surgeons often have to join the fragments with implants. Magnesium orthopaedic screws, which over time dissolve in the body, spare patients another operation after healing is completed and reduce the risk of infection. What happ...

– Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology


Grow-NY finalists put down roots in NYS food and ag economy

Finalists in Grow-NY, a business competition for innovative food and agriculture startups, are fanning out through upstate New York to meet with potential business partners as they vie for $3 million in prizes.

– Cornell University


EZ Select attracts undesirables to benefit biomanufacturing

Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory have developed a highly selective adsorbent material called EZ Select to tackle inefficiencies in bioproduct extraction for biomanufacturing processes.

– Argonne National Laboratory

Going Cold: The Future of Electron Microscopy

Berkeley Lab researchers are pushing the boundaries of electron microscopy by exploring the exciting new frontier of cold microscopes.

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

November Tip Sheet from Cedars-Sinai

Tips for this month include: • More heart valve patients now are able to choose minimally invasive procedures instead of open heart surgery. • Our experts tell how to protect your lungs during wildfire season. • Cedars-Sinai scored a per...

– Cedars-Sinai

Scientists put the ​“solve” in ​“solvent” for lithium-sulfur battery challenge

Argonne scientists have discovered how a certain class of electrolyte material can reduce the frequency of polysulfide shuttling, potentially paving the way for more effective lithium-sulfur batteries.

– Argonne National Laboratory

A selection rule for hydrofluoroether electrolyte cosolvent: establishing a linear free‐energy relationship in lithium–sulfur ba

Light-based 'tractor beam' assembles materials at the nanoscale

Researchers have adapted optical tweezers, a light-based technology employed widely in biology, to operate in a water-free liquid environment of organic solvents. The optical tweezers act as a light-based "tractor beam" that can assemble nanoscale se...

– University of Washington

Nature Communications

Adhesive which debonds in magnetic field could reduce landfill waste

Researchers at the University of Sussex have developed a glue which can unstick when placed in a magnetic field

– University of Sussex

European Polymer Journal

Peering into a more ‘human’ petri dish

The recent development of physiologic cell culture media, which models in vivo conditions, holds immense potential to improve understanding of human biology.

– Morgridge Institute for Research

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, November 2019

ORNL and NREL took demonstrated a miniaturized gyroscope. ORNL created and tested new wireless charging designs. If humankind reaches Mars this century, an ORNL-developed experiment testing advanced materials for spacecraft may play a key role. ORNL ...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Researchers investigate impact of actual and virtual nature on cancer patients

Researchers at Houston Methodist Cancer Center are exploring whether exposure to nature, through either a live garden or virtual reality, can alleviate pain and distress in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy, possibly reducing the need for presc...

– Houston Methodist

Fiber-reinforced concrete speeds construction, reduces costs

Fiber-reinforced concrete reduces construction time frames from years to months and months to weeks. Transportation experts say the economic, safety and transit benefits could be huge.

Expert Available

– Arizona State University (ASU)

Cement and Concrete Composites


DIII-D National Fusion Facility Receives Five-Year Funding Award from Department of Energy

The U.S. Department of Energy has finalized a five-year cooperative agreement with General Atomics to operate the DIII-D National Fusion Facility, the country's largest magnetic fusion research facility.

– General Atomics

DHS Awards $198K for Raw Material Import Tracking Using Blockchain

DHS S&T has awarded $198,642 to Transmute Industries, Inc. based in Austin, TX to develop a proof-of-concept application for CBP to support increased transparency, automation and security in processing the importation of raw materials such as steel, ...

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate

$1.5M grant will investigate use of robots on construction sites

Labor shortages, increasing demand, and high accident and injury rates plague today’s construction industry. Robert Leicht, associate professor of architectural engineering, will lead a new $1.5 million grant from the National Science Foundation to...

– Penn State College of Engineering

U.S. Department of Energy to Hold Fifth CyberForce Competition™

Going on its fourth year, DOE’s CyberForce Competition™ on Nov. 15-16 will give teams of cybersecurity students and professionals the opportunity to compete and refine their skills in real-time at 10 national laboratories across the U.S.

– Argonne National Laboratory

Cybersecurity Ventures

Save the Date: Major Scientific Meeting on Sound Next Month in San Diego

The Acoustical Society of America will hold its 178th meeting, Dec. 2-6, at the Hotel del Coronado in San Diego. This major scientific conference brings together interdisciplinary groups of researchers spanning many fields, including physics, medicin...

– Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

Wireless networking researcher wins Air Force's Young Investigator Award for research into smart drones

Northern Arizona University assistant professor Fatemeh Afghah is one of 40 recipients of the grant, given to foster creative basic research in science and engineering, enhance career development and provide opportunities for engineers to address mil...

– Northern Arizona University

Lawrence Livermore Researchers Capture Four Awards for Top Industrial Inventions

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory researchers have garnered four awards among the top 100 industrial inventions worldwide.

– Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

R&D World Magazine

Penn State awarded $3.3M to develop more efficient gas turbines

Researchers in the Penn State Department of Mechanical Engineering have been awarded more than a combined $3.3 million to support advancements in the performance and efficiency of combustion turbines and turbine-based power cycles in fossil fuel powe...

– Penn State College of Engineering

NSF grant provides next step for assistive walking exoskeletons

To understand, model and optimize the comfort of lower limb robotic exoskeletons, researchers in the Penn State Department of Mechanical Engineering have been awarded a $700,000 grant from the National Science Foundation.

– Penn State College of Engineering

ORNL to take on nine power grid modernization projects as part of DOE award

Oak Ridge National Laboratory researchers will lead two new projects and support seven more to enhance the reliability and resilience of the nation’s power grid as part of the U.S. Department of Energy’s 2019 Grid Modernization Lab Call.

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Department of Energy Awards Fermilab Funding for Next-Generation Dark Matter Research

The U.S. Department of Energy announced that it has awarded scientists at its Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory funding to boost research on dark matter, the mysterious substance that makes up an astounding 85% of the matter in the universe.

– Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)

Research effort by Argonne National Laboratory and the University of Chicago results in R&D 100 Award

A joint effort by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Argonne National Laboratory and the University of Chicago has led to a prestigious R&D 100 Award and is expected to bring an innovation closer to market so it ultimately can be used in many industri...

– Argonne National Laboratory

Fermilab Scientist Xingchen Xu Receives Prestigious DOE Award to Develop Superconductors

Fermilab scientist Xingchen Xu has received the prestigious $2.5 million Department of Energy Early Career Research Award to fund his five-year mission: advancing two technologies that will improve the performance niobium-tin superconductor by 50% or...

– Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)

DOE Announces FY 2020 Small Business Innovation Research Funding Opportunity

The Department of Energy (DOE) Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) programs issued its FY 2020 Phase II Release 1 Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) with approximately $97 million in available f...

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nine Los Alamos projects win R&D 100 Awards

Nine Los Alamos National Laboratory technologies won R&D 100 Awards and three inventions have won Special Recognition Awards, including a Gold and Silver for Corporate Social Responsibility, and a Gold Award for Market Disruptor Products.

– Los Alamos National Laboratory

DHS Awards $182K for Cross-Border Oil Import Tracking Using Blockchain

DHS S&T has awarded $182,700 to Toronto-based Mavennet Systems, Inc. to adapt its oil and gas industry blockchain security technology for Custom Border Protection (CBP) to track cross-border oil imports.

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate

NUS deep-learning AI system puts Singapore on global map of big data analytics

⎯ A team of researchers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has put Singapore on the global map of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and big data analytics. Their open-source project, called Apache SINGA, “graduated” from the Apache Incu...

– National University of Singapore

Budil to be honored for outstanding achievements

In recognition of outstanding achievements in both academia and public service, Kim Budil, leader of the weapon program at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), will be honored by her alma mater Nov. 22 with the Distinguished Engineering Alu...

– Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Mount Sinai Launches New Precision Wellness ‘N1’ App

A medical science tool for individuals to compare the effectiveness of wellness-related treatments

– Mount Sinai Health System

N1 app website

DHS Awards $200K for AI-Based Object Recognition Proof-of-Concept

DHS S&T awarded $199,961.29 to Austin, Texas–based start-up Synthetik Applied Technologies, to develop a proof-of-concept for an artificial intelligence (AI)-based object recognition capability for the Transportation Security Administration (TSA). ...

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate

Expert Pitch

SpaceX Starlink launch a milestone for lower cost spaceflight

– Cornell University

Saudi spying charges highlight regulation void for Twitter, social media

– Cornell University

Expert says ‘Twitter spies’ committed espionage but broke no federal privacy laws, because there are none

– University of Notre Dame

Google worker climate demands signal growing activism in tech

– Cornell University


New research casts doubt on legislation designed to boost social media competition

– New York University





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