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Thursday, November 14, 2019

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Climate and the Environment News from Newswise 14-Nov-2019
 

Climate Change and Environmental News and Experts for the Media

Newswise provides experts for the media on hurricanes, wildfires, and other natural disasters, as well as the latest research in Environmental Science and Climate Science.



Future rainfall could far outweigh current climate predictions

Homes and communities across the UK have felt the full force of torrential downpours in recent weeks.

– University of Plymouth

Climate Research


Climate Change Expected to Shift Location of East Asian Monsoons

More than a billion people in Asia depend on seasonal monsoons for their water needs. The Asian monsoon is closely linked to a planetary-scale tropical air flow which, according to a new study by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, will most likel...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Nature Climate Change


Last Arctic ice refuge is disappearing

The oldest and thickest Arctic sea ice is disappearing twice as fast as ice in the rest of the Arctic Ocean, according to new research.

– American Geophysical Union (AGU)

Geophysical Research Letters


Individual climate models may not provide the complete picture

Equilibrium climate sensitivity -- how sensitive the Earth's climate is to changes in atmospheric carbon dioxide -- may be underestimated in individual climate models, according to a team of climate scientists.

– Penn State University

Geophysical Research Letters


Stalled weather patterns will get bigger due to climate change

Climate change will increase the size of stalled high-pressure weather systems called "blocking events" that have already produced some of the 21st century's deadliest heat waves, according to a Rice University study.

– Rice University

Geophysical Research Letters


Modeling Every Building in America Starts with Chattanooga

An ORNL team used the Titan supercomputer to model every building serviced by the Electric Power Board of Chattanooga—all 178,368 of them—and discovered that EPB could potentially save $11–$35 million per year by adjusting electricity usage dur...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Proceedings of the ASHRAE Winter Conference, Jan-2019; Proceedings of the IBPSA Building Simulation Conference, Sept-2019


AI for Plant Breeding in an Ever-Changing Climate

In this Q&A, Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Dan Jacobson talks about his team’s work on a genomic selection algorithm, his vision for the future of environmental genomics, and the space where simulation meets AI.

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Trends in Biotechnology, Oct-2019


Why It Matters: China Doesn't Want Your Trash

For years, China processed more than half of the world’s plastic recycling. Then, in 2018, it stopped. Things have gotten messy since then.

– Council on Foreign Relations (CFR)

Gabrielle Sierra, "China Doesn't Want Your Trash", Why It Matters, November 6, 2019.


Uncover Secrets of Nesting Birds With “Nest Quest Go!”

Secrets hidden in more than 300,000 index cards with hand-written information about nesting birds are gradually being revealed. The Cornell Lab of Ornithology is partnering with Zooniverse, an online people-powered research tool, to digitize this val...

– Cornell University


Breaking the (SeaFood) Chain

If you want to understand what happens when seawater becomes more acidic, ask an oyster farmer. Specifically, talk to one in the Pacific Northwest. Researchers still aren't sure how ocean acidification (OA) affects ocean water exactly, but oyster lar...

– California State University (CSU) Chancellor's Office


First-of-its-kind online tool helps Indiana communities address climate change vulnerabilities

Indiana University's Environmental Resilience Institute has launched the Hoosier Resilience Index, a first-of-its-kind online tool to help local governments and Indiana residents understand how their communities are vulnerable to climate change and w...

– Indiana University

Hoosier Resilience Index


Applying biodiversity conservation research in practice

One million species are threatened with extinction, many of them already in the coming decades. This unprecedented loss of biodiversity threatens valuable ecosystems and human well-being. But what is holding us back from putting conservation research...

– University of Vienna

Biological Conservation 2019


Researchers find nature's backup plan for converting nitrogen into plant nutrients

Although nitrogen is essential for all living organisms -- it makes up 3% of the human body -- and comprises 78% of Earth's atmosphere, it's almost ironically difficult for plants and natural systems to access it.

– Princeton University

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences


Bacteria may contribute more to climate change as planet heats up

As bacteria adapt to hotter temperatures, they speed up their respiration rate and release more carbon, potentially accelerating climate change.

– Imperial College London

Nature Communications


Deep neural networks speed up weather and climate models

A team of environmental and computation scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory are collaborating to use deep neural networks, a type of machine learning, to replace the parameterizations of certain physical ...

– Argonne National Laboratory

Geoscientific Model Development, Oct-2019


Engineers Make Tools for Data-Driven Decision Making

From energy to water to food, civil engineering projects greatly impact natural resources. One engineer hopes that other engineers can step up to the challenge to help make decisions clearer, if not easier. Using a sustainability-based optimization a...

– Michigan Technological University

International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, Sept-2019


The Rise of Orpheus

WHOI’s new deep-sea autonomous underwater vehicle moves one step closer to exploring the hadal zone—the deepest region of the ocean—to search for new clues about the limits of life on Earth, and possibly beyond.

– Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution


Mosquito nets: Are they catching more fishes than insects?

Mosquito nets designed to prevent malaria transmission are used for fishing which may devastate tropical coastal ecosystems

– Stockholm University

Ambio - A Journal of the Human Environment


Conservation scientists call for reverse to biodiversity loss

A group of international conservationists is urging governments across the globe to adopt a new approach to address the impact of economic development on the natural world.

– University of Queensland

Nature Ecology & Evolution


Study shows how cover crops and perennials do not necessarily increase carbon storage in soil

An Iowa State University study delves deep below the surface to find how cover crops such as winter rye may affect soil microbes a meter underground. The study found cover crops and perennials improve water quality but don’t necessarily lead to gai...

– Iowa State University

Global Change Biology Bioenergy


Creating Fake Rhino Horn with Horse Hair to Help in Saving the Endangered Rhino

Published today in Scientific Reports they hope their method will provide a blueprint to create credible fakes that could eventually flood a market which has decimated the wild rhino population.

– Oxford University Press

Scientific Reports


In a warming world, glacier scientists have to keep going higher

As Earth's atmosphere gets warmer, glacier scientists need to climb ever higher to find ice that hasn't started melting. And they're finding that some of the planet's most vulnerable people are likely to be most affected.

– Ohio State University


Argonne collaborates to review current battery recycling processes for electric vehicles

Nature has published a new review co-authored by Argonne analyst Linda Gaines. The review evaluates the state of EV battery recycling today and what’s needed to build a more sustainable future.

– Argonne National Laboratory

Nature, Nov-2019


UCI-led study reveals non-image light sensing mechanism of circadian neurons in fruit flies

University of California, Irvine researchers reveal how an ancient flavoprotein response to ultra violet (UV), blue and red light informs internal circadian processes about the time of day.

– University of California, Irvine

GM127102


Announcements


Lab-Wide Stormwater Capture, Transportation Savings and Clean-Up Efforts Win Federal Recognition

Argonne National Laboratory has won a regional Federal Green Challenge award for conserving resources and saving taxpayers’ money.

– Argonne National Laboratory


Assistant Professor of Environmental Studies Barry Muchnick Awarded $30,000 Grant for Kate Chandler Campus Community Farm​

Barry Muchnick, Assistant Professor of Environmental Studies at St. Mary's College of Maryland, has been awarded a $30,000 grant from The Community Foundation for Greater New Haven. The funds will support research, development, and implementation of ...

– St. Mary's College of Maryland


Penn State awarded $3.3M to develop more efficient gas turbines

Researchers in the Penn State Department of Mechanical Engineering have been awarded more than a combined $3.3 million to support advancements in the performance and efficiency of combustion turbines and turbine-based power cycles in fossil fuel powe...

– Penn State College of Engineering


Expert Pitch


Rutgers Experts Can Discuss Record Cold Temperatures in N.J.

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick


Venice flooding highlights cultural ‘trauma’ of climate change

– Cornell University


Miscellaneous


Guarding against a devastating tropical disease

Schistosomiasis is one of the most devastating tropical diseases in the world, second only to malaria in its prevalence. The only treatment currently used is extremely limited in its effectiveness and in who it can help. The Newmark Lab wants to deve...

– Morgridge Institute for Research


Miscellaneous


Maintaining Ecosystem Services in Oceania

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Ecosystem Services


Youth Shall Inherit the Biosphere Reserve

– Wildlife Conservation Society

World Development Perspectives

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