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Newswise Special Wire
Monday, November 18, 2019

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Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire for 18-Nov-2019
 

Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire

Tech news for the public and news media. More stories can be found at the Newswise Technology News Source and the Engineering News Source.



A four-way switch promises greater tunability of layered materials

A team from Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Vanderbilt University made the first experimental observation of a material phase that had been predicted but never seen.

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Nature Materials

Embargo expired on 18-Nov-2019 at 11:00 ET


Nudge Increases Cancer Screening Orders, But Patient-Facing Nudge Needed, Too

By nudging doctors to consider a screening for breast or colorectal cancer, order rates jumped significantly, but patient completion rates didn’t change

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

JAMA Network Open

Embargo expired on 15-Nov-2019 at 11:00 ET


Scientists Design Built-in Controls for Mini-Chemical Labs on a Chip

In a miniaturized laboratory, microfluidic systems can conduct chemical experiments on a chip through a series of small connected tubes the size of a hair.

– Saint Louis University Medical Center

Nature


“Nudging” Heart Patients to Take Their Statins Leads to Better Medication Adherence and Better Patient Outcomes

In a new study presented to heart specialists from around the world, researchers at the Intermountain Healthcare Heart Institute in Salt Lake City found that simple “nudges” in the form of texts, emails and phone calls, not only help patients fi...

– Intermountain Healthcare

2019 American Heart Association Scientific Sessions, Nov-2019

Embargo expired on 14-Nov-2019 at 05:00 ET


Newly developed nanoparticles help fight lung cancer in animal model

Scientists have reported a new approach to treating lung cancer with inhaled nanoparticles developed at Wake Forest School of Medicine, part of Wake Forest Baptist Health.

– Wake Forest Baptist Health

Nature Communications, Nov-2019


Researchers Identify Seven Types of Fake News, Aiding Better Detection

To help people spot fake news, or create technology that can automatically detect misleading content, scholars first need to know exactly what fake news is, according to a team of Penn State researchers. However, they add, that’s not as simple as i...

– Penn State Institute for Computational and Data Sciences

American Behavioral Scientist


Design flaw could open Bluetooth devices to hacking

Mobile apps that work with Bluetooth devices have an inherent design flaw that makes them vulnerable to hacking, new research has found.

– Ohio State University


Human-machine interactions: Bots are more successful if they impersonate humans

An international research team including Iyad Rahwan, Director of the Center for Humans and Machines at the Max Planck Institute for Human Development in Berlin, sought to find out whether cooperation between humans and machines is different if the m...

– Max Planck Society (Max-Planck-Gesellschaft)

Nature Machine Intelligence


Space-based radar suggests North Korean nuke equivalent to '17 Hiroshimas'

North Korea withdrew from the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons in 2003. It subsequently developed nuclear weapons

– Royal Astronomical Society

Geophysical Journal International


Bionic hand made in 10 hours thanks to WMG, University of Warwick

A bionic hand can be made to measure in 10 hours and can grip using a moveable thumb. Designers and engineers from WMG, University of Warwick and UK industry, have been able to entirely 3D Print the device with embedded electrical circuitry to seamle...

– University of Warwick


Understanding Transporter Proteins at a Single-Molecule Level

Research co-led by a St. Jude investigator and researchers from Columbia University and the New York State Psychiatric Institute reveals the mechanics of how some transporter proteins function with stunning specificity.

– St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Nature, Nov-2019

Embargo expired on 13-Nov-2019 at 13:00 ET


Nuclear warheads? This robot can find them

PPPL and Princeton University are developing a unique neutron-detector robot for arms control and nuclear security purposes. The robot recently passed a key neutron-detection test.

– Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

“HIDING NUCLEAR WARHEADS? THIS ROBOT CAN FIND THEM.”


New Technique Aims to Improve Imaging of Cells

In research published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, a team from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute developed and demonstrated a new technique for fluorescence lifetime imaging of tissue and cells in a fast and comprehensive manner...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences


Can ‘smart toilets’ be the next health data wellspring?

Wearable, smart technologies are transforming the ability to monitor and improve health, but a decidedly low-tech commodity — the humble toilet — may have potential to outperform them all.

– Morgridge Institute for Research

Nature Digital Medicine


Software helps create walkable cities of the future

Urbano, a free software launched Oct. 26 by Cornell researchers, employs data, metrics and an easy-to-use interface to help planners and architects add and assess walkability features in their designs as effectively as possible.

– Cornell University

Technology, Architecture and Design


Opioid-based plant might not be best solution to curb habitual alcohol use

Lawmakers across the United States continue to debate the safety of kratom, an opioid-containing plant that has been listed as a "drug of concern" by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Kratom is sold over the counter in specialty stores and onlin...

– Purdue University

British Journal of Pharmacology


Artificial Intelligence Tool Predicts Life Expectancy in Heart Failure Patients

Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine, as well as a diverse team of cardiologists and physicists, developed a machine learning algorithm to predict the life expectancy in heart failure patients.

– University of California San Diego Health

European Journal of Heart Failure


Modeling Every Building in America Starts with Chattanooga

An ORNL team used the Titan supercomputer to model every building serviced by the Electric Power Board of Chattanooga—all 178,368 of them—and discovered that EPB could potentially save $11–$35 million per year by adjusting electricity usage dur...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Proceedings of the ASHRAE Winter Conference, Jan-2019; Proceedings of the IBPSA Building Simulation Conference, Sept-2019


AI for Plant Breeding in an Ever-Changing Climate

In this Q&A, Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Dan Jacobson talks about his team’s work on a genomic selection algorithm, his vision for the future of environmental genomics, and the space where simulation meets AI.

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Trends in Biotechnology, Oct-2019


A New Parallel Strategy for Tackling Turbulence on Summit

A team at Georgia Tech created a new turbulence algorithm optimized for the Summit supercomputer. It reached a performance of less than 15 seconds of wall-clock time per time step for more than 6 trillion grid points—a new world record surpassing t...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

2019 International Conference for High Performance Computing, Networking and Storage Analysis (SC19), Nov-2019


Sitting & Depression, Safer Youth Football, Wearable Tech and More from the Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports & Science®

If you're looking for health and fitness story ideas, view these research highlights from Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews and Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise®, ACSM’s flagship journal.

– American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)

Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews


UAH modeling the spacecraft forNASA’s nuclear thermal propulsion idea

NASA has a research grant with The University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) to model how a spacecraft might be engineered to work with nuclear thermal propulsion (NTP), en route to an eventual test flight.

– University of Alabama Huntsville


Argonne applies machine learning to cybersecurity threats

Argonne researchers turn to supercomputers and artificial intelligence to try and prevent cyberattacks before they arise.

– Argonne National Laboratory


DHS S&T, National Pork Board Collaborate Against African Swine Fever

DHS S&T and the National Pork Board entered into a collaborative agreement to assess potential methods to disinfect and decontaminate surfaces from African Swine Fever (ASF) virus.

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


Can a UNICORN Outrun Earthquakes?

A UTokyo team transformed its UNICORN code into an AI-like algorithm to more quickly simulate a tectonic plate deformation that leads to earthquakes. The team ran UNICORN at 416 petaflops and gained a 75-fold speedup from a previous state-of-the-art ...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

2019 International Conference for High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage, and Analysis (SC19), Nov-2019


New chip for waking up small wireless devices could extend battery life

A new power saving chip could significantly reduce or eliminate the need to replace batteries in Internet of Things (IoT) devices and wearables. The so-called wake-up receiver wakes up a device only when it needs to communicate and perform its functi...

– University of California San Diego

IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, Nov-2019; HR0011-15-C-0134; N00014-18-1-2350


Etalumis ‘Reverses’ Simulations to Reveal New Science

A multinational collaboration using computing resources at the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center has developed the first probabilistic programming framework capable of controlling existing simulators and running at large-scale on H...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory


New SLAS Technology Auto-Commentary Available

As the need for hard-to-measure chemical and biological compound-oriented identification is on the rise, the demand for more accurate measurement tools is greatly increasing. November’s SLAS Technology Auto-Commentary, “On the Way to Efficient An...

– SLAS

SLAS Technology


New AI Model Tries to Synthesize Patient Data Like Doctors Do

A new approach developed by PNNL scientists improves the accuracy of patient diagnosis up to 20 percent when compared to other embedding approaches.

– Pacific Northwest National Laboratory


Study reveals breach of ‘dancing’ barrier governs crystal growth

Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago used computer-based simulations to analyze how atoms and molecules move in a solution and identified a general mechanism governing crystal growth that scientists can manipulate when developing new ...

– University of Illinois at Chicago

PNAS


FSU researchers develop thin heat shield for superfast aircraft

The world of aerospace increasingly relies on carbon fiber reinforced polymer composites to build the structures of satellites, rockets and jet aircraft. But the life of those materials is limited by how they handle heat. A team of FAMU-FSU College ...

– Florida State University

CARBON


Deep neural networks speed up weather and climate models

A team of environmental and computation scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory are collaborating to use deep neural networks, a type of machine learning, to replace the parameterizations of certain physical ...

– Argonne National Laboratory

Geoscientific Model Development, Oct-2019


Engineers Make Tools for Data-Driven Decision Making

From energy to water to food, civil engineering projects greatly impact natural resources. One engineer hopes that other engineers can step up to the challenge to help make decisions clearer, if not easier. Using a sustainability-based optimization a...

– Michigan Technological University

International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, Sept-2019


The Rise of Orpheus

WHOI’s new deep-sea autonomous underwater vehicle moves one step closer to exploring the hadal zone—the deepest region of the ocean—to search for new clues about the limits of life on Earth, and possibly beyond.

– Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution


CPU2AL consortium internship connectstop students with Alabama industry

A Low Temperature Plasma (LTP) internship program that connects students in STEM fields from nine Alabama partner universities with Alabama-based industries is preparing for its third round of internships in January.

– University of Alabama Huntsville


Biofuel producers make significant gains in efficiency, productivity and conservation, Argonne survey shows

The nation’s biofuel producers have made significant gains in both energy efficiency and water conservation in recent years, according to a comprehensive survey conducted by Argonne National Laboratory.

– Argonne National Laboratory

Energy and Water Sustainability in the U.S. Biofuel Industry


Biomarker blood test could reveal high risk heart patients in need of treatment

Preventive cardiology researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center believe that a new blood test for protein biomarkers could identify early stage heart disease in people.

– UT Southwestern Medical Center

Circulation


Game on, Ping-Pong:

Virtual reality (VR) could become the next big thing to complement sports training as new research from the University of South Australia shows how it can significantly improve players’ real-world sports skills.

– University of South Australia

PLOS One


Innovation Corps at Iowa State: Helping researchers turn ideas into companies

Iowa State University's Innovation Corps site is helping scientists and engineers prepare to move their discoveries toward commercialization. A key part of the preparation: talking to prospective customers about their actual needs.

– Iowa State University


Policy and Public Affairs


HCPA Commends the U.S. Senate Commerce Committee for Unanimously Passing the Sustainable Chemistry R&D Act

The Sustainable Chemistry R&D Act directs the Office of Science and Technology Policy to organize an interagency entity that is responsible for coordinating federal programs and activities in support of sustainable chemistry.

– Household and Commercial Products Association

Sustainable Chemistry Research and Development (R&D) Act


Announcements


New, slippery toilet coating provides cleaner flushing, saves water

In the Wong Laboratory for Nature Inspired Engineering, housed within the Department of Mechanical Engineering and the Materials Research Institute, researchers have developed a method that dramatically reduces the amount of water needed to flush a c...

– Penn State College of Engineering

Embargo expired on 18-Nov-2019 at 11:00 ET


DHS Awards $199K for Blockchain Credential Lifecycle Management

DHS) Science and Technology Directorate (S&T) has awarded $199,984.00 to Digital Bazaar based in Blacksburg, Virginia, to develop blockchain security technology.

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


DHS Awards $181K for Flexible Decentralized Digital Credentials

DHS S&T has awarded $181,392 to SICPA Product Security, LLC based in Springfield, VA to develop a solution for credential issuers to manage and verify digital credentials that are the secure digital equivalent to secure physical credentials without r...

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


DHS Announces FY20 Small Business Innovation Research Topics

Topics for the new DHS Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) 20.1 Pre-Solicitation have been released. The Pre-Solicitation contains 11 topic descriptions, nine from the DHS S&T and two from CWMD Office.

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


ASU solar awards eclipse other universities in latest round of DOE funding

ASU receives $9.8 million in Solar Energy Technologies Office Awards.

– Arizona State University (ASU)


HCPA Recognizes Members of the Household and Commercial Products Industry for Accomplishments in Product Innovation and Sustainability

The Household & Commercial Products Association (HCPA) recently announced the winners of the 2019 Innovation Awards, which honors companies within the household and commercial products industry for accomplishments in product innovation and sustainabi...

– Household and Commercial Products Association


SeaWorld & Busch Gardens Conservation Fund Commits $900,000 to Protect Critically Endangered North Atlantic Right Whales

The SeaWorld & Busch Gardens Conservation Fund announced that it has committed $900,000 over the next three years in the fight to save the critically endangered North Atlantic Right Whale.

– Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution


ORNL to host 13 teams for DOE CyberForce Competition

Oak Ridge National Laboratory will give college students the chance to practice cybersecurity skills in a real-world setting as a host of the Department of Energy’s fifth collegiate CyberForce Competition on Nov. 16.

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Cybersecurity Ventures


MITRE Establishes Strategic Partnership with Florida International University

Florida International University and MITRE, a not-for-profit corporation dedicated to research and development in the public interest, have entered into a strategic partnership to work on the most significant challenges facing the nation. The partner...

– MITRE


In ‘Find Your Path,’ Leading Scientists Offer Career and Life Lessons

In “Find Your Path: Lessons from 36 Leading Scientists and Engineers,” author and Hertz Fellow Daniel Goodman presents personal accounts of the challenges, struggles, successes, U-turns, and satisfactions encountered by leaders in industry, acade...

– The Fannie and John Hertz Foundation

Find Your Path: Lessons from 36 Leading Scientists and Engineers


NAU team awarded prestigious Chan Zuckerberg grant to build global community around bioinformatics software

Greg Caporaso is leading the effort, which is aimed at building a more diverse community of users and developers of QIIME 2, an open source and free bioinformatics software, by making it easier for microbiome scientists and software developers around...

– Northern Arizona University


Johns Hopkins Launches Hub for Immunology and Engineering Research

If the saying that two heads are better than one is true, then joining two fields of science may be better than one to spur more advances in medicine. With a $6.7 million, five-year grant from the National Institutes of Health, Johns Hopkins Medicine...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

1P41EB028239-01


PPPL wins $70,000 in project funding from DOE for entrepreneurship

The Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory receives funding from the U.S. Department of Energy for two projects to encourage entrepreneurship and mentor and encourage potential entrepreneurs.

– Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory


Former Chief of Naval Operations Adm. John Richardson Is Named Senior Fellow at Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory

Admiral John M. Richardson, former Chief of Naval Operations, has joined the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory as a Senior Fellow. Admiral Richardson served as the 31st Chief of Naval Operations from September 2015 to August 2019.

– Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory


Argonne nuclear engineer J’Tia Hart selected to Crain’s Chicago Business “40 Under 40”

Argonne nuclear engineer J’Tia Hart has been named to Crain’s Chicago Business’s “40 Under 40” list, which recognizes young leaders in a variety of fields.

– Argonne National Laboratory


Eurofins BioDiagnostics Joins the International Phytobiomes Alliance

Eurofins BioDiagnostics joined the International Phytobiomes Alliance as a sponsoring partner, both organizations announced today

– International Phytobiomes Alliance


DHS Awards 159K for Infrastructure to Prevent Credential Fraud

DHS S&T has awarded $159,040 to Learning Machine Technologies, Inc. based in New York, to develop blockchain security technology to prevent credential fraud.

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


Building the scientific foundation for a universal 3D printer

The National Science Foundation recently awarded researchers in the Penn State Department of Mechanical Engineering (ME) a $500,000 grant to develop the science underlying a universal 3D printer.

– Penn State College of Engineering


Aerospace engineer receives grant to make origami structures in space

Xin Ning, assistant professor of aerospace engineering at Penn State, is applying the ancient folding art of origami to reconfigurable, multifunctional materials that could be used to build structures in harsh environments, such as outer space. His ...

– Penn State College of Engineering


Higher Education Events


24th Annual Boe Forum Explores the Impact of Genetic Engineering on our Future

Augustana University and the Center for Western Studies announced Drs. Robert Green and Jamie Metzl as keynote speakers for the 24th Boe Forum on Public Affairs to be held at 7:30 p.m. on Monday, March 23, in the Elmen Center.This year’s forum, “...

– Augustana University, South Dakota


Expert Pitch


Do’s and Don’ts to Prepare for Cyber Monday

– Tulane University


Miscellaneous


Imaging at the speed of life

– University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Nature Methods

Embargo expired on 18-Nov-2019 at 11:00 ET

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