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Newswise Special Wire
Monday, November 25, 2019

Public edition | newswise.com

Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire for 25-Nov-2019
 

Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire

Tech news for the public and news media. More stories can be found at the Newswise Technology News Source and the Engineering News Source.



NASA’s Webb to Unveil the Secrets of Nearby Dwarf Galaxies

In two separate studies using NASA’s upcoming James Webb Space Telescope, a team of astronomers will observe dwarf galaxy companions to the Milky Way and the nearby Andromeda galaxy. Studying these small companions will help scientists learn about ...

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)


First-in-human pilot imaging study shows improved heart attack prediction

Doctors need better ways to detect and monitor heart disease, the leading cause of death in industrialized countries. Researchers have developed an improved optical imaging technique that found differences between potentially life-threatening coronar...

– National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

JACC Cardiovasc Imaging; EB015903; HL119065


AI, explain yourself

Can we trust artificial intelligence to make good decisions? The answer is a resounding maybe. More and more, society and individuals are entrusting AI to make potentially life-changing decisions. Rather than putting blind trust in the judgment of th...

– Oregon State University, College of Engineering


Virtual Reality Would Make Attending Therapy Easier For Stroke Survivors

...

– North Carolina State University

Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Nov-2019


New material captures and converts toxic air pollutant into industrial chemical

A team led by the University of Manchester has developed a metal-organic framework material providing a selective, reversible and repeatable capability to capture a toxic air pollutant, nitrogen dioxide, which is produced by combusting fossil fuels. ...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Nature Chemistry


DHS P25 CAP Expands Program to Include ISSI/CSSI Equipment

DHS S&T Project 25 Compliance Assessment Program (P25 CAP) has been expanded to include ISSI/CSSI equipment testing and is working to get laboratories accredited to conduct this testing.

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


Bone breakthrough may lead to more durable airplane wings

Cornell researchers have made a new discovery about how seemingly minor aspects of the internal structure of bone can be strengthened to withstand repeated wear and tear, a finding that could help treat patients suffering from osteoporosis. It could ...

– Cornell University

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Nov. 2019


Breaking (and Restoring) Graphene’s Symmetry in a Twistable Electronics Device

A recent Columbia Engineering study demonstrates a new way to tune the properties of 2D materials simply by adjusting the twist angle between them. The researchers built devices consisting of monolayer graphene encapsulated between two crystals of bo...

– Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Nature Nanotechnology November 2019


Degree to help address nationwide demand for biomedical engineers

As nationwide demand for biomedical engineers continues to grow, Wichita State University is moving forward with a plan to create a doctoral program that would help fill that need.

– Wichita State University


New Research Platform Gains Rapid Adoption

ForagerOne is a web platform that helps colleges and universities build a centralized marketplace for their students and faculty to connect for research and creative activity.

– Council on Undergraduate Research (CUR)

Embargo expired on 20-Nov-2019 at 16:00 ET


SDSC, Wisconsin University IceCube Center Conduct GPU Cloudburst Experiment

The San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC), an Organized Research Unit of UC San Diego; and the Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophysics Center (WIPAC) at the University of Wisconsin–Madison successfully completed a computational experiment as part o...

– University of California San Diego


Turning Up the Heat to Create New Nanostructured Metals

The metallic thin films with 3-D interlocking nanostructures could be used in catalysis, energy storage, and biomedical sensing.

– Brookhaven National Laboratory

Materials Horizons


Virtual and mixed reality inferior to traditional learning in anatomy education

The McMaster study compared an MR model (Microsoft HoloLens) and a VR model (HTC VIVE) derived from a physical model to the actual model. The researchers focused on overall learning performance and the effects of stereopsis by using a strategy where ...

– McMaster University

Anatomical Sciences Education


The Beauty of Imperfections: Linking Atomic Defects to 2D Materials’ Electronic Properties

Scientists at Berkeley Lab have revealed how atomic defects emerge in transition metal dichalcogenides, and how those defects shape the 2D material’s electronic properties. Their findings could provide a versatile yet targeted platform for designin...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory


Are hiring algorithms fair? They’re too opaque to tell, study finds

New research from a team of Computing and Information Science scholars at Cornell University raises questions about hiring algorithms and the tech companies who develop and use them: How unbiased is the automated screening process? How are the algori...

– Cornell University

Association for Computing Machinery Conference on Fairness, Accountability and Transparency, Jan. 2020


Smart Cities Initiative Tests In-Building Sensors during Soft Target / Active Shooter Exercise at George Mason University

This week, DHS S&T evaluated a suite of in-building sensors developed through the Smart City Internet of Things Innovation (SCITI – pronounced “city”) Labs effort during a live active shooter exercise at George Mason University’s (GMU) Eagle ...

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


This App Teaches Sketching Skills to Improve Graduation Rates in Science and Engineering

Engineers have developed a touchscreen app to teach students how to sketch 2D projections and 3D views freehand. This teaches students spatial visualization--the ability to think in 3D. This skill is important in many STEM fields, from Computer-Aided...

– University of California San Diego


Maintaining reliability, resilience while integrating renewable energy

Energy generated by solar panels and wind turbines interfaces to the electricity grid using power electronic converters—but how will these converter-based and traditional-based control systems interact to ensure voltage and frequency stability? ...

Expert Available

– South Dakota State University

IET Smart Grid, 2019; Applied Sciences: Energy, July 2017; 28th IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics, June 2019


Election security is about more than just machines, researcher says

As the 2020 elections approach, voters need to be aware of possibly malicious attempts to manipulate their opinions and their votes, according to Dr. George Markowsky, professor of computer science at Missouri University of Science and Technology. ...

Expert Available

– Missouri University of Science and Technology


Thermodynamics could be the future of computing, researchers say

As Moore’s Law reaches its limits, thermodynamic computing might prove to be the future of the field, says a new report from an international team of 38 researchers led by UC San Diego professor of practice Todd Hylton, released this month.

– University of California San Diego

Thermodynamic Computing Report


Trash talk hurts, even when it comes from a robot

Trash talking has a long and colorful history of flustering game opponents, and now researchers at Carnegie Mellon University have demonstrated that discouraging words can be perturbing even when uttered by a robot.

– Carnegie Institution for Science

the IEEE International Conference on Robot & Human Interactive Communication


Taller, Higher Soil Bed Design Can Help Save Farmers Thousands of Dollars

From Florida to Virginia, farmers are enjoying the fruits of Sanjay Shukla’s labor. His compact-bed geometry system allows growers to plant crops in tall soil beds, and the result is thousands of dollars in annual savings.

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

Irrigation Drainage and Engineering


New Geologic Modeling Method Explains Collapse of Ancient Mountains in American West

By using the latest computer technologies, combined with geologic data, researchers at Stony Brook University have developed a geodynamic model that explains the forces behind the collapse of what were lofty mountains some 30 million years ago in wha...

– Stony Brook University

Nature Communications


Argonne researchers team up with local colleagues to develop sub-Saharan energy transition strategies

Argonne engineer helps global research group host workshops in Ghana to launch long-term plan of expanding electrical access in Ghana and other countries.

– Argonne National Laboratory


With artificial intelligence to a better wood product

Empa scientist Mark Schubert and his team are using the many opportunities offered by machine learning for wood technology applications. Together with Swiss Wood Solutions, Schubert develops a digital wood-selection- and processing strategy that uses...

– Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology

"Cellulose & Wood Materials"


UAH will be first Alabama universityto offer H4D cybersecurity course

The University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) will be the first in the state to offer the Hacking for Defense (H4D) cybersecurity class beginning in spring semester 2020.

– University of Alabama Huntsville


Advanced Hip and Knee Replacement Techniques Lead to Faster Recovery at NYU Langone Hospital–Brooklyn

Joshua C. Rozell, MD, specializes in advanced hip and knee replacement techniques at NYU Langone Hospital–Brooklyn that include minimally invasive anterior approach hip replacement, computer-navigated and robotic knee replacements, and outpatient j...

– NYU Langone Hospital - Brooklyn


Software competition advances understanding of genetic function

Sequencing a genome doesn't necessarily reveal the functions of individual genes. An Iowa State University scientist helps to organize a competition to evaluate the accuracy of software programs that predict gene function. The recently published resu...

– Iowa State University

Embargo expired on 18-Nov-2019 at 20:05 ET


CompTIA IT Industry Outlook 2020: ‘Tricky Balancing Act’ Ahead as Industry Enters a New Decade

Technology industry trade association CompTIA has published its “IT Industry Outlook 2020,” providing insight into the trends shaping the industry, its workforce and its business models in the year ahead. The report provides comprehensive data on...

– Computing Technology Industry Association (CompTIA)

“IT Industry Outlook 2020


What will make grandma use her Fitbit longer?

For older adults, Fitbits and other activity trackers may be popular gifts, but they may not be used for very long. While counterintuitive, engaging in competition with family and friends decreases the odds of long-term use among older adults, perhap...

– Michigan State University

Telemedicine and e-HEALTH


Fermilab launches new institute for quantum science

Today the U.S. Department of Energy’s Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory announced the launch of the Fermilab Quantum Institute, which will bring all of the lab’s quantum science projects under one umbrella. This new enterprise signals Fermila...

– Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)


New Argonne model helps decision makers predict and plan for the future of electrified transportation

Argonne researchers have developed a large-scale computational model that helps decision makers allocate investment in electrified transportation infrastructure and serve consumers interested in owning electric vehicles.

– Argonne National Laboratory


Food Trends 2020: Meal Kits, Convenience Store Nutrition and Drinkable Collagen

Most people think of collagen as a protein used for cosmetic purposes that you get in a jar, but prepare for drinkable collagen. If you think that’s interesting, try going online to order meal kits – full of just-the-right ingredients for the dis...

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences


Announcements


UA Little Rock announces $750,000 grant for groundbreaking bone regeneration technology

The University of Arkansas at Little Rock announced a $750,000 grant from the U.S. Department of Defense to support the development of potentially life-saving bone regeneration technology during a Nov. 15 visit from Sen. John Boozman. The visit celeb...

– University of Arkansas at Little Rock


Dmitri Zakharov Recognized with the 2019 Chuck Fiori Award

The award honors Dmitri Zakharov's contributions to environmental transmission electron microscopy at Brookhaven Lab's Center for Functional Nanomaterials.

– Brookhaven National Laboratory


Contest showcases winning green fluorescent protein images, videos

Earlier this year, the call went out to the worldwide scientific community to submit their most beautiful and intriguing images and videos created using green fluorescent protein (GFP), the glowing molecule that revolutionized cell imaging 25 years a...

– American Society for Cell Biology (ASCB)


High School Students Can Save Lives Too

DHS S&T and FEMA awarded $2.3 million over a three year period to USU NCDMPH to develop lifesaving trauma training for high-school-age students last year.

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


Breakthrough tool launched at Greenbuild empowers users to radically reduce embodied carbon in buildings and infrastructure

The Embodied Carbon in Construction Calculator (“EC3”) tool delivers the first digitized EPDs for construction materials in a free platform designed to accelerate early adoption across the entire construction industry.

– University of Washington


Globus Connector for Google Cloud Now Available

Globus, a leading research data management service, today announced the general availability of Globus for Google Cloud, a new solution for accessing and managing data stored in Google Cloud object storage.

– Globus


DHS awards $197k for blockchain-agnostic approach to tracking raw material imports

DHS S&T has awarded $197,292.00 to Factom, Inc. based in Austin, Texas, to develop a blockchain security system that agencies can use to create and verify identities and help detect fraud involving imports, such as raw materials.

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


Rutgers Conference Will Celebrate 30th Anniversary of Leading Math and Computer Science Center

The Center for Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science (DIMACS) at Rutgers University–New Brunswick will celebrate its 30th anniversary at a conference on Nov. 21 and 22. At the time of its founding, the DIMACS grant award from the Na...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick


University of Maryland, Baltimore County wins DOE’s 2019 CyberForce Competition™

After a long suspenseful day, University of Maryland, Baltimore County earned the top spot as national winner of the U.S. Department of Energy’s CyberForce Competition.

– Argonne National Laboratory


DHS awards $200k for scalable, interoperable distributed ledger for credential exchange

DHS S&T has awarded $200,000 to SecureKey Technologies based in Toronto, Canada to adapt its identity network solution to support the issuance and validation of digital credentials.

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


South Florida PBS and Florida Atlantic University Partner for New Season of Iconic Public Television Series STAR GAZERS

The world’s only weekly television series on naked eye astronomy since 1976, will launch a new season on public television with a new host and university science partner beginning December 1, 2019.

– Florida Atlantic University


Higher Education Events


ASU Innovation Open 2020 announces semifinalists

ASU Innovation Open has announced the semifinalists for Arizona State University’s most exciting pitch competition, taking place Jan. 31, 2020, in Tempe, Arizona. Competitors will pitch their student-led ventures for a chance to win $300,000 in pri...

– Arizona State University (ASU)


Expert Pitch


Cybersecurity expert offers tips for Cyber Monday and online shopping for the holidays

– Binghamton University, State University of New York


Miscellaneous


Six world-class research teams selected to investigate new frontiers in metabolism in health and disease

– Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)

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