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Thursday, December 5, 2019

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Climate and the Environment News from Newswise 05-Dec-2019
 

Climate Change and Environmental News and Experts for the Media

Newswise provides experts for the media on hurricanes, wildfires, and other natural disasters, as well as the latest research in Environmental Science and Climate Science.


Research


New study hints at complex decision-making in a single-cell organism

New study reveals hierarchy of behaviors in a single-cell organism The organism, S. roeselii, appears to “change its mind” and modify its response to repeated exposure to irritating particles Findings suggest certain single-cell organisms may h...

– Harvard Medical School

DGE1144152

Embargo expired on 05-Dec-2019 at 11:00 ET


On balance, some neonicotinoid pesticides could benefit bees

New research reported in ACS’ Environmental Science & Technology on one of the permitted neonicotinoids indicates it effectively controls pests and might even help bees.

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

Environmental Science & Technology

Embargo expired on 27-Nov-2019 at 08:00 ET


U.S. Public Views on Climate and Energy

Majorities of Americans say the federal government is doing too little for key aspects of the environment. And most believe the U.S. should focus on development of alternative sources of energy over expansion of fossil fuels, according to a new Pew R...

– Pew Research Center

Public Views on Climate and Energy

Embargo expired on 25-Nov-2019 at 12:00 ET


Rural decline not driven by water recovery

New research from the University of Adelaide has shown that climate and economic factors are the main drivers of farmers leaving their properties in the Murray-Darling Basin, not reduced water for irrigation as commonly claimed.

– University of Adelaide

Climatic Change


Better wildfire and smoke predictions with new vegetation database

Researchers have created the first comprehensive database of all the wildfire fuels that have been measured across North America. Ultimately, it can help scientists make more informed decisions about fire and smoke situations.

– University of Washington

Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences, Dec-2019


Birds are shrinking as the climate warms

Every day in the spring and fall since 1978, scientists and volunteers at Chicago's Field Museum have gotten up as early as 3:30 in the morning to collect fallen birds that have crashed into nearby buildings' windows.

– Field Museum

Ecology Letters


Warmer temperatures will increase arsenic levels in rice, study shows

University of Washington researchers have found that warmer temperatures, at levels expected under most climate change projections, can lead to higher concentrations of arsenic in rice grains.

– University of Washington

American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting


Global climate trend since Dec. 1 1978: +0.13 C per decade

Global Temperature Report: November 2019

– University of Alabama Huntsville


Argonne Collaboration Shows Benefits of Better Corn Residue Management Strategies

Sustainable corn stover removal can maintain soil carbon stock, according a new Argonne-led study.

– Argonne National Laboratory

Global Change Biology, Bioenergy, Oct-2019


Young tree swallows carry environmental stress into adulthood

Cornell University researchers have found that colder temperatures during tree swallows' development stage has an effect on swallows later in life.

– Cornell University


Antarctic ice sheets could be at greater risk of melting than previously thought

Antarctica is the largest reservoir of ice on Earth – but new research by the University of South Australia suggests it could be at greater risk of melting than previously thought.

– University of South Australia

Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems


Nuclear reactors with a newly proposed barrier could've withstood Chernobyl and Fukushima

In the aftermath of the notorious accidents in the history of nuclear energy at Three Mile Island (1979), Chernobyl (1986) and Fukushima (2011)

– Pensoft Publishers

Nuclear Energy and Technology


Clownfish can’t adapt to rapid environmental changes

The beloved anemone fish popularized by the movies “Finding Nemo” and “Finding Dory” don’t have the genetic capacity to adapt to rapid changes in their environment, according to a new study.

– Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Ecology Letters


Climate Change is Reshaping Communities of Ocean Organisms

Climate change is reshaping communities of fish and other sea life, according to a pioneering study on how ocean warming is affecting the mix of species. The study, published in the journal Nature Climate Change, covers species that are important f...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Nature Climate Change; Rutgers Today


Drought impact study shows new issues for plants and carbon dioxide

Extreme drought’s impact on plants will become more dominant under future climate change, as noted in a paper out today in the journal Nature Climate Change. Analysis shows that not only will droughts become more frequent under future climates, but...

– Los Alamos National Laboratory

Nature Climate Change


Communities must band together to protect against bushfires

As Australia confronts devastating bushfire conditions, people across the nation are doing all they can to ensure the safety of their homes, property and loved ones. But while many individuals are responding well to bushfire risks, a lack of preparat...

– University of South Australia

Geoforum


Two million-year-old ice cores provide first direct observations of an ancient climate

Princeton University-led researchers have extracted 2 million-year-old ice cores from Antarctica that provide the first direct observations of Earth's climate at a time when the furred early ancestors of modern humans still roamed.

– Princeton University

Nature


Study: Wildfires in Oregon's blue mountains to become more frequent, severe due to climate change

Under a warming climate, wildfires in Oregon's southern Blue Mountains will become more frequent, more extensive and more severe, according to a new Portland State University-led study.

– Portland State University

Ecosphere


Endangered Whales React to Environmental Changes

The highly endangered North Atlantic right whale is rapidly altering its use of important habitat areas off the New England coast, signaling disruptive changes in the marine environment.

– Cornell University

Global Change Biology; MMC14-207


El Nino Swings More Violently in the Industrial Age, Compelling Evidence Says

Enough physical evidence spanning millennia has now come together to allow researchers to say definitively that: El Ninos, La Ninas, and the climate phenomenon that drives them have become more extreme in the times of human-induced climate change.

– Georgia Institute of Technology

41888101; Geophysical Review Letters; 1502832; 1446343; 1029020; 1349599; 1535007


Features


Top 5 ways we can support soil

Join in celebrating World Soil Day on December 5th

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)


Environmental intelligence to better understand the changing Arctic

Selected talks and posters presented by Arctic researchers from Sandia National Laboratories at the American Geophysical Union annual meeting on Monday, Dec. 9, 2019.

– Sandia National Laboratories


Student engineers to ply their green skills in NYC

Cornell University engineering students are working with an Ithaca, New York, engineering firm to help New York City lower its carbon footprint.

– Cornell University


10 Steps to a More Sustainable Christmas

A consumer-friendly listicle.

– Furman University

New York Times


Bridging Climate Change Disconnects

There is overwhelming evidentiary support and consensus within the scientific community related to climate change, but an NMU professor says the keys to meaningful change include effective communication that recognizes the sources of resistance and c...

Expert Available

– Northern Michigan University


Breaking Down Biodegradable: UF Scientist Creates Guide to Bioplastics

“Bioplastics—a better option for the environment?” is a compilation of information about bioplastics. These alternative plastics have become more popular, and as it turns out, they’re effectively still the same as petroleum-based plastic, acc...

Expert Available

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

Bioplastics—a better option for the environment?


52 UC San Diego Researchers Are Most Highly Cited in Their Fields

Fifty-two faculty members and researchers at the University of California San Diego are among the world’s most influential in their fields, according to Web of Science Group's 2019 listing.

– University of California San Diego


PPPL is recognized for being green

The U.S. Department of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory was recognized by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for its green practices in reducing waste, energy, and water, and transportation, and for green purchasing and electronics ...

– Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory


Experts


Sea-Level Research Must Change So Communities Can Better Plan for the Future

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick


‘Environmental Disaster’: Brazil Oil Spill to Spark Drastic Effects

– Cornell University


‘Innovator’ cities take climate action while global leaders gather

– Cornell University


Rutgers Snow Expert Available to Discuss Winter Storm in N.J.

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick


9 sustainable holiday tips from Furman U Shi Ctr for Sustainability: C offsets, bags>wrap, digitize, real>fake, regift, stocking food, LEDs, compost, cut the crap

– Furman University


When peatlands burn in mega-fires, stored methane is rapidly released into the atmosphere. #EmissionsGap #ClimateAction @UNEP @MTUcfres

– Michigan Technological University


U.N. climate report shows governments, businesses lagging

– Cornell University


Case Western Reserve University's Jonathan Adler helping to train the next generation of environmental lawyers

– Case Western Reserve University


Bloomberg’s campaign to raise profile of climate innovations

– Cornell University


Keep it green: Pick, then plant this year’s Christmas tree

– Cornell University


Announcements


ACSESS names Nick Goeser as CEO

The Alliance of Crop, Soil, and Environmental Science Societies (ACSESS), announced that Nicholas J. Goeser has been named Chief Executive Officer.

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)


Late Florida Sea Grant Director’s Art to Support Students and Research

Karl Havens was a leading international expert on aquatic research, management, education and outreach. Now, his art will support those who carry on his life’s work, with bidding underway for a selection of his original artwork. Funds raised will b...

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences


Driven by Realities of Climate Change, Composer Lei Liang Receives One of Classical Music’s Top Honors

UC San Diego professor and world-renowned composer Lei Liang wins the 2020 Grawemeyer Award for Music Composition for his orchestral work that both evokes the realities of climate change and offers the enduring potential for healing.

– University of California San Diego


FAU Receives $1.68 Million Grant from Florida Division of Emergency Management

The goals of this project are to help communities guide future mitigation projects as well as to assist local communities in moving up in the Community Rating System (CRS) of the National Flood Insurance Program.

– Florida Atlantic University


BIDMC and Harvard University launch Climate and Human Health Fellowship

Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC); the Harvard FXB Center for Health and Human Rights; and the Center for Climate, Health, and the Global Environment at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health (Harvard C-CHANGE), have launched a firs...

– Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center


UF Open House Invites Community to Engage with Science

The University of Florida Tropical Research and Education Center is in the heart of the tropical and subtropical fruit and vegetable industries, and the ornamental plant industry. For 90 years it has served as an agricultural research unit of the Uni...

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

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