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Thursday, December 12, 2019

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Climate and the Environment News from Newswise 12-Dec-2019

Climate Change and Environmental News and Experts for the Media

Newswise provides experts for the media on hurricanes, wildfires, and other natural disasters, as well as the latest research in Environmental Science and Climate Science.


Why polar bears at sea have higher pollution levels than those staying on land

Arctic sea-ice is in decline, causing polar bears in the Barents Sea region to alter their feeding and hunting habits. Bears that follow sea-ice to offshore areas have higher pollutant levels than those staying on land — but why? A study in ACS’ ...

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

Environmental Science & Technology

Embargo expired on 11-Dec-2019 at 08:00 ET

Mountain Goats’ Air Conditioning is Failing, Study Says

A new study in the journal PLOS One says Glacier National Park’s iconic mountain goats are in dire need of air conditioning.

– Wildlife Conservation Society


Embargo expired on 11-Dec-2019 at 14:00 ET

Insects’ Drag-Based Flight Mechanism Could Improve Tiny Flying Robots

Thrips don’t rely on lift in order to fly. Instead, the tiny insects rely on a drag-based flight mechanism, keeping themselves afloat in airflow velocities with a large ratio of force to wing size. In a study published in this week’s Journal of A...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Applied Physics

Embargo expired on 10-Dec-2019 at 11:00 ET

New England fishermen losing jobs due to climate

For decades the biggest threat to the industry has been overfishing, but it is no longer the only threat. According to new research at the University of Delaware, fluctuations in the climate have already cost some New England fishermen their jobs.

– University of Delaware

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Embargo expired on 09-Dec-2019 at 15:00 ET

Highlighting the importance and vulnerability of the world’s water towers

A new Nature study provides insight into the world's natural water towers, which are crucial to the welfare of 1.9 billion people.

– International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis


Embargo expired on 09-Dec-2019 at 11:00 ET

UCI-led team releases high-precision map of Antarctic ice sheet bed topography

Irvine, Calif., Dec. 12, 2019 – A University of California, Irvine-led team of glaciologists has unveiled the most accurate portrait yet of the contours of the land beneath Antarctica’s ice sheet – and, by doing so, has helped identify which re...

– University of California, Irvine

Nature Geoscience

Scientists Link Decline of Baltic Cod to Hypoxia – and Climate Change

If you want to know how climate change and hypoxia -- the related loss of oxygen in the world’s oceans -- affect fish species such as the economically important Baltic cod, all you have to do is ask the fish. Those cod, at least, will tell you that...

– SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry

Biology Letters

Could we cool the Earth with an ice-free Arctic?

The Arctic region is heating up faster than any other place on Earth, and as more and more sea ice is lost every year, we are already feeling the impacts. IIASA researchers explored strategies for cooling down the oceans in a world without this impor...

– International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

SN Applied Sciences

Last remaining glaciers in the Pacific will soon melt away

The last remaining tropical glaciers between the Himalayas and the Andes will disappear in the next decade – and possibly sooner – due to climate change, a new study has found. The glaciers in Papua, Indonesia, are “the canaries in the coal min...

– Ohio State University

Natural ecosystems protect against climate change

The identification of natural carbon sinks and understanding how they work is critical if humans are to mitigate global climate change. Tropical coastal wetlands are considered important but, so far, there is little data to show the benefits.

– University of Göttingen

Global Change Biology

Technologies and scientific advances needed to track methane levels in atmosphere

Understanding what influences the amount of methane in the atmosphere has been identified by the American Geophysical Union to be one of the foremost challenges in the earth sciences in the coming decades because of methane's hugely important role in...

– University of Bristol

Global Biogeochemical Cycles

Could dark carbon be hiding the true scale of ocean 'dead zones'?

Dead zones within the world's oceans - where there is almost no oxygen to sustain life - could be expanding far quicker than currently thought, a new study suggests.

– University of Plymouth

Global Biogeochemical Cycles

Sorghum study illuminates relationship between humans, crops and the environment in domestication

A new study illustrates the concept of a domestication triangle, in which human genetics interact with sorghum genetics and the environment to influence the traits farmers select in their crops. The concept gives a more complete systemic picture of d...

– Iowa State University

Nature Plants volume 5, pages1229–1236(2019)

Climate change and the threat to global breadbaskets

Extreme climatic conditions could lead to an increased risk of unusually low agricultural harvests if more than one global breadbasket is affected by adverse climate conditions at the same time.

– International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

Nature Climate Change

How saving the ozone layer in 1987 slowed global warming

The Montreal Protocol, an international agreement signed in 1987 to stop chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) destroying the ozone layer

– University of New South Wales

Environmental Research Letters

Study: Favorable Environments for Large Hail Increasing Across U.S.

A group of atmospheric scientists have uncovered an environmental footprint that could help explain why the cost of hailstorm damage is rapidly increasing in the United States.

– University at Albany, State University of New York

Nature Climate and Atmospheric Science

Gulf Coast corals face catastrophe

If coral reefs are the canary to the ocean's coal mine, it's getting awfully bleak in the Gulf of Mexico.

– Rice University

Frontiers in Marine Science

Carbon emissions from volcanic rocks can create global warming -- study

Greenhouse gas emissions released directly from the movement of volcanic rocks are capable of creating massive global warming effects

– University of Birmingham

Nature Communications

London air to be kept clean thanks to Warwick researchers

In London air pollution contributes to thousands of premature deaths a year, with many others suffering the adverse health effects of air pollution exposure.

– University of Warwick

Shrinking of Greenland’s glaciers began accelerating in 2000, research finds

Satellite data has given scientists clues about how, when and why Greenland’s glaciers are shrinking – and shows a sharp increase in glacial retreat beginning about 2000, according to new research presented this week.

– Ohio State University

A fragile crust protects from dust

From June 2016 to August 2018, Perry traversed the playa by bike, researching how it contributes to dust in the Salt Lake Valley’s air. In a report prepared for the Utah Department of Natural Resources and Utah Division of Facilities Construction a...

– University of Utah

'Cli-Fi' Literary Genre Puts a Human Face on Climate Change

Nicole Seymour, CSUF associate professor of English, comparative literature and linguistics, curates materials to teach courses focused on climate change and emotions, and climate fiction; helping students analyze benefits and drawbacks of the growin...

– California State University, Fullerton

Bad Environmentalism


High School Student Publishes Scientific Paper with Assistance from Texas Tech Professor

David Weindorf collaborated with Florida teenager Julia Kagiliery to determine the sulfur content of lignite coal using portable X-ray fluorescence spectrometry and an optical color sensor.

– Texas Tech University

International Journal of Coal Geology


Mekong river faces ‘irreversible risks’ due to dam projects

– Cornell University


UNH Sails into the Next Generation of Ocean Mapping With NOAA Grant

Researchers at the University of New Hampshire have been awarded a three-year grant from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in partnership with Saildrone, Inc. of Alameda, CA, and the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (...

– University of New Hampshire

Researchers open underwater 'living museum' in the Dominican Republic

In partnership with the government of the Dominican Republic, researchers at the Indiana University Center for Underwater Science have opened their fifth "Living Museum in the Sea" in the Caribbean country -- a continuation of the center's holistic a...

– Indiana University





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