|***Newswise Weekend Edition***|
The Weekend Edition is a collection of interesting, exceptional articles you may have missed from the week. Articles are chosen by the editorial team at Newswise.
To view more staff-selected articles, go here.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), a digestive disorder that causes hearburn and other uncomfortable symptoms, may affect nearly a third of U.S. adults each week, and most of those who take certain popular medications for it still have symptoms,...
Gastroenterology, Dec. 19, 2019 Embargo expired on 19-Dec-2019 at 10:00 ET
Researchers reporting in ACS Nano have devised a blood test that quickly and sensitively diagnoses the disease at early stages.
– American Chemical Society (ACS)
ACS Nano Embargo expired on 18-Dec-2019 at 08:00 ET
A new report from the National Toxicology Program (NTP) suggests that traffic-related air pollution increases a pregnant woman’s risk for dangerous increases in blood pressure, known as hypertension.
– National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) Embargo expired on 18-Dec-2019 at 10:00 ET
Intermittent fasting has become one of the most popular health and fitness trends over the past 20 years, with promises of weight loss, increased energy and longer life.
– Johns Hopkins Medicine
The New England Journal of Medicine
The number of e-cigarette users who began vaping at age 14 or younger has more than tripled in the last five years, say University of Michigan researchers.
– University of Michigan
American Journal of Public Health
Researchers from Queen’s University Belfast have discovered that bacteria often found in the lungs became more harmful and caused increased inflammation when they were exposed to e-cigarette vape.
– Queen's University Belfast
Researchers from Queen’s University Belfast have questioned the World Health Organisation’s blanket classification of processed meat as carcinogenic after finding significant evidence gaps between processed meat treated with nitrites and nitrite-...
– Queen's University Belfast
A new study shows a tool developed by Rutgers University’s Institute for Health, Health Care Policy and Aging Research is able to accurately predict whether older adults living in the community might be neglecting themselves.
– Institute for Health, Health Care Policy and Aging Research at Rutgers University
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Our domesticated animals - both pets and livestock - hold the key to the spread of viruses among humans and wildlife according to new research involving Swansea University.
– Swansea University
Global Ecology and Biogeography
People living in the southern Peruvian Amazon are being exposed to potentially dangerous levels of mercury due to a combination of their diet and artisanal and small-scale gold mining occurring in their communities.
– University at Albany, State University of New York
Forager-horticulturalist children in the Amazon rainforest do not spend more calories in their everyday lives than children in the United States, but they do spend calories differently. That finding provides clues for understanding and reversing glob...
– Baylor University
A study published today online in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) found marijuana use in electronic cigarettes has been increasing among U.S. middle and high school students from 2017 to 2018.
– University of Nebraska Medical Center (UNMC)
A $2.2 billion industry to help people lose weight through artificial sweeteners may be contributing to type 2 diabetes, according to researchers from the University of South Australia.
– University of South Australia
Current Atherosclerosis Reports
American College of Sports Medicine’s annual fitness trend forecast offers tips to meet 2020 fitness goals...and potentially spark ideas for last-minute holiday gifts.
– American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)
An emerging technology involving tiny particles that absorb light and turn it into localized heat sources shows great promise in several fields, including medicine. This heating must be carefully controlled however, since living tissue is delicate, a...
– American Institute of Physics (AIP)
APL Photonics, Dec. 17, 2019 Embargo expired on 17-Dec-2019 at 11:00 ET
Astronomers using Hubble have studied a unique class of young, migratory exoplanets that have the density of cotton candy. Nothing like them exists in our solar system. They orbit the star Kepler 51, located 2,600 light-years away. Hubble spectroscop...
– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)
A new study by a team of Russian and American scientists revealed the first-ever detailed analysis of a tigress from the birth of her cubs through their first four months.
– Wildlife Conservation Society
Irvine, Calif., Dec. 19, 2019 – Greenland is losing ice mass seven times faster than in the 1990s, a pace that matches the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s high-end warming scenario – in which 400 million people would be exposed to c...
– University of California, Irvine
Nature, Dec. 2019
An international team of geoscientists led by Caltech has used fiber optic communications cables stationed at the bottom of the North Sea as a giant seismic network, tracking both earthquakes and ocean waves.
– California Institute of Technology
Deep in our Milky Way galaxy’s center, a candy cane emerges as the centerpiece of a new, colorful composite image from a NASA camera, just in time for the holidays.
– Johns Hopkins University
The Astrophysical Journal, Nov-2019; The Astrophysical Journal, Nov-2019
In a co-authored paper published online in the journal Anthropocene, University of Illinois at Chicago paleontologist Roy Plotnick argues that the fossil record of mammals will provide a clear signal of the Anthropocene era.
– University of Illinois at Chicago
A new study offers India a pathway to improve nutrition, climate resilience and the environment by diversifying its crop production. And it also offers global insights into the need to consider sustainable approaches to agriculture.
– University of Delaware
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Scientists are racing to determine which genealogy most accurately represents the evolutionary history of sea turtles — a challenging proposition.
– University of Alabama at Birmingham
Royal Society Open Science, Dec. 2019
The spread of hate speech via social media could be tackled using the same "quarantine" approach deployed to combat malicious software, according to University of Cambridge researchers.
– University of Cambridge
Ethics and Information Technology
Email users should have far more control over the transmission of their messages upon death, a new study suggests.
– Aston University
Thousands of galaxies are visible in this radio image of an area in the Southern Sky, made with the MeerKAT telescope. The numerous faint dots are distant galaxies like our own Milky Way, that have never been observed in radio light before.
– National Radio Astronomy Observatory
Neuroscientists at Virginia Tech, University College London, and the University of London revealed brain mechanisms that underlie confirmation bias — a phenomenon where people strongly favor information that reinforces existing opinions over contra...
– Virginia Tech
A slime Santa beard has been made by Ian Hands-Portman at the University of Warwick using slime molds, a myxomycete which is a single giant cell with multiple nuclei that lives in dark damp places and likes to feed off bacteria and fungi and things t...
– University of Warwick
CFR experts spotlight some of the most important trends they will be tracking in the year ahead. Expert Available
– Council on Foreign Relations (CFR)
Edward Alden, Paul J. Angelo, Michelle Gavin, Bruce Hoffman, Amy M. Jaffe, Adam Segal, and Sheila A. Smith, December 12, 2019.
– Tulane University
– Wildlife Conservation Society
The top tier of Democratic presidential candidates remains relatively unchanged in the latest Iowa State University/Civiqs poll, and the second tier candidates show no signs of a breakthrough.
– Iowa State University
Iowa State University/Civiqs poll
An analysis by a Vanderbilt economist who specializes in the valuation of fatality risks finds that the post-9/11 wars may have resulted in more than twice as many indirect deaths back home as were lost in battle, due to the diversion of war costs fr...
– Vanderbilt University
Peace Economics, Peace Science and Public Policy. 2019; 20190004
Did you know yuletide caroling began 1,000 years before Christmas existed? Or how about the fact that mistletoe was hung from doorways to ward off evil spirits? And before there was eggnog, the medieval English drank wassail made from mulled ale and ...
– Rutgers University-New Brunswick
Easy access to air travel has not only flattened the world, it also has flattened the bias toward investing locally, according to new research from the University of Notre Dame.
– University of Notre Dame
Investment in a Smaller World: The Implications of Air Travel for Investors and Firms