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Newswise Special Wire
Monday, December 23, 2019

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Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire for 23-Dec-2019
 

Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire

Tech news for the public and news media. More stories can be found at the Newswise Technology News Source and the Engineering News Source.


This 'lemon' could help machine learning create better drugs

One of the challenges in using machine learning for drug development is to create a process for the computer to extract needed information from a pool of data points. Drug scientists must pull biological data and train the software to understand how ...

– Purdue University

Bioinformatics


New Fitness Trends to Help You Achieve 2020 Health Goals

American College of Sports Medicine’s annual fitness trend forecast offers tips to meet 2020 fitness goals...and potentially spark ideas for last-minute holiday gifts.

– American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)


Research


NUS researchers develop microsensor implants smaller than a pencil tip for round-the-clock health monitoring

A research team from the National University of Singapore has developed an advanced wireless technology that can detect microsensors tiny enough to be injected under the skin.

– National University of Singapore

Nature Electronics


'Cotton Candy' Planet Mysteries Unravel in New Hubble Observations

Astronomers using Hubble have studied a unique class of young, migratory exoplanets that have the density of cotton candy. Nothing like them exists in our solar system. They orbit the star Kepler 51, located 2,600 light-years away. Hubble spectroscop...

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)


LLNL researchers mimic blood-brain barrier on chip-based device

With a recent publication in the journal Annals of Biomedical Engineering (ABME), a team of LLNL researchers are one step closer to recapitulating the brain’s response to both biochemical and mechanical cues in a chip-based platform.

– Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Annals of Biomedical Engineering (ABME)


Tweaks Behind the Rebirth of Nearly Discarded Organic Solar Technologies

A minuscule, counterintuitive chemical tweak is advancing an organic solar technology that was believed unviable.

– Georgia Institute of Technology

Matter; N00014-17-1-2208


AI’s Future Potential Hinges on Consensus: NAM Report

The new report is designed to be a comprehensive reference for organizational leaders, health care professionals, data analysts, model developers and those who are working to integrate machine learning into health care, said Vanderbilt University Med...

– Vanderbilt University Medical Center

National Academy of Medicine


New Aqueous Lithium-Ion Battery Improves Safety Without Sacrificing Performance

As the lithium-ion batteries that power most phones, laptops, and electric vehicles become increasingly fast-charging and high-performing, they also grow increasingly expensive and flammable. In research published recently in Energy Storage Materia...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

Energy Storage Materials


Playing the angles with dramatic effect

Researchers report the most complete model to date concerning the transition from metal to insulator in correlated oxides. These oxides have fascinated scientists because of their many attractive electronic and magnetic properties.

– Argonne National Laboratory

Nature


New Tool Could Help Families Check on Older Loved Ones Over the Holidays

A new study shows a tool developed by Rutgers University’s Institute for Health, Health Care Policy and Aging Research is able to accurately predict whether older adults living in the community might be neglecting themselves.

– Institute for Health, Health Care Policy and Aging Research at Rutgers University

Journal of the American Geriatrics Society


Penn Researchers Predict 10-Year Breast Cancer Recurrence with MRI Scans

MRI and an emerging field of medicine called radiomics could help to characterize the heterogeneity of cancer cells within a tumor and allow for a better understanding of the causes and progression of a person’s individual disease, according to a P...

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Clinical Care Research, Nov-2019


Advancing information processing with exceptional points and surfaces

Researchers have for the first time detected an exceptional surface based on measurements of exceptional points. These points are modes that exhibit phenomenon with possible practical applications in information processing.

– Argonne National Laboratory

Phys. Rev. Lett., Dec-2019


Improving Efficiency, Effectiveness of Security X-Ray Technology

The smuggling of contraband is a major threat in airport security and risks have increased in modern times with the uptick in parcel delivery, but security inspection methods have not seen any significant improvements. In AIP Advances, researchers pr...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

AIP Advances


Honey, I shrunk Michelangelo's David

There he is, standing upon his pedestal: David by Michelangelo. A world-?famous statue that nearly every child can recognise. But this David is just 1 millimeter tall, pedestal included

– ETH Zürich

Micromachines


Submarine cables to offshore wind farms transformed into a seismic network

An international team of geoscientists led by Caltech has used fiber optic communications cables stationed at the bottom of the North Sea as a giant seismic network, tracking both earthquakes and ocean waves.

– California Institute of Technology

Nature Communications


New Space Image Reveals a Cosmic 'Candy Cane'

Deep in our Milky Way galaxy’s center, a candy cane emerges as the centerpiece of a new, colorful composite image from a NASA camera, just in time for the holidays.

– Johns Hopkins University

The Astrophysical Journal, Nov-2019; The Astrophysical Journal, Nov-2019


A more intuitive online banking service would reinforce its use among the over-55s

Experts from the MAD (Analytical and Digital Marketing) Research Group from the University of Seville have drawn attention to the fact that the very nature of online banking, according to the data analysed

– University of Seville

Universal Access in the Information Society


SDSC Supercomputer Simulations Aid in Solving Boron Carbide Mystery

Building upon decades of research on how to make boron carbide even more efficient, an engineering team at the University of Florida (UF) has been conducting simulations using SDSC's Comet supercomputer to better understand the nanoscale level deform...

– University of California San Diego

Journal of Applied Physics Dec-2019


Online Hate Speech Could Be Contained Like a Computer Virus, Say Researchers

The spread of hate speech via social media could be tackled using the same "quarantine" approach deployed to combat malicious software, according to University of Cambridge researchers.

– University of Cambridge

Ethics and Information Technology


Email users should have 'more control' over post-mortem message transmission

Email users should have far more control over the transmission of their messages upon death, a new study suggests.

– Aston University

Death Studies


A New Way to Optimize Sleep and Light Exposure Can Reduce Jet Lag and Improve Alertness

In a series of articles, including one published today in PLOS ONE, researchers from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute explain how they have developed and demonstrated a series of algorithms that can analyze biometric information recorded by a smart d...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

PLOS ONE


Millions with swallowing problems could be helped through new wearable device

A wearable monitoring device to make treatments easier and more affordable for the millions of people with swallowing disorders is about to be released into the market.

– Purdue University

Science Advances


How vulnerable is your car to cyberattacks?

New research from Michigan State University is the first to apply criminal justice theory to smart vehicles, revealing cracks in the current system leading to potential cyber risks.

– Michigan State University

Taylor & Francis Online


Smart intersections could cut autonomous car congestion

A new study by Cornell researchers developed a first-of-its-kind model to control traffic and intersections in order to increase autonomous car capacity on urban streets of the future, reduce congestion and minimize accidents.

– Cornell University

Transportation Research Part B, Dec. 2019


Collaboration yields insights into mosquito reproduction

As carriers for diseases like dengue and Zika, mosquitoes kill more than 1 million people each year and sicken hundreds of millions more. But a better understanding of mosquito reproduction can help humans combat outbreaks of these diseases, which ar...

– Cornell University

Nature Scientific Reports


Robot-powered outfit is being fashioned to help seniors walk

A new line of wearable robotics developed by The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) and The City University of New York, City College (CCNY) could keep seniors on their feet longer.

– University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

Journal of Public Health


A new gene therapy strategy, courtesy of Mother Nature

Scientists have developed a new gene-therapy technique by transforming human cells into mass producers of tiny nano-sized particles full of genetic material that has the potential to reverse disease processes.

– Ohio State University

Nature Biomedical Engineering


New Algorithms Shed Light on Molecules’ Structure and Motion in Cells

...

– Department of Energy, Office of Science


Features and Experts


Science Snapshots From Berkeley Lab

This edition of Science Snapshots highlights the discovery of an investigational cancer drug that targets tumors caused by mutations in the KRAS gene, the development of a new library of artificial proteins that could accelerate the design of new mat...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Nature, Oct-30-2019; Chemical Science; Nature Communications


A New Twist on Controlling Magnetic Properties

Computer storage devices often use magnetic materials printed on very thin films. In this study, researchers rotated cobalt-iron alloy thin films relative to an applied magnetic field. Unexpectedly, depending on the rotation angle, a sizeable change...

– Department of Energy, Office of Science


New Software Targets ICU Delirium

One of the nation’s largest health information technology companies, Epic Systems Corp., based in Verona, Wisconsin, has released a system update that stands to advance prevention of ICU delirium and improve patient outcomes.

– Vanderbilt University Medical Center


A Very Merry App for Package Delivery at the Final 50 Feet

Researchers at PNNL are contributing artificial intelligence, machine learning, and app development expertise to a U of W project that will ease challenges with urban freight delivery. The project will provide delivery drivers with a tool to identify...

– Pacific Northwest National Laboratory


Undersecretary for Science Paul Dabbar Recently Visited the South Pole Telescope in Antarctica

The South Pole Telescope is one of the tools scientists are using to understand the earliest history of our universe. To check out the Department of Energy’s (DOE) investment in this project, DOE Undersecretary for Science Paul Dabbar visited the f...

– Department of Energy, Office of Science


With ADIOS, Summit processes celestial data at scale of massive future telescope

Researchers cannot collect enough observational data to practice analyzing the huge quantities expected from the Square Kilometre Array, which will be the world’s largest radio telescope. Instead, an international team recently used Summit to simul...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory


The Ant, the Woodpecker, and the 3-D Printer: A Tale of Interdepartmental Collaboration

When departments collaborate across campus, good things happen.

– SUNY Buffalo State


NASA’s Webb Telescope to Search for Young Brown Dwarfs and Rogue Planets

A nearby stellar nursery will be the subject of study with NASA’s upcoming James Webb Space Telescope. Astronomers will peer into the stellar cluster NGC 1333 to examine its tiniest, faintest residents, including the smallest brown dwarfs and "rogu...

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)


Shape-Shifters: Small Proteins Unexpectedly Shift Their Shape When Coming Together

Artificial versions of small proteins, called peptoids, can readily self-assemble into tiny sheets, which gives them a great deal of potential for use in medicine, sensing, and other fields. An international team led by Foundry scientists discovered ...

– Department of Energy, Office of Science


Novel PPPL invention could improve the efficiency of car and truck engines while reducing pollutants

PPPL invention could improve efficiency of engines while reducing pollutants.

– Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory


Slime Santa beard likes hot peppers

A slime Santa beard has been made by Ian Hands-Portman at the University of Warwick using slime molds, a myxomycete which is a single giant cell with multiple nuclei that lives in dark damp places and likes to feed off bacteria and fungi and things t...

– University of Warwick


University of North Dakota student experiment aboard Blue Origin suborbital rocket deemed a success

A team of University of North Dakota’s Space Studies student researchers, called the “Dinonauts,” recently assisted with the successful launch into space and recovery of a research project, aboard Amazon Founder Jeff Bezo’s Blue Origin reusab...

– University of North Dakota


Zimmerli Art Museum Offers New Tools for Visitors with Sensory-Related Disorders

The Zimmerli Art Museum at Rutgers University-New Brunswick is the first art museum in New Jersey to offer specialized tools to help visitors in the autism spectrum enjoy their visit without stressful sensory overload.

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick


Visualizing 2020: Trends to Watch

CFR experts spotlight some of the most important trends they will be tracking in the year ahead.

Expert Available

– Council on Foreign Relations (CFR)

Edward Alden, Paul J. Angelo, Michelle Gavin, Bruce Hoffman, Amy M. Jaffe, Adam Segal, and Sheila A. Smith, December 12, 2019.


Youssef M. Marzouk: Then and Now

Youssef M. Marzouk is an associate professor of Aeronautics and Astronautics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and co-director of the MIT Center for Computational Engineering. He is also a core member of MIT's Statistics and Data Sci...

Expert Available

– Department of Energy, Office of Science


Antonino Miceli: Then and Now

Antonino Miceli is the group leader of the Detectors Group in the X-ray Science Division of the Advanced Photon Source at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Argonne National Laboratory, a senior fellow at the Northwestern Argonne Institute of Science ...

Expert Available

– Department of Energy, Office of Science


Hackensack University Medical Center First Hospital in New Jersey to Offer Revolutionary, Minimally Invasive Robotic Lung Biopsy Procedures

Hackensack University Medical Center is at the forefront of providing leading-edge treatments that enhance patient care. Utilizing an innovative, new robotic-assisted technology like Ion, our team members will redesign the way we care for patients wi...

– Hackensack Meridian Health


Researchers design floating turbine to harvest deep-ocean wind energy

The wind over deep-sea waters offers the potential to become one of the country’s largest renewable energy sources. University of Texas at Dallas researcher Dr. Todd Griffith has spent years working on an offshore turbine design that can convert t...

– University of Texas at Dallas


Engineer cites Boeing ‘shortcuts’ for grounding of 737 MAX fleet

– West Virginia University


What are the top cybersecurity threats and trends you should watch out for in 2020?

– Tulane University


Announcements and Events


Argonne’s Mira supercomputer set to retire after years of enabling groundbreaking science

Mira, the 10-petaflop IBM Blue Gene/Q supercomputer first booted up at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory in 2012, will be decommissioned at the end of this year. Its work has spanned seven-plus years and delivered 39...

– Argonne National Laboratory


High-Tech Teddy Bears and More From the Psychology of Technology Conference

Brought to the School through the leadership of Professor Roshni Raveendhran and co-sponsored by Darden and its Batten Institute for Entrepreneurship and Innovation, The Psychology of Technology, spanned two days and included sessions featuring resea...

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business

New Directions in Research on the Psychology of Technology Conference


Project-based class intended to immerse engineering students in realistic problem-solving situations

Wichita State University students interested in assistive technology and service learning will be able to perform projects through an “Accessible Design” class offered for the first time in spring 2020. This fall, students in a project-based clas...

– Wichita State University


Argonne-led team wins technology challenge at SC19

An extensive collaboration led by Argonne recently won the Inaugural SCinet Technology Challenge at the Supercomputing 19 conference by demonstrating real-time analysis of light source data from Argonne’s APS to the ALCF.

– Argonne National Laboratory


Clinical trials planned for brain tumor ‘GPS’ maps

A GPS map to guide neural navigation devices developed by a Case Western Reserve University cancer researcher has shown 90% accuracy in pinpointing brain tumors and will soon be tested in real time with patients at Cleveland Clinic under a three-yea...

– Case Western Reserve University


The Quantum Information Edge Launches to Accelerate Quantum Computing R&D for Breakthrough Science

A nationwide alliance of national labs, universities, and industry launched today to advance the frontiers of quantum computing systems designed to solve urgent scientific challenges and maintain U.S. leadership in next-generation information technol...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory


UA Little to develop free cybersecurity curriculum for high school students through new partnership with Arkansas Department of Education

The University of Arkansas at Little Rock will help create a free cybersecurity curriculum for Arkansas high school students as part of a new partnership announced Dec. 9 at UA Little Rock’s College of Engineering and Information Technology. The A...

– University of Arkansas at Little Rock


Division of Computational and Data Sciences marries AI, social science

The interdisciplinary Division of Computational and Data Sciences, one of a few of its kind in the country, focuses on turning the computational lens on social sciences. In the new PhD program, students have two advisers, one in computer engineering ...

– Washington University in St. Louis


Nova Southeastern University Names Dean of College of Computing & Engineering

Nova Southeastern University (NSU) is pleased to announce that Meline Kevorkian, Ed.D., has been named the dean of its College of Computing and Engineering. She was named the interim dean in July 2018.

– Nova Southeastern University


$24 Million Partnership to Advance Next Generation Manufacturing Technologies in Kentucky

The project, Kentucky Advanced Partnership for Enhanced Robotics and Structures (or KAMPERS), will harness the collective research power of 40 multidisciplinary researchers from eight Kentucky universities and colleges. The grant will support the fun...

– University of Kentucky


UC Santa Cruz launches new graduate program in natural language processing

The University of California, Santa Cruz, has established a new master’s (M.S.) degree program in Natural Language Processing (NLP), offered from the UCSC Silicon Valley Campus in Santa Clara. This innovative professional degree program will give s...

– University of California, Santa Cruz


NSF awards UIC $1.5M for new data science institute

A multi-disciplinary team of University of Illinois at Chicago researchers received a three-year, $1.5 million grant from the National Science Foundation to form a new data science institute.

– University of Illinois at Chicago


Wayne State receives NSF grant to enhance cybersecurity of chemical process control systems

With the help of a three-year, $500,000 grant from the National Science Foundation, a research team from Wayne State University will comprehensively evaluate the characteristics of cyberattacks for processes involving chemical processes of different ...

– Wayne State University Division of Research

NSF: 1932026


Research


Battery-Free Pacemaker Reduces Equipment to Size of a Dime

– George Washington University

Nature Communications

Embargo expired on 17-Dec-2019 at 05:00 ET


Coral Conservation Gets a Boost from Silicon Valley

– Wildlife Conservation Society

 "Emerging technologies and coral reef conservation: Opportunities, challenges, and moving forward"

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