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Newswise Special Wire
Monday, January 6, 2020

Public edition | newswise.com

Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire for 06-Jan-2020
 

Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire

Tech news for the public and news media. More stories can be found at the Newswise Technology News Source and the Engineering News Source.


Research


Older adults use online physician ratings, but view them cautiously, poll shows

A sizable minority of adults over age 50 have looked at online reviews of physicians, a new poll finds, but few have written one. The poll looks at how they weigh the opinions of online strangers when choosing a doctor, compared with other factors.

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Embargo expired on 06-Jan-2020 at 06:00 ET


Polluted Wastewater in the Forecast? Try A Solar Umbrella

Evaporation ponds, commonly used in many industries to manage wastewater, can occupy a large footprint and often pose risks to birds and other wildlife, yet they’re an economical way to deal with contaminated water. Now researchers at Berkeley Lab ...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Nature Sustainability

Embargo expired on 06-Jan-2020 at 08:00 ET


New Laser-Based Imaging System & Artificial Intelligence Algorithm, Used in Conjunction, Accurately Identify Brain Tumors

Study finds novel method of optical imaging combined with artificial intelligence accurately diagnoses brain tumors in real time.

– NYU Langone Health

Nature Medicine

Embargo expired on 06-Jan-2020 at 11:00 ET


Robotic Trunk Support Assists Those with Spinal Cord Injury

A Columbia Engineering team has invented a robotic device—the Trunk-Support Trainer (TruST)—that can be used to assist and train people with spinal cord injuries (SCIs) to sit more stably by improving their trunk control, and thus gain an expande...

– Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Spinal Cord Series and Cases Jan 6 2020

Embargo expired on 05-Jan-2020 at 20:00 ET


Researchers Create Nanoscale Sensors to Better See How High Pressure Affects Materials

Researchers have developed new nanoscale technology to image and measure more of the stresses and strains on materials under high pressures.

– Iowa State University

Science, Dec. 13, 2019; Science, Nov. 29, 2019; Army Research Office, grant W911NF-17-1-0225 National Science Foundation, grants CMMI-1536925, DMR-1904830


Laser Pulse Creates Frequency Doubling in Amorphous Dielectric Material

Researchers have demonstrated a new all-optical technique for creating robust second-order nonlinear effects in materials that don’t normally support them. Using a laser pulse fired at an array of gold triangles on a titanium dioxide (TiO2) slab, t...

– Georgia Institute of Technology

Physical Review Letters; ECCS-1542174; N00014-17-1-2555; DE-FG02-12ER16347


Scientists Map Structural Proteins Across an Ovary, Another Step Toward “Ink” Development for 3-D Printing a Bioprosthetic Ovary

For the first time, scientists identified and mapped the location of structural proteins in a pig ovary. Ongoing development of an “ink” with these proteins will be used for 3-D printing an artificial (or bio-prosthetic) ovary that could be impla...

– Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago

Scientific Reports, Dec-2019


Exploring the ​“dark side” of a single-crystal complex oxide thin film

A new study offers a nanoscopic view of complex oxides, which have great potential for advanced microelectronics.

– Argonne National Laboratory

Advanced Materials


Breakthrough study on molecular interactions could improve development of new medicines

A first-of-its-kind study on molecular interactions by biomedical engineers in the University of Minnesota’s College of Science and Engineering will make it easier and more efficient for scientists to develop new medicines and other therapies for d...

– University of Minnesota College of Science and Engineering

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences; National Institute of Health grants R01GM113985 and R21EB022258


ORNL researchers advance performance benchmark for quantum computers

Researchers at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have developed a quantum chemistry simulation benchmark to evaluate the performance of quantum devices and guide the development of applications for future quantum compu...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

npj Quantum Information


Lasers Learn to Accurately Spot Space Junk

Scientists have developed space junk identification systems, but it has proven tricky to pinpoint the swift, small specks of space litter. A unique set of algorithms for laser ranging telescopes, described in the Journal of Laser Applications, by AIP...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Journal of Laser Applications


How Cells Learn to “Count”

One of the wonders of cell biology is its symmetry. Mammalian cells have one nucleus and one cell membrane, and most humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes. Trillions of mammalian cells achieve this uniformity — but some consistently break this mold t...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Nature Cell Biology ; ANRJC JC-15-CE13-0005-01; R01GM114119, R01GM133897, R01GM089970, RSG-16-156-01-CCG, ANR-10-LABX-54 MEMO LIFE, ANR-11-IDEX-0001-02 PSL, 647466


More Chinese scientists in America are going back home

A growing number of Chinese scientists working in the United States and other parts of the world are returning to their homeland, enhancing China’s research productivity.

– Ohio State University

Science and Public Policy


Using deep learning to predict disease-associated mutations

During the past years, artificial intelligence (AI) -- the capability of a machine to mimic human behavior -- has become a key player in high-techs like drug development projects.

– University of Hong Kong

Nature Machine Intelligence


Paving the way for spintronic RAMs: A deeper look into a powerful spin phenomenon

Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology(Tokyo Tech) explore a new material combination that sets the stage for magnetic random access memories, which rely on spin--an intrinsic property of electrons-- and could outperform current storage devices....

– Tokyo Institute of Technology

Journal of Applied Physics


U-M Approach Could Improve the Accuracy of Cancer Clinical Trials

An innovative approach to analyzing the medical scans of patients in clinical trials could help ensure the accuracy of trial results while reducing the workload for busy oncologists, according to a new study by researchers at the University of Michig...

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

JNCCN; P30CA046592


'Nipple By Number' Device Helps Plastic Surgeons Perform 3D Nipple Tattoos

Three-dimensional tattoos offer a new alternative for creating a natural-looking nipple after breast reconstruction. For most women, accessing this option means finding a tattoo artist with the skill to create these detailed tattoos. Now a new device...

– Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery


Scientists Create Tiny Lasers from Nanoparticles and Plastic Beads

Researchers found a way to create lasers smaller than red blood cells.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science


Features and Experts


BP Looks to ORNL, ADIOS to Help Rein in Data

British Petroleum researchers invited ORNL data scientists to give the company’s high-performance computing team a tutorial of the laboratory’s ADIOS I/O middleware. ADIOS has helped researchers achieve scientific breakthroughs by providing a sim...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory


Soundwaves Carry Information Between Quantum Systems

Scientists built a system with curved electrodes to concentrate sound waves.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science


Ten not-to-be-missed PPPL stories from 2019 — plus a triple bonus!

Arms control robots, a new national facility, and accelerating the drive to bring the fusion energy that powers the stars to Earth: Ten (and a triple bonus!) Must-Read Stories of 2019 from PPPL

– Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory


Award-winning engineer helps keep US nuclear deterrent safe from radiation

Sandia National Laboratories engineer Alan Mar ensures components made for the U.S. nuclear stockpile pass stringent standards to resist radiation and remain safe and reliable in extremely harsh environments.

Expert Available

– Sandia National Laboratories


Engineering students to build human-carrying drone

Engineering students at South Dakota State University are designing a drone large enough to carry a human for their capstone senior design project through a nearly $80,000 grant from NASA.

– South Dakota State University

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