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Newswise Special Wire
Saturday, January 11, 2020

Public edition | newswise.com

Newswise Weekend Edition Wire for 11-Jan-2020
 

***Newswise Weekend Edition***

The Weekend Edition is a collection of interesting, exceptional articles you may have missed from the week. Articles are chosen by the editorial team at Newswise.

To view more staff-selected articles, go here.


Medical News


Lonely in a Crowd: Overcoming Loneliness with Acceptance and Wisdom

Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine found the main characteristics of loneliness in a senior housing community and the strategies residents use to overcome it.

– University of California San Diego Health

Aging and Mental Health

Embargo expired on 10-Jan-2020 at 03:00 ET


Sleep Deprived? Study Finds Losing a Night of Sleep May Increase Alzheimer’s Biomarker

A preliminary study has found that when young, healthy men were deprived of just one night of sleep, they had higher levels of tau, a biomarker for Alzheimer’s disease, in their blood than when they had a full, uninterrupted night of rest. The stud...

– American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Neurology®

Embargo expired on 08-Jan-2020 at 16:00 ET


Mesothelioma Linked to Asbestos in Talcum Powder

Thirty-three cases of the asbestos-related lung cancer mesothelioma draw attention to talcum powder as a non-occupational source of exposure to asbestos, according to a study in the January Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.

– Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine


Epilepsy Study Shows Link Between Brain Activity and Memory

A new study reveals how memory and abnormal brain activity are linked in patients with epilepsy who often report problems with memory. The data show that abnormal electrical pulses from specific brain cells in these patients are associated with a tem...

– Cedars-Sinai

JNeurosci


Processed Foods Highly Correlated with Obesity Epidemic in the U.S.

A review article from the George Washington University highlights the correlation between highly processed foods and increased prevalence of obesity in the United States.

– George Washington University

Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology, Dec-2019


Cannabis Edibles Present Novel Health Risks

With the recent legalization of cannabis edibles in Canada, physicians and the public must be aware of the novel risks of cannabis edibles

– Canadian Medical Association (CMA)

Canadian Medical Association Journal


Science News


Astronomers Find Wandering Massive Black Holes in Dwarf Galaxies

Studies with the VLA indicate that roughly half of the massive black holes in dwarf galaxies are not in the centers of those galaxies. This gives astronomers new insights into the conditions in which similar black holes formed and grew in the early h...

– National Radio Astronomy Observatory

Astrophysical Journal

Embargo expired on 05-Jan-2020 at 15:15 ET


Study puts the 'Carib' in 'Caribbean,' boosting credibility of Columbus' cannibal claims

Christopher Columbus' accounts of the Caribbean include harrowing descriptions of fierce raiders who abducted women and cannibalized men - stories long dismissed as myths.

– Florida Museum of Natural History

Scientific Reports


Scientists Find Oldest-Known Fossilized Digestive Tract -- 550 Million Years

A 550 million-year-old fossilized digestive tract found in the Nevada desert could be a key find in understanding the early history of animals on Earth.

– University of Missouri, Columbia

Nature Communications


Hummingbirds' rainbow colors come from pancake-shaped structures in their feathers

Hummingbirds are some of the most brightly-colored things in the entire world.

– Field Museum

Evolution


Under pressure: Researchers compress copper, creating the densest object on Earth

If copper was found in the core of Saturn it would have the same crystalline structure as the copper pipes found in many homes, according to new research from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and Johns Hopkins University. In a paper p...

– Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Physical Review Letters


Hubble Detects Smallest Known Dark Matter Clumps

Using Hubble and a new observing technique, astronomers have uncovered the smallest clumps of dark matter ever detected. Dark matter is an invisible substance that makes up most of the universe's mass and forms the scaffolding upon which galaxies a...

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

235th Meeting of the American Astronomical Society


NASA planet hunter finds its 1st Earth-size habitable-zone world

NASA's Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) has discovered its first Earth-size planet in its star's habitable zone, the range of distances where conditions may be just right to allow the presence of liquid water on the surface.

– NASA Goddard Space Flight Center

235th meeting of the American Astronomical Society


Study Shows Animal Life Thriving Around Fukushima

Nearly a decade after the nuclear accident in Fukushima, Japan, researchers from the University of Georgia have found that wildlife populations are abundant in areas void of human life.

– University of Georgia

Journal of Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment


Dogs and wolves are both good at cooperating

A team of researchers have found that dogs and wolves are equally good at cooperating with partners to obtain a reward. When tested in same-species pairs, dogs and wolves proved equally successful and efficient at solving a given problem.

– Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History

Journal of Comparative Psychology


Volunteer Tourism Can Aid Disaster Recovery

Holidaying in a disaster zone might seem crazy, but "volunteer tourism" can actually help communities recover from natural disasters, a new study finds. And it can offer a unique and rewarding experience for volunteers, if done carefully.

– University of Technology, Sydney

Annals of Tourism Research


Over-Hunting Walruses Contributed to the Collapse of Norse Greenland, Study Suggests

The mysterious disappearance of Greenland's Norse colonies sometime in the 15th century may have been down to the overexploitation of walrus populations for their tusks, according to a study of medieval artefacts from across Europe.

– University of Cambridge

Quaternary Science Reviews


Fast Radio Burst Observations Deepen Astronomical Mystery

Observations with the 8-meter Gemini North telescope, a program of the NSF’s National Optical-Infrared Astronomy Research Laboratory, have allowed astronomers to pinpoint the location of a Fast Radio Burst in a nearby galaxy — making it the close...

– Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA)

Nature


Beyond the Bushfires, What Can Teachers Do to Help Their Kids?

In a little over two weeks, more than three million Australian students will return to school, ready to start a new year. But, amid the packed lunches and book bags, many may also be returning with a sense of anxiety and confusion in the aftermath of...

– University of South Australia


Investigating the Ocean’s Influence on Australia’s Drought

To understand how the relentless heat, blazing wild fires, and bone-dry conditions have reached such extremes, scientists at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) are looking to the ocean.

Expert Available

– Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution


Lifestyle & Social Sciences


When college students post about depression on Facebook

When college students post about feelings of depression on Facebook, their friends are unlikely to encourage them to seek help, a small study suggests.

– Ohio State University

JMIR Research Protocols


Feminist/Anti-Feminist Social Media Posts Easily Altered to Advance Political Agendas of Others

Feminist and anti-feminist social media posts can easily be altered to advance political agendas, according to a new study conducted by faculty at Binghamton University, State University of New York.

– Binghamton University, State University of New York

Project Muse, Oct-2019


The Rise of Social Robots: How AI Can Help Us Flourish

MIT Professor Cynthia Breazeal, a keynote speaker at a recent Psychology of Technology Conference led by Darden Professor Roshni Raveendhran, shares insights about a new generation of social robots and their impact on human flourishing.

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business


Business News


First: Do No Harm. Second: Strategize for Stakeholders After You Do.

Stakeholders don’t just respond to companies’ harmful practices — they respond to perceived harm. Darden Professor Andy Wicks examines how companies should respond to stakeholders’ responses. For example: Assembly Bill 5. Are Uber drivers emp...

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business


Fair Chance Act boosts job prospects of ex-prisoners; based on research of Case Western Reserve economist

– Case Western Reserve University

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