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Newswise Special Wire
Monday, January 13, 2020

Public edition | newswise.com

Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire for 13-Jan-2020
 

Newswise Technology and Engineering Wire

Tech news for the public and news media. More stories can be found at the Newswise Technology News Source and the Engineering News Source.


Research


Nano-objects of Desire: Assembling Ordered Nanostructures in 3-D

A new DNA-programmable nanofabrication platform organizes inorganic or biological nanocomponents in the same prescribed ways.

– Brookhaven National Laboratory

Nature Materials, Jan. 13, 2019

Embargo expired on 13-Jan-2020 at 11:00 ET


Scientists Transform a BBQ Lighter Into a High-Tech Lab Device

Researchers have devised a straightforward technique for building a laboratory device known as an electroporator – which applies a jolt of electricity to temporarily open cell walls – from inexpensive components, including a piezoelectric crystal...

– Georgia Institute of Technology

PLOS Biology; 1817334; R01-EB022592

Embargo expired on 10-Jan-2020 at 12:00 ET


Satellite constellations harvest energy for near-total global coverage

A National Science Foundation-sponsored collaboration led by Patrick Reed, the Joseph C. Ford Professor of Engineering at Cornell University, has discovered the right combination of factors to make a four-satellite constellation possible, which could...

– Cornell University

Nature Communications, Jan. 2020

Embargo expired on 10-Jan-2020 at 05:00 ET


NUS scientists create world’s first monolayer amorphous film

Researchers from the National University of Singapore have synthesised the world’s first one-atom-thick amorphous material. This breakthrough allows for direct imaging to reveal how atoms are arranged in amorphous materials, and could be of commerc...

– National University of Singapore

Nature

Embargo expired on 08-Jan-2020 at 13:00 ET


Engineers develop “chameleon metals” that change surfaces in response to heat

Martin Thuo and his research group have found a way to use heat to predictably and precisely change the surface structure of a particle of liquid metal. It's like a chameleon changing skin color in response to its environment. And so Thuo and his tea...

– Iowa State University

Angewandte Chemie


Artificial Intelligence (AI) can detect low-glucose levels via ECG without fingerpick test

Tracking sugar in the blood is crucial for both healthy individuals and diabetic patients. Current methods to measure glucose requires needles and repeated fingerpicks over the day. Fingerpicks can often be painful, deterring patient compliance

– University of Warwick

Scientific Reports


Your Brain: Individual and Unique

New findings show that individual variations in the brain’s structural connectome (map of neural connections) define a specific structural fingerprint with a direct impact on the functional organization of individual brains.

– American Technion Society

PNAS, Dec-2019


Under pressure: Researchers compress copper, creating the densest object on Earth

If copper was found in the core of Saturn it would have the same crystalline structure as the copper pipes found in many homes, according to new research from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and Johns Hopkins University. In a paper p...

– Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Physical Review Letters


Study: How U.S. sewage plants can remove medicines from wastewater

A study of seven wastewater treatment plants points to two treatment methods — granular activated carbon and ozonation — as being particularly promising for reducing the concentration of pharmaceuticals including certain antidepressants and antib...

– University at Buffalo

Environmental Science: Water Research & Technology


Toward a smarter way of recharging the aquifer

Researchers from Washington University in St. Louis have solved a mystery: How did arsenic show up in aquifer water that had been triple purified? Dissolved organic compounds.

– Washington University in St. Louis

Environmental Science and Technology, Oct, 2019; DE-AC02-06CH11357; EAR-1424927


Harnessing Biology and Technology to Develop New Depression Treatments – Update from Harvard Review of Psychiatry

New research into the biology of depression, along with new and evolving technologies, provides the basis for developing the next generation of treatments for major depressive disorder (MDD), according to the special January/February issue of Harvard...

– Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Harvard Review of Psychiatry


LANL News: Scientists image heart RNA structure for the first time

Scientists at Los Alamos and international partners have created the first 3-D images of a special type of RNA molecule that is critical for stem cell programming and known as the “dark matter” of the genome.

– Los Alamos National Laboratory

Nature Communications


New Closed-Loop System Offers Promise as Novel Treatment for Post-Bariatric Hypoglycemia

Post-bariatric hypoglycemia is a profoundly life-altering condition for patients. Having unpredictable hypoglycemia that people can't detect is really an unsafe situation. Researchers at Joslin Diabetes Center and Harvard John A. Paulson School of E...

– Joslin Diabetes Center

Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.


Growing strained crystals could improve performance of perovskite electronics

A new method could enable researchers to build more efficient, longer lasting perovskite solar cells and LEDs. By growing thin perovskite films on different substrates, UC San Diego engineers invented a way of fabricating perovskite single crystals w...

– University of California San Diego

Nature, Jan-2020


Drones Effective Tools for Fruit Farmers

Unmanned aerial vehicles provide reliable, accurate data to growers.

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

2019 ASA-CSSA-SSSA International Annual Meeting


Nanoparticles Deliver ‘Suicide Gene’ Therapy to Pediatric Brain Tumors Growing in Mice

Johns Hopkins researchers report that a type of biodegradable, lab-engineered nanoparticle they fashioned can successfully deliver a “suicide gene” to pediatric brain tumor cells implanted in the brains of mice. The poly(beta-amino ester) nanopar...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine


New Study Reveals the Origin of Complex Malaria Infections

– New technology employing single cell genome sequencing of the parasite that causes malaria has yielded some surprising results and helps pave the way for possible new intervention strategies for this deadly infectious disease, according to Texas ...

– Texas Biomedical Research Institute

Cell Host & Microbe


NEID Exoplanet Instrument Sees First Light

The new NEID instrument, now installed at the 3.5-meter WIYN telescope at Kitt Peak National Observatory in Southern Arizona, USA, has made its first observations. The NSF-NASA funded instrument is designed to measure the motion of nearby stars with ...

– Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA)

235th meeting of the American Astronomical Society


A New Method to Study Lithium Dendrites Could Lead to Better, Safer Batteries

Lithium ion batteries often grow needle-like structures between electrodes that can short out the batteries and sometimes cause fires. Now, an international team of researchers has found a way to grow and observe these structures to understand ways ...

– Penn State Materials Research Institute

Nature Nanotechnology


NASA planet hunter finds its 1st Earth-size habitable-zone world

NASA's Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) has discovered its first Earth-size planet in its star's habitable zone, the range of distances where conditions may be just right to allow the presence of liquid water on the surface.

– NASA Goddard Space Flight Center

235th meeting of the American Astronomical Society


Binary star V Sagittae will explode as a very bright 'nova' by century's end

Currently, the faint star V Sagittae, V Sge, in the constellation Sagitta, is barely visible, even in mid-sized telescopes. However, around the year 2083, this innocent star will explode, becoming as bright as Sirius, the brightest star visible in th...

– Louisiana State University

235th American Astronomical Society meeting


FSU researchers create model of collaborative problem solving

If you want to get things done in the 21st century, collaboration is key. To better understand this important skill, two Florida State University researchers joined a team developing a model for collaborative problem solving — coordination between...

– Florida State University

Computers & Education


First Solar Energy System to Split Water into Hydrogen and Oxygen at Separate Sites

Researchers have developed a prototype system for efficient and safe production of hydrogen using only solar energy. The innovative system contains a tandem cell solar device that enables more efficient utilization of the light spectrum.

– American Technion Society

Joule, Jan 2-2020


Forensic Chemist Detects Marijuana-Use Based on Sweat Test

Jan Halámek is proving that our own perspiration not only gives away how drunk we are – but if we are high, too.

– University at Albany, State University of New York

ACS Sensors


Fast Radio Burst Observations Deepen Astronomical Mystery

Observations with the 8-meter Gemini North telescope, a program of the NSF’s National Optical-Infrared Astronomy Research Laboratory, have allowed astronomers to pinpoint the location of a Fast Radio Burst in a nearby galaxy — making it the close...

– Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA)

Nature


Features and Experts


Milestone in Advanced Light Source Upgrade Project Will Bring in a New Ring

An upgrade of the Advanced Light Source, a synchrotron at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), has passed an important milestone that will help to maintain the ALS’ world-leading capabilities. On D...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Embargo expired on 08-Jan-2020 at 11:00 ET


Virus surfaces help MTU engineers study vaccine and gene therapy applications

An isoelectric point is a common way to characterize viruses. However, it’s not easy. To improve manufacturing for vaccines and gene therapy, a Michigan Tech team uses surface charge to determine the isoelectric point of different viruses. Specific...

– Michigan Technological University

Langmuir, Dec-2019; National Science Foundation


Tissue-Engineering, Estrogenic Chemical–Induced Responses, and Life-Stage Physiologically Based Pharmacokinetic Modeling Featured in January 2020 Toxicological Sciences

In addition to research exploring such areas as biomarkers, nano- and neurotoxicology, and developmental and reproductive toxicology, the January 2020 issue of Toxicological Sciences features a new article category, ToxPoint, to underscore cutting-ed...

– Society of Toxicology

Toxicological Sciences


Story Tips: Weather days, grid balance and scaling reactors

From the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, January 2020

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Applied Thermal Engineering, Sept-2019; Association for Computing Machinery, Nov-2019


And on that farm, he had a robot

Will robots someday replace farm workers? Do we want them to? Oregon State University College of Engineering agricultural robotics expert Joe Davidson talks about the potential benefits of using robots in agriculture, and what goes into designing the...

– Oregon State University, College of Engineering


New quantum loop provides long national testbed for quantum communication technology

Scientists from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory and the University of Chicago launched a new testbed for quantum communication experiments from Argonne last week.

– Argonne National Laboratory


Department of Energy Selects Site for Electron-Ion Collider

UPTON, NY— Yesterday, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) named Brookhaven National Laboratory on Long Island in New York as the site for building an Electron-Ion Collider (EIC), a one-of-a-kind nuclear physics research facility. This announcement,...

– Brookhaven National Laboratory


SuperTIGER on its second prowl — 130,000 feet above Antarctica

A balloon-borne scientific instrument designed to study the origin of cosmic rays is taking its second turn high above the continent of Antarctica three and a half weeks after its launch. SuperTIGER (Super Trans-Iron Galactic Element Recorder) is des...

– Washington University in St. Louis


Unique Immersive Simulator Tests ‘Trust’ Between Humans and Self-driving Cars

The issue of trust is a primary challenge for industry professionals trying to popularize the use of fully autonomous systems. FAU researchers have developed a unique immersive simulator that provides a convincingly lifelike virtual reality simulatio...

– Florida Atlantic University

AAAI/ACM AIES'19


The Wild World of Microbe-Made Products – Skis Now Included

Biomanufacturing – harnessing biological processes in cells and microbes to design and manufacture products – is revolutionizing how we make everything from futuristic consumer goods to sustainable fuels to breakthrough medicines. Every biomanufa...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory


FDA Approves 3D-printed Airway Stents Developed by Cleveland Clinic Doctor

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has cleared patient-specific airway stents developed by Cleveland Clinic physician Tom Gildea, M.D.

– Cleveland Clinic


Reducing power plants’ thirst

Researchers at Sandia National Laboratories are helping the largest power plant in the United States identify the most efficient and cost-effective strategies to reduce water use.They developed a first-of-its-kind comprehensive system dynamics analys...

– Sandia National Laboratories


WHOI underwater robot takes first known automated sample from ocean

A hybrid remotely operated vehicle developed by Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) took the first known automated sample performed by a robotic arm in the ocean. Last month, an international team of researchers used one of WHOI’s underwate...

– Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution


Telescope upgrade, move will aid in search for exoplanets

Thousands of planets orbiting stars other than our own – known as extrasolar planets, or exoplanets – have been detected and cataloged over the last 30 years. A new effort will set the stage for the discovery of fundamentally different kinds of p...

– Cornell University


The Rise of Social Robots: How AI Can Help Us Flourish

MIT Professor Cynthia Breazeal, a keynote speaker at a recent Psychology of Technology Conference led by Darden Professor Roshni Raveendhran, shares insights about a new generation of social robots and their impact on human flourishing.

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business


Free Online Toolkit Helps People with Multiple Sclerosis Manage Symptoms

A new online program can help patients receive behavioral health care for chronic pain, fatigue and depressed mood from the comfort of their home.

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan


Top-10 Science and Technology Achievements of 2019

In 2019, scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory dove deeper into proton spin, took a leap in quantum communication, and uncovered new details of plant biochemistry, battery cathodes, catalysts, supercondu...

– Brookhaven National Laboratory


Team of engineering researchers to help improve Pennsylvania's foundries

A team of Penn State engineering faculty and students is working with small-to-medium-sized foundries across Pennsylvania to aid in the transition away from using harmful silica sands in the metal casting process and to reduce costs through 3D printi...

– Penn State College of Engineering


Announcements and Events


Hackensack University Medical Center is First in the Nation to Acquire the TSolution One® Active Robot by THINK Surgical for Total Knee Replacement Procedures

The TSolution One® Surgical System combines two exclusive innovations to advance total joint replacement surgery. The system consists of TPLAN®, a 3D pre-surgical planning workstation and TCAT®, a computer assisted tool. The pre-surgical planning ...

– Hackensack Meridian Health

THINK Surgical, Inc


New Program Supports Machine Learning in the Chemical Sciences and Engineering

The Camille and Henry Dreyfus Foundation announces the establishment of a new program for Machine Learning in the Chemical Sciences and Engineering. The goal of this program is to further the understanding and applications of machine learning through...

– Camille and Henry Dreyfus Foundation


Danforth Center Announces External Advisory Board of AgTech NEXT Summit

The Donald Danforth Plant Science Center today announced the External Advisory Board (EAB) of AgTech NEXT, a bold new food and agtech innovation summit that will be held May 4 – 6, 2020 at the Danforth Center in St. Louis, MO. Members of the AgTec...

– Donald Danforth Plant Science Center

AgTech NEXT


Los Alamos National Laboratory joins IBM Q Network to explore quantum computing algorithms and education outreach

Los Alamos National Laboratory announced today at CES 2020 that it is joining the cloud-based IBM Q Network as part of the Laboratory’s research initiative into quantum computing, including developing quantum computing algorithms, conducting resear...

– Los Alamos National Laboratory


Jefferson Lab to be Major Partner in Electron Ion Collider Project

The Department of Energy announced that it has taken the next step toward construction of an Electron Ion Collider (EIC) in the United States. DOE announced on Thursday that the collider will be sited at DOE’s Brookhaven National Laboratory in Upto...

– Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility


New York University Partners with IBM to Explore Quantum Computing for Simulation of Quantum Systems and Advancing Quantum Education

New York University will join the IBM Q Hub at the Air Force Research Lab to advance the fundamental research and use of quantum computing in simulation of quantum systems and advancing quantum education.

– New York University


OU Industrial and Systems Engineering Professor Recognized With Award for Supporting Students

Janet Allen, University of Oklahoma professor of industrial and systems engineering, was named the recipient of the 2019 Ruth and Joel Spira Outstanding Design Educator Award.

– University of Oklahoma, Gallogly College of Engineering


Leslie Saxon, MD, executive director, USC Center for Body Computing, discusses disruptive healthcare tech innovations at CES Digital Health Summit

– Keck Medicine of USC


Features and Experts


Medical device engineer developing innovative biomaterial for improved treatment of cerebral aneurysms

Northern Arizona University researcher Tim Becker hopes the new material can plug a ballooning aneurysm, help tissue to regrow over the material and heal the blood vessel itself, which should improve patient outcomes.

– Northern Arizona University

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