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Thursday, January 16, 2020

Public edition | newswise.com

Climate and the Environment News from Newswise 16-Jan-2020
 

Climate Change and Environmental News and Experts for the Media

Newswise provides experts for the media on hurricanes, wildfires, and other natural disasters, as well as the latest research in Environmental Science and Climate Science.


Climate change unlikely to drive sugar maples north

Sugar maples won’t be heading north anytime soon, despite climate change, according to a new study published in the Journal of Ecology.

– Universite de Montreal

Journal of Ecology, Jannuary 13, 2020; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada

Embargo expired on 12-Jan-2020 at 19:05 ET


Cracks in Arctic Sea Ice Turn Low Clouds on and Off


The prevailing view has been that more leads are associated with more low-level clouds during winter. But University of Utah atmospheric scientists noticed something strange in their study of these leads: when lead occurrence was greater, there were...

– University of Utah

Nature Communications

Embargo expired on 10-Jan-2020 at 05:00 ET


Are sinking soils in the Everglades related to climate change?

Soils releasing carbon as gas lead to challenges on valuable farmland

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

2019 ASA-CSSA-SSSA International Annual Meeting


Analyzing DNA in soil could be an effective way of tracking animals

It's hard to protect something you can't find. A new Stanford study reveals sampling soil for animals' left-behind DNA can provide valuable information for conservation efforts - with significantly less cost and time - than currently used methods, su...

– Stanford University

Proceedings of the Royal Society B


Reconnecting with nature key for sustainability

People who live in more built up areas and spend less free-time in nature are also less likely to take actions that benefit the environment, such as recycling, buying eco-friendly products, and environmental volunteering.

– University of Exeter

Environment International


Glimpses of Fatherhood Found in Non-Pair-Bonding Chimps

Although they have no way of identifying their biological fathers, male chimpanzees form intimate bonds with them, a finding that questions the idea of fatherhood in some of humanity’s closest relatives, according to a study of wild chimpanzees in ...

– University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin)

American Journal of Primatology


How to Make it Easier to Turn Plant Waste into Biofuels

Researchers have developed a new process that could make it much cheaper to produce biofuels such as ethanol from plant waste and reduce reliance on fossil fuels. Their approach, featuring an ammonia-salt based solvent that rapidly turns plant fibers...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Green Chemistry; Rutgers Today


New parasitoid wasp species discovered in the Amazon -- can manipulate host's behavior

A research group from the Biodiversity Unit of the University of Turku studies the diversity of parasitoid insects around the world.

– University of Turku (Turun yliopisto)

Zootaxa


Clothes last longer and shed fewer microfibers in quicker, cooler washing cycles

Those nice new clothes you got for Christmas or in the new year sales might just last longer, thanks to advice from scientists researching the impact washing machines have on clothes and the environment.

– University of Leeds

Dyes and Pigments


Can Solar Geoengineering Mitigate both Climate Change and Income Inequality?

New research from the University of California San Diego finds that solar geoengineering—the intentional reflection of sunlight away from the Earth’s surface—may reduce income inequality between countries.

– University of California San Diego

Nature Communications


Widespread droughts affect southern California water sources six times a century

Severe droughts happened simultaneously in the regions that supply water to Southern California almost six times per century on average since 1500, according to new University of Arizona-led research.

– University of Arizona

Journal of American Water Resources Association


Global database of all bird species shows how body shape predicts lifestyle

A database of 10,000 bird species shows how measurements of wings, beaks and tails can predict a species' role in an ecosystem.

– Imperial College London

Nature Ecology & Evolution


STUDY: Humanity’s Footprint is Squashing World’s Wildlife

Using the most comprehensive dataset on the “human footprint,” which maps the accumulated impact of human activities on the land’s surface, researchers found intense human pressures across the range of a staggering 20,529 terrestrial vertebrate...

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Global Ecology and Conservation


Team led by NUS avian researcher discovered 10 new bird taxa in little-explored islands of Wallacea

...

– National University of Singapore

Science


New study shows dominance of local air pollution sources in Delhi

The University of Surrey has revealed results from a new, comprehensive study that suggests that activities such as construction and vehicle traffic contribute significantly to the Delhi National Capital Region's high concentrations of harmful air po...

– University of Surrey

Sustainable Cities and Society


Scientists use ancient marine fossils to unravel long-standing climate puzzle

Cardiff University scientists have shed new light on the Earth's climate behaviour during the last known period of global warming over 14 million years ago.

– Cardiff University

Nature Communications


Scientists Find Oldest-Known Fossilized Digestive Tract -- 550 Million Years

A 550 million-year-old fossilized digestive tract found in the Nevada desert could be a key find in understanding the early history of animals on Earth.

– University of Missouri, Columbia

Nature Communications


Hummingbirds' rainbow colors come from pancake-shaped structures in their feathers

Hummingbirds are some of the most brightly-colored things in the entire world.

– Field Museum

Evolution


Mindfulness needed when salting sidewalks, roads

Alternative methods have safer environmental impact

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)


Features


What is the California state soil?

The San Joaquin soil contributes billions of dollars toward the state’s economy.

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)


NOAA Releases Extended Version of 20th Century Reanalysis Project

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration has released an updated version of the 20th Century Reanalysis Project - a high-resolution, four-dimensional reconstruction of the global climate that now estimates what the weather was every day ba...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory


Beyond the Bushfires, What Can Teachers Do to Help Their Kids?

In a little over two weeks, more than three million Australian students will return to school, ready to start a new year. But, amid the packed lunches and book bags, many may also be returning with a sense of anxiety and confusion in the aftermath of...

– University of South Australia


Investigating the Ocean’s Influence on Australia’s Drought

To understand how the relentless heat, blazing wild fires, and bone-dry conditions have reached such extremes, scientists at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) are looking to the ocean.

Expert Available

– Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution


Endocrine Society applauds EU Green Deal resolution

The Endocrine Society praised the European Parliament resolution in response to the European Union’s “Green Deal”— a plan to invest more than €1 trillion in environmental initiatives, including important provisions to protect people from ex...

– Endocrine Society


WHOI scientist to provide testimony on climate science and solutions

Richard Murray, Deputy Director and Vice President for Research at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), will testify before the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology of the U.S. House of Representatives on January 15, 2020.

– Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution


Experts


Rutgers Expert Available to Discuss Climate Change Impacts on Land, Wildfires and Solutions

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick


Scientists Available to Comment on Environmental Impacts of Australian Bushfires

– Indiana University


Rutgers Expert Available to Discuss Global Fisheries Management Study

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick


Rutgers Expert Available to Discuss Earthquakes in Puerto Rico, Need for Preventative Policy Changes in Urban Planning

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick


Puerto Rico earthquake and aftermath: U-M experts can discuss

– University of Michigan


Announcements


Department of Energy to Provide $75 Million for Bioenergy Crops Research

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced a plan to provide up to $75 million over five years for research to develop sustainable bioenergy crops tolerant of environmental stress and resilient to changing environmental conditions.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science


Research


Gorilla in mourning

– Wildlife Conservation Society

African Journal of Ecology


The Secret Lives of Sulawesi’s Civets

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Oryx


Marine scientists examine impacts of different fishing gear on coral reefs

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Journal of Applied Ecology


Study Finds Beluga Calls Drop When Boat Traffic Increases

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Arctic


The challenge of conserving “scary” species

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Science Communication


When Snakes Cannibalize

– Wildlife Conservation Society

African Journal of Ecology


Planning for change on Colombia’s savannahs

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Environmental Research Letters


Mercury in Northern Ontario Fish

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Ecosystems

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